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even accused of any interested motives to myself. — Though. ruined, and deprived as I am of my honourable and valuable office of Lieutenant Governor, earned by long and faithful service, all is not lost in the contest: my character, I trust, is preserved to me unblemished

That Captain B. persevered in the pursuit of his plan for res medying the abuses that he conceived had crept into the management of the Hospital, ' with the spirit of a reformer, and the zeal of an enthusiast,' is indisputable; and it is equally certain that spirit and zeal are universally received as the genuine indi. cations of an honest intention, -whatever may be deemed of the prudence or policy of the pursuer. But prudence appears to have been little, and policy not at all, regarded by this honest man in office; who has, in course, experienced the common fate of reformers.-To men of this description, however, the public gratitude is eminently due; for to such self-devoted spirits it is, that mankind are, generally speaking, indebted for all active and vigorous inquiries into public abuses, and for all great plans of reformation, in matters where the common interests of nations, or the rights of particular inferior communities are concerned j nor should their failure in some points (as perhaps, in the prefent case of Greenwich Hospital) preclude them from our acknowledgments, in respect of the general merit of their ultimate and disinterested views.

In a prefatory advertisement, our Appellant farther states his seasons for this (large and expensive] publication. He observes, that several unauthenticated pamphlets have been distributed, injuriously reflecting on his character and conduct; that the several prosecutions against him for a fupposed libel have been misrepresented, or but little understood; and that the evidence given at the bar of the House of Lords, in the seamen's cause, has been mutilated, or retailed from inemory only ;-- he therefore feels it a duty which he owes to his own character, to the seamen, and to his country, to state and submit the proceedings at large to the candour and discernment of the Public: to the end that THEY may know and judge on what ground the Lieutenant-Governor of a national institution was turned out of his office.--He conceived it to be his indispensable duty to lay every fraud and abuse that came within his knowledge, before the general Governors, as soon as he could authenticate the facts, not doubting but a fair and efficient general Board would be held, agreeable to his request, that justice might be done, and a reformation take place. But, instead of that,' says he, what has been the consequence? And what is the language now proclaimed to the public? That no abuses exist: and true it is, some of them do not exist at the present moment, because, during the intermediate time of the representation of these stub24

born

born facts, and the enquiry at the bar of the House of Lords, one whole year had elapsed, in which time, though the torrent of abuses was politically checked, no permanent remedy was applied, - either by the removal of the Landmen *, or the con tracting Butcher to-the two great fources of all the evils, heart-burnings, jealousies, and discontents, which grow in that Hospital.' - The Captain here draws this inference As the management of the charity is still under the same influence, in the hands of the same persons, is it not rational to supposc that fimilar practices will be reiterated on the helpless pensioners ? especially, as the man who dared to attack abuses (he dared to attack Lord SANDWICH!] is facrificed, in order to deter others from purfuing so dangerous a precedent.-A man disabled in the service of his country, and placed in Greenwich Hospital as a reward for those services, is, at laft, in the evening of his day, -driven out of his office in the face of the nation, without a fhilling in his pocket, his wife and family ruined, his goods and chattels sold by public auction, to pay the expences brought upon him by his merciless persecutors and prosecutors, whose great object was to commit his body to a prilon, after they had deprived him of his office, worth near 10,000 1.-Yet it is fill to be hoped [the spirit of our veteran Appellant, we see, is not yet broken) the hour is approaching when a reform will take place, and that the lazy, luxurious landmen of the Hospital, who have only fought the battles of the Borough of Huntingdon, will find themselves removeable by a virtuous minifter, or at least by a public writ of quo warranto, &c.'

The principal contents of this volume, among other original and authentic papers,' are as follow :

s Captain Baillie's Letters to the Earl of Sandwich, to the Secretary of the Admiralty, the Court of Commissioners, and the Select Committee of Directors, with the answers; allo bis Memorial to the general Governors, pointing out abuses, and proposing remedies,

* It was one of the priocipal causes of the complaint preferred by Captain Baillie, that landmen were provided for in the Hospital, in prejudice to the rightful claims of the feamen, for whom this molt noble charity was solely inftituted.

+ This butcher had been prosecuted, at the inftance of Captain Baillie, and was twice conviêted in a public court of juftice, of serving the Hospital with bad meat (i... ball beef inftead of ox); for which fraudulent offence he was, on his second convi&ion, fined sool. on fifty penalties. This sum was compounded with the delinquent butcher; and frel contracts were made with the same perfon. N. B. Our Author, in another part of this advertisement, fyles him the Huntingdon Butcher.'

« A list of landmen appointed by Lord Sandwich to offices of ease and profit in the Hospital, in preference to the honeft claims of seafaring men; a list of navy chaplains who actually receive an annual bounty from Parliament, as a reward for their service at fea, while beneficed clergymen, who have not been at sea, are saddled upon a charitable inftitution, principally supported by the contributions of seafaring men ; and also, a general lift of landmen in and belonging to the said Hospital.

• Auchentic proceedings in the court of King's Bench, in consequence of a rule granted to thew cause why an information should not be exhibited against Captain Baillie, for publishing certain libels, &c.

• Speeches of the counsel, and judgment of the court, taken in short hand, by Mr. Blanchard.

• The whole evidence as given at the bar of the House of Lords, with some occasional debates, in the course of fifteen days inquiry, &c.

i The speeches of the Duke of Richmond, at the opening and close of the evidence.

• Abstracts of the arguments of other noble Lords, with sucha papers and letters as are necessary to corroborate the evidence, and elucidate the whole proceedings, carefully transcribed from original papers, private notes, or other authentic documents; all which have been collected with great labour and expence from numerous materials, in order to render the work as accurate and complete as possible.' _We would not omit to take notice that there is, likewise, a general index ; which will be of great use to the Reader, for occasional researches,

Among the speeches of the counsel in this memorable cause, we distinguish those in the court of King's Bench) of the Hon. Mr. Erskine, and Ms. Peckham ; the former gained great applause by his very eloquent representation of the MERIT of Capt. Baillie's active and public-spirited proceedings, in order to procure a reformation in the management of the Hospital concerns.

The Duke of Richmond's speech, at the close of the evi, dence in the House of Lords, is a masterly performance. In the course of this oration, his Grace took notice of the plea urged by the prosecutors of Captain Baillie, in excuse for their turning him out of his office," that he is a man of a vexacious temper, and of intractable manners.”-In reply to this, the Duke very pertinently observed that admitting Caprain Baillie to be a man of that temper, and of those manners, before his being vexatious and intractable becomes a reason for punishing him in so high a degree, or perhaps of punishing him at all, we ought to know upon what sorts of matter he is vexa, tious, and in what sort of society he is intractable. Nothing in the world is so vexatious against abuses as enquiry; nothing so intractable among gentlemen of easy morals, as a man of rigid virtue. I confess,' said his Grace, “I do not know any thing that can be such a nuisance as a man of stern and uncorrupt integrity, in a society made happy and unanimous by a participation of jobs, by mutual connivance, and the perfect equality among themselves, that arises from a thorough consciousness, that not one of the company is a jot better than his neighbour.

I am perfectly satisfied, continues the Duke, that Captain Baillie, while he did great service to the poor pensioners, did infinitely disturb the tranquillity of the officers; and all they who are of opinion, that the government of Hospitals, as well as that of kingdoms, was made for the pleasure of the governors, and not for the benefit of the governed, will think his conduct was atrocious.

• But such of your Lordships who may be of different fentiments, and who refect, that the greatest reformers have rarely been men of the best tempers, will pity the imperfections of human virtue ; and will think Captain Baillie's moroseness rather the object of reprimand, than of the utmost punishment the Admiralty had the power to inflict. They ought to have commended and seconded his zeal, and exhorted him to more conciliatory manners ; and not have deprived him of his office with disgrace, while they continue to employ, trust, and caress a recorded cheat, who triumphs in the destruction of Captain Baillie,'

In fine, the noble Orator acknowledges his persuasion, that after the disputes which have arifen among the officers and penfioners, it would be impoisible for Captain Baillie ' to lead an happy life in Greenwich Hospital ;'--yet, in consideration that he has been very meritorious in detecting the cruel frauds of the Contractor for butchers meat, and prosecuting him to conviction; that he has been at all times the true friend of the pensioners; that he has brought to light many abuses; that he has got many abuses rectified, and that the prosecution of others has occafioned his being harassed with expensive suits in Westminster-Hall, and his illegal dismission from his office,-his Grace recommends that some provision be made for him, such as his Majesty thall think adequate to his desert-such as Lord Sandwich himself thought him deserving of, subsequent to every complaint which has been alleged against Captain Baillie *.

Lord Sandwich acknowledged, to Mr. Murphy, in a conversa. tion relative to a plan for the dismislion of the Lieutenant Governor by refignation (some time before he was turned out, without any equi, valent or compensation whatever), that “ he believed there might be a great deal of right, and a great deal of wrong in Captain Baillie.” Vid. Mr. Murphy's evidence at she bar of the House of Lords, 'p. 122 of the present publication,

Nothing Nothing, however, bas yet, that we have heard of, been done for Mr. Baillie, in the way of recompence for the great loss that he hath sustained by his dismission from his post. It appears, from a letter printed at the end of this volume, that the Captain hath humbly requested the command of a ship,his health being such as would, he hoped, enable him again to serve his Majesty : but we do not understand that he hath been successful in his application. The letter bears date in June *779.

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FOREIGN LITERATURE.

(By our CORRESPONDENT s.)
GERMANY and the NORTH

ART. I.
-0. Chrift. Biel Novus THESAURUS PHILOLOGICUS, five

Lexicon in LXX. et alios Interpretes et Scriptores Apocryphos VETERIS TESTAMENTI, ex Autoris B. Mcto Edidit et Præfatus eft E. H. MutzenBECHER. Pars Prima. A-E. Hagæ Comitum Sumptibus. J. A. Bouvinck. 1779. Large 8vo. Pages 690. This learned and most useful work, composed by an adept of the first rank in Grecian and Oriental literature, will undoubtedly obtain the applause and encouragement it so highly deserves. It is the posthumous work of the learned and laborious John CHRISTIAN Biel, a native of Brunswick, who acquired a considerable reputation, in the republic of letters, by several philological productions of fingular merit, by the part he had in the celebrated edition of Hesychius, published by Alberti, and by his connexions and correspondence with Leibnitz, Bentley, and many other learned men of the first class in England, Holland, and other countries. The work lay for a long time in MSS. for it was completely finished before the Author's death, which happened in the year 1745 ; but several learned men teftified their ardent defire of its public cation, such as Ernesti, Michaelis, Teller, and others. This defire was founded on a specimen of the work, which was subjoined to a dissertation of the Author's, published in the year 1740 *, and the first volume, now before us, juftifies it fully. In this work, which is much more ample and rich in materials than those of Kesler, and the other authors that are mentioned by Fabricius t, all the words that we meet with in the Septua. gint, in the other Greek interpreters, and in the Apocryphal writers of the Old Testament, are exhibited in an alphabetical

This dissertation is entitled, Exercitatio de Ligno ex Libano ad
Templum Hierofolymitanum ædificandum petita.-Brunsvigt, 1740.
In his Bibliotheca Greca,

order,

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