RULE FOR CALCULATING.INTEREST, at 5 per Cent. Multiply the Pounds by the Days, and divide the Product by 365. The Quotient gives the Interest at 5 per cent. in Shillings. TABLE TO CALCULATE WAGES AND OTHER PAYMENTS. 70 11 80 80 13 40 90 15 00 100 16 80 230 4 161 3 40 5 4 81 0 94 d. s. d. 30 2 10 00 11 6 1 7 403 6 80 15 4 2 24 50 4 3 40 19 2 2 9 60 5 0 01 3 0 3 31 0 10 705 16 81 6 10 3 10 0 10 806 13 41 10 8 4 44 3 0 0 5 181 10 00 6 10 0 11 1008 6 81 18 44 5 5 3 10 0 6201 13 0 7 8 1 14 If the Wages be Guineas instead of Pounds, for each Guinea add one Penny to each Month, or one Farthing to each Week. =5760 An inch is the smallest lineal measure to which a name is given, but subdivisions are used for many purposes. Among mechanics, the inch is commonly divided into eighths. By the officers of the revenue, and by scientific persons, it is divided into tenths, hundredths, &c. Particular Measures of Length. A Nail = 24 Inches Quarter = . Yard Ell Hand = 4 Nails 4 Quarters = 5 Quarters = Fathom = used for measuring cloth of all kinds. 4 Inches used for height 6 Feet of horses. Jused in measuring depths. used in Land Measure to facilitate computation of the content, 10 square chains being equal to an acre. 2. MEASURE OF SURFACE. 1 Last 39 DIVISION II. TROY WEIGHT. 24 Grains 20 Pennywts. 12 Ounces 1 Pennyweight = 1 Pound These are the denominations of Troy Weight when used for weighing gold, silver, and precious stones (except diamonds). But Troy Weight is also used by Apothe caries in compounding medicines, and by them the ounce is divided into 8 drams, and the dram into 3 scruples, so that the scruple is equal to 20 grains. For scientific purposes the grain only is used; and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downwards too of a grain. The carat, used for weighing diamonds, is 3 grains. The term, however, when used to express the fineness of gold, has a relative meaning only. Every mass of alloyed gold is supposed to be divided into 24 equal parts; thus the standard for coin is 22 carats fine, that is, it consists of 22 parts of pure gold, and 2 parts of alloy. 5. ANGULAR MEASURE; OR, DIVISIONS OF THE CIRCLE. 5 Qrs. = 1 Load The four last denominations are used for dry goods only. For liquids several denominations have been heretofore adopted, viz. -For Beer, the Firkin of 9 Gallons, the Kilderkin of 18, the Barrel of 36, the Hogshead of 54, and the Butt of 108 Galls. Flour is sold nominally by measure, but actually by weight, reckoned at 7 lbs. avoirdupois to a gallon. 4. MEASURE OF WEIGHT. DIVISION I.-AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. Grains = 1 Drachm 27 16 Drachms= 1 Ounce 365 Days 366 Days = 1 Day = 1 Week 1 Lunar Month 1 Calendar Month 1 Year = 1 Common Year 1 Leap Year In 400 Years, 97 are leap years, and 303 common. WEIGHT OF ENGLISH COINS. Gold. Sovereign Crown = 271 gr. Florin ...... dwt. gr. Silver. 16 Ounces 1 Pound (lb.) 28 Pounds =1 Quarter (qr.) Shilling Sixpence Fourpence LONDON: PRINTED BY W. CLOWES AND SON, STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS. Companion to the Almanac ; OR, YEAR-BOOK OF GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 1867. I. GENERAL INFORMATION ON SUBJECTS OF MATHEMATICS, NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, NATURAL HISTORY, CHRONOLOGY, GEOGRAPHY, FINE ARTS, PUBLIC ECONOMY, &c. II. THE PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS, LEGISLATION, LONDON: KNIGHT AND CO., 90, FLEET STREET. PRICE TWO SHILLINGS AND sixpence; or, four shilLINGS BOUND WITH THE BRITISH ALMANAC. CONTENTS. GENERAL INFORMATION ON SUBJECTS OF MATHEMATICS, NATURAL HIS- TORY, CHRONOLOGY, GEOGRAPHY, FINE ARTS, POLITICAL ECONOMY, &c. 98 108 119 IX. Abstracts of Important Public Acts passed in the First Session of the Nineteenth Parliament of Great Britain and Ireland :- |