The Decomposition of the Fixed Alkalies and Alkaline Earths

Első borító
Alembic Club, 1906 - 51 oldal

Részletek a könyvből

Mit mondanak mások - Írjon ismertetőt

Nem találtunk ismertetőket a szokott helyeken.

Kiválasztott oldalak


Más kiadások - Összes megtekintése

Gyakori szavak és kifejezések

Népszerű szakaszok

9. oldal - ... basis of potash. I found that the platina was in no way connected with the result, except as the medium for exhibiting the electrical powers of decomposition ; and a substance of the same kind was produced when pieces of copper, silver, gold, plumbago, or even charcoal were employed for compleating the circuit. The phenomenon was independent of the presence of air ; I found that it took place when the alkali was in the vacuum of an exhausted receiver.
18. oldal - ... explained from its strong affinity for this substance. In sulphuric acid a white saline substance with a yellow coating, which is probably sulphate of potash surrounded by sulphur, and a gas which has the smell of sulphureous acid, and which probably is a mixture of that substance with hydrogene gas, are formed.
13. oldal - ... being naturally possessed of the negative energy, and the bases of the positive, do not remain in combination when either of them is brought into an electrical state opposite to its natural one. In the synthesis, on the contrary, the natural energies or attractions come in equilibrium with each other; and when these are in a low state at common temperatures, a slow combination is effected; but when they are exalted by heat, a rapid union is the result; and as in other like cases with the production...
35. oldal - The knowledge of the powers and effects of the etherial substances may at a future time possibly act a similar part with regard to the more refined and ingenious hypothesis of LAVOISIER ; but in the present state of our knowledge, it appears the best approximation that has been made to a perfect logic of chemistry. Whatever future changes may take place in theory, there seems however every reason to believe that the metallic bases of the alkalies, and the common metals, will stand in the same arrangement...
11. oldal - When the substances were strongly heated, confined in given portions of oxygen, a rapid combustion with a brilliant white flame was produced, and the metallic globules were found converted into a white and solid mass, which in the case of the substance from potash was found to be potash, and in the case of that from soda, soda.
17. oldal - At the moment that the globule comes into contact with the water, it burns, and moves rapidly upon the paper, as if in search of moisture, leaving behind it a deep reddish brown trace, and acting upon the paper precisely as dry caustic potash.
22. oldal - When a small quantity of the oxide of iron 28 was heated with it, to a temperature approaching its point of distillation, there was a vivid action; alkali and grey metallic particles, which dissolved with effervescence in muriatic acid, appeared. The...
11. oldal - When globules were placed in appropriate tubes containing common air or oxygen gas confined by mercury, an absorption of oxygen took place ; a crust of alkali instantly formed upon the globule ; but from the want of moisture for its solution, the process stopped, the interior being defended from the action of the gas. With the substance from soda, the appearances and effects were analogous. When the substances were strongly heated, confined in given portions of oxygen, a rapid combustion with a brilliant...
12. oldal - ... and of the respective inflammable substances which enter into union to form the fixed alkalies, will be given. It appears, then, that in these facts there is the same evidence for the decomposition of potash and soda into oxygen and two peculiar substances, as there is for the decomposition of sulphuric and phosphoric acids and the metallic oxides into oxygen and their respective combustible bases.
33. oldal - ... the largest quantity of oxygen indicated by these experiments was, for potash 17, and for soda 26 parts in 100, and the smallest 13, and 19...

Bibliográfiai információk