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advisers of Francis II ; had we been aware of the want of confidence between that Monarch and his Hungarian subjects ; (and Mr. B. must know that it was the business of certain persons to have been informed of all these particulars ;) - instead of devoutly wishing, we should have most anxiously deprecated such a league. Our opinion is that the spirit which money raises can have no great effect in changing the relations of states; we also think that we ought to follow and not to lead the continent, that we should co-operate with it and not incite it, that we should be in unison with its movements, but not goad it.

Mr. Bowles affects, in these pages, a deep sense of piety, and a great severity of moral practice ; almost sufficient to equip an antient ascetić, a puritan of fornier days, or a modern methodist ; and yet this good christian, without any apparent emotion, preaches up interminable war, and reprobates the very attempt to restore the relations of peace. Art 27. Memoirs concerning the Commercial Relations of the United

States with England. By Citizen Talleyrand. Read at the National Institute, the 15th Germinal, in the Year V. To which is added an Essay on the Advantages to be derived from New Colonies in the existing circumstances. By the same Author. Read at the Institute the 15th Messidor, in the Year V. Svo pp. 87. 28. 63. Longman and Co. 1806.

Ihese papers present strong claims to public attention ; the celebrity of the writer would occasion them to be very generally sought, were they even of an ordinary kind; and their intrinsic merit would secure to them extensive perusal, though the author were the most obscure of men. Were it in our power to allow to each article that is presented to us its proportionate weight, and were we to apply that rule to these sheets, our notice of them would be scarcely less considerable than that which we usually bestow on a bulky volume. In the present instance, however, we had rather recommend it strongly to the politician to peruse the whole of this pamphlet, than attempt any brief and unsatisfactory analysis of its contents.

In these memoirs, the dread diplomatist re-assumes his original character; he is the enlightened Bishop of Autun, the philanthropist of the Constituent Assembly, and not the crafiy guiletul minister of an odious Directory. or of an insatiably ambitious Consul and Emperor.

It is a charge brought against the present ministers of Great Brie tain that they are copyists of Mr. Pitt. Should they furnish one instance more to countenance that imputation, by publishing a late correspondence, a rare treat would doubtless be turnished to the lite. rary and curious part of the world; it would present a struggle be: tween the two clearest heads and most capacious and accomplished minds in Europe, but certainly of very opposite habits and practices, though probably not of dissimilar inward convictions and views While the English statesman was the boast of a free seriate, the ge nius itself of liberty at home, the soul of pacific and conservative sys tems abroad, the French minister is the supple instrument of a harsh and rigid despotism in his own country; whose influence as it af. fects other states is akin to that which poisons atmospheres, and brings


on awful convulsions of nature. The one died the minister of a government whose every interest coincides with the peace of the world and the prosperity of nations; the other lives the obedient agent

of a throne whose stability is sought in universal subversion, and whose baleful prosperity can arise only from surrounding ruin. Art. 28. Considerations for and aguinst a South American Expedition.

Svo. 25. Od. Budd. A collection of newspaper communications, of scarcely any value. The question is never placed on its proper grounds, and is considered by persons utterly destitute of the information requisite to elucia date it. Art. 29. Eight Letters on the Sulject of the Earl of Selkirk's Pamphlet

on Highland Emigration : as they lately appeared under the Sig. nature of Amicus, in one of the Edinburgh Newspapers. Second Edition, with Supplementary Remarks. 8vo. 36. 6d. Longman, &c.

A republication of the insignificant Letters of amicus serves to shew to what extent prejudice is acting, with respect to the subject to which they refer. The large supplement now accompanying them is somewhat less trivial than the original epistles; in which we own that we can discover little to commend except the intention.

No long time has passed since certain senators vehemently contended that enlisting for a short definite term, rather than for life, had no tendency whatever to render the service inviting. By the side of these statesmen, the present writer is unquestionably intitled to a place; since he gravely maintains that feudal manners still retain their predominance in the Highlands, though the system in which they originated has been wholly removed - It followed as an inevitable consequence from the new economy, that a number of hands were thrown out of employ. To dispose of these advantageously for themselves, and for the public, was the object of the Noble Earl; and it is evident to all who will keep their eyes open, that his plan was founded in humanity, policy, and science, while its execution displayed a laudable spirit of enterprize. Art. 30. Free Thoughts on Public Affairs : or Advice to a Patriot ;

in a Letter addressed to a Member of the Old Opposition. 8vo. 18. 6. Budd. 18.6.

The object of this pamphlet is to prove that we uonecessarily, wantonly, rashly, and unwisely plunged into the present war: but this information, however we may regard it, reaches us rather too late to be of any important benefit. The writer is in the extreme of hostility to the late minister; and so far does this enmity carry him, that it induces him to underrate Mr. Pitt's capacity and attainments. Those persons who, on the one side, denied the abilities of the opposite leader, and who, on the other, represented his rival as the enemy of his country, we have always set down as intolerable partizans, and as persons disqualified for good society. In the decision of the question, which of those eminent men excelled the other in talents, the universal admission of those of the late secretary, while there were some who disputed those of the premier, may be argued

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as a presumption that the balance turned in favour of the former. Thioking most highly of the talents of both, we own that, in our judgment, the late secretary had the superiority in the more transcendo ant powers of mind; while in those of a secondary degree, bis rival far outstripped him. The mind of Mr. Fox was the more capacious, the more fertile, and the more acute; in caution, circumspection, and reserve, he fell greatly short of Mr. Pitt. In dexterity in argument, and, on some occasions, in cogency and force of reasoning, it was impossible to exceed Mr. Pitt. Art. 31. An Answer to the Inquiry into the State of the Nation ; with

Strictures on the Conduct of the present Ministry. With a Sup plement. 7th Edition. Svo. Pp. 219. 45. Murray. 1806.

Invective against an illustrious public character, who is now no. more, and whose loss is deeply, and we believe very generaliy lamented, forms the chief characteristic of this pamphlet. With submission to this writer, we cannot help thinking that England has lost an ardent friend, a wise, faithful, and most able servant; and a principal ornament. Fate, if we may so express ourselves, seems to have been envious of him. Excluded during the greater part of his life from the opportunity of rendering any direct services to his country, then, at the moment of his being fixed in a station for which no man was ever more qualified, and in which, we trust and believe, he would have rendered great services to mankind, he is cut off for ever from us and from the world! Mr. Fox is, in these pages, considered as, in a degree, the author of the pamphlet called, " Ar Inquiry into the State of the Nation.That performance is here represented as having been revised under his eye; and all the state. ments, doctrines, and facts, which it contains, are said to have been authorized by him. We by no means believe that this is true ; since nothing can less betray the manner of the late Right Honourable Secretary, than the tract in question. That he approved of the general scope of it we can easily credit : but that all its hypo. theses, assumptions, and doctrines, were deliberately considered by him, and honoured by his sanction, would require stronger evidence to intitle it to credence from us, than any that has been yet produced. - If on that pamphlet we could bestow only partial approbation, we can with truth declare that in our sentiments of the answer to it, there is nothing that is partial or qualified. It deserves our unqualified disapprobation. At any other time, we might have de. rived amusement from an exposure of the extravagances of this au. thor, who writes not in order to instruct the impartial, but to gratify a rancorous party spirit. In his pages, Mr. Fox figures as the black est of demons, while Mr. Pitt is represented as almost a 'divinity: Both these great men are now no more; we wish that the animosities, which their unhappy differences occasioned, should be buried with them; and that the sole contest in future between their respec. tive partizans may be, which shall most serve their common country, in this its hour of necessity.

The writer inveighs against the appointment of a certain treasurer. We do not vindicate that measure : but if this author had his own wishes gratified, would he not bring anorber trcasurer again into play?


pp. 102.

The Treasurer of the Board of Ordnance, we admit, lavished his own money for illegal purposes, and was properly visited for his delinquency by a court of law: but we have never heard that any money except his own found its way into his pocket, even by mistake. An act of Parliament was lately passed to regulate the business of his office ; we trust that he never will be brought to trial for violating it, though it was not introduced by himself; and that if he be, no abstruse and intricate questions on it will be put to the judges, as necessary to a decison on the accusation preferred against him. Art. 32. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Moira, an the

Accusations brought against his R. H. the Prince of Wales, by Mr. Paul ; with Notes critical and admonitory ; in which the Character and Principles of Mr. Paul, and Sir Francis Burdett, are examined, and their Origin and Tendency briefly elucidated. 8vo.

38. 6d. Jordan and Co. 1806. With great reason, this writer censures a late communication made to the Public, of the opinions of a' Royal Personage on certain high national questions; and such conduct leads him to descant on the difference between the temper and behaviour of a keen trader, and those of an accomplished and well educated gentleman.

So long as facts which are notorious, and fair reasoning are alone the weapons used, an author may appear anonymously without any one having a right to complain : but, when a nameless writer retails scandalous anecdotes on his own authority, he can expect to obtain credit only from those who have a relish for defamation, while by the sober and the candid he will be set down as a libeller. Tales are here told of a well-known Baronet, which refer to his visit to Paris in 1802, and which reflect very seriously upon him : but while this writer so properly catechises a late candidate for a great city on the impropriety of betraying what passed in confidential intercourse, how can he act the unworthy part of making attacks on characters in the dark? Of the late proceedings of the Baronet, we are very far from being admirers. He has provoked hostilities, and let them be waged against him : but let them be conducted on principles of fairness : for the goodness of a cause can furnish no grounds to sanction a departure from the laws of legitimate warfare. On the same principle, since talents and attainments seem to distinguish this author from the herd of pamphleteers, let him disdain to make any unworthy use of them, or to employ them under any veil which may diminish their effects.

We invoke justice, not favour, for Sir Francis Burdett. His late electioneering attack on the Sovereign of the Empire, and on that recently departed Patriot whom he professes to admire, if it can be called by the soft name of error, was a wanton and preposterous error. His Majesty had recently called to his councils the men whom public opinion regarded as most deserving of his confidence ; and all parties bad scarcely ceased to mingle tears over the remains of a great and wise statesman, who had devoted his life to serve the cause of which the Baronet is solicitous to be considered as the principal and almost exclusive supporter. What a singular mode of engaging favour was this, then, to be adopted by a candidate for a high civil distinction ! Did he


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imagine that the indecent introduction of his Sovereign into his ad. vertisement, and the slight which he put on our regretted statesman, would recommend him to the Electors of Middlesex? If he entertained such an opinion, he must indeed be, as a Frenchman is here made to say of him, absolument dépourvu de jugement. Or did he yield to a sense of duty ? What then must be the sentiments and views of the man who holds it to be a duty, in an address which was not less intended for all the subjects of ihe empire than for the Electors of Middlesex, to speak irreverently of a living Personage whom the law holds sacred, and of departed worth which common consent must venerate ? Art.:33. The Impostor Unmasked ; or, the New Man of the People :

with Anecdotes, never before published, illustrative of the Cha. racter of the renowned and immaculate Bardolpho. Inscribed, without Permission, to that superlatively honest and disinterested Man, R. B. S-s-d-n, Esq. 8vo. 25. Tipper and Richards.

Though election purposes are to be served, there is something in the form of a pamphlet which induces an expectation that more regard will be paid to truth and decency, than mere election squibs often preserve. The virulence of this tract, however, is scarcely to be paralleled ; and several most scandalous anecdotes are here retailed, which, even if they derive any probability from well known habits, deserve no admission on such baseless authority. To the habit3 which characterize the Right Honourable Gentleman in question, we are no strangers ; nor are we disposed either to vindicate or palliate them : but we do not think that this is the moment in which it is mag. nanimous, or even just and fair, to recollect his personal faults and to chronicle his private misdeeds The Public have recognized him as their servant, and he has rendered to them services which have been received with the most general testimonies of gratitude. Mr. Sheridan is an entire stranger to us, but we would administer justice to all the world. We cannot forget that at a time when delusion in a few, when evil designs in others, when the abuse and perversion of the first blessing which can belong to a community, had occasioned Li. berty to fall into obloquy, and when its very existence seemed to be in danger, the man who is so grossly traduced in these pages was among the most intrepid of its defenders and protectors. Of his opponent we know only what is known to the Public : but we must unequivocally approve the desision which the City of Westminster has made. It has rejected a novus homo ; who had so pretensione to the high honour after which he aspired. He had neither edu. cation nor talents, nor services, on which he could found such an exalted claim.

The Viper exposed: or, the Merits of the Candidates for Westminster considered, in a Letter to the Electors; with Observations upon the malignant Designs of the Author of a Pamphlet, entitled, “ The Impostor Unmasked." Svo. 18. 6. Hughes. 1806.

According to this tract, Mr. Paul has been a private trader ia India, and was very expert in making advantageous bargains with


Art. 34

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