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Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X
N the prosecution of this work I received many
remarks from learned Friends, which came fometimes too late for insertion, and some of my own remarks either more mature reflection or better information has disposed me to retract. An Appendix therefore became necessary, that I might omit nothing which could contribute to the explanation of my authour. I do not always concur with my friends in their opinion, but their abilities are such as make me less confident when I find myself differing from them, and the publick might justly complain if I suppressed their sentiments either by pride or timidity. From the Revisal of Shakespeare lately published, I have felected some just remarks, and from Dr. Gray some va. luable illustrations. I am far at last from supposing my work perfect, but do not think any thing which I am likely to add to it of value enough to justify longer delay.
NOTES to the FIRST VOLUME.
P. 3. I remember to have led Orelia and ISABELLA; in been told by my friend Mr. which there was a spirit like William Collins, that great part Ariel. The chemistry of the of this Play was founded on an dark ages was full of these spiItalian chemical Romance, cal- ritual agents.
P. 10. -Key.] This doubt P. 45. For Spatter read uttet, less is meant of a key for tuning
REVISAL. the harpsichord, spinette or vir. P. 48. Young scamels from the ginal ; we call it now a tuning rocks.] Theobald fubftihammer, as it is used as well to tutes shamois, for scamels; which strike down the iron pins where last word, he says, has possessed on the frings are wound, as to all the editions. I am inclined turn them. As a key, it acts to retain scamels: For in an old like that of a watch.
Will, dated 1593, 1 find the be. Mr. HAWKINS. quest of “a bed of scammelP. 22. Mir. Abborred flave-] colour," i. e. of the colour of an The modern editions, take this animal so called, whose skin was speech from Mi, anda, and give then in use for dress or furniture. it to Prospero ; tho' there is no. This, at least, thews the exist. thing in it but what he may ence of the word at that time, fpeak with great propriety: espe- and in Shakespeare's sense. cially as it accounts for her being
Mr. WARTON, enough in the way and power of 74;
Weak masters though ye Caliban to enable him to make be.] The Revisalreads, weak the attempt complained of. Mr. - minifters, probably, but without Dryden, in the alteration made necessity. The meaning may by him and Sir William Dave- be, Though you are but
inferi. nant, in this play, led the way our masters of these supernatural to this change: which Mr. Theo- powers, though you possess them bald calls judicious, vol. i. p. 18. but in a low degree. n. 10. and adds, “it would be P. 86. It is observed of the very indecent for Miranda to Tempest that its plan is regular; reply to what was last spoke:" this the Revisal thinks, what I but it is probable the Poet thought think too, an accidental effect otherwise, and that it was not of the story, not intended or reonly decent, but neceffary, for garded by the authour. her to clear her character, by P. 94. Beteem-] Or pour fhewing how the monfter ac down upon them.
POPE. quired an opportunity of making
For through bujsh, the attack. The Poet himself &c. read in all the Places ibofhews he intended Miranda rough. fhould be his tutoress, in the lat P. 106. -that forowd, and ter end of the second scene of
knavish sprite, the second act, when he makes Calld Robin goodfellow: art Caliban say " I've seen thee in her, my Mistress Thewed me thee That fright the maidens of the and thy dog and thy brush," villageree, to Stephano, who has just assured Skim milk, and sometimes labour the monfter, he was the man in the moon whenTime was. And bootless make the breathless
Mr. Holt. huse-wife chern
you not be,
in the quern,
And sometime make the drink to cond, the dance in the figure, the bcar no barm,
last, the song or tune to the Mislead night-wand'rers, laughe dance. Anon.
ing at their harm] This “ And song in all the roundell account of Robin-goodfellow cor lustily.” responds, in every article, with Chaucer's Knight's Tale, 1531. that given of him in Harjenet's
Dr. GRAY. Declaration, ch. p. 135.
P. 136. Snowt. By'rlaken 4 * And if that the bowle of parlous fear.] By our ladycurdes and creame were not kin, or little lady, as ifakins is a duly set out for Robin-go-afel- corruption of bi my faith. These low, the frier, and fille the dairy kind of oaths are laughed at, in maid-why then either the pot. the first part of Henry the Fourth, tage was burnt to next day in act i:i. sc. iij. When Hofpur tells the pot, or the cheeses would not lady Percy, upon her saying in curdle, or the butter would not good footh, “ You swear like a come, or the ale in the fat ne * comfit maker's wife, and give ver would have got head. But “ juch farcener surely for your if a pater-notter, or an housle 6. Oaths, as if you never walked egge were beturned, or a patch o far:her than Finfou y." of tythe unpaid then beware
Dr. GRAY. of bull beggars, spirits, &c." He P. 132. There are but three is mentioned by Cartwright, as fairies that falute Boltom, nor a fpirit particularly fond of dis. does he addır hin felf to more, concerting and disturbing domef- though four had entered before sick peace and economy. whom the queen had called by " Saint Francis and Saint Be- name, and commanded to do nedight,
their courtesies. In short, I can- Blesse this house from wick not tell what is become of moned wight;
fieur Mitb, unless he be pru- From the night-mare, and dently walked off, for fear of the goblin,
Cavalero Cobweb: for ne hear « That is hight GOOD-FEL no more of him either here, or Low Robin.
in the next act, where the queen, * Keep it, &c."
Bottom and fairies are introduced Cartwright's Ordinary, act again. Anon. Dr. GRAY. ji, sc. i. v. 8.
P. 134. And at our famp] Mr. WARTON, I apprehend the stamp of a fai. P. 118. It is not night, &c.] ry's foot might operate to the full Tu no le vel atră
as strongly on this occasion, as the Lumen, et in filis tu mihi turba fump of a tree. Mr. Steevens.
P. 147. In the note, for aP. 126, Qucen. Come now, a buy read aby. roundel, and a fairy song ]
Bottom. Nothing, From round comes rounded, and good monsieur, bul 10 belp Cavalero from roundel, rourdeles. The firft, Cobweb to fera cb.]' Without the form of the figure, the fe- doubt it nould be Cavalero
Peafeblolom: as for Cavalera
« Ne was Satyrane her far be-
Dr. GRAY. "ensue the chace :
loftrate.] Call Egæus, edit. “ he foon refignd
o them fed apace ; else in that old edition,
“ They after both, and boldly Dr. GRAY. “ bad bim bafe." P. 162. The thrice three mufes Fairy Queen, book iii. canto ii. v. mourning for the death
Dr. GRAY. Of learning, late deceas'd in P. 190. Julia. I see you have
beggary. ) I do not know a month's mind to them.) A whether it has been before ob- month's mind was an anniversary ferved, that Shakespeare here, per- in times of popery ; or, as Mr. haps, alluded to Spenser's poem, Ray calls it, a less solemnity dientitled, The Tears of the Muses; rected by the will of the deon the neglect and contempt of ceased. There was also a year's learning. This piece firft ap- mind, and a week's mind. See peared in quarto, with others, proverbial phrases. 1591. The oldest edition of
This appears from the interthis play, now known, is dated rogatories and observations a. 1600. If Spenser's poem be here gainst the clergy, in the year intended, may we not presume 1552. Inter. VII. “ Whether that there is some earlier edition “ there are any montb's mindi, of this play? But, however, if " and anniversaries?” Strype's the allufion be allowed, at least it Memorials of ibe Reformation, vol. ferves to bring the play below ii. p. 354. 1591.
Mr. WARTON. " Was the month's mind of P. 176. Of this play, wild “ Sir William Laxton, who died and fantastical as it is, all the “ the last month (July 1556) parts in their various modes are “ his herse burning with wax, well written, and give the kind " and the morrow mass cele. of pleasure which the authour de “ brated, and a sermon preachsigned. Fairies in his time were “ ed, &c." Strype's Memorial, much in fashion ; common tra. vol. iii. p. 305. Dr. GRAY. dition had made them familiar, A month's mind in the ritual and Sperfer's poem had made sense signifies not defire or inclithem great.
nation, but remembrance, yet I P. 189. Lucetta. Indeed I suppose this is the true original
bid ihe base for Protheusm] of the expression. Bidding the base was a country
Ob! excellent modiversion, not unlike what is rien, &c.] I think this passage called barly break in the North, requires a note, as every reader where some pursue others in or does not know, that motion, in the der to take them prisoners. language of Shake/peare's days,