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modest in his bearing. He did not seem in the least to value himself upon his superior rank, but appeared to aim at superiority by his literary qualifications. He was extremely diligent, and had a high reputation for ability. Since he has left the college, he has, in the midst of immense wealth, and on the summit of society, continued to seek distinction by his learning and his talents. The book which he has published is fraught with the true tenets of liberty, and with proofs of his capacity to assert them. The doors of the Senate are now thrown open to him, and great opportunities will speedily arise, of which I make no doubt that he will avail himself, of proving, from that seat in the House of Lords, which was won by his illustrious ancestor, and with which so much glory is associated, that a Catholic legislator can be the foe to corrupt abuses, the champion of religious toleration, and a supporter of that constitution, of which he will furnish evidence that no violation was perpetrated, in the admission to its full privileges, of a man who will employ bis high rank, and the splendid occasions which it will afford him, to sustain the best institutions, by upholding the freedom of his country.
There were at Stonyhurst, as I have mentioned, a great number of English Catholics of the highest rank. The number of Irish boys was about half that of the English. They were generally greatly inferior in station, though many of them were the children of the best Catholic gentry in Ireland. There existed among the natives of the two countries a strong rivalry, which was occasionally wrought up to animosity. The favourite game at the school was a very violent one, called footbal). The Irish were marshalled on one side of a large field, and the English on the other. When they became heated, the boys showed a spirit of antipathy, which reminded one of the feuds of the two nations. In general, the English were successful, because they showed more prudence and self-control. The Irish were so precipitate and headlong as constantly to miss the victory when they were on the point of gaining it. The same emulation ran into their school exercises. Wherever attention and assidnity were required, the English were generally superior; but in matters of display the Irish went far beyond them. This was particularly observable in their declamation, in which the Irish were unquestionably far more accomplished. The Jesuits themselves were all Englishmen, and I think that they occasionally exhibited that contempt for Ireland, which is exceedingly observable among the English Catholics who have not mixed much in the world. I should not have adverted to this prejudice, had it not greatly contributed to the production of an event, to which some importance has been attached ; I allude to the establishment of the College of Clongowes. I have already mentioned that Doctor Beattie, the old Irish Jesuit, had declined to transfer the fund belonging to his province to Stonyhurst. It was, however, arranged that a certain number of young Irishmen should be sent to Stonyhurst, to be educated for the Order, and that the expense of their instruction should be defrayed by the Irish treasury. Accordingly, several young men came over, with Doctor Kenny, the present president of Stonyhurst, at their head. They were treated, as they themselves alleged, in a very cold, supercilious, and English fashion. Much discontent prevailed amongst them, and in consequence of their complaints, the General of the Order gave direc
tions that they should be despatched to Sicily for the purpose of completing their education at the Jesuit College of Palermo. They were accordingly shipped off. This separation completed the breach with the Irish province. Had the embryo Jesuits, who were transmitted from Ireland, been more cordially received, an ultimate junction of both funds might have been accomplished. The Hiberno-Sicilians, however, on their return from Palermo, exhibited an alienation, in which nationality, coupled with their reminiscences, had some share ; and rejecting all co-operation with the English Jesuits, founded the College of Clongowes. On its first establishment, Mr. Peel, who was then Secretary for Ireland, urged on, I presume, by the alarmists by whom he was surrounded, and who were once in possession of his confidence, appeared to take fright, and sent for Dr. Kenny, to interrogate him. The latter attended, having, it is said, first obtained some judicious suggestions from Mr. Scully, the author of the celebrated book on the Penal Code. The Secretary was completely foiled by the Priest ; the College of Clongowes was founded ; and the preposterous Act of Parliament which has been recently introduced, in order, I presume, to reconcile the people of England to the extension of the principle of religious toleration, will prove as inefficient in arresting its progress, as the personal interrogatories administered by Mr. Peel, in the prevention of its establishment.
The Act requiring the registry of every Jesuit, and prohibiting the increase of the Order, is utterly nugatory. A Jesuit is not admitted into the Society with any of the "pomp, pride, and glorious circumstance” of the Church. They prudently avoided, at Stonyhurst, the performance of such spectacles as take place upon the taking of the veil. After the noviceship was concluded, the head of the college, who was also rector of the province, administered the oaths of religious inauguration, in a small chapel, from which strangers were excluded. It was not ever accurately known what persons had been initiated into the community. If this practice was adopted before the recent Act of Parliament, it is not likely that the habits of secrecy, which were already in existence, will be laid aside, for the purpose of affording to the Attorney-General an opportunity of putting into force what the framers of the abortive act itself intended to let fall still-born from the womb of legislation, and to become at once a dead-letter in the law.
I am at a loss to discover any evil to society, and much more surprised to hear it suggested that any danger can accrue to the state, from the extension of a body which is far more a literary, than a political confederacy in these countries. In France, indeed, where there is a large party of men whose personal interest attaches them to servile habits, it may be justifiable to use the strongest measures, in order to counteract the opinions which the French Jesuits are supposed to inculcate. But in these free islands, where Liberty is of long growth, and has struck its roots so deeply into the public mind, even if the Jesuits were disposer to use their utmost efforts to eradicate its principles, they would prove utterly unavailing. The intellect of the country is too powerful to be subdued by their proverbial dexterities. But the greatest injustice is, in my judgment, done to the British and Irish Jesuits, by attributing to them any opinions which are in the least degree hostile to true liberty. The rule of the Order is, that a Jesuit should entertain and teach no political tenets which are not in conformity with the institu
tions under which he lives. In America, the Jesuits are all republicans. Two of them lately visited Rome : on being heard to express some strong democratic sentiments, they were reprehended by the General of the Order ; but the Council of Five, to whom they appealed, and to whom the General himself is responsible, declared, that as the form of government in the United States was republican, it was the duty of an American Jesuit to feel as an American citizen ; and rescinded the decision of the Superior.
I should, however, limit myself to the results of my own personal experience; and I can safely appeal to every person who has been educated at Stonyhurst, when I assert, as I most emphatically do, that a base political sentiment was never made a matter of either immediate or indirect inculcation. The Jesuits there were strongly attached to the constitution and liberties of their country. For the glory of England, notwithstanding political disquali. fications which affected the Roman Catholics, they felt a deep and enthusiastic interest : of this I recollect a remarkable instance. The students were assembled in order to witness some experiments in galvanism, which a gentleman, who brought to the college a philosophical apparatus, had been employed to perform. In the midst of profound attention, a person rushed in, and exclaimed that Nelson had won a great victory. There was an immediate cheer given by the Jesuits, and echoed by the boys. Presently a newspaper was received, and the whole college gathered round the reader with avidity; and when the details of the battle of Trafalgar were heard, there were repeated acclamations at almost every sentence; and when the narrative had been concluded, continued shouts for “old England" were sent up, and every cap was thrown into the air, in celebration of the great event, by which the navy of France was annihilated, and our masterdom of the ocean was confirmed. Several days for rejoicing were given to the students, and a poem, which I then, at least, considered a fine one, in honour of the battle, was composed by one of the Jesuits, and admirably recited in the great hall, which was appropriated to such exbibitions.
It is time (for this article has run, I perceive, to a great length,) that I should conclude these “ Schoolboy Recollections" of men in whom, with a few blemishes, there was certainly much to be admired, and, by one who was educated among them, a great deal to be gratefully remembered. I found amongst them great kindness, faithful friendship, a generous and most disinterested zeal for the advancement in learning of the persons whose minds they had in charge; and to their purity of life, their sincere piety, and their spirit of wise toleration, I am only discharging a duty which I owe to truth, in bearing my warmest attestation. The general policy of the Order may have been found injurious to the well-being of states, in which they acquired an illegitimate ascendency; their diplomatists and politicians may have accommodated their morality with too ready a flexibility to the inclinations of kings and of women; they may have placed the confessional too near the cabinets of the one, and the boudoirs of the other ; but as instructors of youth, when far from courts, and from a pernicious contact with those vices which the danger of infection renders it perilous to cure, they were, I believe, in the main, what my own personal experience has taught me to consider the individuals of their Order whom I had any personal opportunity of observing; and I confess, that I give my full
assent to the sentiments which were expressed in their regard by Gresset, in the beautiful poem which he wrote on leaving them for ever, entitled “ Adieux aux Jesuites !"
“Qu'il m'est doux de pouvoir leur rendre un témoignage
Dont l'intérêt, la crainte, et l'espoir sont exclus.
A leur sort le mien ne tient plus.
Oui, j'ai vu des mortels, j'en dois ici l'aveu,
Trop combattus, connus trop peu.
Voués à la patrie, à leurs rois, à leur Dieu.
Prodigues de leurs jours, tendres et parfaits amis,
De leurs plus fougueux ennemis :
Trop estimés enfin, pour être moins hais.
En reproches injurieux,
Cherchent en les quittant à les rendre odieux:
C'est ainsi qu'en partant je leur fais mes adieux."
INTERLACHEN IN 1829. Or all the extraordinary things I have seen in my travels, what seems to me the most singular, is this colony of fashionables in the beart of primitive Switzerland. It is a curious idea of the gay and the sociable, who take the trouble of crossing mountains and lakes in order to meet one another again in this out-of-the-way corner of the world.
Imagine a village of boarding-houses by the side of black wooden chalets, in the midst of the wildest scenery, in face of the Monch and Jung Frau, with scarcely any other mode of approach except by one of the two lakes of Thun or Brienz, between which it is situated. When you go out to walk, you find an excellent road, shaded by beautiful walnuttrees, which, unfortunately, this year are very much eaten by the cockchafers, and have just the appearance of ladies dressed in muslin or gauze-every form and limb is seen in that clear, hazy manner. You meet every moment parties of fashionables of both sexes, who are promenading or visiting ; or else you encounter groups of pilgrims to the picturesque, going or returning from the surrounding mountains ; gentlemen and ladies with pikes in their hands, and both with equally large straw hats. The only particular in which they differ, are the men wearing “ blouzes," and carrying havresacs on their backs; and even this distinction is sometimes done away with.
But how shall I immortalize the English four-in-hand I met to-day in Untersen ? A dashing English carriage, with four hack horses, had a curious effect, combined with the chars of all shapes and sizes one sees driving in all directions, with the clumsy riding-horses taken from the cart-in short, with the vast variety of moving vehicles everywhere to be seen. Nor must I forget the boats moving continually on the lakes of Thun and Brienz to every village on their well-known banks.
Yet amidst all these temptations to wander to a distance, sufficient time is found for every home amusement Society is never wanting, as the boarders meet at a public dinner-table. Balls and concerts are sometimes got up, and the Church of England service performed on Sunday. The cheapness of living, for five francs a day, every thing included, is not the least astonishing part of this extraordinary Swiss village. Runners and wrestling matches, at which prizes are distributed by the strangers to the victorious country people, may likewise be noticed among its singularities..
The young peasant-girls are here much prettier, and much more tastefully dressed, than those who languish in comparative obscurity in the other parts of Switzerland. Their hair is simply dressed in a circular plait, quite low behind, but it is parted and braided over the forehead in front, and a little bow of black ribbon stands coquettishly on one side, and is very becoming.
Instead of the stupid, full Swiss petticoat, the shape is shown to some advantage, and the greater height and slenderness of their figure arpears. After the short, full wbite sleeve ends, a coloured stocking is worn which fits close to the arm, and is fastened above the elbow by a coloured garter, which is pretty, though odd. This is the present fashion among the juvenile belles of Interlachen. Those who work in the fields wear generally large straw hats to shade their faces; in short, the “ paysannes” of Interlachen are more conscious of their beauty, and more coquettish in their manner, than any women I have ever seen. They have much more quickness, and more delicate features than the generality of the Swiss peasants ; in short, they are quite the fashionable ladies of this part of the country; and truly their delicacy is fostered by many circumstances.
Many of the families are very rich; they have no oppressors, and most of them add the pride of ancient descent to present ease of circumstances having coats of arms which they have inherited from their fathers; so that they resemble the ancient Swiss, as they are represented in the time of the first confederation, equally at ease, equally proud and independent. I should think there is very little change in the country since then, only liberty has rendered it more flourishing.
In speaking of the women of Interlachen, I must not forget the Belle Batelière, who keeps a shop at Untersen ; and the young men still run after her to look at her, on account of her former fame, though sorrow has left indelible traces on her countenance.
How shall I ever be able to describe all the curiosities of the neighbourhood of Interlachen, so numerous in every way, besides the fashionable fantasies I have mentioned !-to tell the legends attached to every castle, to the mountains, the villages, the caverns, which I have listened to with delight, while strolling among the shady walks commanding a view of the interesting places which were the subject of conversation; while the Monch and Jung Frau, fit companions for one another, shone beautifully in clear vestal light, after obscurity had crept over the other mountains, and were reflected in the dark waters of the Aar beneath : even the guardian star of the Jung Frau, wbich seems ever to watch over her, and enlighten her in the hours of darkness, shone brightly in the river- beautiful emblem of the care which Heaven takes of innocence amidst the night of adversity! How many ages have these two pure beings stood silent witnesses of the deeds of men! What scenes of dark wickedness could they tell of; and how must the souls of those