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P R E F A C E.


power, seemed

HE Year of which we treat, presented the

most aweful appearance of public affairs, which this country had perhaps beheld for miny ages. All ancient systems of policy, relative to any scheme of equality or balance of forgotten in Europe. Friends and allies were 110 more with respect to us. On the contrary, whether it proceeded from our fault, or whether it was merely our misfortune, mankind seemed to wait, with an aspect which at best bespoke indifference, for the event of that ruin which was expected to burst upon us.

The great

It has happened fortunately, that the expected evil and danger, were less dreadful in the encounter, than in the distant appearance. combination of the House of Bourbon with the American Colonies, was far from producing all those effects which were undoubtedly expected. If our own successes were not great, and rather negative than direct in their nature, our losses, however considerable, were still less than might have been

apprehended. apprehended. It affords no small room both for satisfaction and hope, that no diminution of national glory has taken place, through any failure of native valour in our Seamen and Soldiers. They have supported in all cases, and under whatever circumstances of disadvantage, their antient charaster.

With the importance and variety of the work, our labour has increased; and every year of this

peo riod, so full of trouble both abroad and at home, has produced so much matter, that the business of one has run in upon the other. The Reader will thus account for the delay which has annually increased. Perhaps we ought rather to apologize for bringing out thc matter fo crudely, as we are obliged to do, to keep tolerably within time, than for a delay rendered necessary by the magnitude of our taik. Happy shall we deem the hour, when, recurring from the horrors of war to the pleasant ways of peace, we shall have the pleasure of announcing to the Public, the glad tidings of returning tranquillity.


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Retrospealive view of American affairs in the year 1778. Expedition 10 Bedford, Fair Haven; and to Martha's Vineyard. Admiral Montague dispodeljes the French of the islands of St. Pierre, and Miquelon. Lord Cornwallis, and Gen. Knyphausen, advance into the enemy's country, on borb fides of the North River. Surprize of Baylor's light horle. Success of the expédition to Egg Harbour. Surprize of Pulaski's legion. Crüel depredations by Butler, Brandt, and the favages, on the back frontiers. Deftruction of the new settlement at Wyoming, attended with circumstances of fingular cruelty and barbarity. Col. Clarke's expedition from Virginia, for ibe reduction of the Canadian towns and setrlements in the Illinois country. Consequences of Clarke's success. Expedition from Schobarie 10 tbe Upper Susquehanna. Destruction of the Unadilla and Anaquago settlements.

TE have seen in our last failure of hope with respect to his

volume, that the effec- primary object, the noble Admiral

tual protection which immediately returned to the fucthe French squadron received from cour of Rhode Island, which, we their new allies, at Boston, had have also seen, had been invested, Sept. 8th.

entirely frustrated Lord and vigorously attacked, by Ge1778.

Howe's design of at- neral Sullivan. And finding that

tacking D'Estaing iniland already freed from danger, that road or harbour. Upon this he proceeded to New York, where, VOL. XXII.




in consequence of what is under- zards Bay, in that part of New ftood by a previous leave of ab- England called the Plymouth Cosence, he resigned the command lony ; which from their vicinity of the feet into the hands of Ad- to Rhode Illand and the Sound, miral Gambier, and returned to greatly infested the trade of New England.

York, as

well as the adjacent Sir Henry Clinton, who had coasts of Long Island; whilst the embarked with 4,000 men for the nearness of their retreats, with the relief of Rhode Mand, had two smallness of their vessels, and the ocher material objects in view, in thallowness of their creeks, secured one or both of which he might pro- them in a great measure from all bably have succeeded, if he had pursuit. not been detained by contrary This service was performed with winds a few hours beyond his great effect by the detachment untime, or that Sullivan had not been der the command of the Major Geattentive to the danger to which he neral. Between fix in was exposed, when he found him the evening, when the Sept. 5th. self finally abandoned by the troops were landed, and twelve, French fleet, and in consequence on the following day, the work was deserted by the New England vo- completely done ; destroying in Junteers, who composed the better their course about seventy fail of part of his force. One of these shipping, besides à great number was to cut off Sullivan's retreat to of Imall craft. The detachment the continent; and the other, likewise burnt or destroyed in the which might have been either fame manner, the magazines, adopted as principal, or pursued wharfs, ftores, warehouses, ropeas a secondary object, was to attack walks, and vessels on the stocks, the Americans in their head quar- both on the Bedford and Fair Haters and principal place of arms at ven sides of the Acufhinet river. Providence ; the destruction, or ef- The transports and troops profectual dismantling of which, would ceeded from Fair Haven to the have removed an eye-fore, and island called Martha's Vineyard ; constant source of apprehension, at the inhabitants of which, like least, from the immediate vicinity those of Nantuckets were once ceof Rhode Island.

lebrated for their enterprize, skill, Sullivan's timely retreat having and great success in the filheries. frustrated these designs, Sir Henry This island being, however, the Clinton, on his return to New reverse of Nantucket in point of York, dispatched Major General 'fertility, afforded a considerable Grey, with the fleet of transports and most desirable contribution, and troops, under the convoy of consisting of 10,000 fheep, and Captain Fanshawe, of the Ca. 300 oxen, for the public service at rysfort frigate, upon an expedi- New York. tion to the eastward. The firit In the mean time, Admiral Mon. object of this expedition was to tague, who commanded on the exterminate some nests of small Newfoundland tation, no sooner privateers, which abounded in the received intelligence that D’Ettaing sivers and creeks adjoining to Buz- had commenced hostilities on

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