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the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, the His memory is justly revered by the Rev. Deodatus Babcock, Deacon, was community, of which he was a worthy, admitted to the holy order of Priests. upright, and benevolent member. It is Morning Prayer was celebrated by the dear to the domestic circle, for the fideRev. Mr. Huse, of Batavia, and the lity and affection with which he disRev. Mr. Barlow, of Canandaigua; and charged the duties of its various conthe Rev. Mr. Clark, of Geneva, also nexions. It is gratefully cherished in assisted in the services of the day. the parish of Trinity Church, which,

for many years, he served, with great The annual Convention of the Pro faithfulness, in the capacity of vestrytestant Episcopal Church in New-Jer- man. The pious Christian delights to sey, held its sittings at St. Andrew's honour it, for the evidence it affords of Church, Mount-Holly, on Wednesday exemplary fidelity in the duties of the and Thursday, the 22d and 23d of Au- Christian life, and of diligence in walk. gust last. On the latter of which days, ing in all the commandments and orthe holy order of Deacons was confer- dinances of the Lord. It, therefore, red, by the Right Rev. Bishop Croes, on encourages that holy hope which John Mortimer Ward, of Newark. speaks consolation to the bereaved, and The Rev. Mr. Cadle, of Salem, per- dictates cheerful resignation to that diformed the Morning Service, and the vine will, which, though afilictive to Rev. Mr. Rudd, of Elizabeth-Town, those who feel his loss, secured to him, preached on the occasion.

we cannot doubt, through the Saviour On the Sunday preceding, the apos- in whom he manifested a true and tolic rite of Confirmation was admi- living faith, the exchange of earth for nistered by the Bishop, in St. Michael's heaven of the services of the temple Church, at Trenton.

made with hands, in which his soul

delighted, for those of the celestial [The following note was omitted to sanctuary-of the walk of faith and labe sent to the Publishers in proper sea bour of love, for the rest that remains son for insertion in the Journal.] for the people of God.

On Tuesday, the 7th day of November, 1820, the Right Rev. Bishop Croes held an Ordination in St. John's I am the root and the offspring of Da. Church, at Salem, New-Jersey, and vid, the Bright und Morning Star." —Rev. admitted the Rev. Richard F. Cadle to the holy order of Priests. Morning Benighted on the troubled main, "Prayer was celebrated by the Rev. While stormy terrors clothe the sky, George Y. Morehouse, Rector of St. The trembling voy’ger strives in vain, Andrew's Church, Mount-Holly, and

And nought but dark despair is nigb.

When, lo! a gem of peerless light, a Sermon, adapted to the occasion, de

With radiant splendour shines afar, livered by the Bishop.

And through the clouds of darkest night, On Wednesday, the 8th, the Rev. Appears the Bright and Morning Star, Mr. Cadle was instituted, by the Bi- With joy he greets the cheering ray, shop, Rector of the above named That beams on ocean's weary breast, Church. Morning Prayer, on the occa Precurser of a smiling day, sion, was performed by the Rev. Jacob

It lulls his fears to peaceful rest

No more in peril doth he roam, M. Douglass, Minister of Trinity

For night and danger now are far; Church, Swedesborough; and an ap With steady helm he enters home, propriate Sermon, by the Rev. Mr.

His guide the Bright and Morning Star. Morehouse.

Thus when affliction's billows roll,

And waves of sorrow and of sin
Obituary Notice.

Beset the fearful weeping soul,
Mi. JOSHUA JONES.

And all is dark and drear within;
Died, at his seat, on this island, on

'Tis Jesus whispering strains of peace,

Drives every doubt and fear afarthe 16th day of September, 1821, in the

He bids the raging tempest cease, 65th year of his age, Mr. Joshua Jones,

And shines the Bright and Morning Slas, merchant, of this city.

ORLANDO.

XXII.

AND:

LITERARY REGISTER.

No. 11.)

NOVEMBER, 1821.

[Vol. V.

Extracts from a Review of 6 Memoirs too common in a private education, it

of the Life of the Right Honourable was my immediate endeavour to supWilliam Pitt." By George Tomline, ply; and he was not only soon master D.D.F.R. S. Lord Bishop of Win- of all the ordinary rules of grammar, chester. 2 vols. 4to. Murray. Lon. but taking great pleasure in the philolodon, 1821.

gical disquisitions of critics and com (Continued from page 293, and concluded.) the niceties of construction and peculi

mentators, he became deeply versed in We will now lay before our readers arities of idiom, both in the Latin and the Bishop of Winchester's account of Greek languages. He had also read the early studies of Mr. Pitt, which the first six books of Euclid's Elements, will have the air of romance, unless Plane Trigonometry, the elementary we keep our eye on the figure which he parts of Algebra, and the two quarto afterwards made: It is much less volumes of Rutherforth's Natural Philo astonishing that his youthful attain- sophy, a work in some degree of repute ments should be so great, than that while Mr. Wilson was a student at those of Mr. Sheridan should have Cambridge, but afterwards laid aside. been so little; if we are to credit what “Nor was it in learning only that Mr. is related of his slow progress at. Har Pitt was so much superior to persons row school.

of his age. Though a boy in years and Although Mr. Pitt was little more appearance, his manners were formed, than fourteen years of age when he and his behaviour manly. He mixed went to reside at the University, and in conversation with unaffected vivas had laboured under the disadvantage of city; and delivered his sentiments with, frequent ill health, the knowledge perfect ease, equally free from shyness which he then possessed was very con and flippancy, and always with strict siderable; and, in particular, his pro- attention to propriety and decorum. ficiency in the learned languages was Lord Chatham, who could not but be probably greater than ever was ac aware of the powers of his son's mind quired by any other person in such and understanding, had encouraged early youth. In Latin authors he sels him to talk without reserve upon every dom met with difficulty; and it was no subject, which frequently afforded opuncommon thing for him to read into portunity for conveying useful informaEnglish six or seven pages of Thucy- tion and just notions of persons and dides, which he had not previously things. When his lordship’s health seen, without more than two or three would permit, he never suffered a day mistakes; and sometimes without even to pass without giving instruction of one. He had such an exactness in dis some sort to his children; and seldomi criminating the sense of words, and so without reading a chapter of the Bipeculiar penetration in seizing at once ble with them. He must, indeed, be the meaning of a writer, that, as was considered as having contributed largejustly observed by Mr. Wilson, hely to that fund of knowledge, and to never seemed to learn, but only to res those other advantages, with which collect: Whenever he did err in ren Mr. Pitt entered upon his academical dering a sentence, it was owing to the life. want of a correct knowledge of gram “ The effects of a very serious illmar, without which no language can ness, with which Mr. Pitt was attacked be perfectly understbed. This defect, soon after he went to the University in VOL. V.

41

1773, occasioned him to reside but lit- degree which I should in vain attempt tle at Cambridge in the first three years. to express. This illness, which confined him nearly “ Towards the latter end of the year two months, and at last reduced him to 1776, Mr. Pitt began to mix with other so weak a state, that, after he was con young men of his own age and station valescent, he was four days in travelling in life, then resident at Cambridge; to London, seems to have been a crisis and no one was ever more admired and in his constitution. By great attention beloved by his acquaintance and friends. to diet, to exercise, and to early hours, He was always the most lively person he gradually gained strength without in company, abounding in playful wit any relapse, or material check; and and quick repartee; but never known his health became progressively con to excite pain, or to give just ground of firmed. At the age of eighteen he offence. Even those, who, from difwas a healthy man : and he continued ference in political sentiments, or from so for many years. The preservation any other cause, were not disposed to of Mr. Pitt's life, in its early part, may do him more than justice, could not be considered as owing, under Provi- but allow, that as a companion he was dence, to his own care and the affec- unrivalled. Though his society was tionate watchfulness of his friends; universally sought, and, from the age and the premature decline of his of seventeen or eighteen, he constantly health, long before he reached the or- passed his evenings in company, he dinary age of man, may as justly be steadily avoided every species of irreascribed to the anxiety and fatigue of gularity; and he continued to pursue unremitted attention to the duties of his his studies with ardent zea) and unrepublic station.

mitted diligence, during his whole resi“ It was originally intended, that dence in the University, which was Mr. Pitt should take the degree of protracted to the unusual length of nearBachelor of Arts in the regular way, ly seven years, but with considerable and be a candidate for academical ho- intervals of absence. In the course of nours; but his inability to keep the this time, I never knew him spend necessary terms, in consequence of the an idle day; nor did he ever fail to atillness which has been noticed, caused. tend me at the appointed hour. At this intention to be abandoned ; and, this early period there was the same in the spring of 1776, he was admitted firmness of principle, and rectitude of to the degree of Master of Arts, to conduct, which marked his character which his birth gave him a right, and in the more advanced stages of life. which is usually conferred upon young " It was my general rule to read men of a certain rank, after about two with Mr. Pitt alternately, classics and years' residence in the University, with- mathematics; occasionally intermixing out any public examination, or the per- other branches of learning. He proformance of any public exereise, and, ceeded with a rapidity which can of course, without the power of giving scarcely be conceived; and his memory public proof of their talents or attain was retentive in a degree of which I ments.

have known but few examples, although “ While Mr. Pitt was under-gradu- it had not been strengthened by the ate, he never omitted attending chapel practice of repetition, so properly in morning and evening, or dining in the use at public schools, but often omitted public hall, except when prevented by in private education. A tutor is geindisposition. Nor did he pass a single nerally satisfied, if he can give his puevening out of the College walls. In- pil some knowledge of an author, by deed, most of his time was spent with selecting for his perusal certain parts of me; and, exclusively of the satisfac- his works; but there was scarcely a tion I had in superintending the educa- Latin or a Greek classical writer of tion of a young man of his uncommon eminence, the whole of whose works abilities and thirst for improvement, Mr. Pitt and I did not read together. his sweetness of temper and vivacity He was a nice observer of their

differof disposition endeared him to me in a ent styles, and alive to all their vari

greater skill

Teous and characteristic excellencies. face. He possessed, indeed, this fa

The quickness of his comprehension culty in so extraordinary a degree, and ;

did not prevent close and minute ap- his diligent application to Greek literaIL plication. When alone, he dwelt for ture had rendered his knowledge of that

hours upon striking passages of an ora- language so correct and extensive, that, Dan tor or historian, in noticing their turn I am persuaded, if a play of Menander, um of expression, in marking their manner. or Æschylus, or an ode of Pindar, had

of arranging a narrative, or explaining been suddenly found, he would have w the avowed or secret motives of action. understood it as soon as any professed

A few pages sometimes occupied a scholar. There unquestionably have evzi-whole morning. It was a favouriteem been persons who had far sto ployment with him, to compare oppo- in verbal criticism, and in the laws of

site speeches upon the same subject; and metre; but it may, I believe, be said to examine how each speaker managed with the strictest truth, that no one ever his own side of the question, and ob- read the Greek language, even after de

viated or answered the reasoning of his voting his whole life to the study of it, imopponent. This may properly be cal- with greater facility than Mr. Pitt did

led study, peculiarly useful to a future , at the age of twenty-one. lawyer or statesman. The authors • He was not less successful in mawhom he preferred for this purpose, thematics and natural philosophy; disinsu were Livy, Thucydides, and Sallust. playing the same acuteness and readi

Upon these occasions his observations ness in acquiring knowledge, with an na were not unfrequently committed to unexampled skill in applying it to the ai paper, and furnished a topic for con- solution of problems. He was master why versation with me at our next meeting. of every thing usually known by young

He was also in the habit of copying any men who obtain the highest academical eloquent sentence, or any beautiful or honoạrs, and felt a desire to fathom forcible expression, which occurred in still further the depths of pure mathehis reading. The poets of Greece and matics; and, had I thought it right to . Rome had their full share of his atten- indulge this inclination, he would have tion; and he unquestionably derived made a wonderful progress in that abfrom them that advantage, as well as struse science. When the connexion of amusement, which they are eminently tutor and pupil was about to cease be- ; calculated to confer. So anxious was tween us, he expressed a hope, that he he to be acquainted with every Greek should find leisure and opportunity to poet, that he read with me, at his own read Newton's Principia, again with request, the obscure and in general un me after some summer circuit; and, in interesting work of Lycophron, and the later periods of his life, he frequentwith an ease at first sight, which if I ly declared that no portion of his time had not witnessed it, I should have had been more usefully employed than thought beyond the compass of human that, which had been devoted to these intellect. He was not fond of. compo-, studies--not merely from the new sition, not having been accustomed to it ideas and actual knowledge, which he when a boy ; nor did he attain that de had thus acquired, but also on account gree of excellence in writing Latin and of the improvement which his mind Greek, which is often acquired by young and understanding had received from men educated at our public schools. the habit of close attention and patient

“ It ought, perhaps, to be mention- investigation. In truth, this is the just ed, that Mr. Pitt did not construe clas- and appropriate praise of mathematical sical authors in the ordinary way, but pursuits, that they not only convey read several sentences of the original, much important information, but give and then gave the translation of them; a strength and accuracy to the intellecand the almost intuitive quickness, with tual and reasoning powers, which best which he instantly saw the meaning of qualify young men, both for the duties the most difficult passages of the most of the liberal professions, and for the difficult writers, made an impression business of the higher, departments of upon my mind, which no time can ef- 'active life.

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There was scarcely any book in was a predilection which his tutor was the wide circuit of Mr. Pitt's reading, well disposed to encourage. Besides from which he derived greater advant- the foundation of truth which it proage and satisfaction, than from Locke's bably laid in his mind, it is not unlikely Essay on the Human Understanding, that, in such a mind, it fostered a taste of which he formed a complete and for sublime imagery, and noble exprescorrect analysis. He was a great ad- sion, which entered afterwards most mirer of this truly excellent work, operatively into the composition of his while he reprobated the author's -no- eloquence. tions on the origin of civil government, as unfounded and of dangerous tendency. He indicated no inclination, Abstract of the Proceedings of the and he certainly had no encouragement

Fourth Annual Convention of the from me, to carry his metaphysical Diocese of Ohio, held at Worthing studies any further. He gave great at

ton, June 6th and 7th, A. D. 1821. tention to the public lectures in civil 'THE Convention was composed of law, a subject which he considered as the Right Rev. Bishop Chase, four connected with his intended profession; Presbyters, one Deacon, and Lay and, in the lectures upon experimental Delegates from thirteen parishes. philosophy, he had a pleasure in see The Convention was opened by ing theoretical rules exemplified and Morning Prayer, conducted by the confirmed. Amidst these severer stu- Rev. Roger Searle, Minister of St. dies, the lighter species of literature Paul's Church, Medina, St. John's were by no means omitted ; and I Church, Liverpool; and Trinity ought in particular to mention his inti- Church, Brooklyn; and the adminis mate acquaintance with the historical tration of the Holy Communion by the and political writers of his own country, Bishop. and his elegant taste for the beauties of Agreeably to the 45th Canon of the the English poets. To whatever branch General Convention, providing for of knowledge he applied, or whatever an accurate view of the state of the subject he discussed, the superiority of Church, from time to time," the Right his abilities, and the clearness and Rev. Bishop Chase delivered the folcomprehensiveness of his mind, were loving Address : equally manifest. These eminent qua- Brethren, and Gentlemen of the lities were in no degree tarnished by pride or self-conceit, which are too of

Convention, ten found in young men of distingushed It is made my duty, by the 45th talents. He was gentle and unassum Canon of our Church, to deliver you ing; and the natural cheerfulness of his an address, stating the affairs of the temper, and unaffected urbanity of his diocess in general, as well as my own manners, recommended him to persons official acts in particular, since the last of every age and station. Upon any meeting of the Convention. topic which might arise in conversa This is required with a view not tion, the openness of his character led only to enable you to act more underhim to express his opinion with a man- standingly on the subjects which may ly decision; but, at the same time, he come before you, but inasmuch as this always listened with a due regard and address, being inserted on the Jourrespectful attention to the sentiments of nals, must be transmitted to the Geothers; and such were the candour and neral Convention, it is done to enable mildness of his disposition, that when the last mentioned body, and, through talking unreservedly with me, he never them, the whole Church throughout the spoke with harshness or resentment Union, rightly to understand our afeven of those from whom he had re- fairs. In this light our subject gathers ceived injurious treatment."

interest. For, if our affairs were duly Among the early studies of Mr. Pitt, represented and made known to our the Bible appears to have held an emi opulent sister Churches in the Atlantic ment place. We cannot doubt that thix States, the divine Spirit, it is humbly

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