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66 Thou seest,
of 4000 Spelling-Books had been print- worthy and necessary to the Christian ed. A Grammar, a Vocabulary, and a character; and it will also bear, unDictionary, were in preparation. sullied, the scrutinizing glance of the It is common to see those who have ambitious worldling.
R. been taught to read, sitting with circles of others round them, in the cooling Simplicity and Integrity of the Swiss shade, or in their own houses, teaching
Mountaineers. those who know not; and, not content
A PEASANT, named Frantz, came with what they learn at school, they
one evening to look for Gaspar, who frequently sit in groups till midnight, was mowing a meadow, and said, "My teaching one another.
friend, this is hay-harvest. Thou The adults of the present generation knowest that we have a dispute about are thus deriving incalculable benefit this meadow: we know not to whom it from the power of reading and writing properly belongs. To decide the questheir own language, communicated by tion, I have collected the judges at the Missionaries. Mr. Hayward is to Schwitz—come then, to-morrow, with attempt the introduction of English, by me, before them.” the British system of education: this will Frantz, that I have mowed the meadow open sources of instruction, which never - I cannot be absent."-" And I cancan be opened to them by their own.
not send away the judges, who have The spontaneous produce of the soil, fixed on the day: indeed, we should by rendering the natives almost inde- have known to whom it belonged before pendent of labour, is an obstacle to the it was mown." They had some little acquisition of habits of industry. A controversy on the subject; and, at last, deputation from the Society will pro- Gaspar said, “I will tell thee what ceed to the Islands as soon as suitable thou shalt do: go to-morrow to Schwitz persons to form it shall be procured: -give the judges my reasons and thine its object will be, to suggest and pro- -and I shall save the trouble of going mote plans for perpetuating and extend myself.” On this agreement, Frantz ing the various advantages already im- went to plead for and against himself, parted to the natives.
and drew out the reasons on both sides The Paumotu Islanders, to the num as well as he could. When the judges ber of between 300 and 400, had again had decided, he went to Gaspar. The visited Otaheite, for the purpose of ob- meadow is thine, the sentence is in thy taining books; and manifested, gene- favour.”—People the earth with such rally, an earnest desire of Christian in- men, and happiness will dwell there! struction.
(Lantier's Swiss Tourist. The congregations, at the different stations, vary from 300 to 800 persons: occasionally much larger numbers at The Society for Promoting Christend.
tian Knowledge and Church Union, in There appears good ground of hope, the diocess of St. David's, (England,) that the great work which has been be- have adjudged to the Rev. S. c. Wilks, gun in the Islands will attain, in due A. M. of Oxford, author of “Christian time, a state of maturity.
?? « Christian Missions," and of the St. David's Prize Essay for the year
1811, on the “Clerical Character, For the Christian Journal.
their premium of fifty pounds, for the Messrs. Editors,
best essay on
66 The Necessity of a I have read, with the greatest satis- Church Establishment in a Christian faction, the following simple narrative Country, for the Preservation of Chris
of the Swiss Mountaineers: it may be tianity among the People of all Ranks _interesting to the readers of the Chris- and Denominations; and on the Means tian Journal ; at least, those who adopt of exciting and maintaining among its the much neglected motto. Do as Members, a Spirit of Devotion, togeyou would be done unto"--cannot but ther with Zeal for the Honour, Stability, discèrn in it a disposition highly praise and Influence of the Established Church
For the Christian Journal,
ORDINATIONS. Translation of the Sonnet of Des On the first Sunday after Easter, Barreaux.
April 29th, the Right Rev. Bishop “ Grand Dieu, tes jugements sont remplis d’equite.” Brownell held an Ordination in Trinity Justice, great God, in all thy deeds we see;
Church, New Haven, and admitted Mr. To bless thy people still dost thou delight: Bardsley Northrup to the holy order
But I have sinn'd so often in thy sight, of Deacons.
On Friday, May 18th, the Right So great my wickedness, that nought aright, Rev. Bishop Hobart held an Ordination O Lord ! but vengeance can on me alight.
in Trinity Church, New-York, and adThy word opposes my felicity; Thy mercy waits destruction on my head.
mitted Mr. Ezra B. Kellogg to the holy Fulfil thy wishes, for they glorious are; order of Deacons. Morning Prayer Let e'en these tears offend that now I shed;
was conducted by the Rev. Benjamin Strike!-hurl thy thunders !-give me war for war!
T. Onderdonk, an Assistant Minister Dying, I bow-yet how shall fall, O God! of said Church, and an appropriate Thy bolts upon a spot unbath’d in Jesus' Exhortation delivered by the Bishop. blood ?
Church, in the town of Flushing, county
of Queen's, in this state, was conse The Prospect of Heaven refreshing to crated to the service of Almighty God, the weary Pilgrim.
by the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart. Way, Omy soul! these heavy sighs ? Morning Prayer was conducted by the Is not the Lord my Father still?
Rev. Thomas Breintnall, Rector of Whence do these mournful thoughts arise That o'er thy tortured bosom steal?
Zion Church, New-York, aided, in the Do not thy hopes on God rely?
reading of the lessons, by the Rev And canst thou want when he is nigh? Henry U. Onderdonk, Rector of St. Why should the vanities of time
Ann's Church, Brooklyn, and an apEngross thy thoughts and claim thy propriate discourse delivered by the care?
Bishop, who was attended, in this inArise, my soul, on wings sublime Towards heaven, and view thy portion teresting and impressive solemnity, by there.
a number of his clergy. And say, can aught beneath the skies, St. George's Church is built near the Compare with the celestial prize?
site of an edifice of the same name, Oh! look beyond this chequered scene which had been, for about eighty years,
To fairer realms of peace and love; the place of worship for the parish; Let faith survey the joys unseen, The mansion that's prepared above,
but the decayed state of which rendered Where thou shalt see thy Saviour's face, necessary the erection of this new And rest secure in his embrace.
church. For the accommodation of the Say, O my soul! with this in sight,
increased and increasing number of Shall aught besides thy thoughts em- parishioners, the present edifice is of ploy?
considerably larger dimensions than the Shall earthly trifles give delight,
former; and it is finished in a much Or earthly cares thy peace destroy ? Wilt thou its vanities pursue,
superior style. It is a neat, chaste, and With heaven and glory full in view ?
commodious building, very creditable Ah! no--the presence of my God
to the taste and skill which planned and Outweighs my pleasure and my pains ;
executed it. I long to reach his blest abode,
And mount to the celestial plains; Before his gracious feet to fall,
Obituary Notice. And feel that God is" all in all.”
We copy, from the “ Churchman's Yet would I patient wait his will; Magazine," the following obituary no
While he commands, I'll gladly stay: tice of the late Rev. Dr. Smith, whose With faith and zeal my course fulfil,
death was recorded in our last. Then burst my chains and soar away, And find an everlasting rest
“ Dr. Smith was born in Scotland, Upon my dear Redeemer's breast: and educated in the College at Aber
deep, which he left with the reputation his understanding quick and clear. He of being an excellent classical scholar
— would call up at will the various treaa reputation which he sustained through sures of his memory, and was ready, on life. He was ordained in his native all occasions, to give a full and lucid country, and came over to America in
answer to any question in the line of 1785. Soon after his arrival in the his profession, however difficult. His United States, he took charge of the colloquial powers were very great, and church in Stepney Parish, in the state he was gifted with surprising rapidity of Maryland. After remaining in this of thought, and felicity of expression. parish several years, he removed to He was agreeable as a companion, and Newport, Rhode Island, and was made gentlemanlike in his deportment. As rector of the church in that place; from a preacher, though he had a considerthence he removed to Norwalk, in Con- able foreign accent, he was always innecticut, and took charge of St. Paul's teresting and instructive, and often eloChurch, in which he officiated some quent. His constitution was always years.
He then relinquished this pa- 'infirm, on which account he was subrish, and removed to New-York, where jected to much pain through life, and
he taught a grammar school; in which as a public character to many incon: he distinguished himself as an able veniences. In the latter years of his
teacher. When Dr, Bowden was called life, his infirmities constantly increased, from the office of Principal of the Epis- until they terminated his earthly existcopal Academy at Cheshire, to a Pro
Cheshire, to a Pro- ence. His trials and sufferings through fessorship in Columbia College, he was life were great and varied, but he enelected by the Trustees of the former dured them with Christian fortitude, institution to be his successor. After submission, and cheerfulness. He has continuing at the head of this institu- gone, we trust, to a world where sorrow tion several years, he resigned his situa- and suffering are unknown. He met tion, and returned to New-York in the approach of death with composure, 1806. The remainder of his days and hailed the blessed day when he were passed between New-York and should be released from this vale of tears. Connecticut. During the last years of
P. S. his life, he preached only occasionally, and had no permanent care.
His time was passed chiefly in writing on Theo
To Correspondents. logical subjects. He compiled and published a book of Chants, which did before the time of Synesius, the extract
The age of miracles having passed long credit to his skill in the science of sa
from that author is deemed unsuitable for cred music. He also published a work
the Christian Journal. of considerable size, in the form of dissertations on primitive psalmody, the The “ Thought on the Efficacy of main design of which was to prove the Prayer" has already appeared in our vol. impropriety of singing metre psalms in iv. p. 126. the worship of God, and to introduce the ancient practice of chanting. He was also the author of a series of letters THE Publishers earnestly request on the Christian ministry, addressed to that they may be furnished, as soon as the Rev. Dr. Blatchford, besides several practicable after their publication, with sermons and tracts on various subjects. The Journals of the several Diocessan Dr. Smith was a man of various and Conventions, and the Reports, &c. of extensive learning; but the study of the Religious Societies formed within Theology was his principal delight, in our communion, as it is their wish to 0 which his attainments were surpassed make the Christian Journal a Register by very few. He was intimately ac- . of all Documents and Proceedings quainted with Ecclesiastical history in throwing light on the history and situaits various branches, and well versed in tion of our Church. With the same polemical Theology. His memory was view, they will be thankful for early remarkably.capacious and retentive, and notice of Ordinations, Institutions, &ca
Of the Establishment of the Moors in of the caliph Walid. The Moorish ge
Spain, and their Expulsion from that neral began at length to despair of sucCountryj. Extracted from a Review ceeding in his enterprize, when he was of Thurtle's History of Spain. agreeably surprised by a message from
the Christian chief, offering to devote To understand how the country be- himself entirely to the service of the came so easy a prey to the Moors, we Moslems; and, as an earnest of his are to take the following data as our future services, he promised to yield guide. Witiza, a Gothic. prince of up the fortress he had so long and so Spain, a man of a cruel disposition, and gallantly defended. of dissolute habits, had put out the The fate of nations often depends on eyes of Theodofrid, duke of Cordova, the event of a moment; that of Spain and killed his brother Favila, with a was decided by the base and unnatural stroke of his club. This Favila was perfidy of one of her native children. father of Pelagius, the first king of The original cause of her downfall Spain. Roderick, son of Theodofrid, must still, however, be traced to the listimulated to revenge by the death of centious and rapacious conduct of Row his father, planted the standard of re- derick, which had greatly alienated the volt in the heart of Andalusia, his na
affections of his people, and, finally, tive country; Witiza was deposed, and involved his kingdom in all those horthe successful Roderick was elected rors which were the natural result of its king in his stead, A. D. 707.
invasion by the Arabs. The beginning of Roderick's reign As for count Julian, whatever might was marked by deeds of military have been his provocations, (and they prowess and many popular acts; but are variously given), his treachery in few can stand safe upon the dangerous betraying his native land, and gratifypinnacle of pre-eminent greatness, and ing, at the expense of the lives of thounot grow giddy. Roderick, surrounded sands of his fellow-countrymen, by the power and splendour of a court, yenge for a private wrong, will stamp gradually lost sight of virtue, and sul- his character with infamy for ever. lied the former brightness of his name The Moorish general, upon receivby oppression and tyranny.
ing the unexpected and pleasing intelliThe two sons of Witiza, who had gence, that the Christian chief had rebeen brought up at the foot of the solved to sacrifice all his patriotic feelthrone, and who had indulged illusive ings at the shrine of revenge, sent an hopes, that though the monarchy was express to the caliph, soliciting his perelective, one or the other of them would mission to prosecute the conquest of the have been raised to the regal chair, dis- peninsula." Walid returned a favoursembled their rage at being thus placed able answer; and the vicegerent of the in a private station; but their uncle commander of the faithful in Africa Orpas, Archbishop of Toledo and Se began the busy work of preparation. ville, fanned the smouldering flame, Justly, however, suspecting the fidelity which was eventually kindled into á of his new ally, he despatched, at first, blaze by count Julian. To the defence one hundred Arabs, and four hundred of the latter, Roderick had intrusted the Africans only in four vessels, who pasa important fortress of Ceuta, which was sed over from Tangier, or Ceuta, and closely besieged by the Moors, under landed, without opposition, on the opthe command of Musa, the lieutenant posite side of the Straits, and in the VOL. Y.
ninety-first year of the Hegira. Their never discovered. There are, howuninterrupted and almost unlooked for ever, authors: who affirm, that after success, induced Musa, the following leading a life of penitence and prayer spring, to send five thousand veterans, in some secluded cell, he expatiated a under the command of a dauntless life of wickedness by an exemplary chief, called Tarik, who disembarked death; but these idle tales deserve little his troops near Gibraltar, (Gebal al credit; it is most probable that he was Tarik), in the vicinity of which he drowned in the waters of the Bætis, or threw up considerable intrenchments. Guadalquivir; and that the head which
Roderick affected at first to despise was exhibited at Damascus before the this invasion, but he was soon con- palace of the caliph, as his, was that vinced of his folly. The Moorish army of some meaner person. Thus perishincreased every day; many Christians ed Roderick, the last of the Goths; he joined the Moslems; and the defeat of fell, not as a patriotic and heroic king the Spanish troops, under the command should fall, at the head of his faithful of Ebroica, proved, that the invading subjects, lamented and honoured; but, enemy was not to be treated with con after a shameful and inglorious flight, he tempt. The Gothic monarch, amazed found an unknown grave, while his at the increasing and gathering storm, memory remains indelibly impressed started from his throne, grasped the with cowardice and shame. spear, and summoned his nobles to at Those 6 Children of the hills and tend him. Ninety or a hundred thou sons of Spain,” who disdained subsand men obeyed the call, and had they mission, filed to the northern provinces, been as faithful as numerous, Musa and, under their prince Pelagius, mainwould have had cause to repent his tained there a noble independence. bold attempt. The two armies met on That spirit which so long animated the the banks of the Guadalete, near the Cantabrians to resist the Roman power, town of Xeres. For three successive and which enabled the Spaniards to days the contest continued, and the erect a kingdom, small, it is true, in Christians appeared during the whole the midst of anarchy and confusion, of that time to have had the advantage: still actuates and ennobles their immethe Moors fainted under the weight of diate descendants. multitudes, and Musa, surrounded by The Moors in the meanwhile took sixteen thousand of his prostrate coun- possession of the most beautiful parts trymen, addressed the survivors in the of the country. The royal legion of following emphatic speech :- My Damascus was planted at Cordova; brethren, the enemy is before you, the that of Emessa, at Seville; that of sea is behind you; whither would you Kinniarin, or Chalcis, at Jaen ; that of dy? Follow your general; I am re- Palestine, at Algeziras, (which formersolved either to lose my life, or tram- ly belonged to count Julian), and Meple on the prostrate king of the Ro- dina Sidonia. Toledo became the remans.? The fourth day's battle de- sidence of the natives of Persia and cided the fate of Spain: the two sons Yemen ; while ten thousand horsemen of Witiza, who held important posts of Syria and Irak, the most noble of in the army, and Orpas, Archbishop the Arabian tribes, pitched their tents of Toledo, basely deserted the royal in the luxuriant environs of Grenada. standard, and joined that of the cres In the immediate provinces of Aracent. The degenerate Roderick, who bia, none but Mahomedans were perwas reclining on a car of ivory, drawn mitted to dwell. It was considered as by two white mules, his head encireled a spot particularly hallowed by the by a diadem of pearls, upon observing birth and death of the Prophet; and their defection, quitting his conspicu- therefore to be inhabited only by the ous situation, and mounting Orelia, Faithful. But the vanquished of other the fleetest of his horses, fled, and was nations, after the first effervescence of never heard of more ! His horse and the human mind was subsided, were trappings were found on the banks of permitted to retain their religion by the Guadalquivir, but his body was paying a fine. Thus this nation of