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THE

INTELLECTUAL OBSERVER:

REVIEW OF NATURAL HISTORY,

MICROSCOPIC RESEARCH,

AND

RECREATIVE SCIENCE.

VOLUME IV.

ILLUSTRATED WITH PLATES IN COLOURS AND TINTS, AND NUMEROUS

ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD.

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CONTENTS.

PAGE

MICRO-LEPIDOPTERA. (COLEOPHORA, OR TENT-MAKERS.) By L. LANE

CLARKE. With a Coloured Plate .

A VISIT TO LLANDUDNO. By HENRY J. SLACK, F.G.S.

ON CAMPHOR PULSATIONS. By CHARLES TOMLINSON

NOTES ON THE MOLE. By the Rev. J. G. Wood, M.A., F.L.S...

OPHRYDIUM VERSATILE. By the Rev. W. Houghton, M.A., F.L.S. Wilh

a Tinted Plate

ALLOTROPY. By W. B. TEGETMEIER

ELECTRICAL RESEARCHES BY DE LA RIVE AND Gassiot

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. By CHARLES CHAMBERS

THE STUDY OF Mosses

THE SOURCES OF THE NILE. By PROFESSOR D. T. ANSTED, M.A., F.R.S.

CLUSTERS OF STARS AND NEBULÆ.—THE SURFACE OF THE Moon. By the

Rev. T. W. WEBB, M.A., F.R.A.S.

REMARKS UPON THE HORNED TRAGOPANS (CERIORNIS Satyra). By A.

D. BARTLETT. With a Coloured Plate

SANDAL-WOOD AND ITS COMMERCIAL IMPORTANCE. By BERTHOLD SEE-

MANN, Ph.D., F.L.S., F.R.G.S. With an Illustration

THE ZOOLOGIST AT SCARBOROUGH. By the Rev. G. RUWE, M.A..........

ON THE PHOTOGEN Oils. By J. W. M'GAULEY..

CBYSTALS IN THE INTESTINES OF ARTEMIA SALINA. By Henry J.

SLACK, F.G.S. With an Illustration

THE COLUMNAR BASALT OF Pouk HILL, South STAFFORDSHIRE. By J.

JOXES.......

PASTEU H'S RESEARCHES ON PUTREFACTION

THE LUNGS, HEART, AND Bloov.VESSELS OF THE SLUG. By HENRY

LAWSON, M.D. With a Tinted Plate

Ailsa CRAIG AND ITS BIRDs. By Robert GRAY

NOTES ON THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE NATTERJACK. By JONATHAN

Couch, F.L.S., ETC..

MOOXLIGHT AND COLOUR

THE HYRAX OF Syria. By the Rev. O. H. MIDDLETON, B.A. With an

Illustration

TETRAPHIS PELLUCIDA, PELLUCID Four-TOOTHED Moss.

By M. G.

CAMPBELL. With an Illustration

MARCET ON NOCTURNAL RADIATION

THE BLUE CYANÆA. By PHILIP HENRY Gosse, F.R.S. With a Coloured

Plate.

FALLING STARS AND METEORITES. By PROFESSOR D. T. ANSTED, M.A.,

F.R.S....

THE Use of Low POWERS WITH DEEP EYE-PIECES. By H. J. SLACK,

F.G.S..

The Puascums, Of Earth Mosses. By M. G. CAMPBELL. With an

Illustration

DISEASE GENERATED BY INFUSORIA

M. Pissis ON THE ANDES...

THE PLANET MARS : A FRAGMENT. DOUBLE STARS. OPTICAL DECEP-

TION. By the Rev. T. W. WEBB, M.A., F.R.S. With a Coloured

Plate and an Illustration

NOTES ON THE HORNED PHEASANT. By R. C. BEAVAN...

THE NEW BRITISH SAND-GROUSE. By Thomas J. MOORE.

With an

Illustration

PAGB

THE MORAL FACULTIES OF BRUTES. BY SHIRLEY HIBBERD

211

ENTOMOSTRACA FROM Ginon. By the Rev. CHARLES H. MIDDLETON, B.A. 217

ON THE

SERAPHIM AND ITS ALLIES. By HENRY WOODWARD, F.Z.S.

With a Tinted Plate and other Illustrations

229

THE MINUTE STRUCTURE OF THE VINEGAR PLANT. By HENRY J. SLACK,

F.G.S. With an Illustration..

238

THE DICRANUMS, OR FORK-Mosses. By M. G. CAMPBELL

248

THE BRITISH STAR-FISIES. By Geo. S. BRADY, M.R.C.S.

With a

Tinted Plate........

251

CLUSTERS AND NEBULÆ. OCCULTATIONS. By the Rev. T. W. WEBB, M.A.,

F.R.A.S......

257

BOTANIZING AT OAKSUOTT HEATH. By SHIRLEY HIBBERD. With IUus-

trations

266

A NEW TABLE-STAND FOR AstroNOMICAL TELESCOPES. By the Rev. E. L.

BERTION, M.A. With Illustrations

282

RESULTS OF METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS MADE AT THE KEW OBSER-

VATORY. By CHARLES CHAMBERS AND G. M. WHIPPLE

286

A NEW KIND OF MINIATURE

292

THE EARTHQUAKE OF OCTOBER, 1863

294

THE GREAT CANONS OF THE CCLORADO RIVER. By GEORGE E. ROBERTS.

With a Coloured Plate

309

TUE SUPPLY AND WASTE OF COAL. By PROFESSOR D. T. ANSTED, M.A.,

F.R.S........

317

SMOKE-RINGS OP VESUVIUs. By CHARLES CH. BLACK, M.A.

326

THE FIRST JEWISH SHEKELS, WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF THE SUCCEEDING

COINAGES OF JUDÆA. By H. NOEL HUMPHREYS. With a Tinted

Plate

328

CLUSTERS, NEBULÆ, AND OCCULTATIONS. By the Rev. T. W. WEBB, M.A.,

F.R.A.S.

346

ARITHMETICAL RECREATIONS...

353

The Genus FISSIDENS; OR, THE Flat Fork-Mosses. By M. G. CAMP-

BELL. With an Ilustration

355

THE PHILOSOPHY OF EARTHQUAKES

358

FURTHER NOTES ON THE EARTHQUAKE OF OCTOBER 6th, 1863

367

MOUNTING DRY OBJECTS. By T. W. WONFOR

370

A NEW REVERSIBLE COMPRESSORITM

371

A VISIT TO LAPLAND..

373

NOTES ON THE VIBRIO FAMILY. By HENRY J. SLACK, F.G.S.....

378

RECENT DISCOVERIES IN ENTOZOOLOGY. With a Coloured Plate

389

A DAY WITH THE FIELD Clubs. By Thomas WRIGHT, M.A., F.S.A. 395

METAMORPHISM. By PROFESSOR ANSTED, M.A., F.R.S.

403

ATMOLYSIS. By W. B. TEGETMEIER

414

THE TINNEVELLY PEARL BANKS. By CLEMENTS R. MARKHAM, F.S.A.,

F.R.G.S....

418

MICROSCOPE TEACHINGS

426

VANADIC ACID. By Dr. Phipson, F.C.S., London

431

UTILIZATION OF THE MAIZE PLANT

436

FURTHER NOTE ON THE COAL SUPPLY. BY PROFESSOR ANSTED, F.R.S. 438

PLATEAU'S ARITHMETICAL PROBLEM-A NEW METHOD.

By JAMES J.

HOOTON

439

THE MELOPHAGUS, OR SHEEP-Tick. By L. LANE CLARKE. With a Coloured

Plate

439

JEWISH SHEKELS, AND OTHER Coins OF ANCIENT JUDEA (2nd Article).

By H. NOEL HUMPHREYS. Illustrated....

442

CLUSTERS AND NEBULE. OCCULTATIONS. THR ACHROMATIO TELESCOPE.

By the Rev. T. W. WEBB, M.A., F.R.A.S.

448

PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES

65, 144, 222, 303, 384, 462

NOTES AND MEMORANDA

67, 146, 226, 306, 387, 466

LITERARY NOTICES

301, 457

COMETS; AN ACCOUNT OF ALL THE COMETS WHOSE ORBITS HAVE NOT BEEN

CALCULATED. By G. F. CHAMBERS

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