Elements of Mental Philosophy: Abridged and Designed as a Text-book for Academies and High Schools

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Of certain indefinite feelings sometimes ascribed to the touch
44
Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified
45
CHAPTER VI
46
Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
47
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
48
The idea of extension not originally from sight
49
Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight
50
Illustration of the subject from the blind
51
Measurements of magnitude by the
52
Of objects seen in a 41 Of the sun and moon when seen in the horizon
53
Of the estimation of distances by sight
54
Signs by means of which we estimate distance by sight
55
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of objects seen on the ocean
57
CHAPTER VII
58
Of habit in relation to the smell
59
Of habit in relation to the taste
60
Of habit in relation to the hearing
62
Application of habit to the touch
64
Other striking instances of habits of touch
65
Habits considered in relation to the sight
66
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase of power
68
Of babits as modified by particular callings and arts 56 The law of habit considered in reference to the perception of the outlines and forms of objects
70
Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine
71
Additional illustrations of Mr Stewarts doctrine
72
CHAPTER VIII
73
Of conceptions of objects of sight
74
Of the influence of habit on our conceptions
76
Influence of habit on conceptions of sight 63 Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
77
Of conceptions attended with a momentary belief
78
Conceptions which are joined with perceptions
81
Conceptions as connected with fictitious representations
82
SIMPLICITY AND COMPLEXNESS OF MENTAL STATES Section Paro 67 Origin of the distinction of simple and complex
83
Simple mental states representative of a reality
85
Origin of complex notions and their relation to simple
86
Supposed complexness without the antecedence of simple feelings
87
The precise sense in which complexness is to be understood
88
Illustrations of analysis as applied to the mind
89
Complex notions of external origin
90
Of objects contemplated as wholes 9
91
CHAPTER X
92
Instances of particular abstract ideas
93
Mental process in separating and abstracting them
94
General abstract notions the same with genera and species
95
Process in classification or the forming of genera and species
96
Early classifications sometimes incorrect
97
Of the nature of general abstract ideas
98
The power of general abstraction in connexion with numbers c
99
Of the speculations of philosophers and others
100
CHAPTER XI
101
Of different degrees of attention
102
Dependence of memory on attention
103
Of exercising attention in reading
104
Alleged inability to command the attention
105
Instances of notions which have an mternal origin
106
Definition of dreams and the prevalence of them 94 Connexion of dreams with our waking thoughts
107
Dreams are often caused by our sensations
108
Explanation of the incoherenicy of dreams 1st cause 97 Second cause of the incoherency of dreams
110
Of our estimate of time in dreaming
113
Explanation of the preceding statements
114
INTELLECTUAL STATES OF INTERNAL ORIGIN
117
CHAPTER 1
119
Declaration of Locke that the soul has knowledge in itself
120
CHAPTER II
123
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal identity
124
Of the nature of unity and the origin of that notion
126
Nature of succession and origin of the idea of succession
127
Origin of the notion of duration 113 Illustrations of the nature of duration
128
Of time and its measurements and of eternity
129
The idea of space not of external origin
130
The idea of space has its origin in suggestion
131
Of the origin of the idea of power 118 Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
132
Of the ideas of right and wrong
133
Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit
134
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion 122 Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas
135
CHAPTER III
136
Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness
137
Consciousnes a ground or law of belief
138
CHAPTER IV
140
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
141
Of the use of correlative terms
142
DEMONSTRATIVE REASONING
143
11 Of relations of proportion
144
iv Of relations of place or position
145
v Of relations of time
146
v1 Of ideas of possession
147
Of relations of cause and effect
148
Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect
149
Connexion of relative suggestion with reasoning
150
CHAPTER V
151
Of the general laws of association
152
Resemblance the first general law of association
153
Of resemblance in the effects produced
154
Contrast the second general or primary
155
Contiguity the third general or primary
157
Cause and effect the fourth primary law 140 141 142 ib 143 144 145
158
CHAPTER VII
166
Section
167
Illustrations of philosophic memory
172
Further directions for the improvement of the memory
179
CHAPTER XI
206
Of the nature of moral certainty
207
Of reasoning from analogy
208
Of reasoning by induction
209
Of combined or accumulated arguments
210
Lavath
211
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
212
Consider the kind of evidence applicable to the subject 199 Reject the aid of false arguments or sophisms
213
Fallacia equivocationis or the use of equivocal terms and phrases
215
Of the sophism of estimating actions and character from the cir cumstances of success merely
216
Of adherence to our opinions
217
Effects on the mind of debating for victory instead of truth
218
CHAPTER XIII
219
The imagination closely related to the reasoning power
220
Definition of the power of imagination
221
Process of the mind in the creations of the imagination
222
Further remarks on the same subject 209 Illustration from the writings of Dr Reid
223
Grounds of the preference of one conception to another
224
Illustration of the subject from Milton 212 The creations of imagination not entirely voluntary
225
Illustration of the statements of the preceding section
227
On the utility of the faculty of the imagination
228
Importance of the imagination in connexion with reasoning 227 228
229
CHAPTER XIV
231
Of excited conceptions and of apparitions in general 218 Of the less permanent excited conceptions of sight
232
Of the less permament excited conceptions of sound 220 First cause of permanently vivid conceptions or apparitions Morbid sensibility of the retina ...
235
Methods of relief adopled in this case
239
Of disordered or alienated sensations
245
Illustrations of this mental disorder
251
I
259
Classification of the natural sensibilities
265
CHAPTER II
269
The character of emotions changes so as to comform to that
272
Of the distinction between beautiful and other objects
275
Of square pyramidal and triangular forms
281
Illustrations of the original beauty of sounds
287
CHAPTER III
293
Emotions of cheerfulness joy and gladness
295
Of motion in connexion with the sublime
305
Of what is understood by
311
CLASS II
318
Desires always imply an object desired
324
Of the natural desire of esteem
328
Of the desire of esteem as a rule of conduct
329
Instances of instincts in the human mind
330
33 Of the moral character of the possessory principle 332 Of perversions of
332
Of the desire of power
333
Of the moral character of the desire of power
334
Propensity of selflove or the desire of happiness
335
CHAPTER IV
336
Reference to the opinions of philosophical writers
337
The principle of sociality original in the human mind
338
Evidence of the existence of this principle of sociality
339
Other illustrations of the existence of this principle
340
Relation of the social principle to civil society
341
Practical results of the principle of imitation
342
338
354
THE MALEVOLENT AFFECTIONS 342 Of the comparative rank of the affections
358
Of the complex nature of the affections
359
Of resentment or anger
360
Illustrations of instinctive resentment 346 Uses and moral character of instinctive resentment
361
Of voluntary in distinction from instinctive resentment
362
Tendency of anger to excess and the natural checks to
363
Other reasons for checking and subduing the angry passions
365
Modifications of resentment Peevishness
366
Modifications of resentment Envy
367
Modifications of resentment Jealousy
368
Modifications of resentment Revenge 354 Nature of the passion of fear 358 359 360 361 ib 362 363 365 366 367 368
369
CHAPTER VI
371
Love in its various forms characterized by a twofold action
372
Illustrations of the strength of the parental affection
374
Of the filial affection
375
The filial affection original or implanted
376
Illustrations of the filial affection
377
Of the nature of the fraternal affection
379
On the utility of the domestic affections
380
Of the moral character of the domestic affections and of the be nevolent affections generally
381
Of the connexion between benevolence and rectitude
383
Of humanity or the love of the human race
384
Further proofs in support of the doctrine of an innate humanity or love for the human race
386
Proofs of a humane or philanthropic principle from the existence of benevolent institutions
387
Other remarks in proof of the same doctrine
388
Of patriotism or love of country
389
Of the affection of friendship
390
Of the affection of pity or sympathy
391
Of the moral character of pity
392
375 Of the affection of gratitude
394
CHAPTER VII
395
PART II
411
387
413
392
418
CHAPTER III
424
Feelings of obligation differ from desires
432
amount of knowledge 414 Of diversities in moral judgment in connexion with differences in civil and political institutions
438
Of the time when moral instruction ought to commence
444
CHAPTER 1
451
CHAPTER IL
461
Of sudden and strong impulses of the mind
467
Disordered action of the passion of fear
473
Of moral accountability in cases of natural or congenital moral
479

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101. oldal - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
163. oldal - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.
78. oldal - Spit, fire! spout, rain! Nor rain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters: I tax not you, you elements, with unkindness; I never gave you kingdom, call'd you children, You owe me no subscription: then let fall Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave, A poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man.
303. oldal - The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
231. oldal - The sooty films that play upon the bars Pendulous, and foreboding in the view Of superstition prophesying still Though still deceived, some stranger's near approach.
169. oldal - Windsor ; thou didst swear to me then, as I was washing thy wound, to marry me, and make me my lady, thy wife.
118. oldal - ... as we do from bodies affecting our senses. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.
187. oldal - ... according to the deeds done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be evil...
385. oldal - The air was sweet and plaintive, and the words, literally translated, were these : ' The winds roared and the rains fell. The poor white man, faint and weary, came and sat under our tree. Ke has no mother to bring him milk ; no wife to grind his corn.' Chorus : 'Let us pity the white man ; no mother has he, etc., etc.
310. oldal - The sun had long since in the lap Of Thetis taken out his nap, And like a lobster boiled, the morn From black to red began to turn," The imagination modifies images, and gives unity to variety ; it sees all things in one, il piti nelV uno.

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