Capital, €200,000, in 2,000 Shares.

Edward Barnard, Esq.

Gideon Colquhoun, Esq.
Robert Brooks, Esq.

C. E. Mangles, Esq.
Henry Buckle, Esq.

Richard Onslow, Esq.
John Henry Capper, Esq.

William Walker, Esq. Trustees-Edward Barnard, J.H. Capper, and Edward Thompson, Esqrs.

Auditors-James Easton and C. Richardson, Esqıs.
Sulicitors-Messrs. Maples, Pearse, Stevens, and Maples.

Bankers--The l'nion Bank of London.
Colonial Bankers--The Bank of Australasia (incorporated by Royal Charter,

1835), 8, Austin Friars, London,
Physician - Dr. Fraser, 62, Guildford-street, Russell-square.

Actuary and Secretary-Edward Ryley.
At Sydney there is a Board of Directors, and Agents & Trustees at W. Australia.


Messrs. Boyd, Beeby, & Co.

Messrs. Line & Co.

Messrs. Ritchie, Stenart, & Co.

Messrs. Ackland, Boyd, & Co. The following peculiar advantages are offered by this Company :-1. Their policies cover the risk of living and voyaging over a far larger portion

of the globe than do those issued by any other Company in existence. They allow the assured to reside in the Australasian and North American colonies, and at the Cape of Good Hope. They also allow one passage out and home to any of those colonies. For British India a very moderate extra premium

is charged. 2. Preiniums may be paid, and claims settled at Sydney, Calcutta, Madras, and

Bombay. 3. A third of the premiums may remain unpaid for five years; nor is it neces.

sary for the maintenance of the Assurance to pay up the premium at the end of that time, but the unpaid thirds may remain as a debt against the policy, if the interest be regularly paid upon them as the renewal premiums fall due.

ANNUITIES. The Annuities offered by the Company are on a more favourable scale than those offered by any other Companies, having been calculated with reference to the rates of Interest obtainable on Colonial Investments. Annuitants also participate in the profits.

Specimens of the Rates of Annuity for £100 sunk:Age. Male Lives. Female Lives. Age. Male Lives. Female Lives. f. 6. d. £. 8. d.

£. 8. d. £. s. d.
7 8 3

6 18 2 65 12 12 0 10 19 0
8 13 6
7 14 4
70 15 0 8

13 2 6
10 16 3
9 9 0 75 18 92

16 3 5

ral Clothiers, 128, New Bond-street.-H. and G. F. in thanking their numerous patrons for the support they have received up to this period, beg to call attention to the fact, that a saving of 20 per cent. is gained by cash payments at their establishment. Thus relieving gentlemen who do pay from being taxed for those who do not pay. It is presumed the well-known reputation of their firm may render further comment unnecessary, except to express a hope they may be allowed to prove that no other house (however high their charges) can excel them, either in style, quality, or workmanship.

Dress Coats, blue or black £3 16 6 Trousers, tweed and sum-
Do. any other colour

3 10 0
mer, from

£0 18 0 Frock do blue or black,

Waistcoats, from

0 15 6 skirts lined with silk .. 4 18 0 Great Coats, from

2 2 0 Do any other colour, with do. 4 5 0 Scarlet Hunting Coats 4 40 Trousers, blue or black doe.

Shooting Jackets, from 2 2 0 skin..

1 16 0 Ladies' Riding Habits, Do. any other colour 1 14 0

5 5 0 VERY BEST LIVERIES. A Footman's Suit complete, with sleeves to waistcoat and velveteen breeches

4 A Suit, with kerseymere breeches ::

4 10 6 Ditto, with hair plush breeches or kerseymere trousers

4 15 6 A Stable or Working Dress

1 4 6 A Foolman's extra double-milled Drab Great Coat, with large Cape.: 3 13 6

Coachman and Groom's Suit, 98. more than Footinn's. Gold and Silver Lace and Crested Buttons charged the Wholesale Prices, Regimental Coatees, Epaulettes, Chacoes, Cocked Hats, Swords, and every necessary appointment.-Naval and Diplomatic Uniforms, Peers' Robes, &c. &c., on a similar scale of prices,

from ..

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: --Unprinciplede indivi

DEFERRED ANNUITIES. Annuities (payable half-yearly, which an Annual Premium of £10, during the

undermentioned Terms of Deferment, will secure :

duals, for the sake of gaining a trifle more profit, vend the most spurious compounds under the names of " Macassar Oil," " Kalydor," " Odonto," uc.; some under the implied sanction of Royalty, &c. &c. They copy the labels, advertisements, and testimonials (substituting fictitious names and addresses for the real) of the original preparations. It is therefore highly necessary to see that the word “ROWLAND'S" is on the wrapper of each article.- All others are FRAUDULENT IMITATIONS !!

ROWLAND'S MACASSAR OIL.— The singular virtues of this successful invention for restoring, improving, and beautifying the Human Hair, are too well known and appreciated to need comment. The very fact of its having obtained the especial patronage of her Majesty the Queen, H.R.H. Prince Albert, the whole of the Royal Family, and of every Court in the civilized world, and the high esteem in which it is universally held, together with the numerous testimonials constantly received of its efficacy, afford the best and surest proof of its merits.-Price 3s. 6d.; 75.; family bottles (equal to four small), 105. 6d., and double that size, 21s. per bottle.

CAUTION.-On the wrapper of each bottle of the genuine article are the words, in Two lines, ROWLAND'S MACASSAR OIL. All others are fraudulent counterfeits.

ROWLAND'S KALYDOR. - An Oriental Balsamic Preparation of singular etlicacy in thoroughly purifying the Skin of all pimples, spois, blotches, freckles, tan, and discolorations, producing a healthy treshness and transparency of complexion, and a softness and delicacy of the hands, arms, and neck. Its purifying and refreshing properties have obtained the exclusive patronage of the Court and the Royal Family of Great Britain, as well as of the principal Courts of Europe, and the most distinguished nobility and gentry of all civilized nations.

Beware of spurious " KALydors,"containing mineral astrigents utterly ruinous to the complexion, and which, by their repellent action, endanger health. Each bottle of the genuine has the words “ ROWLAND'S KALYDOR" on the wrapper, and "A. ROWLAND and Son, 20, Tatton Garden, London," is also engraved (by desire of the Hon. Commissioners) on the Government Stamp affixed on each.-Price 4s. 6d, and 8s. 6d. per bottle.

ROWLANDS' ODONTO, or Pearl DENTIFRICE, a white Powder for the Teeth, compounded of the choicest and most “recherché ingredients of the Oriental Herbal,” of inestimable virtue for preserving and beautifying the Teeth and strengthening the Gums. Its truly efficient and fragrant aromatic properties have obtained its selection by the Court and Royal Family of Great Britain, and the Sovereigns and Sobility throughout Europe, while the general demand for it at once announces the favour in which it is universally held.-Price 25. 9d, per box.

CAUTION.- To protect the public from fraud, the Government Stamp (as on the “KALYDOR" is affixed on each box,

The genuine articles are sold by the Proprietors, and by every respectable Perfumer and Chemist throughout the kingdom.

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Males. Fmales, Males. Fmales. Males. Fmales. Males. Fmales. £. 6. d. £. s. d. £. $. d. £. s. d. £. s. d. £. $. d. £. s. d. £. s. d. 8 17 6 8 3 8 25 3 422 10 8 60 8 8 31 0 9 95 13 10 76 16 11 9 12 3 8 16 5 20 13 5 25 13 7 83 14 8 65 3 3 il 6 7 9 18 0 40 16 2 32 8 0 15 4 5 12 8 8


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TION of the CHEST are entirely prevented, and gently and effectually removed in Youth, and Ladies and Gentlemen, by the occasional use of the IMPROVED ELASTIC CHEST EXPANDER, which is light, simple, easily applied, either above or beneath the dress, and worn without any uncomfortable constraint or impediment to exercise. To young persons especially it is highly beneficial, immediately producing an evident improvement in the figure, and tending greatly to prevent the incursion of pulmonary diseases; whilst to the invalid, and ihose much engaged in sedentary pusuits, such as reading or studying, working, drawing, or music, it is found to be invaluable, as it expands the chest and affords a great support to the back. It is made in Silk; and can be forwarded, per post, by Mr. ALFRED BINYON, Sole Manufacturer and Proprietor, No. 40, Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, London; or full particulars, with prices and mode of measurement, on receipt of a postage stamp.

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NOTICE. --These Lozenges contain no Opium, or any prepara


THE AUTHORITY OF THE FACULTY, KEATING'S COUGH LOZENGES. A certain remedy for disorders of the pulmonary organs-in difficulty of breathing-in redundancy of phlegm-in incipient consumption (of which cough is the most positive indication, they are of unerring efficacy. In asthma, and in winter cough, they have never been known to fail. Prepared and sold in boxes, 1s. 1 d., and tins, 25. 9d., 48. 6d., and 10s. 6d. each, by THOMAS KEATING, Chemist, &c., No. 79, St. Paul's Churchyard, London. Sold retail by all druggists and patent medicine venders in the kingdom. RECENT TESTIMONIAL.-Copy of a letter from "Colonel Hawker," the

well-known author on “Guns and Shooting."

"Longparish House, near Whitchurch, Hants, Oct. 21st, 1846. "Sir,- I cannot resist informing you of the extraordinary effect that I have experienced by taking only a few of your Lozenges. I had a cough for several weeks, that defied all that had been prescribed for me; and yet I got completely rid of it by taking about half a small box of your Lozenges, which I find are the only ones that relieve the cough, without der anging the stomach or digestive organs. I am, Sir, your humble servant, P. HAWKER."

" To Mr. Keating, 79, St. Paul's Churchyard." N.B.–To prevent spurious imitations, please to observe that the words "KEATING's Cocou LOZENCES" are engraved on the Government Stamp of each box,

CELS, Packages, and Periodicals, till the 18th of Dec. Passengers guaranteed for a fixed sum, via Trieste, Marseilles, or Southampton. Insurances effected. Offices, 34, Comhill, Chaplin's, Regent Circus, and 108, High Street, Southampton, where passengers' baggage, bale goods, &c., should be sent direct.

ARCELS to INDIA and CHINA.- Parcels for Aden,

Ceylon, Madras, Calcutta, Bombay, Penang, Singapore, and HongKong, if sent direct to the Peninsular and Oriental Company's Parcel Office, No. 44, St. Mary Axe, will be forwarded at moderate freight, including, ali charges (except Egyptian transit-duty), from London to the port of destination. The tariff, with full particulars, may be had on application, personally or by letter.

JAMES BARBER, Superintendent. No, 44, St. Mary Axe, London, 30th Dec. 1846.


THE MINERVA LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANY, 84, King William Street, Mansion-house, London,

Thomas Hallifax, jun., Esq.

Francis Mills, Esq.
Thomas Heath, Esq.

Claude Edward Scott, Esq.

FRANCIS MILLS, Esq., Chairman.

THOMAS HEATH, Esq., Deputy-Chairman.
James Brand, Esq.
Edwin Leaf, Esq.

Barclay F. Watson,
W. Chippendale, Esq.
William Lyall, Esq.

Edw. Sept. Codd, Esq. Thomas Morgan, Esq. J. J. Zornlin, Esq.
John Harvey, Esq.

John Stewart, Esq.

AUDITORS. John L. Bennett, Esq. | Robert W. Eyles, Esq. I William Scott, Esq.

The first quinquennial valuation was made, and division of the profits of this Company declared, at the Annual General Meeting held on the 23rd of June, 1842, when four-fifths of the ascertained profit were appropriated to the policyholders entitled to participate, enabling the Directors to add a reversionary bonus averaging 31 per cent. on the premiums paid during the last fire years, or to give an equivalent reluction of premium of nearly 17 per cent. on the premiums payable during the next five years.

Persons assured by this Company are allowed to reside anywhere within the limits of Europe; and to pass by sea, in time of peace, in decked vessels and steam-boats, from any part of Europe to another, without any extra charge, or without obtaining permission of the Directors for that purpose.

No extra premium will be charged on the Lives of Military or Naval Men, unless they enter or are called in active service, when the lowest rate consistent with safety will be required. Premiums, founded on correct data, have been specially calculated

for Assurances on Lives of Officers in the Military or Civil Service of the East India Company; and the Lives of any persons proceeding to any part of the world will be Assured on terms commensurate with the risk incurred.

The next quinquennial division will be made in June, 1847.
Tables and every information can be obtained at the office.

W. T. ROBINSON, Actuary and Secretary. No appearance required before the Board-a private interview with the medical adviser of the Company considered sufficient.


AND AGENTS FOR PASSENGERS TO INDIA, OFFICERS returning to India can be supplied with every requisite for their re-equipment, and may also procure their MILITARY APPOINT. MENTS in conformity with the most recent regulations, on application at either of the above Offices.

CADETS and ASSISTANT-SURGEONS.-Messrs. GRINDLAY and Co. have prepared the most complete and detailed scales of equipment for Cadets and Assistant-Surgeons, combining efficiency with the utmost economy, and shewing at one view the total expense of an equipment for India, including the passage, and every other expense.

CALCUTTA, MADRAS, BOMBAY, and CHINA.-Plans and Particulars of all desirable Ships proceeding to the above places may be seen, and Passages negotiated free of expense, on application at either office. Baggage collected, shipped, and insured.

Messrs. GRINDLAY and Co. continue to receive and forward Packages by the Overland Mails. Passengers to India, through the Continent, supplied with circular letters of credit, and all necessary information.

The following splendid SHIPS, belonging to Messrs. GREEN, of Black wall, built expressly for the INDIA TRADE, will be despatched punctually from GRAVESEND at the undermentioned dates.

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For Plans and Terms of Passage, apply to Messrs. GRINDLAY and Co., or Capt. NOAKES, 16, Cornhill, or 8, St. Martin's Place, Charing Cross ; or to Capt. W. TUCKER, and Capt, G, DENNY, of the firm of F. GREEN and Co., 64, Corphill.


Ready-made Linen Warehousemen, and Manufacturing Outfitters, 61 to 64, Houndsditch, present their establishment to Officers, Civilians, and Passengers about to leave for India, as combining facilities for the production and supply of Superfine Clothing for India, seady-made Linen Shirts, and every kind of Under Clothing at value. They also manufacture Cabin and Camp Solid Furniture for outfit and subsequent use. Peculiar Waterproof Overland Trunks, One Guinea each.-Priced estimates in detail, with every particular, sent by post.

The “Home News" will be regularly issued on the 7th and 24th of each month, in time for despatch by the Indian Mail, via Marseilles; all intelligence of interest for the reader in India being brought down to the latest hour.

In appearance, the "HOME NEWS" will resemble the “Spectator;" in substance, it will contain all that the Journals, already in existence and addressed to India, usually embrace, with many new and important features. Its size and proportions have been adopted as the best calculaied for binding, portability, and easy reference. This feature will also influence its internal arrangement, so that it may gradually become an authentic record of European events for the civil and military community of British India and the Colonies.

Messrs. GRINDLAY and Co., in soliciting the attention of the public to this pew medium for communicating to friends abroad the latest and most interest. ing news from home, venture, with some confidence, to express a hope that the talent they have secured for its conduct, the peculiar resources at their own command, and their practical knowledge of the information most acceptable to the Indian public,-especially as it regards the Civil and Military Services,-will give the “ Home NEWS," at once, a place in the first rank among the Journals for India.

The Proprietors, however, very much prefer a practical appeal to the proof afforded in the first number of their proposed Newspaper, to any elaborate anticipation of its claims to patronage.

Parties in England desiring to have the “ HOME News" forwarded regularly, without further trouble on their part, to friends in India, are requested to apply to Messrs. GRINDLAY and Co., 16, Cornhill, and 8, St. Martin's Place, Charing Cross ; or to make such application through any respectable newsman in town or country; or at the office of the “ Home News," Green Arbour Court, Old Bailey.

The price of the “HOME News" will be 9d. for each copy, or 183. per annum, payable in advance. Advertisements received at the usual charges.

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THE following SPLENDID SHIPS, belonging to

or Trade, will leave GRAVESEND at the appointed dates.

Each Ship carries an experienced Surgeon.


Mr. W. M. Boyce, 'ate of the Indian Navy, begs to intimate that he has commenced business as an East Indian and General Agent.

In soliciting the patronage of his numerous friends in India, both European and Aative, and that of the public generally, W. M. Boyce trusts, by the most unwearied attention to the various interests and wants of those who may honour him with their support, to render his Agency as efficient as possible.

W. M. B. is prepared to transact every description of Agency business, including the procuring and forwarding of supplies of every kind; passages to India, round the Cape or Overland; clearing and warehousing of luggage, &c.; transmission of packages, parcels, and letters 'overland. Arrangements have

been made for clearing and disposing of baggage belongng to parties arriving from India, either by the Cape of Good Hope or by Alexandria. Passengers arrived by the latter route, and desirous of having their luggage cleared without delay, should write to Boyce and Co., viâ Marseilles, who will always have their Agents in attendance at Southampton.

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Communications for the Editor, and Adrertisements, should be sent

under cover to Messrs. Wm. H. Allen 4 Co., 7, Leadenhall-street.

For Freight or Passage, apply to the respective Commanders, at the Jerusalem

Coffee house; or to WIMBLE and 'ALLPORT, 156, Leadenhall-street.

COUNTRY AGENTS:Edinburgh, W. Blackwood and Sons ; Charles Smith. Dublin, Hodges and Smith. Brighton, C. Booty.

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LONDON:-Printed by CHARLES Wyman, of 49, Cumming Street, Pen. tonville,

in the County of Middlesex, Printer, at the Printing-Office of J. & H. Cox, Brothers, 74 & 75, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's-Inn Fields, in the Parish of St. Giles-in-the. Fields, in the same County; and published by LANCEIOT W!11, ai No. 13, Catherine Street, Strand, in the Parish of St. Mary-le-Strand, in the said County.–Tuesday, January 5, 1847.







No. 69.]


[Price 18.


51 52

52 52








EASTERN NEWS ............

33 BENGAL:The Opium Trade

34 Anti-Salt Monopoly.. Miscellaneous Intelligence... 35 Government General Orders .. 36 Civil, Ecclesiastical, Military,

and Medical Establishments 37 HM Forces in the East...... 39 Domestic Intelligence. .. 39 Shipping and Commercial In.. telligence

40 MADRAS:Hindoo Memorial..

41 The Tinnevelly Missionaries.. The Hurricane ...

45 Miscellaneous Intelligence... 46 Government General Order 47 Civil; Eeclesiastical, Military, and Medical Establishments 48 Domestie Intelligence.... 49 Shipping and Commercial In. telligence


Miscellaneous Intelligence.... 49
Civil, Military, and Medical


Marine Department........
Domestic Intelligence..:
Shipping and Commercial In.


New Commander-in-Chief...
Lord Ellenborough and his

Captain Rowlandson and the

Moulmein Chronicle". HOME INTELLIGENCE :

Parliamentary Proceedings....
Miscellaneous Intelligence. ...
Shipping Intelligence.
Domestic Intelligence..
Arrivals, &c. reported at the

East-India House
List of Rank of Cadets, &c...
Changes and Promotions in

H.M. Regiments in India .. Brevet....



55 56 56 56

57 58

60 60

ARRIVAL OF WATLE. The Bentinck, with the-mails, left Calcutta Dec. 9, Saugor 10, Madras 14, Point de Galle 17, and arrived at Suez on the 4th inst.

The Braganza, with the China mails, left Hong-Kong Nov. 22, Singapore Dec. 7, Penang. 9, and Point de Galle 16. The two mails arrived at Alexandria on the 7th inst.; they were thence forwarded, by the Oriental, to Malta, which place they reached on the 15th iast. The Marseilles portion was thence conveyed by the Flamer, which arrived at her destination on the 19th. The Oriental, with the remainder, was to leave Malta on the 16th, and may be expected at Southampton on the 27th.

The Queen, with a mail, left Bombay Dec. 16, for Aden.

has arrived, it is said that an intrigue has been discovered between the Sheik EMAM-00D-Deen and the Wuzeer LAL Singh, out of which have arisen the disturbances in Cashmir. The minister is charged with fomenting the insurrection in order to prevent GhoLAB Singh obtaining possession of his new acquired dominions. The Delhi Gazette thus speaks of the matter :

" The denouement of the Lahore events of the last few months is about to take place, and will afford considerable matter for specula. tion and comment. The suspicion which we indulged in, some months since, regarding the secret understanding between Rajah Lall Singh and Shaikh Emam-ood-deen, are likely to prove even more correct than we had supposed possible ; and the proof of the rajah's double-dealing is said to have been so completely brought home to him that there appears very little chance of his remaining at the head of the Labore Government much longer. Indeed we believe that Mr. Currie's visit to the capital will ere this have decided the question. The discovery of this correspondence probably led to Shaikh Emam-ood-deen being prevented from passing the Ravee. We shall, we think, know by our next issue what has been done, but may in the meantime venture with some degree of safety, on a shrewd guess that Meean Juwaheer Singh, brother of the late Rajah Heera Singh, second son of the Rajah Dheean Singh, and conse. quently nephew of Mabarajah Goolaub Singh, will succeed Rajab Lall Singh as Wuzeer. We deemed it possible that some thoughts of placing Sirdar Lena Singh might have been entertained by our authorities, and the idea was suggested by the anxiety manifested by the Sirdar to return to Lahore at a time when the discovery of the intrigues of the present minister must have been known to him, if be had any confidential agents at the capital."

In consequence of this state of things, it is expected that the British army will halt at the distance of a march or two from the capital, to enable the authorities to look about them a little before retracing the ground that has been passed over; and then, if all remain quiet, the troops will proceed on their way. But there can be little doubt that, for some time to come-who shall conjecture how long ?-it will be expedient, and even necessary, to maintain a strong force at our principal frontier stations.

The Governor-General is still in the Jullunder Doab. The Commander-in-Chief has left Simla for Umballah, and it was considered doubtful whether his lordship would visit the Doab. Sir John LITTLER, who had just reached Loodianah, had, it was reported, been ordered to join the Governor-General forthwith, in order to accompany his lordship on an inspection of the bridge of boats over the Beas. The Jullunder division, which had proceeded towards Cashmir under Brigadier Wheeler, had arrived at Ferozepore, and were about starting for their several stations in India, having been relieved in the Doab by other troops. The guns captured in the Punjaub campaign, in number two hundred and fifty-two, left Benares on the 1st December for Calcutta, where some of them are to be transformed into a column, commemorative of the battles fought on the Sutlej, and the gallant men who fell.

DEPARTURE OF MAILS. A mail for Bombay, vid Southampton, will be despatched on the morning of Wednesday, Feb. 3. Letters should be posted in London on the previous evening, or if marked via Marseilles, on the evening of Monday, Feb. 8.

A mail for Ceylon, Madras, Calcutta, the Straits, and China, will leave on the morning of Saturday, Feb. 20. Letters should be posted in London on the previous evening, or if marked viâ Marseilles, on the evening of Wednesday, Feb. 24.

The Queen, with the London mail of Oct. 27, arrived at Bombay Dec. 7, from Aden.

The Atalanta, with the London mail of Nov. 7, arrived at Bombay Dec. 15, from Suez and Aden.

The Hindostan, with the London mail of Oct. 27, arrived at Ma. dras Dec. 11, and left same day for Calcutta.

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The brother of the respectable queen-mother of Lahore is on a visit to Gyajee, to wash himself. A lady, of somewhat questionable reputation, from the same place, is on a like visit for the like object. The following account of their respective retinues and progresses is very edifying :

Mungla, the celebrated slave' girl at Lahore, has reached Meerut on an ablutionary journey to Gyajee, on performance of which she returns to Lahore. Her retinue consists of about five hundred Sikh horsemen, with elephants and camels-a pretty numerous “following' for a slave-girl! Rajah Heerah Singh, brother of the queen-mother at Lahore, has also just entered our territories on a pilgrimage to the same place as the slave-girl! His train consists of nearly two thousand Sikhs, with several elephants carrying gold and silver howdahs or chairs of all shapes and sizes. The beauty of the borses and their trappings is said to be very great, the dirtiness of his attendants equally so.

At Calcutta the only source of excitement was furnished by the gambling speculations in opium, and their consequences. We know something of commercial gambling in this country, but that which has recently taken place in India seems to cast our puny doings altogether into the shade. Nothing but the memorable South-Sea year, or the æra of the tulip mania in Holland, can approach it. Some extracts on this subject will be found among our selections, and the following synopsis from the Bengal Hurkaru will afford a brief view of the proceedings which took place.

It appears that certain gambling speculators, likely to be victimized by one more cunning than the rest, wbo, to raise the price upon them, had determined to buy up the whole of the Patna drug offered for sale at, it is said, Rs. 2,000 per chest, saw their only chance of salvation from ruin in preventing the sale from taking place. It was apprehended that they would attempt this by force, and a strong guard of police was on the spot on the day of sale. But the gamblers adopted a different system of tactics, and one even more difficult to counteract. When the first lot of five chests was put up, several individuals, who relieved each other at intervals, began to bid, and so kept on-each bid of five rupees per chest ex. pressed by a nod-from eleven in the foredoon till dusk. By the conditions of sale then in force the Government was bound to sell the opium to the highest bidder; and, therefore, as these people kept bidding on one above another, the lot could not be knocked down to any one. Thus the farce or pantomime went on until eveoing, when the auctioneer refused to continue it any longer, although the bidders being still ready to proceed he could not knock down the lot. The speculators had effected their purpose, the sale had been prevented, the first lot was still unsold, though the price offered was no less than Rs. 1,30,955 per chest! The opium was again put up for sale yesterday under new conditions, specially designed to prevent the recurrence of such proceedings as those of the last week; and they appear to have succeeded, as the whole of the opium was sold and at very high prices, the average for Patna being Rs, 1,793, no less than Rs. 688 above the average of the last sale I"

From the other Presidencies there is nothing very remarkable. At Bombay the new Chief Justice, Sir DAVID POLLOCK, seems to be securing universal praise by his legal acquirements, his habits of business, his amenity and courtesy.

From the Nizam's territories the intelligence is more satisfactory than for some time past, as is shewn in the following extract:

" "Tumult and license,' says the Madras Spectator, ' have ceased to disgrace the streets of the Nizam's capital, and blood no longer flows in them without attracting notice or provoking vengeance, because a Dewan, nominated by the British power, and having the counsel and assistance of the British representative ever at bis elbow, is not one whom the lawless can venture safely to defy.' The numerous bands of rebellious Seikhs, Pytans, and others, that have for a long period been the pests and terror of the Nizam's dominions, are being gradually disbanded and dismissed ; and thus his Highness will get rid of a heavy drain on his resources, and his subjects of a marauding horde which kept them in perpetual dread. It is to be hoped that a watchful eye will be kept on the move. ments of these disbanded desperadoes, lest they should do mischief in the surrounding territories, as some of them lately did in Bhopal. The Spectator suggests that they might, to a certain extent, be convertible into a police force for the carrying out of Government orders, and the protection of the rural districts of the Deccan."


THE OPIUM TRADE. The opium sale of this day is looked forward to with a considerable degree of interest and even of excitement in mercantile circles.

The opium sale now in progress-if that can be said to be in progress which is at a stand will be a memorable one in the annals of the monopoly. As mentioned in the preceding paragraph, it has been looked forward to with a considerable degree of interest and even of excitement, which, as the result shews, was not misplaced. Something more than the ordinary quiet competition of rival speculators appears to have been anticipated, for a strong police force armed with swords, was in attendance about the Exchange. Hitherto, however, all appears to have gone on peaceably; but not a chest has yet, at balf-past 3 P. x. been sold. The scene in the Exchange, as described to us by a friend who had the strength and courage to force his way up to the auctioneer's desk and the good fortune to get safe out again, is a very strange one. Closely surrounded by an almost impenetrable crowd of excited and noisy red-turbaned up-coun. try men, in a small railed inclosure, a number of quiet individuals, European and native, standing or sitting around a table in front of tbe auctioneer's rostrum, are carrying on the business of the day. At a little distance from the rostrum two sircar-likenatives are diligently engaged in nodding rapidly and incessantly at the auctioneer, who nods on either hand in return to their obeisances-each of which is a bid of five rupees ! This per formance has now being going on for some hours, and as yet not a chest has been sold; but a little black board, on which the progress of the bidding is chalked and exhibited from time to time, displayed, as our friend left at a quarter past three, the figures 90,000 !! expressing the number of rupees then bid for each chest of the first lot. The game is still going on, and when or where it may end is more than we can tell. - Hurkaru, Nov. 30.

The scene which occurred on Monday at the Exchange, as described by us yesterday, will perhaps attract the attention of many to the subject, who would otherwise never have given it a thought. It was certainly a bold and original idea of the parties concerned to prevent the sale from taking place by occupying the whole day in biddings for one lot, wbich of course neither of the bidders had the least intention of buying. Their scheme hasbeen so well carried out, that they have escaped even the payment of the deposit, insignificant as that would have been, compared to the amount which the gamblers had at stake; for the lot not having been knocked down, the deposit could not be claimed. This is one of those experiments, however, that can only succeed once, and which, though it may have saved its authors from ruin, will inevitably lead to some new rules re. specting the opium sales, that the tricksters in the trade will have no reason to rejoice at; and which, however necessary, will not perhaps be altogether convenient to some of the fair dealers in the drug. Such a farce as that enacted at the Exchange on Monday can never be permitted to be performed again. The Government will not suffer itself to be so played the fool with. What regulations will be made we cannot say ; but we apprehend, it will not be difficult to frame such as will effectually prevent another trick like that we have been referring to. . As no sale took place, we conceive that it is quite competent to the Government to order that the one which was to take place on Monday should be held to-morrow if they please, under such rules as they may deem requisite to guard them against the repetition of such humbug as that practised on the former day, and to protect the interests of the fair trader.-Ibid. Dec, 2.

We yesterday noticed a report that certain wealthy natives had offered Rs. 1,800 per chest for the whole of the opium advertised for the first sale, which was to have taken place on Monday. Since then, we have been furnished with some particulars which shew that the rumour, though incorrect in its details, was not without foundation. On the day of sale, certain firms, European and native, describing themselves as bona fide bidders, presented to the Opium Secretary, and the auctioneers, a formal protest against parties being allowed to continue fictitious and fraudulent biddings for the purpose of preventing a sale. They asserted that the representatives of government were bound to put up and sell all the lots of opium mentioned in their advertisement, and to take the necessary steps to frustrate any conspiracy to stop the sale by preposterous and absurd biddings; and they requested that the names of the parties so bidding might be registered with a view to an indictment for conspiracy. They furthermore of fered to take, at the rate of Rs. 1,800 per chest, the whole 1,390 chests of Patna opium, and, as we understand, tendered the full amount of the purchase-money, twenty-five lacs of rupees. Their protest was, as it appears, ineffectual, and their offer remained unaccepted.Ibid. Dec. 3,


now lies, to receive her boilers and cylinders —all the other ma. The mail brings us word that the anti-salt monopoly agitation

chinery being on board, where she was launched. She draws is proceeding vigorously, Mr. Aylwin, who, as we have already

only 17 inches at present.-Ibid. mentioned, has secured the valuable coadjuvancy of Mr. Stoc

Hooghly COLLEGE. — We have just learned from a friend at queler, is stirring up the cotton lords of Lancashire to join with

Hooghly that a congratulatory address is about to be presented their neighbours, the salt-sellers of Cheshire, in a crusade for the

by the masters, mowlovies, pundits, and students of Mahomed relief of the oppressed millions of India, and of the salt and

Moshin's college, at Hooghly, to Mr. Rochfort, on his promocotton markets. We have already expressed our regret that the

tion to the principalship of the Government Krishnaghur college. advocacy of an object so desirable on the broad ground of common

- Ibid. Nov. 24. humanity, as the abolition of the Indian salt monopoly, should

GOVERNMENT KRIHSNAGHUR COLLEGE.- A letter from Krishbe left contingent on the selfish views of a few manufacturers

naghur states, that on Thursday last, a highly complimentary and traders thousands of miles away; and we have consoled

address was read to Captain Richardson, the principal of the Goourselves in the belief, that such interested advocacy is ever the vernment Krishnaghur college, on the occasion of his leaving most importunate and persevering, and, consequently, most

that institution, for the principalship of the Hooghly college. likely to be crowned with speedy success. Another cause of

Captain Richardson was so popular in that institution, that some regret to us has been in the indiscreet zeal of such ardent

of the students have applied to the local committee for permise apostles of the cause as Mr. Aylwin, whose desire to give

sion to be transferred to the Hooghly college. - Ibid. strength to their case has led them into the error of ARRIVAL OF Sir G. Pollock, G.C.B. Major general Sir overstating it, thereby giving their adversaries an advan George Pollock, G.C.B., arrived from the Cape in the Maidstone tage over them, and placing the cause itself in a false yesterday, and landed, under the salute due to his rank, last position. This injudicious system, commenced by Mr. Aylwin evening at five o'clock. We trust that the gallant veteran returns in his Salt Pamphlet, is carried on, we perceive, by him and Mr. to India with health renovated by his sojourn in the salubrious Stocqueler in their speeches at public meetings got up for the

climate of South Africa. - Ibid. Nov. 25. dissemination of their views. We republish to-day a report of

THE FAMOUS CASE OF Baboo KONNYLAUL Tagore v. Raussuch a meeting held at Blackburn, at which these two gentlemen

MONEY Dossee. - We learn from the Bhaskur, that the famous stood forward as the champions of free trade in salt. Mr. case of Baboo Konnylaul Tagore_v. Rausmoney Dossee, the Stocqueler attended as honorary secretary to the Salt Trade

widow of the late wealthy Baboo Rajchunder Doss, which was Association, and delivered an elaborate address on the occasion. decided against the Baboo first at the court of the Principal SudHe has evidently studied Mr. Aylwin's pamphlet to very good

der Ameen of the Twenty-four Pergunuahs, and afterwards at purpose, and has thereby been enabled to bring together a

the Sudder Dewanny Adawlut, has been appealed to the Privy goodly display of figures, which, with the Lancashire-men, are

Council.- Ibid. ever the most convincing arguments. Whether he has brought DINAPORE, Nov. 19, 1846. --The Sir Herbert Maddock steamer to bear on the question that intimate personal knowledge

arrived here at 9 A, M., on the 16th inst., with a pair of cargo-boats, of Indian affairs, which he may be supposed to possess,

all heavily laden. Immediately after anchoring, they commenced we leave our readers to judge for themselves. Be this discharging cargo, and without intermission continued doing so till as it may, it appears to us that he has not shewn that precise 8 P. M. It is said the three vessels had upwards of 12,000 feet of knowledge of the tenure by which the Company holds the salt cargo: this certainly ought to pay well. In the downward pas. monopoly, which we should have expected from one who must

sage these boats are likely to have a good cargo of indigo, being have carefully studied the subject, in preparation for his medi

now the most powerful steamer running on the Ganges. I see tated attack. He quotes the charter to shew that the monopoly

the company this vessel belongs to is to start another yessel is maintained under a clause which enjoins that the Company

early next month, with superior accommodation for passengers. shall make sale of all their merchandise, stores, effects, &c.

This is not bad, but the shareholders look to a good dividend, &c., which shall not be retained for the purposes of the govern

which is not to be realized by passenger-boats, but with cargoment;" the fact being, that is justified by a subsequent part of the

boats there is not the least doubt. The Sir Herbert is now same clause which directs that the Company shall abstain from

beating the Government boats in speed by fifty per cent. : a few all commercial business which shall not be carried on for the more boats with such powerful engines, will add considerably

is to public convenience. --- Ibid. purposes of government is to be disputed, and, therefore, however much it may be regretted that the war that the case of Young and others v. the East-India Company tant for it is not more distinctly and broadly expressed, there will be carried before the Privy Council. - Ibid. cannot, we fancy, be a doubt of its legality under the provision

THE CALCUTTA LOTTERY COMMITTEE. - We understand that above cited.

the Government is about to dispose of all the pieces of ground Mr. Aylwin, as observed by our London Correspondent, after belonging to the late Lottery Committee, within the jurisdiction declaring that “he appealed only to the pockets ” of his hearers,

of the town of Calcutta, and to devote the sum that will accrue entertained them with a story calculated to call forth the sym from the sale to the improvement of the town. - Ibid. pathies of those who gave it credence, on behalf of the people of

Benares. — Weather.-Getting much colder-thermometer 76 the Coromandel coast, who were therein said to be “tied up to degrees at noon. This morning a treasure party, commanded by the trees and flogged and tortured in the gross, whole villages Lieut. May, of the 48th Native Infantry, escorted one lac and together, whenever they neglect to destroy the salt as fast as it fifty thousand rupees from the Jounpore collectorship, for the forms at their doors, on their fields, and over their separate

use of the Benares treasury. neighbourhoods; and are similarly punished if they neglect to The LIBEL Case. - The case of the proprietor of the Star repair monthly to the Company's salt-pan at a distance, and against the Englishman having failed, in consequence of the there pay an infamously high price for an arbitrary quantity of

ruling of the Court that the term contemporary," used in the foul, black, muddy salt!” These very novel and startling state

alleged libel, could only mean the editor, and not the proprietor, ments are marked in the report with inverted commas, as a quo

it is reported that the editor of the Star is about instituting an tation, but the authority is not mentioned. Mr. Aylwin, however, action on account of the odious imputation of aiding and abetting vouches for their correctness,-describing the story as “a true

in a larceny.- Ibid. Dec. 5. and not overcharged description of the cruelties practised in Military Items.—The only communication we have resustaining the odious monopoly.” The story might go down ceived from the northern part of Jullundur Doab (under date of with the men of Blackburn, and would, doubtless, do so without the 20th) informs us that the head-quarters of the 72nd native in. Mr. Aylwin's voucher for its accuracy; but we must confess, fantry reached Kangra on that day, and relieved the detachment that until we know his authority, and also the opportunities of the 44th native infantry (two companies) which had been left which Mr. Aylwin himself had of verifying the description, we there. We regret to learn that although Lord Hardinge was must take the liberty of considering it something more than much pleased with the climate and scenery of Dhurrumsala, he apocryphal. - Hurkaru, Nov. 25.

considered it too far out of the way, and too difficult of access,

to be adapted for a cantonment or even a sanatarium, so MISCELLANEOUS.

that there is a very small chance of its being undisturbed New MoFusil Paper.— The vacancy in the list of Mofussil in this respect. We should not wonder, however, if it were to papers, caused by the extinction of the Agra Chronicle, has soon be brought into more general notice by private enterprise, as has been filled up; yesterday's dawk baring brought us No. J. of been the case at Nainee Tal, especially if the resolution of Mr. the Benares Recorder, a new bi-weekly candidate for public pa Lawrence to build there should hold good. - Delhi Gazette, Nov. tronage.--Hurkaru, Nov. 23.

28. LAUNCH OF A STEAMER.-The India General Steam Company JULLUNDUR.-Our letters from Jullundur, dated 21st and 22nd launched their second steamer, the General M Leod, on Satur instant, inform us that the 50th N.I. arrived at that station on day afternoon, from their yard at Garden Reach, off which she the 21st, and that the 36th N.I. would, in consequence, move

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