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afflicted! The widow's and the orphan's
noble, generous benefactress! In fact Biographical Sketch of Frederick
a benefactress to all who stand in need

Reynolds, Esa. of assistance.

URIOSITY is so forcible a princi. “She is,-but words to say what!

not improperly been termed one of the Say all that's good and greatand grand agents which direct its inquiries the is thar.

and impel its efforts. It is seldom that

we are contented with effe&ts, wiihout Among the many charitable institu- endeavouring to trace the cause from tions that owe their origin to the for- whence they sprung. The public, intering hand of Mrs. Latouche, is that derd, are so pertinacious in their temnoble work of benevolence " the Fe- per, that they have no sooner derived male Orphan School" on the Circular amusement from a man's writings, than Road, near Pruffia-ftreet, consisting of they are solicitous to become acquainted 120 poor children of all sects who with the man; they would behold him are clothed, lodged and dieted, and of in his closet, attend him in his friendly which he is the chief governess and vifits, observe his manners, his purfuiis, directress.*

and follow him through all the intricaBut what perhaps is 'unequalled in cies of his private and domestic conduct. this kingdom, as arising from the muni It is from this obftinare inquifitive ficence of one individual, is a school of ness, chat men, high in office and rank, twenty-four poor girls which she has

PUBLIC CHARACTERS of establidhed on her own demesne at Bell. every description, have been recomvue in the county of Wicklow. These mended, by all the moralifts that ever children lhe has made her own peculiar wrote, to be particularly attentive to the care, has them lodged and dieted, and lessons and pra&ice of virtue, fince. clothed in a style much superior to the imitation is either the happiness or the generality of such inftitutions. She bane of society, according as men of even devotes much of her time to their eminence are virtuous or depraved. examination in the respective branches Hence again arises the utility, as well of instruction they are taught, and en- as the entertainment, of biography ; courages the diligent by rewards and inasmuch as while the curiosity of men commendation.

is satisfied, their manners are guided
This pleasing subject would almost by the reprobation of bad, and by the
tempt us to proceed to a more diffuse approval of good example.
and prolix account of this lady's me Mr. Reynolds, who ftands fo confpi-
rits, than we had prescribed to ourselves, cuously forward in the drama of ihe
we shall, however, close it here, with a present day, is the younger son of a
regret that we could offer but fo feeble gentleman of equal eminence in the
a tribute at the fbrine of rbis lady's de profeffion of the law, whose receipts
ferts.t

were at one time no less than five thou-
sand pounds a year.

There are those
N O T E S. who can remember, with more accuracy

than the writer of this memoir, the time * A charity fermon is announced to when the name of patriot, as it is now, be preached on the 20th of this month was in the mouths of more men than by Mr. Kirwan, for their support. understood the term; when the present

+ See Magazine for July lafi, page 3, chamberlain of London, caught by also for some clegant poetry on Mrs. the found, talked pretty warmly of Latouche, lee Mag. for June 1794, popular rights, and minifterial wrongs, page 553, October 1794, page 378, and so became the object of legal perfeand May 1795, page 468.

cution. As under theriff to that gen

tleman,

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tleman, Mr. Reynolds's father made no hundreds by a play which he had origiinconfiderable figure; he will, how- nally rejected as unfit for represenever, be more memorable, perhaps, as tation. As a transfer merely from Bath solicitor to the great lord Chatham. to Covent Garden, the author had no

Reynolds received his education at right to his nighis, the profits of which Weftminster school, which he went were little thort of one thousand through with very diftinguithed reputa- pounds. Bue though he got no money, tion. Among the boys that were will he got, what no doubt, he thought equibim, who have rendered themselves valent, a footing in the theatre; and conspicuous for their calents, were immediately produced a second tragedy young Colman, the duke of Bedford, called Eloisa, which wens but three &c. &c.

nighis, and brought him eight pounds! The little ceremony with which Mr. Such was the encouragement he met Reynolds treats the profession of the with at the commencement of his dra. law, whenever it falls in his way, will maric career. It is well for the public, be thoughe rather singular, when they perhaps, that it was no better; for to are told that he was designed for that ibis circumftance may be attributed his profeffion himself, and that he has a courtship of the comic mufe, and confebrother a barrifter. Reynolds, indeed, quently the produciion of one of the has never been called, nor probably ever moft whimsical and orginal comedics will be, though he has kept his regular thac enliven the modern stage-we terms in the temple, and performed mean the Dramatift. every initiatory duty as a student. But, This play, however, as well as notwithstanding the Atrength of family Werter, was noi fortunate enough 10 prejudices in general, we are not bound meet the manager's, approbation, and to admire what our fathers admired be- we fhould probably have been deprived fore us; and to a man like Reynolds, of the author's talents for ever, if there the fludy as well as practice of the law, had not been others who thought better might have been a matter of very serious of its merits than Mr. Harris. It was discouragement. That profession, to acted at length for the benefit of Mrs. whatever cause it may be attributed, Wells. How it was admired, applaudbas certainly to place many defertions ed, and fought after, is known to every to the account of the drama. Banks, person in the least acquainted with Wycherly, and a variety of others, dramatic affairs. whose names are familiar to the theatri. The Crusade followed next, and in cal reader, thought perhaps with Rey- the confiruction of this opera, the aunolds, that one page of Shakespeare was thor had to struggle with an impedie worth all the maxims of Puffendorff in ment which is little known to the a lump, and a small sprig of bays, infi- public; that is, of adapting his dialogue nitely more ornamental to the head, and incidents 10 scenery, previously than a judge's wig and coif.

painted for a performance which had Reynolds began, like most other proved unluccessful. Thus extraordidramatic writers

, with tragedy. Wer nary was the introduction and establishter, which he produced at a very early ment of Reynolds in Covent-Garden : age, was presented to Mr. Harris, for be writes an original play which is the Covent garden stage; but, notwith- rejected there, and succeeds elsewhere, Itanding the popularity of the subject, and soon after is engaged to fashion a it was returned to the author, who cook story to the second-hand decorations of it with him to Bath, and there it was a piece, which, at the same theatre, first performed for the benefit of the bad heen accepted and failed! So much theatre. The money it brought at for the infallibility of a manager's Bath was fo inviting, that Mr. Harris talte, and so much for the ingenuity of began to think he had been out in his Reynolds, who, while he did himself eckoning, and accordingly had it caft credit as a writer, could avert the confewith all expedition. The run was very quences of one man's miftaken judge considerable, and the manager got many ment, and another's abortive design.

N2

Notoriet

Notoriety, How to Grow Rich, the fication of the very foible he acknowRage, and Speculation, complete the ledges and reprehends.* number of his dramatic performances. No one, however, knows better than

Mt, Reynolds is now no more than Reynolds; to accommodate bis own thirty one years of age; what then may experience to the purposes of the we still expect from a writer, who, drama; and a man of his acute penemore than any other, has found the tration, may, like Vapid in his own way to make the ftage subservient to play, extract traits of characters from the best uses of morality, by reflecting each individual acquaintance, and from its broad and expansive Mirror, mould every occurrence he meets with, " the very age and body of the times?" into incident and ftage-effect. or by making comedy, what Cicero Such as have alledged that Mr. defines its nature and properties to be, Reynolds is entirely dependant on the « Imitatio vile-Speculum consuetudi- ftage, are mistaken; exclusive of a gensis-imago veritatis."

teel private fortune, he has great and It is natural to suppose, that what a well-founded expectations from a rich man adopts by choice, would be the relation; and we have only to regret, grand, if not the sole object of his that the probability of such expectations delight: that where his pursuits had being realized, thould he survive the been directed, there also his affections party, is too strong, not to leave the would incline' but Reynolds is a public great cause for alarm, left the paradoxical instance to the contrary. Itage should be eventually deprived of The drama affords him a secondary chofe talents, from the exercise of which pleasure only." If old Dornton is fur: they have derived fo much amusement prised at the transmigration of the soul and inftruction. of Socrates into the body of a stocking Of Reynolds it may jufily be said, Weaver, how would he wonder to see that he has no enemies; for

every acan author, poffeffed of every essential quaintance would wish to be called a requisite for one of the most useful spe- friend, and he never made a friend that cies of compofition, facrificing a noble he loft. His success on the stage, while gratification to a mere paftime. Com- it has been more brilliant than that of pared with cricket, the delights of the any dramatic writer of the present day, drama are but as the duft in the balance has been a matter of congratulation and of his judgment; and, if all the comc- triumph, even to his competitors. dies he has written, the pains, the No author has less confidence about application, the fame, and we could a first night, notwithstanding the amaalmoft say the profits which have at zing run of all his comedies; his tremor tended them, were put into one scale, commences about a fortnight before the and a bat and ball in the other, we time, and continues till the curtain need not say which would preponderate drops ;-he is alarmed about every 'in his imagination. Were ii poffible point, and dreads the reception of every for man to choose the employment of an character; so that when his fluation existence, Reynolds would 'at once might naturally be supposed to be a forego all other confiderations, and fix desirable one, from the recollection of on a life of cricket. Six months out of his general success, he is, in fact, an the twelve he invariably devotes to an obje&t of the finçerest pity. attendance on all the matches of confc- Reynolds has none of the tenaciousness quence throughout England; and, of an author; and this it is probably after a grand day at Lord's, ' he will that makes him, behind the scenes, more dwell on a long-Stop and by-ball with a favourite than most men who have all the enthusiasm of a lover's retrofpeélion. Thus, while he glances

Ν Ο Τ Ε. through the world of falhion in order to lath its absurdities, he becomes the 1. Young Arable, in the comedy butt of bis own satire, and an exempli. of Speculation.

1

written

anitten for the stage. The caprice of a sinager, or the captiousness of a per

Female Manners in Portugal. former, have little effect on a mind conciliatory in the extreme, objections THE PORTUGUESE ladies pofar no sooner ftarted than obviated ; fefs many amiable qualities ; they be will expunge, correct, transpose, re- are chafte, modeft, and extremely afsrile, nay, re-construct, to make the fectionate to their kindred. No wocaf of his play agreeable ; fo that the man goes out of doors without the percurtain never rises without a determina mission of her husband or parent. To zon, on the part of the actors, to give avoid all fufpicion, men, even though etery {pirited aid to the cene,

relations, are not allowed to visit their God humour and Reynolds are in- aparıments, or to fit befide chem in deed the same ; his companionable public places. Hence their lovers are qualities are invaluable; his conversa- leldom gratified with a sight of them ben is, like his drama, familiar, brisk, excepe in the churches ; here they make and whimsical; like his drama too, it fighs and fignals : bears along with it irresistible laugh and merriment to the end. Success has Address and compliment by vision, bad no power to make him vain : he Make love and court by intuition. 1200s even the decent pride ibat would

HUDIBRAS. become him.

If vanity, in a man of talent, has Notwithstanding the watchful eye of been generally excusable, on account of the duenna, the lovers contrive to exdie liability of human nature to plume change billet-doux, and that in fo fubuself on literary success, and the conse- !le a manner, that none can perceive quent homage which the public are ac- it whose breaft glows not with a fimiautomed to pay to superior ability, how lar flame. The little boys who attend much more reverence is due to a cha- at the altar, are often the mefsengers racter who has escaped tbis common on these occasions. When one of these infirmity; and, in the zenith of his wingless cupids receives the letter, he reputation, appears equally influenced makes his way through the audience by popular praise, as if he had it all to till be approaches the fair one, then he gain the operations of fame and flat. throws himself on his knees, repeating lery, conjunctively, few of the best and his ave Maris Rella, and bearing his tileft men have had fortitude enough breaft; afrer finishing his ejaculations to refift :--on Reynolds, however, they and crossing his forehead, he falls on seem to have no other effect than that his face and hands, and fervently kiffes of making him more diffident and un- the ground ; in the mean time he con

veys the letter under the lady's drapery The Biographist never executes his and brings back another. duty with greater pleasure, ihan when Al other times when the lovers are in his record of life and character he is coming out of the church, their enabled to state that one is as blamelofs hands meet as it were by chance in the as the other. Talent is an equivocal holy water font ; by this means they term, and may be perverted to the moft exchange bullets, and enjoy the delecdeteftable purposes : but virtues are table pleasure of pressing each other's [ure, Ateady, and indeviable. A man fingers. is juftly eftimable only where there is Various are che contrivances to which an association of moral principle with they are compelled to resort, in order natural endowments and it is with to elude fufpicion ; and in no part of this conviction that we close our re- their lives do they evince more prudence marks on Mr. Reynolds, with a tefti, than during their courtibip. Their mony more honourable than any other natural disposition to secrecy is the we could bear to his merits, which is means of their continuing for years unthat he is not more a man of genius tban der the impreffion of the tender paffihe is a man of worth and honour. OD; and they must have fallen victims

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to it, were it not that refined, that vir- larly those of the good old ftock, who tuous love which Guevara describes. look upon it as a species of adultery

Arde y no quema ; alumbra y no dan- sanctioned hy the law. na ; quema y no consume; resplende y no laftima; purifica y no abrasa ; y The Carmelite Friar. [From the Letters aun calienta y no congexa.

of Donald Campbell, Esq.] It glows, but scorches not; it enlightens, but hurts not; it consumes “ UGSBURG is a moft agreeable not, though it burns; it dazzles not, place to live in. Touched with though it glitters; it refines without the sensations natural to a man who destroying; and though it be bot, yet loved to see his fellow.creatures happy, it is not painful.

my heart expanded to a fyftem of peace Marriage-feafts are attended with and harmony, comprehending the whole vaft expence; the refources of the globe : my mind expatiated involuntalower class are often exhaufted in the rily on the blessings and advantages preparations made on these occasions. derived from such a fyftem; and takThe nuptial bed-chamber is ornament. ing flight from the bounds of practied in the most costly manner, with filks, cability, to which our feeble nature is brocades, and flowers; even the wed. pinned on this earth, into the regions of ding-sheets are trimmed with the finest fancy, had reared a fabric of Utopian lace.

mould, which, I verily believe, exceeded In their chriftenings and funerals also in extravagance the works of all the they are very extravagant ; but in other Utopian architects that ever constructed telpects very frugal and temperate, safties in the air. particularly the females, who feldom Hurried on by this delightful vision, drink any thing but water; if they my person paid an involuntary obedidrink wine, il gives rise to fufpicion ence to my mind; and the quickness of of their chastity, and fufpicion is often my pace increasing with the impetuoheld tantamount to a crime. The em- fity of my thoughts, I found myself, bepress Dona Leanor, daughter of Ed- fore I was aware of it, within the ward king of Portugal," endeavoured chapel-door of the convent of Carmeto introduce the like custom among the lites. Observing my error, I suddenly German ladies ; but neither her majel- turned about, in order to depart, when ty's example or perfuafion could induce a friar, a goodly person of a man, them to exchange the "milk of Venus" elderly, and of a benign aspect, called for the limpid rill.

me, and, advancing towards me, asked, The abklemiousness of the Portuguese in terms of politeness

, and in the French ladies is conspicuous in their counten- language, why I was retreating fo abance, which is pale, tranquil, and mo- rupily—I was confused: but truth is det; those who accustom themselves the enemy before whom confusion ever to exercise have, nevertheless, a beau flies; and I told him the whole of my tiful carnation. Their eyes are black mistake, and the thoughts from which and expreslive; their teeth extremely they arose. white and regular. In convertation The good father, waving further difthey are polite and agreeable ; in man- course on the subject, but with a smile pers afuasive and unaffected. The which I thought carried a mixture of form of their dress does not undergo benevolence for myself, and contempt a change, perhaps, once in an age ; for my ideas, brought me through the milliners, perfumers, and fancy.dreis church, and Thewed me all the curiofimakers are professions as unknown in ties of the place; and particularly Lisbon as in aucieni Lacedemon. pointed out to me, as a great curiofity,

Widows are allowed to marry, but a fun-dial made in the form of a Ma. they do not avail themselves of that donna, the head enriched with rays and privilege as often as in other countries. stars, and in the hand a fcepire which There are many Porluguete, particu• marked she hours.

Quitting

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