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proach by different routs towards Flo- Lorenzo invited him and his fuite to his Tence, so as to be in readiness at house in Florence. the time appointed for Atriking the

(To bo continued.) blow,

Shortly afterwards the arch bifhop Memoirs of Sir Hugh Palliser, Bart. requented the presence of the cardinal at Florence, where he immediately re HIS brave and worthy officer was paired, and took up his rehdence at a feat of the Pazzi, about a mile from the about the year 1721, and as early as city. Le seems to have been the inten- the year 19735 chose the lea service for tion of the conspirators to have effected his profeflion, in which he foon difine their purpote at Fielole, where Lorenzo guithed himfelf by his gallantry and then had his country residence, to which courage, and was not without his bare they fuppofed he would invite the car. of the hardthips, the dangers, and dilo dinal and his attendants. Nor were tressful incidents fo common to a feathey deceived in this conjecture, for Lo- faring life. Tenzo prepared a magnificent entertain On the 25th of November 1746, he ment on this occafion ; but the absence became a post cap:ain in the Capiain, of Giuliano, on account of indifpofi- and about 1748 he met with an accident tion, obliged the conspirators to polt- by the bursting of a cheft of fire-arms, pone che attempt. Dilappointed in which left a wound that tormented him their hopes, another plan was now to in a moft excruciating manner incefbe adopred; and on further deliberation fantly during the remainder of his life. it was refolved, that the assassination In 1762 he was made governor of fhould take place on the succeeding Newfoundland, and in 1766 made Sunday, in the church of the Reparata, peace with the Indians upon the back fince called Santa Maria del Fiore, and settlements of Canada, for which ho that the fignal for execution should be received a recompence from his lovethe elevation of the hoft. At the fame reign. moment the arch bilhop and others of The wife and falutary laws which he the confpirators were to seize upon the caused to be enacted for the benefit of palace, or residence of the magiftrates, his country, and the comfort and hapwhilst the office of Giacopo de Pazzi piness of the poor fishermen during his was ta endeavour, by the cry of liberty, government of that island, will long reto incite the citizens to revolt.

main proofs of a found mind and a buThe immediate affaffination of mane and benevolent disposition. Giuliano was committed to Francesco In Auguft 1770 he became compor de' Pazzi and Bernardo Bandini, and troller of the navy, and was promoted that of Lorenzo had been entrusted :o io che rank of rear admiral; and, in the fole hand of Monteficco. This of the fame year, was elected one of the fiee he had willingly undertaken whilt elder brethren of the Trinity House. he understood that it was to be executed In 1773 he was created a baroneta in a private dwelling. But be th: unk In 1975 he was chosen member for from ihe idea of polluting the houfe of Scarborough, and in 1776 one of the God with so heinous a crime. Two lords of ihe admiralıy. In 1778 he ecclefiaftics were therefore felected for was promoted to the rank of vice adthe commiftion of a deed, from miral, lieutenant general of marines which the foldier was deterred by and governor of Scarborough Caftle. confcientious motives. Thefe were

When, in 1778, it was thought exStefano da Bagnone, the apoftolie pedient to arm our fleets againit France, fcribe, and Antonio Maffei.

though then poffeffed of offices wbich The young cardinal having expreff. fupplied an ample income, and though ed a defire to attend divine fervice in the afiliated with a painful bodily io imity, church of the Reparata, on the ensuing and therefore more exposed to danger Sunday, being the 26th of April, 1478, from the fatigues of a sea command, yer;


warmed by a zeal to serve his country made known to his commander in chief once more in the walk of his profession, the disabled ftale of the Formidable

, he accepted the third post in the feet which he might have done by the For under ihe command of admiral Kep- at the time the joined him, or by other pel.

means; yet, notwithstanding his omis. The event of this is well known. An fion in that particular, the court was of engagement ensued on the 27th of opinion, that he was not in any other July, and for Sir Hugh Pallifer's share respect chargeable with misconduct op in it, the admiral publicly and re- misbehaviour on the 27th and 28th days peatedly leftified his approbation of of July, and therefore they acquited bis conduct. But the action not being him. followed with that fplendid and com Soon after this transaction, his ma plear victory our countrymen expected, jesty, on the death of admiral Sir Charreflections were cast on Sir Hugh and les Hardy in 1780, appointed Sir Hugh his division, though much the greater Palliser to the government of Greenfhare of the engagement had fallen to wich hofpital. In 1781 he was elected their lot; and it was endeavoured by member for Huntingdon, and in 1987 letters in the public prints, and other. was promoted to the rank of admiral wife, to impress the world with an idea of the white. that bis misconduct more particularly He bad, some time before his death, was the cause of not having come to a refigned his feat in parliament, and all second and more decisive engagement. public concerns, excepų the duties of

He then appealed to the commander his government at Greenwich, which the in chief for justice to his character; continued ably and unremittingly.co which being evaded, and fufpecting that discharge to the last ftage of bis exitan opposite representation was not dif- ence. couraged, and inflamed by refent He died March 191h, 1796, leaving mene at such practices, he pursued his title, and an unentailed eitate in lie

: nieafures with a view to his own justific land, to devolve on his nephew; and cation, and anticipated the withes of his his other estates, and a large personal enemies by making an immediate fur- fortune, he bequeathed by will to Mr. sender of several valuable offices to the Thomas, his natural fon. amount of between 2 and 3000l.a-year, leaving himself no other mark of die Sentimental Observations and Refledi. ftinction than his military rank, wbich ons made in a Tour through London, is be retained with a view only of having December 1994. By W. Hutton, of the benefit of a trial.

Birmingham. This trial coinmenced the 12th of April 1779, and was continued for eighteen days; at the conclusion of bis LAS! how shall I fee London in defence he addressed himicif to his a black December? The fun, and jutges in these terms : " Here I close the people of distinction bave left it. my defence for the present, furrender. It is counted forlorn by its own inbabit. ing my life and honour into your hands, anis. The weather is dark, cold, and expecting that juftice which is due from wet; and a hackney coach is bur ill one brother officer to another, for I calculared for a man to view London. see no medium between lite without ho. The court is at Windsor. The ewo nour and death with ignoming and houses of parliament are not open: thame, and I hope you, gentlemen, will Vauxhall, Ranelagh, Alley's, Sadler's be directed by the faine alternative.” Wells, Hughes's and the courts af The judgment of the court was, that Westminster, are shut, as is every place the conduct and behaviour of Sir Hugh of resort, but the theatres; day, even Pallifer were in many respects highly Kenfington and the Park are lucked up exemplary and meritorious; at the fame by the weather. I thali fie bul a small time that they could not help think- part of London, and that by candleing it was incumbent upon him to have ligtic.




few citizens, who, by: mere industry, LAMPS.

have each acquired £100,000. and who

look down on every person who has nol, The lamps are well disposed. Not we shall learn, that the inhabitants are a corner of this prodigious city is un. little better than paupers ; that very lighted. They have every where a few can pay their way with credit; furprising effect; and in the straighter that the commercial interest would fall, ftreets, particularly at the west end of if not supported by the bank; and the town, and where those streets cross that there will not be room in the Gaeach other at right angles, the fight is zette for any thing but bankrupts and most beautiful. But this innumerable their dividends. multitude of lamps affords only a small But these fober citizens forget to requantity, of light, compared to the mark, that one inan cannot acquire such thops. By these the whole city enjoys a fortune, without inspiring an emulaa nocturnal illumination; the prospects tion in two to follow him ; that trade are preserved, and mischief prevented. and the bank like a prudent husband I have counted i wenty-two candles in and wise support each other, or matters one liule shop.

would run

confusion; that the By the vast profusion of oil, wax, prodigious sums spent in luxury prove, and iallow, the Itranger will naturally that those fums were first acquired, eifuppose they coft nothing, or that mo- ther by the spender, or somebody else; ney flows in with the same ease as the and that in any public undertaking tide, and that a fortune is burnt up eve- money seems out of the question. Ty night.

The stranger will be astonished at the improvements which have been in

troduced during the last thirty-five The houses are, on the average, years, and how money could be procurabout one story higher than I have ever ed to complete them. He will find, seen. There elevated buildings tend to during that small space, three grand darken the streets, particularly in the bridges created, each of which is an winter, and where those streets are nar- honour to the place, and would cost an Tow. The smoke and effluvia of this immense suin.That belides many suvait city add to the darkness; confe- perb edifices, of a public ani a private quently' the days are shorter than with nature, every street and passage in the us*, though we are almost two degrees whole city and its environs bas been nearer the pole. In some of the con- paved in one regular and convenient fined Atreets, day light, in this season, ityle; an expence cqual in value to the is nearly excluded.

whole domioions of some sovereign There seems nothing in London so princes. Public itructures of grandeur much wanted as room; no, not money, never indicate poverty. Dor even health; for there is money to As, the connexions of the people of buy, but no space to be bought. And Birmingham frequently draw them to if one in forty wants health, thirty- London, where they must oblerve the nine want room. They have power to conveniency arising from open streets, penetrate down toward the centre of the centres of which are regularly paved, the earth, and up toward the heavens ; and the files, from one look to Oxicen, á power well preferved; but no room according to the width of the fireer, can be gained on the sides.

Vaid with flaftons, for the benefit of the passenger, it is sugrilin; they do nol, at humble distance, with 10 imi.

tate the metropolis. There can be no If we attend to the sentiments of a disgrace in following those who lead us 0 T E.

righe. N

Every thing, however, is not to be * It will be remembered, that the imitated, even in London. There are ficer was resident in Birmingham. def Ats, wbich loudly call for redosis, Hib. Mag. Jurre, 1796.



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such as obftru&tive buildings in some of him to poverty, yet his fuccefTors are the principal streets, particularly in not of that number. Exclufive of mulHigh Holborn, Fleet- ftreet, the Strand, titudes who procure a daily relief from &c. If a man wilhes to see darkness this valuable river, it is thought, by by day-lighe, to hear a few new coined promoting cleanliness, to prevent the oaths, or see the height of confufion, plague, as no interval has been so long let him go into Thames-street: if he as the present, which is 120 years. wishes to avoid a broken limb, or be If the descendants of ibis fteady and ing splashed from head to fool, let him enterprizing genius are not in afluence

, keep out of Thames-It reet.

it is not too late to display a grateful The city abounds with beggars, which return. thews a defe e in the police. It is hard. ly posible to travel the ftreets of Loo

CHURCHES. don and keep money in one's pocket; not because it is picked out, but drawn

The taste of a nation is afcertained by our own consent. Distress and by the style of their public buildings; compaffion are inseparable companions. they rise and fubfide together. EleThis kind of mistaken charity, howe- gance in architecture originates from ver neceffary, defeats its own intent, by the people, although Inigo Jones, or encouraging the beggar in his practice. for Christopher Wren, may ftand at There appears but one way to obviate their head. A genius can only express this evil, which is not by punilhment; what others will to be expressed. for if we punish the beggar, ic drives Good sense, and good tafte, are in him to greater crimes. Every parish or some degree the portion of every pero diftrict ought to be provided with some' fon; he may improve them by cultiva. kind of employment, which might be tion, like the filowers in his garden ; of, learnt in an hour, where every one who if neglected, like them, they ruo wild: is able should labour : for when a man but in either care there will be a differfinds he must work for the public, he ence, according to the difference of the will quickly learn to work for himself. foil. It is poflible to teach people to do right, The churches in London are beauticven by gentle means. Those who are ful. They are an honour to the tafe not able to labout ought to be maintain of the people, and will be remarked ed by the community. This was the with pleasure by the stranger. intention of the work house, which is They may be said to be closely attend. fill preserved in every part but the ed; for wherever we find one, we find chief, which is the laborious.

it pent up by the houses, as if with de

fign to squeeze it into a narrower comWATER.

pass. In some parts of London, par

ricularly at the weft end of the towó, Thxre are benefits too great to be they are thinly scattered'; but, perhaps, tewarded; nay, some have been reward- they are as numerous as necessary. ed with injury. Thus Henry VII. Within, they are not quite so much atcut off Stanley's head, who had set the tended as in Birmingham. A bishop, crown upon his own.

with us, would draw an indumerable The greatest benefit ever conferred multitude after him; but in London ! upon London was, of all others, the attended divine ferrice, at St. Mary Alo foonest forgotten; that of fir Hugh dermary, where the bishop of B— Middleton, who brought the new river preached almoft to an empty church. to fupply the city with water, at the However, it should be remembered, be expence of many years labour, many preached a charity fermon. law fuits, much peace of mind, animo' During prayers at Westminster Abmense fortune, and the ruin of his 'fa. bry, which were performed by the submily.

dean and chapter, the whole congrega Although thousands have arisen to tion, during a confiderable part of the affluence by the neans which brought service, coplifted solely of myself. This


brought to mind the celebrated ftory of produced by thousands press it ; that if Dr. Swift, and his dearly beloved water quenches fire, according to the Roger.

old adage, it must be in other places; I considered, that I composed the for here, the river, fupplying the city whole congregation of the first church with fuel, may be said to kindle it'; in Great Britain ; that I had an exclu- tbat this key opens a passage to every Gve right to the benedictions solicited country in Europe, and, on the conby cbis reverend body; that under this trary, opens London to them; that lofty roof were assembled two congre- every language and every luxury are gacions, a dead and a living ; that the wafied up. Down this passage James congregation of the dead was, perhaps, the second, the last of the Stuart race, the grandest in Europe ; tbat of the fled from a crown; and George the living was next to it. But I did not first, to enjoy one, through the same with both to fleep; one half, as in other passage led up the line of Brunswick. places of Worship, was enough. I en Among the prodigious number of tertained a fincere valae for each. Be- veffels which compose this grand profe fore the conclusion of the fervice, the pedt, seems one in which is a young congregation, for which I had the failor, who cafts many a wishful look greateft regard, was recruited by an old on a woman with a child, standing on poman and two cripples, which con, che shore. The ship takes in her cable, vinced me, that the people who attend- and glides gently with the tide. A vaft cd public wordip were those only who ocean is going to separate, perbaps were unfit for every thing else. for ever, a fond husband from a wife,

When I vited St. James's being who appears lovely in diftress, and a dreft in black, a gentleman accofted tender infant. He fill moves on ; her mê, 'Sir, do you perform the duiy of beart moves with him, and her tears ibe cbapel this morning ?" No, Sir, it follow. The winding river terminales is not my turn. Wby, you have no con. their fight, but not their grief. gregation !

Another seemed a new vessel just arNo, Sir, the weather is so bad, I rived, having three maits; and as I think nobody will attend.'

bad never been on board a fhip, nor I was much inclined, however, though feen one of that magnitude, I descended a dissenter, to have assumed the fure from the bridge with a design to board plice, and attempted the service; for if her. A plank facilitated my passage ; I had committed a blunder in ihe ru- but, to my disappoiorment, the people bric, there were none to detect me. were all Spaniards from Bilboa ; not

one of them understood a word of mine, nor I of theirs : however, they

treated me with great civility, and we To a franger, who resides in an up- paried better friends than the Englilla land country, like that of Birmingham, and Spaniards often do. where the largest rivers mighi almost be skipped over by an active man, a prof.

ST. JAMES's. pect of the Thames from London bridge, elpicially to an Englishman, is We pride ourselves on visiting the peculiarly plealing. Whether it would abode of kings. This place has more please a Frenchman, is another ques- the appearance of a prison than a pation.

lace. It is ancient, low, extensive, If a citizen passes over this bridge, dark, and abounds with irregular chimperhaps he thinks of nothing but the nies. My chief view was to see the Borough ; but if a stranger goes upon head of a family which has long had it, he hardly knows how to go off. my

beft wilhes. The pleasure grounds, His thoughis will fow faster than which form the park, are extremely the river, in contemplating that the delightful, and well furnished with live prelent riches of the kingdom failed up ftock. this channel that the manufa 4 ures In the first room I cnfered were plac


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