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Deed to John Hemyngs. It is 446. Tóquiry into the Authenticity of the Shakspeare MSS. Mari has no resemblance to the genuine au.. among people of rank. Only one per tographs: the spelling is ibat of no fon out of 469 had this dikinction in time : bllofomes and bllooms, are combi- the firft parliament of James 1, and not sations of consonants, of which no ex- one of his baronets. The deed made ample can be produced. His grace in October speaks of Auguff as the late of Southampton is modern language month. The play of Leare, given to The phrafe of that day was, not at W. H. Ireland on the 25th was not present, but at this present. The con. written till after the 24th: the olher plays dufion is not in the cuftomary ftyle given had been before sold to the therof subscription. Lord S. would not tre. The play of Hen. 111. does not have written, Deare Willam, but Mr. exift. In the indorlement, the year of Saakspeare, or good muister Shakspeare, the king's reign is given in Englith, er gosod William. Jillam is the pro. contrary to the uniform practice. Moaciation of a vulgar female of the x111, XIV, Xv. Tribulary lines, &c. prefent day. Freynd is not the fpelling View of Ireland's house, &c. Portraits

. of the age. The conclufion is too fa- Tbis tender effufion is not in Sbakmiliar and modern, to pafs for genuine. speare's manner. The word view, in Lord S., according to the common the sense of a delineation, was wholly pradlice of the times, ufed co prefix his unknown to our ancestors : they wrote ekriflian name to the title, as appears prospect or picture. The coloured prints from his own autograph: his father are pronounced by good judges io be and fon did the fame. Fae fimiles are wahed drawings of a recent date : te given of part of two letters of lord H. Shylock is a modern durchman. Southampton, with the fignatures in the XVI. Agreement between Shakspeare fame place with a copy of the pretended and Lovine. This, on comparifon with letter ; a fingle glance of which at once a genuine kage contract of the same establithes the Apurioufness of the pre- period, appears an evident forgery tended correspondence: the one being The word composition, as descriptive of the regular hand of a young man, the a written work, is modern. other The miferable fcrawl of a paraly. xv11. Agreement between Shakspeare tie of fourscore.

and Henry Condel. Composition is here • vill. Shak/peare's Confefion of faith again used in the modern fenfe : within is liable to the same objections with the the deed, it is said to have been made in former papers, respecting orthography, the 8th year of James, in the indorflanguage and hand-writing. The moment, in the gen. Wito word acceded decides the character XVIII. Lcafe to Frazer. It describes

fix acres and a half of land abutting 1x, x, X1. Letter to Richard Cowley, close to the globe theatre : the phrafe is &c. Witty in the sense here ufed, and unknown in our language, and absurdly Whymficalle are modern words. The applied. The law phrafeology of the portrait is a miserable draving from deed abounds with inaccuracies. Ares

Droeshout's print engraved feven years Dom. is not the abbreviation of the line, after the poet's death, and prefixed to but Anno Dni. the firft folio edition of his works : the XIX. tight falls on the drawing on the nar- full of incongruities and absurdities. Tow fide of the face, as in Droefhout's The vulgarism now laying is not Shakprint.

speare's. It gives to individuals play XII. Deed of Gift to William Henry already disposed of to the theatre

, colIreland. This is the first deed in which lectively. The regulacions relative to a pretty tale is circumftantially related. Mss. are grounded on the modern legal Shakspeare's company were not in pof. notion of literary property, and are itfeffion of the playhouse in Blackfriers consistent with the poet's engagements till 1613. Upjet is in no ancient voca- and temper. The phrafes brought for bulary. It has not been proved that ward, and trust to his honour, are modern WILLIAM HENRY Ireland existed in Concerning the pretendent copy. the days of Shakspeare. Two chrif- Lear, a fingle passage will be sufficien tian names were then very rare even to prove it a palpable forgery:

Shakspcast

of this paper.

Shakspeare knew verse from profe, and in our author's time : the Sheets are sense from nonfenfe," he could not written only on one fide, contrary to the have written with his own hand any universal custom. play in which meirical speeches are The whole of these manuscripts may written unmetrically, and the most ri. be easily conceived to have been fabric diculous blunders occur in every page cated within the fpace of one year. As Take as a specimen the following pat to the library of Shakfpeate, noching sage, which many months ago was men could be more easy than to transcribe tioned to me as a standard by which all Mr. Capel's list of the volumes of that the reit of the piece might be truly efti- age, procure some of the books, and maied :

write remarks, with Shakspeare's fig

nature in the margin. The parchment “ Alb. Wbats the Matterre Sir of the deeds may either be old skins Leare. Marke mee lle telle the life from which the writing has been disande deathe I amme

charged, or new parchment rendered afhand thou haft powerre toe lake anciene in appearance by art. mye Mannhoode

P. 352. On the whole,' says Mr. thufle chatte these hotte téares thatte M. 'in the course of this inquiry it has breake from me

been tbewn that the artificer or artifimee perreforce fhoud make worse blasts cers of this clumsy and daring fraud, ande foggs

whatever other qualifications they may anne the unnet ennederre woundynges of poffefs, know nothing of the history of a Fatherres

Shakspeare, nothing of the history of ebe Kifle playe thys parte agayne Ile plucke fage, or the history of the English lanye oute

guage. It has been proved, that there is ande cafte you with the Waterres chatte no external evidence whatsoever that can you may

give any credibility to the manuscripts temperre claye."

which have been now examined, or

ever entitle them to a serious confider• Thus clearly and intelligibly is this ation. That the manner in which they {peech exbibired as written by our poet's have been produced, near two centuries cwn hand, instead of the following Ruf, after the death of their pretended aua which the foolish player-editors have thor, is fraught with the strongest cicfubftituted in its room:

cumstances of fufpiciod. That the

orthography of all the papers and Alb. What's the matter, for? deeds is not only not the orthography Lear. I'll tellibes;--Life and death! of that time, but the orthography of

I am alham'd (To Goneril. no period whatsoever. That the lanThat thou hast power to shake my guage is not the language of that age, manhood thus :

but is in various instances the las That these hot tears, which break from guage of a century afterwards. That me perforce,

The dates, where there are dares, either Should make thee worth them.-Blafts express or implied, and almost all the and fogs upon thee !

fads mentioned, are repugnant to truth, The unten!ed woundings of a father's and are refuted by indifputable docitcurse

menis. That ihe theatrical contraéts Pierce

every sense about thee ! - Old are wholly inconfistent with the usages fond eyes,

of the theatres in the age of Shakspeare; Beweep this cause again, I'll pluck you and that the law of the legal in true out,

ments is as falfe as the /spelling and And cast you with the waters that you phrafeology are abfurd and lentelets. wife,

And lastly, that the hand-writing of all To comper clay.'

the miscellaneous papers, and the figoa.

tures of all the deeds, wherever genuine The lines are throughout numbered autographs have been obtained, are in the airgin, a practice unexampled wholly diffimilar to the-baod-writing

of

of the persons by whom they are said were dignified with a pretty name ; lo to have been written and executed; and also on the stage it is deemed effential where autographs have not been found, to a performer's success, more efpecially to the general mode of writing in that in tragedy, that his name be pleafing to age. If any additional proof of forgery the ear; it is supposed to be the preis wanting, I confefs I am at a lofs to cursor of his profesional reputation, conceive of what nature it should be. and therefore becomes a matter of great

• I have now done; and I trust I have importance in the preparatory arrangevindicated Shakipeare from all this ments of the embryo actor. For this “imputed traih," and rescued him from reason, Mr. Blewit, became Barrymore the hands of a bungling impoftor, by-Rotten, Wroughton-Davis, Harley proving all these manuscripts to be the —M'Laughlin, Macklin-Sorace, Stotrue and genuine offspring of confum- race-and Magan, the subject of the mate ignorance and unparalleled auda- present sketch, Middleton. His father city,'

is an eminent apothecary in Dublia, Through the whole of the Inquiry where young Magan was boro. Mr. M. has enlivened a dry and tedious Mr. Middleton was defigned by his subject with much classical elegance of father for his own profeflion, and was language, and many happy strokes of accordingly placed under Robert Bowes, humour. The piece ends with a lively Esq. who then prefided over the Royal jeu d'esprit, in which Apollo is repre. College of Surgeons in Ireland. The lented as giving orders for a hue and objects of the dissecting room, however, cry after the delinquents, and for con- soon disgusted him, and he resolved to figning the mss. to Dr. Farmer, Mr. follow his own choice. He had performSieevens, Mr. Tyrwhitt, and Mr. M. ed with applause on a private stage, and to be burned.--Were it not that the in- caught the infection of the times. About genious author of this volume will be this period the rage for private acting amply repaid for the labour he has was at its height; in Ireland, this palbeftowed upon it, by the consciousness fion was, if poffible, more predominant of having vindicated the injured manes than in this country. of Shakspeare, we might be disposed to His first performance in private was segret, that so much ingenuity and dili. Sciolio, in the Fair Peniteni, and we gence have been bestowed upon so un are told that his talents are peculiarly worthy a subject : for who would lift adapted to old characters. It is curious, the club of Hercules against a dwarf? also, ihat Kelly was celebrated at Na

ples, &c. for performance of old mex, in • Or break a butterfly upon the the Italian comic opera. wheel?" *

Mr. Holman may be called the dra.

matic father of Middleton. During one Biographical Sketch of Mr. Middleton. of his Dublin engagements, the latter (From an English Publicatior.) gentleman found means to recite to him

some of his favourite passages, and re"HE influence of prepoffeffion is ceived such encouragement as probably

Bearly as powerful as that of cul- fixed his determination to pursue the tom; an elegant figure, or a beautiful proteflion of the stage. countenance, often speaks more in a Middleton loft no time, but baftened man's favour than any written recom to London, and waited on Mr. Harris, mendation whatever ; a handsome title. who promised him an opportunity of page frequently proves the beft preface exhibiting his powers the ensuing lea: io a book; and a novel would Icarcely fon ; recommending him, at the same be read, unless the hero and heroine time, to fill up the interval at Bath, N 0 T E.

where he made his appearance on the * For an account of the reception thirtieth of January, 1788, in Othello; Vorligern met at Drury Lane Theatre, and met with a very flattering recepsee the article of Britila Theatre in the tion; his next part was Romes, in which prefent month.

be gained on the good opinion of the

Bath

THE

Bath critics. At the commenceinent of length of the room, are placed for the the Coveni-Garden fealon, he appeared reception of inhabitants and visitors. in his favourite character of Romeo; There are feldom less than twenty woand repeated it fix or seven Mondays men belonging to one house. These fucceffively; he played alfo Chamoni, affemble about eleven at night, drefl. and some other parts, which ihe absence ed, or rather undressed, in all the dif. of Holman had left open for him. The gufting displays of their trade; an enfollowing season, however, that gen- ormous pad io fwell out the hips, a tleman returned to his fruation, and flaming red petticoat, which scarce Mr. Middleton visited his native city, reaches the calf of the leg, an immense where he performed a variety of cha pair of shoe buckles, which nearly çoracters, to the great fatisfaction of his ver the foot, two broad black patches, countrymen. He continued in Ireland the fize of half-a-crown piece, on the till 1792, when a difference taking place temples, and uncovered boloms. This, between him and the manager, he re- indeed, excepring only the bosoms, is paired to Edinburgh.

the ordinary Dutch woman's style of In Scotland he met with the same dress. A miserable pair of fidlers are fuccefs as in Ireland and England; and scraping in a corner of the room, which on the close of his engagement returned is faringly lighted up with tallow canto Corent-Garden, where he remained dles: the men are, most of them, smokfince the featon 1793.

ing on the benches, and the women He is a tall and elegant figure, and dancing in the middle. Some of the poffefies a voice of much music and in- dances are curious enough: one in parAexibility, not unlike that of the late ticular, where the man turns the wo Spranger Barry.

man round on tiploe, several hundred

times together, without the smallell inDescription of the Public Brothels, or termission, with one hand encircling

Music- Houses in Amsterdam. (Froin her wailt, and elevating the other above Práti's Gleanings.)

the head, to meet her hand. The in

credible rapidity with which this whirla * IN , and

tolerate vice as well as virtue ; the time it continues, turns the spectator number of common brochels, licented giddy, but seems to have no effect on by the States, in almost every large the parties engaged in the dance. And town, is enormous. They are known while one couple are performing this by the name of Music-houses, of which roundabout, it is not uncommon for there are not less than five and twenty ten or a dozen others to leap from in Amsterdam. Strange as it may seem their seats, pipes in hand, and seizing to you, they are no less the repufitories the girls, join in the cwirl, like so man of guilt and shame, than the resorts of ny te 15-tums, or rather deeping tops innocence and curiosity, as persons of for, notwithstanding their activity of the best characters, and of both sexes, limbs, there leems in their countenances, are to be feen in them, almost every and even in their movements, a sort of evening. The Music-house is, amongst torpor, which the sprightliclt pleature the public places, visited by almost eve cannot disipale : although it should be sy ftranger: but you are to understand otlerved, that the Duich are much that the scenes thus exhibire: 10 ira- addicted 10 dancing, and, albeit, they vellers, are no otherwise gross, than as beat the ground with the foot, rather of ibey excite ideas infeparably connected a giant than a fairy, they appaar 10 with the fight of such a nember of fe- derive from their unwieldy, and somemales, devoted by avowed profeffion tirnes ungraceful motions, such solid 10 a life of impurity. The Music-house happinels, that a good natured fpecta has always one very spacious aparimena, 197 cannot but be himself happy, on where all persons are admitted on pay. the principle of general benevolence, 10 ing, at entrance, the price of a' borile to see an Hollander rampant. of wire. Two benches,' the whole ** Carter cells us, shefe Music-houses Hib. Mag. May, 1796.

LII

have

I

have undergone diversity of fortune. cation : fodden complexions, feebly Sometimes they have ample toleration : glofted over by aroficial daubings of now and then they have inspectors, to the work colour ; eyes that are comsee that no indecencies are committed. manded to attempe exciting paflion, Al other times, in consequence of great but which, in the very attempt, seem disorders, they are lliut up, and "per disobedidoily to thrink into the sockets; form a kind of guarancine, before the and constrained merriment, which submagistrates fuffer them again to be ftirutes a noisy and discordant laugh, open for the reception of company, and childish anticks, for the notes of In point of number, privileges, and geouine mirib and unbarrassed spirits. enornities, they certainly exceed any How different, my friend, the powers thing of the kind, even in Rome itfelf. of modely, and the blushing honours What the State offers in its own de- in its train-how different from the fence, on this head, amounts to the blameless beings I have just described ftale maxim, chat

for you-breathing health, and bloom“ Private Vices are public Benefits.” ingin beauty, the blessed effects of pure

“ On the night I made this curious manners, air, and babitudes ! afsembly my gleaning visit, it was The inhabitanis of ibe licensed crouded with people of all countries : housis of Ainsterdam are, indeed, more for it was during the time of the fair, unforcunately fituated than any of their and the humours of the Mufic-house sadly merry lísterhood of London. They were considered as one of the fine lights are never suffered to pass the doors, of the fair. Amongft the sets of ftran- which'are guarded by three or four illgers that attracted my notice more par: looking fellows, who literally consider ticularly, was a groupe of female Frieze them as private property. Thele keep. land peasants, dreffed in the picturet- ers of their prison-house (for it is not que habits of their province. Bonnets lefs fo, though with lels accommodatimade umbrella fashion, and not much on absolutely purchase them in the firff less as to size ; the linings of flowered inttance. The buyer finds them in the linen, of a more flaring pattern thao haunts of the last distress, and many the out of-date printed cotton, for bed- are feduced by the hope of an escape furniture, and window curtains : but from famine, and the idleness wbich at the extremity of these, were fnugly produced it, to accede to almoft anz deposited some of the faire faces I ever For a few weeks, they are supbeheld,' which, coloured by modefty plied, even to profusion, with not only at the blushing light of so many young neceffary comforts, but with those me.. creatures, who disdained covering of retricious and flaring decorations, which almost any sort, appeared yet more at once discover their trade and ibcie beautiful--the beauty of virtue--from taste. Liule do they fufpect that this the powerful advantage of immediate bounty is a trap to catch them; that is contrast, with the deformity of vice.- is intended only to plunge them beyond In the lovely eyes of one, I gleaned the redemprion, deep in guilt and Davery, tear of innocence, pitying guilt, and at ferving the double purpose of dressing the same time, vindicating her fex. out the victim, and binding the prilo This geotle drop was hid from the com ner in chains-though they seemn of pany in general. A young man, pof- tilk-of fin and milery, and discale fibly her lover, on whose arm the hung, and deaih. law and felt it, for I perceived him They have not united themselves press her hand, and whilper fomething to the wretched society of the Muficthat increased the crimson in her face, house a single monih e'er they find and yet checked the tear upon her themselves involved in unpayable debis, cheek, where it fixed midway, like a fome of three, others of fire hundred dew drop on the rose-bud.

guilders, for those very articles which " Of the mufic-girls, many are pret- at once increase the revenue of their ty featured, but carry in every linea.. tyrants, and aggravate their own poment the signs of their lamentable vo verty and guilt. They have literally

nothing

terms.

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