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blocking up that isand with eighteen and the five headmoft ships of the enemy or nineteen thips of the line; but not very particularly extended, many of choosing to hazard a battle with these their rear being close in with Cape against 23 or 24 ships of the like force, Henry, he thought it a favourable mo. he fled upon the enemy's approach, and ment for attacking them, and made the was pursued by them for three days signal accordingly for each ship to bear fucceflively. In Auguft, M. De Graffe down, and close with her opponent; failed with all his force for the Chela- he himsell having borne away much peak, although our Naval Commanders more, for he had never kepe his own in the W. Indies had imagined he ship nigher to the wind than so as to would only go with or send there a bring in on the beam. The van and part of it; and under this notion, Sir centre divisions of our fleet bore down Samuel Hood, on one side, came to accordingly, and engaged the enemy the relief of N. America with no more very near, but the rear division, by than fourteen fail, and in indifferent keeping the wind, kept out of gun thot. plight. No previous notice of the ap. Within a few minutes therefore Mr. proach of either of these squadrons had Graves repeated the fignal for clofing come to Mr. Graves. In fact, the two with the enemy, and at eleven minutes fleets arrived upon the coast within a past four o'clock hauled down the fogo few days of each other. Upon this sud- nal for the line a-head; that nothing den crisis of things, Mr. Graves loft might interfere with that for close atno time in getting over the bar at New tion. However, at i wenty-two
minutes York, with his five ships of the line past four he hoified again the fignal for and one of fifty guns, joined the Lee the line a-head, seeing his van not to ward Iland squadron of fourteen, af- be quite enough extended; but within fumed the command of the whole, de- five minutes afierwards he took in that livered out his line of battle on the 30th fignal, and never made it again during of Auguft, and directly pushed with a the day, immediately repeating with all preffure of sail for the Chesapeak in the fignals for close action, which be queft of the enemy. On the 5th of allo flung out again, and displayed to September, as the mouth of that bay the utmoit at a quarter after five o'clock. began to open, the frigate a-head del. Maugre all this, seven of his rear or cried M. De Graffe, and about one fternmost ships never came into action, o'clock the signal being made for our although M. de Grafic in his relation to leading ships (of Sir Samuel Hood's his own court speaks of no more than division) to lead more towards the ene- five, saying, les cinque de l'arriere.garde my, our whole fleet pressed forward as Angiosi e ayant refusé de se metre à poride; fast as possible in a line a-head. About by which fatality alone Mr. Graves two o'clock the adverse fleet disclosed failed of obtaining a complete victory itself fully to view, and thewed i wenty- over so superior a fleet, and the confe
. four heavy thips of the line against our quence was, that his van and centre fufnineteen, and our fleet being foon af- fered greatly, and one thip to muchas ter obliged, by the hoal on the middle to make it necessary to fink her, whilft ground, to wear, its vanguard fell to the seven of his reasmoft ships had tol Ådmiral Drake, and the rear to Sir a rope thot nor a man killed or woundo Samuel Hood, the division of the lattered. Had these ships come up, as the being at that time full two miles near French van was broken, it would in all er than our centre to the enemy. probability bave been cut off and taken,
Mr. Graves continued to push upon and the remainder of their ships have the enemy as hard as he could, fre- been prevented from coming up to its quently repeating the fignal to his van afhitance, and many of them perhaps to lead more towards ihem, and at a been forced alhore'; fo thal M. de quarter after four o'clock he flung out Graffe, who had been so triumphanti the signal for forming at a cable's the West Indies, would have been com. lengib one fhip from ihe other. His pelled to quit the coast of America with own line seeming to be well. formed,
disgrace, and the army of lord Corn. Graves proposed refigning his comwallis been relieved or brought off. The mand, in conformity to the orders of fired ceased on each side with the light. the admiralty; but the general and the The beginning of this day had been a officers of the two services were unanimoment of great ambition with Mr. mous in declaring against it; saying Graves, as he has often said, and he they could do nothing without him, and flattered himself, wben the action be- that he must continue to act until the gan, that by the judiciousness of the expedition was over : admiral Digby time of his onset, and the scattered state concurring with the relt, Mr. Graves of the enemy, he should have totally acquiesced upon this their united redefeated M. de Grasse in spite of his quest. superiority, and have fully repaid his At their return, however, to Sandytriumph off Martinico.
He knew, hook, off the bar of New York, in however, that his own success must en. pursuance of the orders brought to him tirely depend upon the whole of his by Mr. Digby, he departed for Jamaica, fleet bearing down together with alert- as did the Leeward Idand fleet for its ness at the critical moment, and doing former station in the Weft Indies. When their utmost; but he could not foresee Mr. Graves arrived at Port Royal, hc that more than one third of his ships was for a fhort time employed by the would take no share at all in the en- directions of fir Peter Parker in the gagement. He bore, however, this dif- making of proper arrangements there appointment with magnanimity, and for a state of the beft defence it was caTuppressed his feelings against the cauf- pable of, in concert with governor es of it for the sake of the public, to Campbell; but finding it was not inwhich confideration he sacrificed every tended by the admiralty that he fhould other, being conscious that he himself have the command in chief on that ftahad done all that depended upon a com- tion, he wrote very pressingly and fremander in chief. With this state of quen:ly to the board for leave to return min he returned to New York to re to England. pair the shattered ships of his van and This was at length complied with, centre. Their re-equipment was ex and he failed from Bluefields on the pedited by the utmost affiduity and exer- 25th of July 1782, having with him tion on his part, and, when accomplish the Ramilies, in which was his flag, the ed, he failed again for the Chesapeak, Canada and Centaur, all of 74 guns, after taking on board Sir Henry Clin. and the Pallas, of 36 guns, these being top and his army. But this was all English ships of war; together with La in vain ; for lord Cornwallis had fur- Ville de l'aris, of 110 guns, Le Glo* rendered before they could arrive; and rieux and L'Hector, of 74 guns, and nobody, in truth, could then have enter- L'Ardent, Le Caton, and Le Jafon, of tained any serious hope of success, as 64 guns each, which were prize ships of tåe French naval force under M. de war, and with more than 100 merchantGraffe had been augmented by the men in convoy. The king's thips were junction of the squadron under De Bar- generally in bad condition, and very ras, and now formed all together a fleet thort of men; but the French prizeof thirty fix fail of the line. The only thips of war were in a much worse persons who talked confidently of the ftate, and wholly unfit for a voyage to matter were those who had done no. Europe in fo tempestuous a season of thing upon the former occafion. But the year as the autumnal equinox, as'a proof of Mr. Graves's merit indi. when burricanes mighe be expected. vidually, it may not be improper to The detail of circumstances atiending take notice, that prior to this fecond this fleet is here given, because the subsailing, admiral Digby had arrived from fequent fate and dreadful catastrophe England with a commission for com- befalling it was such, as to call for fome manding in chief in those seas. Soon particular memorial; for the magnitude • after which a general council of war of and extent of the shipwreck on ibis ocsea and land officers was holden at the cafion by far exceeds that of Sir Cloudergeneral's desire; where, after the mea. ly Shovel, or any other in the history of fures had been refolyed upon, admiral mankind, and at the same time the fto
will bear perpetual testimony to that before, reduced within some few miextraordinary firmness of mind, cool. nutes to a mere wreck, by the outrage: ness of temper, and possession of him- ousness of the blaft and i be furiousnels felf, for which the commander in chief of the beat of the sea, both acting in has ever been so remarkable in all iry. opposition to each other. ing moments of surprize difficulty and pooped, the cabin where ihe admiral danger.
lay was flooded, and his cot-bed jerked To resume therefore this narrative: down by the violence of the thock and "The officers of the Ardeni foon united the infantaneous revulfion, so that be in figning such a representation of her was fain to pull on his boots half deep miserable plight, as induced Mr. Graves in water, without any stockings, to to order her back forth with to Port huddle on wet clothes, and get instantly Royal; and the Jason, by not putting on deck. On his first coming there, he to sea with the convoy, from want af ordered two of the lieutenants to exaWater, never joined him at all. The mine into the state of things below, and seit proceeded, but the Hector loft com- to keep a sufficient number of the people pany about the 26th of August in the at the pumps, whilft himself and the Gulph stream, in the latitude of 34 N. captain kepi the deck to encourage the and ihe whole convoy, after thole for men to clear away the wreck, which
, New-York bad separated, became now by its constant furging and refurging seduced to ninety-two or ninety-three with every wave against the body of the fail. Upon the eighth of September thip, liad beaten off much of the copper the Caton springirgalak, made such from the farboard Gide, and exposed alarming complaines, that the admiral the feams so much to the sea, that the directed her, and the Palhis, which was decayed oskum washed out, and her alfo become leaky, to bear away iinme. whole frame became at onceexceedingly diately together, and keep company and porous and leaky. Upon the dawning anake for Halifax, which then bore of light they perceived a large ship unNN. W. and was but 87 leagues dil- der their lee lying upon ber fide water. tant. The afternoon of the 16th of logged; her hands attempting September wearing indications of a her by first curting away the mizengale and foul weather from the South- mast, and then her mainmait, and hoist. castern quarter, every preparation was ing withali her en sign with the Union made on board the fiag ihip for such an downwards, in order to draw the allevent, not only on account of her own tention of the fleet, but to no avail
, for safety, but also by way of example to no succour could be given, and the very the rell of the ficet, The admiral col- soon went down head foremott, with Iccled the thips about fix o'clock, and the fly of her enfign the last thing viilay.to under his mainsail upon the lạr. ble. This was the Durron, formerly board tack, with all his other fails an East Indiaman, and then a fore-hip furled, and the top gallant yards and commanded by a lieutenant of the navy, maits lowered down. The wind foon who in his agitation leaped from her jnereafirg, blew strongly from the deck into the lea, bus, as might be ei; E. S. E. with a very heavy fea; and pected, was very fortly overwhelmed about three o'clock in the morning of by iis billows: and yet twelve or thir. the 17th flew suddenly about to the con- teen of the crew contrived to hide off trary point, blowing most tremendoully, one of her boats, and, running with ebe accompanied with rain, thunder and wind, first endeavoured to reach a large Lightning, and taking the Ramilies by thip before them; which not being able the ice threw her maintail aback ; her soferch, and afraid of filling if they atmainmatt came away by the board, tempied to haul up for the purpose, they and the mizennaf hálf-way up: the made for another ship more to leeward, jore-coprift [jl over the farboard who fortunately descrying shem, funk bow, the fore yard broke in the lings, over a number of ropes, by the help of the siller snapped in two, and the rule which these desperate fellows scrambled der was nearly corn oif. Thus was this up her side, and at laft saved their lives; capital flig, troin being perfectly siglio (To be continued)