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we weighed and repalled the point of Herqui, to tack and gain the wind, which, by making a from which we received a few thot, the enemy very short board on the starboard tack, was obhaving found means to restore one of the guns to tained. Perceiving tiem rallying round the activity. Our lofs, as appears by the inclosed commodore close in shore, and beginning to form return, is' trifling, considering the nature of the again, I made the signal for curs, in close order, enterprise, and the length of time we were ex to endeavour to break their line, by cutting off posed to the enemy's fire. Theirs, I am per- the rear ship, and directed the Galatea to leat fuaded, must have been great, from the numbers down for that purpose : but the enemy bore away, within the range of our thot and Thells. The and made all fail poffible from us, and food ints conduct of every officer and man under my com the narrow part of the Raz de Fontenay amoni mand meets with my warmest approbation ; it the rocks. I was, however, enabled to cut elf would be fuperfluous to particularise any others their rear ship. Night approaching, and being than those I have named ; fuffice it to lav, the unacquainted with the paffage, I did not think it characteristic bravery and activity of Britif fea proper to continue the pursuit farther, at the rik meni hever was more conspicuous. Lieut. 'Pine of losing some of our hips in so difficult a pas will have the honour to present their lordships I have every reason to be convinced, from the with the colours which he struck on the battery ; firm support and zeal I have always experienced and I beg leave to recommend him particularly from the officers and men of every ship of the to their loridships as a most meritorious officer. í fquadron under my command, that the issue of the have the honour to be, &c.
contest would have been more complete if the W. SIDNEY SMITH. enemy had been more disposed to give them an op. Evan Nepean, E9.
portunity of trying their force. I have inclosed Secretary to the Admiralty.
an account of the enemy's force, together with
the vessels of the convoy taken ; and a list of the A return of the killed and wounded belonging to killed and wounded on board his majesty's ships
his Majesty's flip Diamond, in the three attacks whose damages I shall make all dispatch poffible of the enemy's batteries and shipping in Hierqui, in repairing. the grh of March, 5796.
I liave the honour to be, &c. &c.
JOHN BORLASE WARREN. Killed-2 feamen. 'Wounded First lieut. Horace Pine, lieut. Carter of the marines, and 5 P. S. Alfhip-corvette, two brig corvettes, and Teamen.
lugger, remained with the convoy. W. S. SMITH.
A lift of Republican mer:"of war engaged by the March 26.] Copy of a diffarsh, received at this Squadron under the command of Sir Jche Boe
Office, from siri yohn Borlaje Warren, Bart. laje Warren, Bari. K. B. Märch 20.
La Proserpine, Capt. Dogier, commodore, 44
guns, eighteen-pounders, 500 men, escaped ; SIR,
L'Unité, Capt. Durand, 40 guns, eighteen-pousI beg leave to inform you, that on the 13th ders, 400 men, escaped ; Le Cequille, 40 guns, inft: in confequence of my letter to their lord- eighteen.pounders, 400 men, escaped ; La Ta. fhips from Falmouth, I food over to the French mire, Capt. Fradiée, 32 guns, twelve-pounders
, coast, in search of the Artois, who joined me on 3.0 men, escaped ; L'Etoile, Capt. Bertheliće, the 18th ; and on the 20th at day break, having zo guns, twelve-pounders, 260° men, taken ; discovered from the mant-head, several fail of Le Cygnone, Capt. Pilet, 22 guns, twelve-pounyeffels in the S. S. E. the Saints bearing N. N. E. ders, 150 men, escaped ; La Mouche, bris, 19 three or four miles, I'made the signal to the guns, fix-pounders, so men, went off with the fquadron under my command, consisting of the convoy at the commencement of the action, thips named in the margin*, for a general chale, (Signed)
JOHN B. WARREN. and, upon our nearer approach, perceived them to be a convoy of the enemy steering in for the Alif of vaffels taken by the Squadron under th: Fand. At Tc A. M. being up with part of the command of Sir John Borlaje Werver, Bari, merchant-thips, I captured four, and ordered the K. B. March 20, in an engagement wità á Valiant lugger to proceed with them to the Squadron belonging to the French Republic * gearest pört. I continued in pursuit of the 'men of war, who were forming in a line a-head to Ship, name unknown, soo tons burthen, from vindward, and kept working to come up with Brest, bound to Nantes; brig, name unknown, the enemy, who, I soon perceived were eadei 300 tons burthen, from Brest, bound to Roche vouring to preserve their distance from us, and to fort; brig, name unknown, 200 tons burchen, avoid an action, by their tacking at the fame time from Brelt, bound to L'Orient; brig, name ana with our thips ; but, being at length arrived, known, 150 tons burchen, from Brest, bouad within balf gun-shot to leeward, the two squa. L'Orient. drons engaged, and paffed each other upon oppo
Ν ο Τ E. Site tacks. Immediately upon our hernmort thip Meing clear of the enemy's line, I made the signal * This, we believe, is the first time the term N 0 T E.
républic nas been in any manner acknowledged in Artois, Galatea, Amon.
ecution, in obedience to the king's orders by him Ar account of officers and men killed and wounded transmitted, and as cherein prescribed, (not have
an board the squadron under the command of ing then even received their lordships directions Sir John Borlaje Warren, Bart. K. B. March fo to do, and which are also filent on that head) 20, 1796, in an engagement with a squadron I have to request you will please to intercede with belonging to the French Republic.
their lor inhips to use their influence to remove
any culpability that may reflect on my conduct La Pomone, none killed or wounded; Artois for this omiffion; in which, if I have erred, it no return made ; Galatea, Mr. Evans, midihip- has been through defect of instructions and my man, and a seaman, killed ; Mr. Burke, acting inexperience in the receipt of such kind of orlieutenant, and 5 seamen wounded ; Anfon, none ders. killed or wounded.
On the success of his majefty's arms at TrinJOHN B. WARREN. comale and Fort Oostenberg, and on receiving the
account of the same from Malacca, I took upon March 24.] A letter from Capr. Draper, of his me to order falutes to be fired by his majesty's
Majesty's fhip Porcupine, to Evan Nepean, Esq. fhips then in port ; and on the 13th inftant, at dated in Mouni's Bay, March 21, 1796. the suggestion of my lord Hobart, i directed cap
tain Lambert, of his majesty's ship. Suffolk, to SIR,
fire seventy-eight guns, funeral-wise, on the I beg you will be pleased to acquaint my lords melancholy occasion of the death of his majetty's commiftioners of the admiralty, that on the 20th faithful ally his highness the Nabob Wallajah,' inft. about seven A. M. the Lizard bearing late Nabob of the Carnatic, (the fort of St. N. N. E. three or four leagues. I received in- George, by his lordship's orders, paying the same formation from the Fox excise cutter, that a honours) that particular number of guns being
French privateer had that morning captured an appointed as correlponding to those of the years of i Englith brig, then bearing S. S. W. I accordingly his late highness's age; which I trust their lord.'
gave chale to both, and about nine o'clock re. ships will approve, and notify to the board of took the Diamond, of Aberdeen, Geo. Killar, ordnance, to be allowed in the several gunners mafter, and sent a petty officer and men on board, monthly expences. with orders to make the nearest port, and then Please to acquaint their lordships, that the refiftood after the privateer. About 12 she carried dency here have just received accounts of the away her main-top-malt, owing to her being furrender of Mahar, in the gulph of the same
over-pressed with fail : about one took poffeffion. naine. | She proves to be Le Coureur brig, of 144 tons,
I have the honour to be, &c. and 80 men, piereed for 14 guns, has but 10 on
PETER RAINIER. board. She rails remarkably fast, and left St. Maloes the day before. She had only taken the To Peter Rainier, Esq. Commodore and Commander vessel above-mentioned, but was in chace of a of his Majesty's fhips employed in the East Indies. large English fhip when we saw her. There were fereral merchant ships in fight, which she SIR, must have caken, had we not prevented her. I ARRIVED here on the 15th inftant with his
majesty's thip under my command, the Ewer and April 5.] Copy of a letter from Rear. Admiral Carnatic transports, and a part of the convoy,
Rainier, dated on board his Majesty's ship Suf- having parted company with his maje ty ship folk, in Madras Road, the 15th of Oktober, Resistance, in the night of the 13th, between the 1795, 10 Evan Nepean, Eja.
Sandheads. Capc. Packenham joined company
again in Malacca Road on the 17th in the SIR,
morning. YESTERDAY, on the point of sailing, I re By the inclosed letters you will see that we ceived the inclosed letter and papers from captain were obliged to commence hostilities, which beNewcome, giving an account of his proceedings, gan by the Resistance firing a few guns at the and particularly of the success of the expedition, Conftantia (a Dutch Indiunan run into the mud) under his own and major Browne's orders, of the which the returned by firing two guns, and then honourable Company's infantry, against Malacca, Atriking her colours. From the great affittance this place being now in the poisestion of the Bric afforded me by the boats from the Chinese feet,
&c. I was enabled to land all the troops, with I feel a more than ordinary satisfaction in an two fix pounders at the same time. They left nouncing chis event for their lordships informa- the thip at feven P. M. on the 17th, and reach. tion, as, on account of the original force defined ed the shore at nine P. M. at half past nine for that service being reduced, my expectations . P. M. an officer, came on board the Orpheus were less sanguine ; and also of its great impor- from the governor to surrender the place on our tance, from the security thereby afforded to the terms ; they then delivered over St. John's post, trade of his majesty's subjects in the itreights of a commanding work well furnished with cannon, Malacca and the Chinese leas.
about 1300 yards from the fort and 200 from the Being doubtful of the propriety of my conduct place of conference, to a subaltern with a party in not having corresponded with the right hon. of our grenadiers, and we entered the fort with Henry Dundas on the fubject of the late expedi- the remainder of the British detachment. The tions, in which I co-operated in council and ex. garrison being thus completely in our power, and
B b b 2
unconditionally, further than the securing of pro The commanding officer of the Britila troops perty, the Dutch guards were permitted to re- to be acknowledged commandant of the fort and main armed at their pofts, until the governor, garrison of Malacca, and military pofts thereupon whom we then accompanied to his house, gave, depending, with a feat as second in council. in his own hand-writing to major Browne, a de. Agreed. tail of the guards, which were then relieved by The keys of the fort to be lodged with him, the British troops. From the anxious defire of and the military stores of every description to be complying with his majesty's orders, we have delivered over to him. -Agreed. agreed to the inclosed capitulation, and every The parole to be given by him-Agreed. thing now appears perfe&ly quiet, and all parties The difposal of the Dutch garrison to be wholly reconciled.
at his discretion.--Agreed. I have te honour to be, &c. &c.
A fund to be assured to him, ia monthly pay. (Signed) HENRY NEWCOME. ments, for the fubfidence of the troops, and for Orpheus, Malacca Ronds,
the defence of the fort and its dependencies, and August 25, 1795.
that provision for this fund be made in the firft
inftance.-Agreed. PRELIMINARY ARTICLES.
This article to be understood as agreed to, so
far as the resources of the Dutch government of The measures adopted by the Dutch gwern. Malacca and its dependencies extend. ment of Malacca fublequently to the amicable N. B. This paragraph by Mr. Couperus. proposals tendered by the naval and military com In confideration of the extraordinary expende manders of the British forces, by the agency of incurred by the British government, in sending Mr. Forbes Ross M‘Donald, appointed by com their troops for the protection of their allies the mocore Peter Rainier, commanding the British Dutch at Malacca, the government and council of squadron in India, and col. Jobo Brathwaite, that settlement will represent these circumstances commanding the land forces, on the coaft of Co- to the governor general and council of Batavia, romandel, having rendered it necessary to debark and in forwarding an account of the monthly exthe troops, towards which the possession of the pence of the British troops, they will make apConftantia, a Dutch armed fhip, which lay be plication to the governor general that he may tween the English (quadron and the fort, becom- provide for it.-Agreed, ing indispensable, actual hoftilities commenced by The Engluh and Dutch Aags to be displayed, his majesty's ship the Resistance firing upon, and, when occation requires, upon the two flag Aaffs after exchanges of some guns, taking poffeffion which are already erected.--Agreed. of her; and, having been followed by the dir The; armed veflels belonging the Malacca gocharge of several guns from the Dutch battery vernment shall be put under the orders of the upon the British troops after they had gained the British naval commander.-Agreed. fhore, are circumstances which, together with the Orders shall be sent by the Dutch government invitation subsequently given to the British com to their officers commanding at Rhio and Peru, to manders to take possession of the fort, cannot be put themselves and their garrison under the orconsidered in any other light than ultimately, ders of the officer commanding the British forces. placing the Dutch garrison in the predicament of Agreed. having surrendered as prisoners of war, and which The above conditions being drawn up in genehas been fince acknowledged by the Dutch go- ral terms, as the basis of connexion with the provernment to have been their expectation, tecting power, the illuftration which any of them Agreed.
may require will be arranged and detailed in a Nevertheless, in obedience to his Britannic, subsequent paper, subje&, however, in wbole or majefty, requiring us to cultivate the alliance, in part, to the future regulation of the British which has so long and so happily subfifted between government in India. the two nations, we dispense with the unparticipated controul, which the foregoing circum
H. NEWCOME. Itances would warrant our taking upon ourselves,
Dun. Inces, Dep. Sec. and hereby accede and confirm to the Dutch government its establishment and authority in all
Horse Guards, April 16, 1796. civil matters, to the full extent as heretofore ; A LETTER, of which the following is an ex• seserving however to ourselves, and those who tract, dated Calcutta, December 15, 1795, has have been in immediate connexion with us upon been received by the right hon. Henry Dundai, the service, a claim to the public property in one of his majesty's principal secretaries of late, Malacca, and the thipping in the roads, to the from major general fir Robert Abercromby, K. B. extent which his Britannic majesty may be graci- commander in chief of his majesty's and the Eut oudly pleased to determine ; and for this purpose India company's forces in Bengal. the value of the public property ashore and in the “ I have tảe honour to inform you that major roads, to be cftimated and placed in de polite, pro- Petrie, soon after the surrender of Cochin, de. mising, on our part to give protection to public tached a furce against the Dutch fort of Quilon, and private property under the above reservation, and their factories of Porca and Quilon Quilon in and to defend the intereits of the ancient Dutch the Travancore country. They were delivered government against their enemy the French, to up without refiftance ; and we are now in pofler. the utmost of our power, under the following fion of all cncir settlements on the Continent of conditions. -Agreed.
A true copy,
Admiralty Office, April 15, 1796. authorised to convey to Monfieur Barthelemi the
defire of his court to be made acquainted, through Extract of a letter from Sir Edward Pellew, him, with the dispositions of France in regard to
Bart. Captain of his Majefty's ship Indefatio the object of a general pacification. He therefore gable, ro Mr. Nepean, dared off Quiberon, the requests Monsieur Barthelemi to transmit to him 9th April, 1796.
in writing (and after having made the necessary
enquiries), bis antwer to the following questions: On the 20th ultimo, we chased three cor i. Is there the disposition in Frauce to open a vettes, one of which, La Volage of 26 guns, negociation with his majelty and his allies for the we drove on shore under a battery in the mouth re-establishment of a general peace upon just and of the Loire, and dismafted her, but the was af- suitable terms, by sending for that purpose, miterwards got off. In this affair the Amazon had nifters to a congress, at such place as may herefour men wounded, and the other two ships you after be agreed upon? into the Loire. We have also captured and del 2. Would there be the disposition to commutroyed the vessels as per inclosed lit.
nicate to the underligned the general grounds of
a pacification, fuch as France would be willing Lif of the ships and vessels referred to in the above to propose ; in order that his majesty and his extract, viz.
allies might thereupon examine in concert, whe
ther they are such as might serve as the foundaFavorite Sulcana, brig, laden with salt, cap. tion of a negotiation for peace ? tured.
3. Or would there be a desire to propose any Friends, brig, laden with flour, &c. captured. other way whatever, for arriving at the same Name unknown, brig, in ballast, lunk. end, that of a general pacification ? Name unknown, Chasse Maree, empty, funk. . The underligned is authorised to receive from
Providence, Chafle Maree, laden with wine Monsieur Barthelemi the answer to these questiand brandy, captured.
ons, and to transmit it to his court : But he is not Name unknown, brig, laden with empty casks, authorised to enter with him into negotiation or (unk.
discussion upon these subjects. Four Marys, brig, in ballaft, captured.
Berne, March 8, 1996. Amiable Juftine, brig, in ballaft, captured.
(Signed) W. WICKHAM. La Nouvelle Union, brig, in ballaft, captured.
Note transmitted to Mr. Wickham, by M. BartheShips of war from L'Orient to Breft.
demi, March 26, 1796. La Sagesse and La Eclatant, driven up the The underligned, ambassador of the French Loire.
Republic to the Helvetic Body, has transmitted La Volage, driven on shore and dismafted, but to the executive directory the note which Mr. was got off again.
Wickham, his Britannic majesty's minifter pleni. EDW. PELLEW. potentiary to the Swiss Cantons, was pleased to [End Gazette.]
convey to him, dated the 8th of March. He
has it in command to answer it by an exposition LONDON, March 29, 1796. of the sentiments and disposition of the executive
directory: LETTERS were yesterday received in town The directory ardently desires to procure for from the West Indies, announcing the safe arrival the French Republic a just, honourable, and solid .in the West Indies of several of the transports peace. The step taken by Mr. Wickham would
which failed with admiral Christian's fleet. They have afforded to the directory a real fatisfaction, - have afforded a very seasonable reinforcement of if the declaration itself which the minister makes, troops to the inands. Three hundred of these of his nou baving any order, any power to negotroops landed at St. Vincent's, enabled colonel ciate, did not give room to doubt of the lincerity Hunter to attack the French on the 21st and 22d of the pacific intentions of his court. In fact, of January, over whom he obtained a complete if it was true, that England began to know her and decisive victory. These letters, containing real interefts ; that the wished to open again for this intelligence, were received by the duke of herself the fources of abundance and prosperity.
Portland, Mr. Dundas, fir William Young, and If the fought for peace with good faith, would - several other gentlemen. They also bring the the propose a congress, of which the necesary re
pleasing information, that the principal part of fult must be, to render all negociation endless ? the troops which were in the transports that repa. Or would the confine herself to the alking, in a rated from adıniral Christian's first convoy had vague manner, that the French government arrived safe.
should point out any other way, whatever for at
taining the same object, that of a general paci. STATE PAPERS.
Is it that this step has had no other object Nore transmitted to M. Barthelemi, by Mr. Wick- than to obtain for the Britith government the fac ham, March 8, 1796.
vourable impression which always accompanies
the first overtures for peace ? May it not have Twe underligned, his Britannic majesty's mi- been accompanied with the hope that they would nifter plenipotentiary to the Swiss Cantons, is produce no effect ?
However that may be, the executive directory, pacific festiments, his majesty will at all times whole policy has no other guide than opeanels be eager to concur in them, by lending himself, and good faith, will follow, in its explanations, a in concert with his allies, to all fuch measures as conduct which shall be wholly conformable to fhall be best calculated to re-eftablith general them.-Yielding to the ardent defire by which tranquillity, on conditions jutt, bonourable and it is animated, to procure peace for the French permanent, either by the establishment of a consepublic, and for all nations, it will not fear to grels, which has been so often, and so happily, declare itself openly. Charged by the conftitution the means of restoring peace to Europe ; or by with the execution of the laws, it cannot make, a preliminary discuffion of the principles which or listen to, any proposal that would be contrary may be proposed, on either side, as a foundation to them. The constitutional act does not pero of a general pacification; or, ladly, by an ime mit it to consent to any alienation of that which, partial examination of any other way which may according to the exifting laws, constitutes the be pointed out to him for arriving at the same lae territory of the French iepublic,
lutary end. With respect to the countries occupied by the Downing-ftreet, April 10, 1796. French armies, and which have not been united to France, they as well as other interefts political Charette was taken at La Vendee the latter end
By the last advices from France we learn that and commercial, may become the subject of a negociation, which will present to the directory the of March and hot. Pichegru has resigned the means of proving how much it defires to attain command of the army, and has been appointed by
the directory to be ambassador to Sweden. Ge. speedily to a happy p.cification.
The directory is ready to receive, in this ref- neral Moreau is to succeed him. A new species peet, any overtures that shall be juft, reasonable, and the circulation of the aflignats fupprefied.
of paper money has been issued, called mandats, and compatible with the dignity of the republic. Baffe, the 6th of Germinal, the 4th year of lifhed under very heavy penalties.
All clubs or political focieties have been abo. the French republic (26th of March, 1796). (Signed) BARTHELEMI, Extract of a Letter from Portsmouth, April 3,
The court martial which was held on vice-ad.
miral Cornwallis, closed this day, when the fol. The court of London has received from its mi- lowing sentence was pronounced: pifter in Switzerland, the answer made to the “ That the court having heard the evidence in questions which had been charged to address to Lupport of the charges exhibited against the hone Monsieur Barthelemi, in respect to the opening William Cornwallis, vice-admiral of the red; of a negociation for the re-establishinent of general and having heard his defence, and the evidence in tranquillity.
his behalf; and having maturely weighed and This court has seen, with regret, how far the considered the same, were of opiniop. tone and spirit of that answer, the nature and ex “ That, with respect to the two first charges, tent of the demands which it contains, and of his returning without leave, after having been the manner of announcing them, are remore from orderej to proceed to Barbadoes, and of his dis. any difpofition for peace.
obeying the orders he had received, misconduct was The inadmisible pretension is there asowec, of imputable to him, for not having shifted his fag on appropriating to France all that the laws actually board the Mars or Minotaur, and proceeded in existing there may have comprized under the dea either of them to the Weft Indies; but in condi. Domination of French territory. To o demind deration of other circumstances, the court acquitted such as this, is added an express declaration, that hins of any disobedience in his conduct on that no proposal contrary to it will be made, or even casion. listened to: and this, under the pretence of an in “ With respect to the third eharge, of his har: ternal regulation, the provisions of which are ing, after his return, disobeyed the orders of the wholly foreign to all other nations.
board of admiralty, in not going out to the Welt while these dispofitions thall be perlifted in, Indies in the Aitrea frigace, the court were of nothing is left for the king but to prosecute a opinion that that charge was not praved; and war equally just and neceflary.
therefore ucquitted admiral Corawallis upon that Whenever his enemies shall manifest more charge."
D O M E S TIC
morning the citizens began to assemble in the DUBLIN, April 1, 1796. Royal Exchange, and at half after eleven pro
ceeded in regular order to Mr, Hariley's house in 'HE funeral and interment of that highly re Bride-street, from whence the procession moved
vered citizen, 'Travers Hartley, Eig. were off in the the following order : attended with such uncommon and striking ex. The marine boys with their matters. preflions of respect and veneration, as have not The charity children of Saint Bride's. been evinced upon any fimilar occation in this, or The charity children of St. John's. peshaps any other country. . About ten in the