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guments on which he founds his conclu? may, it is said, be assigned for this : be
fion are, that the play of Vortigern is might be averse to becoming the topic subscribed, according to the cutiom of of public conversation, receiving the the age, by the author's fignature ;- vifits of impertinent curiofity, of being that there is a great uniformity in the made the may game of fome diurnal band writing, and an exact similarity print. It is further urged, that it is to the fac fimile of Shakspeare's hand improbable, Thai ihe deed of gift, with writing, given in the Gentleman's Ma: its numerous little accompaniments
, gazine for 1789;-that the subject of should have been forged, and fill more the play is such as Shakspeare, who so, what this should be the case with was well acquainted with English hifto respect to the nores which are found in ry, was likely to have chosen, but not a large number of books, apparently such as would have been fixed upon by in Shakspeare's hand writing. After one who attempted an imposition : all, however, this writer refts the proof that it is improbable, that any one who of the authenticity of Vortigern chiefly had abilities for the undertaking, would upon its merit, which he leaves to be run the hazard of being Rigmatized as decided by the judgment of a British an impoftur, when he could be a se audience and to prepare the public cond Shakspeare ;- that the orthogra- for a favourable decision, appears to phy of these mss. fufficiently agrees have been the principal design of this with that of others of the same peri- pamphlet. od ;-and that their number is such as no impostor could have contrived and V. Shakspeare's Manuscripts in the executed during his whole life.
Puddin of Mr. Ireland,' cxamined, With respect to the particular mss. r/pecting the internal and exinal this writer's obfervations are there : Evidences of their Authenticity. By The ms. of Lear may be genuine, not Philalethes. 8vo. 34 pages. Price Is. withstanding its defects; for it may be the author's first hasty copy, written, A THIRD pleader here rises up to without a strict regard io m-asure, ma- defend Mr. l.'s Mss. ; but he advances ny years before it was brought upon nothing fufficiently new, so require us the stage: queen Elizabeih's letter may to enter into the detail of his defence. be genuine; for in the year 1585, Sbak. He feems to lay ihe chief stress upon speare had been an a&or three years, the legal inftruments, which, he says, and bad doubtless acquired celebrity: would, in the judgment of feveral gen; befides, the earl of Leicester might be tlemen, learned in the law, be admitted entertained with shows till 1588; and as evidence in any court of judicature. the Globe theatre might then have been If these writings were forged, the forin existence, for, in a licence granted 19 gery mult, in this writer's opinion, Shakspeare and others by James I, in have been executed at, or near, the 1603, the Globe is spoken of as their tince of Shakspeare, and would have vfual house. The love-letter may be been applied to fome use : be further genuine, though its style does not hap- urges, ihat these writings are so numea pen to resemble that of a dedication io rous, and in their nature fo unconnect. à court patron. The fac-similia, &c; ed, as to time, circumitances, and events, may, according to the best conjectures, that it is not probat le, that an imposbe the genuine work of the fuppof d for would have deemed them neceffary, authors: no proof to the contrary can or, if he had, could have accomplikhed be given.
the task of such a forgery; that nothing li is acknowledged by this writer, can be more absurd," ihan to fuppose
, that the discovery of these mss. may that any one would think of forging naturally excite an inquiry into the such a vast mass of collateral evidence, when, the where, and the hou. But, fragments, letters, sketches of drawings, though the gentleman at whofe house deeds, granis, notes on printed books, Mr. It's fon found these mss. might &c., all for the purpofe of introducing wish to be concealed, a sufficient reason opon the stage a forged play in imitati
on of Shakspeare, in which the prof: wonderful, or rather blunderful, papect of success would be extremely pers.' doubtful, and the disgrace of failure " Letter to Anna Hatherriwaye." certain.
•. This female's names
were Anne This writer, as well as Mr. I.'s other Hathaway. Anna is a latin adoption advocates, appears to be aware, that of, comparatively, modern use; the the concealment respecting the time, orthography of Hatherrewage is merely place, and manner of the discovery of Chattertonian. these mss., reasonably excites fufpicion; • In the letter to her, a kingly crown he therefore takes great pains to per, is termed a “gyldedde bauble.” Bawblo fuade the public to wave this inquiry, formerly meant the carved truncheon, and to rest the quellion of their authen- wiih a fool's head at ihe top of it, used ticity wholly upon internal evidence. by court and itage buffoons ; therefore
a very unlikely epithet to be applied by VI. Free Refections on Miscellaneous Shakipeare to the symbol of majefty;
Papers and legal Inftruments, under to which he every where pays great the Hand and Seal of William Shaka respect.' . Speare, in the Policlion of Samuel In the" profesion of faith."" acIreland, of Norfolk fireet. "To which ceeded me," is a phrase ad hundred years are added, Extructs from an unpub- too modern for Shakspeare. lished M$. Play, called The Virgin • Towards the conclusion of the Queen. Written by, or in Imitation "profesin,"&c chickenne is used for the of, Shakspeare, 8vo. 55 pages. Price hin, who receives her brood under her
wings; on the propriety of which con
full the holy scriptures. Chickenne is From the fignature annexed to these also objectionable in this place as unreflections, we conclude, that they are grammatical, it being used in the fina written by the publiiner, Mr. Waldron. gular number; whereas, the old fogular The design of the pamphlet is to con was chick, and chicken the plural. So itovert the authenticity of the Shaklp- ox, and oxen ; cow', and cowen; conrian Mss. in the hands of Mr. Ireland. tracted into kine. The remarks are very ingenious : sve • In the " letter to Richard Cowley," Ihall give some of them in the writer's we read, a whym/ycalle conceyt;" own words.
-the word why mlycalle, or whimsical, The superscription of queen Eliza- as I have already faid, does not, I am beth's letter to Shakspeare, written assured, occur in our near that period. with her own hand, is as carefully I have a little book, printed in 1631, worded, as if it were to have been fent entituled, “ Whimzies : or a New Calt by the penny post: had the office to of Characters :'' which, though whim damed been ihen established. So far muit apparently have preceded, is the from directing a letter, Elizabeth wrote earliest instance I can recollect of any not ibc inward contents ;, that haughty word like whymlycalle*. personage was not in the habit of fuch 'One might imagine, from the carecondescenfion; her fignature only, or, ful superscription of the letter lo Cow. on rare occafions, an additional line, ley, that queen Elizabeth bad condecomprised nearly the whole of her hand scended to direct that 100. writing, in any leuer from her. In • The figure “evidently meant for the letter the queen styles bim“ Mafferre Shyl.ck,” is represented with a blue cap William ;' the orthography of that on. Jews in Venice are obliged to age was Maister, from the old French wear a red cap or bat, as a badge of Maistre, now written Maitre; the their persuasion. Shakspeare, how.' French having ejected the s from many N o T
E. words in which we, though they are * Whime, I bave fince found, oc** derived from them, retain is. This curs in Jonson's Volpone, 1607, A. 3. 8. In Chattertonism occurs frequently in these
F. G. W.
tver, or the painter of this grotesque fi- verb in the quotation, “ Gloferri ex . gure, might not be acquainted with the inte," wi:h the old English termination, coftume of that place and people. the double t, and final, is so very ridi
• In the " deed of gift to Ireland," af. culous, chat, could it be proved to have ter the word " followithe" are three con- been by Shakspeare, we might here. junctive notes of admiration !!! I believe after say, that he had fmall English, and two notes of admiration, in conjunction, less latin; as we have been taught by have not been used till very lately. Ben Johnson to say, that he had small When the plays of " Kynge Henrye lalin and less greek: but, if he had any Phyrde of Englande," " Kynge Hy vii," latin, he must
have spelt the word exit
, &c. come to light we must not be sure not existe. To have done, therefore
, prised at finding in them the words with “ Kynge Leare," at leaft for the swindler, Mawl, and Otaheite; or the present, the blunders, corruptions,
* of Trifram Shandy.' omiflions, interpolations, and sophifi• The "Tragedy of Kynge Leare," cations, warrani me in saying, that it is our Pseudo-Shadípeare says, “Ifc impatille for this Ms. of Kynge Leart" fromme Masterre A linnebedde." to have been the production and hand
• I have not a volume of that hiftori. writing of Shakspeare.' an at present in my poffeffion ; but, to Other threwd obfervations occur in the best of my recollection, the ortho- this pamphlet : but it is time that, for grapby of his name in the title-page to the present at leaft, we relieve our reahis works are much more fimple.
ders from this tedious inveftigation, • The “ Libbertye" he has taken, leaving the question sub-judice. Shakspeare adds, in having " fomme The supposed extracts from the Viro Iyule deparretedde from me hymme, gin Queen, if not a very close imitation • wille notte," he trufts, " be blamedde of Shakspeare, are at leaft an ingenious hye" his "gentle readerres."
jiu-d'esprit. * This is the first instance of Shakspeare's appealing to readers ; in wri VII. Familiar Verses, from the Ghost of ting his dramas, it is well known thai Willy Shakspeare to Sammy Irelard
. he thought only of auditors and specta. To which is added," Prince Robert : tors :- but, as it necefsarily includes an an aur.cient Ballad. 8vo. 16 pages implication that he had prepared this
Price Is. copy of " Kynge Learc," for the press, kimself, we might naturally expect the The writer of these verses, who takes text to be correct, at least intelligible; it for granted that the question fo far from which, it is, naugre Mri ning the authenticity of the Mss. ascri Ireland's preface, the most incorrect, bed to Shakspeare, in the poffeffion of enintelligible text I ever saw, in any Mr. Ireland, is decided in the negative, copy of any play whatever : and, in- reprobates the imposition with fome flead of suppoting, as fome may, Mr. humour, and more
severity. The ghoft Ireland, bis fon, or any other intelli- of Shakspeare thus reproves the youth gent person, the fabricator ; I should who has dared to disturb his repose : rather imagine it to be really, and bona fide, an ancient copy : taken furrepii. Oft have I conjured, from the vafty tiously and erroneoully, from the mouths deep, of actors, by fome printer's illiterate Myriads of spirits at one magic sweep devil: to which had, for private pur- And shalt thou dare, with weak under: poses, been added an imitation of Shak.
vate arm, ipeare's fignature, and addiefs to bis To bind WILL SHAXSPEARE with a "gentle readerres.
His genius unconfin'd with fancy plays The affe&tedly.antique ipelling in Where Avon's stream through Kynge Leare" is, throughout, to un meadows Atrays; precedentedly redundant
, as of ilself, to Laughs with the loves, ihe flicting fun be a convincing proof of inartificial beam rides, imitation ; but the ipelling of the latin and through the boundless pains of
Not lock'd in trunks-in auncient dirtie the art of versification. In a short scrolls,
[mufie rolls ; time the author was senlible himself of Long threds of parchment, deeds, and its faults, and, it is said, endeavoured Receipes for candles, bills, and notes of to supprefs it. We tall, therefore, hand,
[derland. not revive this abortive effort by any Some that you may—but inore not un. extract About the same period he Samples of hair, love songs, and sonnets wrote the following ode on the arrimeele,
[Areet; val of the Earl Marischal in Scotland, Together met by chaunce in Norfolk which he called an attempt in the Where, fruitful as the vine, the tiny manner of Pindar. elves
[thelves. Produce young manuscripts for SAMMY's 'TWAS when the full ear'd barvest Dramas in embrio leave their lurking buw'd holes,
[shoals. Beneath the merry reaper's hand; And little VORTIGERNS Itari forth in When here the pleoteous leaves were To work, ye Lawyers ! ransack all strew'd,
[bleeds. And there the corns nod o'er the The bait is swallowed, and the public Freely the cach comes down, -lead When, on each side, the loaden'd boldly on,
(Preto !-gore ! ground, The book complete :--tour guineas ! Breathing her ripen'd scents, the jovial The ballad is an insignificant pro
season crown'd. duction. (To be continued.)
The villagers all on the green,
Th' arrival of their lord attend; Account of James Macpherson, Esq. The blithfome thepherds hafte to
'HIS gentleman was descended from And whistling from the hills de
one of the most ancient families in fcend; the North of Scotland, being coulin Nor orphan nor lone widow mourns; german to the chief of the clan of the E'en hopeless lovers lose their Macphersons, who deduce their origin pains; from the ancient Calii of Germany. To-day their baniloaed Lord returas, He was born at Ruthven in the county Once more to bless his native of Inverness, in the latter end of the plains. year 1738, and received the first rudi. ments of his education at home, from Each hoary fire with gladden'd face Whence he was sent to the Grammar Repeats fome antient tale; School of loverness, where his genius How he with Tyrcis, at the chace, became so conspicuous, that his relati Hy'd o'er the hill and dale: ons, contrary to their origioal intenti Their hoary heads with rapture on, determined to breed him to a learn glow, ed profeffion. With this view, he was While cach to each repeats seni successively to the universities of How well he knew where to bestow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh, in the last Was to oppression still a foe; of which he finithed his studies. Still mixing with their praise his youth
While at the univerfiy, he exercised ful fçais. his poctical talents, which, however, were pot (if a few passages of Olian Then from the grass Melanthus rofe, are excepted) of the first order. In the The arbiirator of the plains, year 1758, be printed at Edinburgh a And filent all ftood fixtio hear poem in fix cantoes, intitled “'The The Tyıyrus of Mernia's Twains : Highlander," in 12mo. This perfor. For with the muse's fire bis bofum mance is a tissue of fuftian and absur.
glow'd, dity, feeble, and in fome parts ridicum And caly from his lips the numbers lous, and news little or no talent in floor'd.
* Now the wish'd-for day is come,
Methinks I fee that glorious day, Our Lord reviews his native home; When, to hunt the fallow deer, Now clear and Itrong ideas rise, Three thousand march'd in grand And wrap my soul in extacies.
array ; Methinks I see that ruddy morn,
Three thousand march'd with bow When, waken'd by the hunter's spear, horn,
And in the light and healthy dress I rose ; and by yon mountain's fide, Our brave forefathers wore Saw Tyrcis and Achates ride;
In Kenneth's wars, and Bruce's days, Wbile Alvaring hy yon craggy
brow And when the Románs fled their dreadThe flowly-fcart'ring mift withdrew
ful wrath of yore. I saw the roe-buck cross yon plain, Yon heathy steep I saw him gain; "O'er every bill, o'er every dale, The hunters still fly o'er the ground, All by the winding banks of Their thouts the distant hills re
Refounds the hunter's chearful Dunnotyr's towers resound the peal
peal, That echoes o'er the hill and dale :
Their armour glite’ring to the At length, what time the plougman
day.” leads Home from the field his weary steeds, Big with his joys of youth the old mad At yon old iree the rot buck fell :
ftood The huntsmen's jocund mingled fhouts Dunnotyr's ruin'd to wers then caught his downfall cell.
" The memory of those happy days, He stopt-and hung his head in penfire Still in my breast must iransport mood, raife;
And from his bosom burft th' unbidThese happy days, when oft were
den figh. feen, The Brothers, marching o'er the Then turning with a warrior look, green,
Shaking his hoary curls, the old man With dog and gun,
the Ipoke : night Was blended with the dawning light, “ Viriue, O Fortune! scorns rhy
When first the theep begin to bleal, pow'r, And sh'carly kine rise from their dewy Thou canft not bind her for an hout; feat.
Viriue shall ever shine ;
And endless praise, her glorious Thus as he spoke, each youthful dow'r, breast
Shall bless her fons divine.
Th' illuftrious exiles hail :
And all his breaft unveil,
A defert lies where'er they go,
Before them march pale terror and " Now my youthful heat returns,
alarms. My brcaft with youthful vigour burns: