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his ftill greater meriis with respect to In 1792, our biographer prefixed medicine, the theory and pra&tice of the Life of his excellent tuior and which underwent confiderable changes friend, the celebrated Dr. Doddridge, from bis experimental and pradical to a new edition of his . Family Exi squir.cs.
pofitor.' It has been since inferied in İn 1784. Dr. Kippis published a the fifth volume of the Biographia Bripamphlet, entitled Observations on tannica, This life does the highest the late Contests in the Royal Society.' credit to Dr. Kippis, who has very ably This was written with the conciliating delineated the peculiar features of his view of all:ying the animofities which friend's character, and very fairly and theo fulfiited in that learned body; judiciously appreciated the merits of and, we are happy to add, it produced his literary productions. a good effect.
cluding paragraph, moreover, which In 1788, our biographer published, we have repeatedly read with pleasure, in a quarto volume - The Life of Cap. docs equal credit to the goodness of his tain James Cook,' which afterward heart. ' Indeed, the grateful recolle&tiappeared in the fourib volume of the on, and amiable fatisfaction, which the Biographia Britannica. The same year, writing of this Life afforded him, canhe prefixed a life of Dr. Nathaniel Bot fail of being felt and admired by Lardner to a completc edition of the every reader : works of that eminent divine, and ex Upon the whole, Dr. Doddridge cellent advocate for chriftianity, in cle. was not only a great man, but one of ven volumes, octavo. In 1790, he the moft excellent and useful Christians, publithed a third edition of Mr. Fownes' and Christian Ministers, that ever exadmirable' Inquiry into the principles ifted. The impreffion of his numeof Toleration ;' io wbich he prefixed rous and amiable virtues will not be an introductory preface, containing effaced from my mind, so long as it fome account of the author. This was retains any sense of feeling or reflection. followed, in 1791, by a Volume of So far' will be the impreffion from be• Sermons on Practical Subje&ts.' In ing loft upon me, that I shall always thefe Sermons, which are eminently cherish it with the utmost ardour; and
calculated to serve the important inter. I efteem it no small felicity of my life, ( efts of truth, piety, and virtue, the that I have been preserved to give this
author discovers an intimate knowledge teftimony of duty, gratitude, and afof every subject which he diseuffes, rea. fection, to the
bene. fons with the utmost fairness, and ex- factor, my tutor, my friend, and my plains with perfpicuity. If his periods father.' do not glitter with a profusion of me. One of the last literary labours of taphors and fimilies, they emit the ftea Dr. Kippis, was the preparing for the dy and durable light of good sense, and press a new edition of Dr. Doddridge's convey that kind of instruction which is Course of Lectures, which appeared suited to the moral necessities of man. in 1794, in iwo volumes, odavo. It kind.
is well known, that the circumftance N O T E. which renders these volumes particu• They are seventeen in number, larly useful to those who devote their The laft, which treats of the doctrine leisure to metaphysical and theological of the New Testament concerning the inquiries, is, that it contains a great Lord's Supper,' is one of the best ever variety of references to entire works, written on the subject. It had gone or to particular passages, on the several through four editions, and was added subjects of discuffion. When these Lec. to this collection, at the request of a qures were firft published, in 1763, the learned and respectable clergyman of references were sufficiently numerous ; the Church of England--Al different but such a variety of publications have periods, Dr. Kippis published fifteen fince appeared, that it was become exfingle Sermons, which our limits will tremely desirable that the list of referpot permit us to enumerate.
ences Thould be enlarged, by introduce
ing the names and productions of those flitution by a liheral subscription, and writers who have created on the several by his interest with his opulent friends. subjects of the Lectures fince the au Providence had blessed Dr. Kippis Thor's decease. No one was better with an excellent constitution. He had qualified for this task than Dr. Kippis; preserved it unimpaired by a uniform not only from his extensive and mi- course of regularity and temperance. nute acquaintance with the progress of in the occupations to which he was literature in general, but from his be devo!ed, he was liule interrupted by ing particularly conversant in the hif- any bodily disorder. If we except a tory of religious controversies. Heun- fever, which laid him afide, for fome dertook it accordingly; and it appears, time, about twenty years ago, and a on comparing the former edition with conltirutional cough which was rather the present, that the value of the works beneficial than injurious, he enjoyed an is greatly enhanced by inany new re- uncommon share of health and spirits
. ferences inserted in the text, and by But the most useful labours must have numerous notes of reference, intended their period; the deareft connexions not only to affist theological students, mult, at laff, be diffolved. In the during their academical course, but to course of the last fummer, a few weeks point out such sources of information before his death, Dr. Kippis took a as may be serviceable to them in their long jouroey on public business
, and future inquiries. In executing his plan, returned, as his fellow travellers fupe Dr. Kippis has not attempted to give posed, with recruited spirits and eltageneral illuftrations of the subjects dif- blished heaith ; and they were equally cuffed, nor either to confirm of oppose surprised and grieved when they heard the opinions of Dr. Doddridge; his only that he was confined in his bed with a aim being to mention, with freedom fever, which bañed the skillof the most and impartiality, the writers on all eminent physicians, and was baftily adfides of ibe different queftions, in order vancing to the fatal crisis. This was that the mind of the ftudent may be within a fortnighe of his death. His fully enlarged, and that he may be able, disorder
was of such a nature
, that he with the greater advantage, to profe- was both disinclined and unable to cute his fearches after truth.
make any exertion, or to converse On account of his numerous literary much even with his most constant atengagements, Dr. Kippis found himself tendants. There is reason, however, under the necesity, in 1784, of quit- to briieve, that in a very early ftage of sing his connexion with Mr. Coward's his disorder, he was not without ap.; academy, and the two other turors prehensions of its terminating in his withdrawing from it the next year, the diffolution. The lait public fervice he academy itself was discontinued. In had performed was on Sunday the 20th 1786, a respectable body of Diffenter's, of September; and on Thursday even lamenting the celiation of this academy, ing, the 8th of C&ober, he awoke, and having reason to believe that it was afier à tranquil ferp of some continu: not likely to be revived, formed the ance, and in a livie while expired, af pian of a new academical inlliturion, his house in Crown-firect
, Westeinshich was afterward established at tter, in the seventy-first year of his ages Hackney, under the name of the New College. Dr. Kippis, who had this Mulus ille bonis flebilis occidit, initirution mich ar heari, was préFailed upon to become one of the ru The remains of this excellent tors, though greatly inconvenient to were interred in the burying ground in him, on account of his leetary engage: Bunhill-fields, vn Thursday, the 1500 ments, and the distance of his residence of October. The pall was from the college. ''I bis, with some by the reverend meffrs. Thomas Taj other circumstances, obliged him, in a lor, James Taylor, Siennett, Jervis, few years, to quit this appointment; Morgan, and Workington, who were But be fill continued to ferve che in attended to the grave hy the hero
Drs. Disney, Williams, and Towers. tions, without encroaching on that Dr. Garthshore, Mr. Litdefear, Mr. time which he appropriated to bis proWilliam Lewis, and other respectable fessional duties and social connexi. friends. The Funeral Oration was ons*.' delivered by the Rev. Dr. Rees, who, Perhaps, few perfons ever read so likewise, on the Sunday following, much, and with such advantage to preached the Funeral Sermon, in Prin. themselves and others as Dr. Kippis. ce's-street, from Psalm xxxvii. 37. Mark We are assured by a very respectable the perfect man, and behold the up. literary character, who had the informright; for the end of that man is peace. alion from our author himself, that he
From the curfory view we have ta once read, for three years, at the rate ken of the literary labours of Dr. Kip- of fixteen hours a day; and one of the pis, a question will naturally occur, works which he read entirely through, how, in the midt of so many engage- was the General Dictionary, in ien ments, he could have time at his own volumes, folio. This, he added, laid the eommand, and be enabled to dispatch foundation of his taste and skill in biomuch business without apparent hurry graphical compofition. What he read, and confusion? The answer to this he read with attention and discriminawill afford'a vety instructive leffon lo tion. He formed an accurate judgment all young perfons, and especially to of the intrinsic value of every publicati. young students, whose habits are not on, to which he had recourse; and formed. · He had been accustomed there have been few works, in the de. from his youth,' says Dr. Rees,' to earn partment of literature, in which he was ly rising ; and he thus secured to him- conversant, that have issued from the self a certain portion of time, during press, for many years, of the specific which he was not liable to be interrupe objects and real merits of which he ed by any foreign avocations. This ha- could not give a juft and satisfactory bit was no less conducive to his account. health, than to the discharge of his va The studies in which Dr. Kippis rious literary and profeffional obligati principally excelled, were those of the ons. **** The natural powers of his classics
, the belles-letters, and history; mind were cultivated with an assiduiry beside those which were immediately and perseverance of application, in connected with his profeffion t. He which he had few superiors and not had diligently studied the history of his many equals. They had been habilu- own country, and the principles of the ated through life to regular and con- British conftitution. To these he was ftant exercise, and had acquired strength zealously attached ; and thele he ably and vigour from use. He was never defended. Yet, as a Proteftant Diffenhurried and distracted by the variety of ter, he did not entirely escape the fufhis literary pursuits; and though he had picion, in which almost the whole body many engagements which required his of Protestant Diffenters was involved, attention, and which diverted his mind of being disaffected to the conttitution. from the objects of ftudy to which he Nothing could be more unjust than such was devoted, he never seemed to want a suspicion. He was, indeed, a warın time. Every kind of business was re- advocate of civil and religious liberty ; ferred to its proper season. By a judi- and he lamented, in common with some cious arrangement of his studies as well of the best and wiseft of men, the exiftas of his other occupations, the num- ence of certain acknowledged abuses's ber and variety of wbich he never of- but be vas no friend to that wild thea, tentatiously displayed, and by the punc
N o T E S. tuality of his attention to every kinu of
• Funeral Sermon, page 36, 34. buGiness in which he was employed,
+ In his youib he made several poehe avoided confufion ; he retained on tical attempts ; and some of his Hymns all occasions the possession of himself; and Versions of the Psalms are inferied and he found leisure tor reading and in the New Collection of Hymer for writing and for all his literary avoca- Public Worlaip
Hib. Mag. April, 1796.
and indiscriminating innovation, far from embracing all the tenets awhich have desolated one of the finest dopted by some of them; and he difcountries in the world; and while he approved of their appropriating this wished for a reformation of abuses in appellation to themselves; considering a peaceable, legal, and constitucional it as assuming and exclufive. way, it was still his opinion, that the As a preacher, Dr. Kippis was raBritish conftitution, with all its defects tional and scriptural, judicious and in. (and what contrivance of human wif- ftructive, practical and interesting, ef. dom can be perfect ?), was admirably pecially toward the close of his discourscalculated to preserve rational liberty, és; and, on particular occafions, he and to continue productive of national was happy in blending the argumentaprosperity. In a word, he was A tive and pathetic. His delivery was Conftitutionalif. As such, when he ap- natural and unaffected, and, on occa tiprehended that certain political socie- ons that required it, animated and imties, with which he had long associated, pressive. were going too far, he withdrew bis Dr. Kippis was not more eminent name; but he never abandoned the for his mental abilities, his literary ato principles upon which his first connex- tainments, and excellent writings; iban jon with them was founded.
he was for all the virtues that can adorti The numerous engagements of Dr. the Chriftian, the scholar, and the gen. Kippis never led him to neglect the tleman. In cheerfulness and plealanta fudies and duties more immediately nels of temper, in suavity of manners, appertaining to his profeffion. His and in plealing and instructive conver. acquaintance with the various branches sation, he was excelled by few. His of theology, and with subjects fubler. piety originated in the most honorable vient to his critical ftudy of the Scrip. sentiments of the Perfections and Pro. tures, was very extenfive ; and, every vidence of God, whose will was his in day, he constantly read some portion cessant study, and whose service was of the New Testament in the original his constant delight. lis practical inlanguage. He was a firm believer influence was uniform and permanent. Chriftianity, upon the most mature That moroseness of temper, that meexamination, and the fullest convict-, lancholy aspect, and austerity of de jon. He had been originally brought portment, which result from unworthy up in the principles of Calvinism; but notions of the Supreme Being, and renan incident which he has recorded in der religion itself unlovely, were to a note to the Life of Elisha Coles, in the him unknown. His were the virtues, Biographia Britannica, led him to a- and their happy effects, which the afokdopt more liberal sentiments. Coles on tle enumerates as 'the fruit of the SpiGod's Sovereignty (a work composed ri-love, joy, peace, long-fuffering, in the highest ftrain of Calvinilo) was gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, put into his hands, when he was 14 and temperance. There appeared ja years old, by fome zealous friends, to all his connexions and concerns; thefe inftruct and confirm him in the doc- endeared liim to all that had the haptrines it contained. The reading of it, piness of his intimate acquaintance; however, produced a contrary effc&t. and to these he united inflexible inteThe author ftated the objections to his grity, and a noble independence of opinions concerning absolute election, spirit. He was united to a fenfible, se probation, and other points, and en- prudent, and cheerful companion ; but deavoured to remove them; but to our ioward the close of a long and happy young student the objections appeared connexion, his affectionare fympathy stronger than the aniwers ; fo that to was deeply wounded by the sufferings Coles on God's Sovereignty he owed of Mrs. Kippis, who has been long his first renunciation of Calvinism. afflicted with a disorder for which no Toward the close of his life he was in- relief can be found. For her painful - clined to the diftinguishing principles fituation he felt severely, and endea. of the modern Unitarians ; but he was roured to alleviate it by all the attent
ons of tenderness. The divine precepts the chieftain, his own honour; loved, of the Gospel were the directory of his in his clan, his own blood; complainconduct; its glorious promises, bis ed not of the difference of Itation into source of hope, and consolation, and which fortune had thrown him; and joy. He lived not to himself alone ; respected himself
. The chieftain, in but, with an ardent and expansive be- return, bestowed a protection, founded nevolence, his constant aim was to equally on gratitude and a conscioufness promote the welfare of others. The of his own intereft. Hence the Highresult to himself
was that satisfaction, landers, whom more fayage nations which selfilh pursuits alone can never called savage, carried, in the outward gi ve ; and while, in his own breast, expression of their manners, the politeall was tranquil and ferene, his happi- nels of courts without their vices, and, ness must have been heightened by the in their bosoms, the high point of hodelightful consciousness that he was nour without its follies. beloved by all his friends, and that, Their dress, which was the last rebeyond their circle, he was the object mains of the Roman habic in Europe, of general esteem. In fine, during the was well suited to the nature of their course of a long, laborious, and uleful country, and ftill better to the neceffi. life, perhaps no one ever more strongly tjes of war. It confifted of a roll of verified the sacred declaration, that light woollen, called a plaid, fix yards
the ways of Wisdom are ways of plea- in length and ewo in breadth, wrapped fantness, and that all her paths are loosely round the body, the upper peacea' "
lappet of which rested on the left
shoulder, leaving the right arm at full Characterisic Traits of the Ancient Scotch liberty; a jacket of thick cloth, fitted
Highlanders ; by the late John Dabo tightly to the body; and a loofe hort rymple.
garment of light woollen, which went
round the waist, and covered the thigh. HE Highlanders were composed in rain, they formed the plaid luto each of which bore a different name, were covered as with a roof When and lived upon the lands of a different they were obliged ta lie abroad in the ebieftain. The members of every tribe hills, in their hunting parties, or tendwere united to cach other, not only by ing their caule, or in war, the plaid the feudal, but by the patriarchal bond; ferved ebem both for bed and covering: for, while the individuals which com- for, . when three men dept together, pofed it were vafsals or tenants of their they could [pread three folds of cloth own hereditary chieftain, they were als below and Gx above them. The garfo descended from his family, and could ters of their ftocking were tied under countexadly the degree of their descent. the knee, with a view to give more The right of primogeniture, moreover, freedom to the limbs ; and they wore together with ibe weakness of the laws no breeches, that they might climb 19 reach inaccessible countries, and more mountains with the greater cafe. The inaccesli ble men, had, in the revoluti- lightness or looseness of their dress, the on of centuries, converted these natural habit they had of going always on foot, principles of connexion between the never on horseback; their love of long chieftain and his people, into the most journies; and, above all, that parience sacred ties of human life. The caftle of hunger and every kind of hardship, of the chieftain was a kind of palace, to which carried their bodies forward, which every man of his tribe was made even after their spirits were exhausted, Welcome, and where he was enter- made them exceed all other European tained according to his ftation in time nations in speed and perseverance of of peace, and to which all flocked at marcb. Montrose's marches were fome.. the sound of war. Thus, the meanest times fixty miles in a day; without food of the clan, knowing himself, to be as or halting, over mountains, along rocks, well-born as the head of it, revered, in through moraffes. In encampments,