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where he was born about the year 1720. Uber, not trained in this latter He was descended from James Uther, school, and perhaps too much drawn off Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, a by the love of books, which was his Prelare no less distinguifhed for his favourite pursuit, fucceeded as little in piety and other virtues than for his great' the character of a linen draper as he abilities and profound' erudition. With did in that of a Gentleman farmer. His him he had likewise the honour to wife dying about this time, deranged claim a defcent from James Stanihurst, his affairs still more; fo that, finding, Esq. thrice Speaker of the House of himself a widower with a family of Commons of Ireland, Recorder of the four children (three boys and a girl) city of Dublin, and one of the mafters and but little profpect of providing for in Chancery; and whose name is ftill them in any line of business, he took rendered more memorable for having orders in the Church of Rome, sent his had the honour of first moving Queen fons for education to the College of Elizabeth to found a College and Uni- Lombard in Paris, his daughter to a verfity, then in the vicinity of Dublin; monaftery (where she foon after died,) which being finished in the year 1593, and came himself to London, the better James Ulher, afterwards Archbishop to provide for his children, which was of Armagh, was one of the firft three very laudably the great object of bis ? Students who were admitted, and his life. name Atands to this day in the firit line Whilft he was casting about what of the roll.
method he should adopt for the im- , Mr. Ulher received a good classical provement of his little income, and the education, yet being bred to no parti- education of his children, Mr. Molloy, cular bufiness or profession, he, after an Irich gentleman, who had formerly the example of his father, commenced figured away as a political writer Gentleman furmer in the neighbourhood against Sir Robert Walpole, died, and of his family. He continued in this line left him a legacy of three hundred pounds. for some years, but, as it has been too With this money Mr. Ulher thought of uniformly experienced ili nough life, the setting up a school, as the most likely Gentleman mult be separated from the way of providing for his fons; and Farmer to make agriculture profitable. with this view he communicated his Mr. Ulher added another proof of their intentions to Mr. John Walker, the incompatibility. In shori, finding be ingenious Author of the Pronouncing could not fucceed in this bufinets, he Dictionary, and many other approved ftopt in time, fold off his farm, ftock, 'Works on the construction and elegance &c &c. and sealed as a linen-draper in of the English Language. Mr. Walker Dublin.
not only met Mr. Uiher's ideas, but In the course of this business, Mr. joined him as a partner in the business, Ulher made feveral trips to Bristol, and and they opened a fchool under this exerted himself with no inconsiderable firm at Kenlington Gravelpits. diligence and industry to maintain him Mr. Uther's acquaintance with Mr. self
and a growing family; but the love Walker commenced during the former's of science, and the consequences which excursions from Dublin" to Brittol, generally flow from that affection, are which latter place Mr. Walker's busiinsensible drawbacks 10 the arts of mo- nefs led him to visit occafionally. Their ney making. The one improves the acquaintance foon grew into a friendmind in the higher contemplation of thip, which, as it had virtue for its thinking and acting—the other princi- batis, continued unbroken and undipally goes to the improvement of the minished to the close of Mr. Ulher's : purse--not by the sublimer precepts of life. Mr. Walker'is still living, and philosophy—but by the practices of the in good health, with chat reputation as less lectered part of mankind, whose a Max, a Teacher, and an Aulhur, which example teaches them the more success- is equally creditable to his morals and ful arts of rivallip, quickness, fineffe, his talents. diffimulation, ceconomy, &c.&c. The school these Gentlemen were
embarked in, did not altogether answer nerohry, liberty, &c. &c. and concludes Mr. Walker's purposes. Whether the this part of his assertion by saying, profits were too little to divide, or " that it opinion were the real ftandard whether he thought he could do better of fențiment, the nature of one animal as a private teacher, it is difficult to could not be more noble iban that of say--but Mr. Walker, after trying it any other ; yet it is certain, that if for some time, quilted the connection, there was in the world but one man of and commenced a private teacher, and integrity, generosiły, grasitude, and a some time after opened a public school great soul, and allibe rest of mankind in this city, in which he was extremely confifted of people who had no sense of successful. They parted, however, with the dignity of truth and a noble dispothe same cordiality they commenced, and fition, this single person would be of rbe civilities and friendships of life were more worth than the whole race of mutually continued.
beside.” Mr. Ulher being now sole master of To this very ingenious Essay, which the school, he cultivated it with dili. is touched with elegance and observagence and ability, and, we believe, tion, though, perhaps, with too much with tolerable success, for about four refinement, he afterwards added “ An years; when he died of a confumption, Introduction to the Theory of the Hu-*
age of fifty two, in the year 1772. man Mind," This little Treatise is “ The life that passes in Penury written with zeal and ability, and is muft necessary pals in Obfcurity," says meant as a relulation against those Dr. Johnson of Fenton the Poet, who, Deifts who attack revealed religion unlike Vlher, at one time kept a fehool, der an appareat appeal to philosophy, and wbo, in many other circumstances, but, by the occasional shiftings of prinbore strong resemblances : it is, there- ciples and systems, and a dexterous use fore, to bis writings that Ulher owes of equivocal language, draw the dispute his being noticed in this place; and, io into a kind of labyrinth, in which the do him justice, they were such as were retreats are endless, and the victory equally creditable to his heart and un- always incomplete. derstanding.
“ This observation (says Mr. Uler His first publication was a small in bis preface) made me with thar the pamphlet called " A New System of principles of philofophy that enter inga Philosophy, in which he censures the dispute were more cļear, limited, Locke, as leaniog too much towards and decisive. Įi seemed reasonable in Naturalism, a doctrine which he confi- me to conclude that true religion candered as the bane of every thing fub- not be inconsistent with true philosophy lime, elegant, and noble.
He next -chat if men be obliged to any duties wrote fome leiters in the Public Ledger in a state of nature, luch duties are the (a Paper at that time diftinguished for indubitable laws of God, and they the morals of its Correspondents), cannot differ essentially from the duties figned “ A Free Thinker," in which the Deity is pleased to require of us by he shews the inconsistency and impolicy revelation. Hence I imagined, that the of the perfecution at that time going on plan of the mind of man, if attentively again ft the Roman Catholics.
observed, and faithfully delineared, His next publication was entitled must give light into the intention and “Clio, or A Discourse on Tafte, ad. end of his creation ; at least, the eager drefied to a Young Lady," wherein he desire of each party (Chriftians and endeavours to prove that there is ' in Deilis) to reconcile philosophy to their feveral respects an universal liandard own religious opinions, demonstrates of talte in the foul of man, which, the secret sense mankind have of the though it may be dy praved or corrupted 'neceflity that true philosophy thould by education and habit, can never be witness for religion. totally eradicated.
“ Full of these reflections, I set 'out He proceeds to prove this, by our on an inquiry into the nature of the universal taste for truth, Bruttuce, ge human mind, with a view, if posible,
to discover fome traces of duty and very acute, having a penetrating mind, natural religion, and to try if any prin- which seized an argument like a logiciples may be folidly eliablished in cian who was superior to the trammels public view, which may prove decifive of his art. in the dispute between Christians and He was originally bred a Protestant, Deifts."
but became very early a convert to the But the Work that he valued moft, Roman Catholic faith, of which he was and which he laboured through the best always a zealous and sincere defender, part of his life to bring to perfection, and in which he died. was A Treatise on the Instincts,
British Theatre. March 12. Paffions, and Affections of Man."This work be unfortunately loft, and THE IRON Caustica platino moto world. How far it might have answered Drury Lane. The characters as follow: the Author's expectations, it is impof- Sir Edw. Mortimer, Mr. Kemble fible now to say ; but if we may judge Capt. Fitzharding, Mr. Wroughton from others of his publications, which wilford, Mr. Bannilter, jun. took up less of his time and observation, Adam Winterton, Mr. Dodd it is but fair to conclude its face was a Rawbold, Mr. Barrymore disappointment to the Literary World. Samfon, · Mr. Suert He himself felt this Atroke most poig- Boy,
Mafter Wellh nantly; he talked of it, as of the loss of Cook,
Mr. Hollingsworth a favourite child ; nor ever forgot 10 Peter,
Mr. Banks feel it as one of the greatelt disappointa Walter,
Mr. Maddocks ments of his life.
Mr. Webb Let not the busy world 100 readily Gregory, Mr. Trueman look upon this kind of disappointment Armstrong, Mr. Kelly as too trifling to engage the attention of Orson,
Mr. R. Palmer the human heart.-- An Author's fame First Robber, Mr. Dignun is his fortune, and superior to his for- Second ditto, Mr. Sedgwick sune ; and when thai is fought after Third ditto, Mr. Phillimore with much pains and inquiry, with Fourth ditto, Me Bannister advantages which cannot be recovered. Helen,
Mis Farren and with the honest and noble parpore Dame Rawbold, Mifs Tidwell of improving his fellow.creatures, the Barbara, Signora Storace lofs is important, not only as it deprives Blanche,
Mrs. Gibbs him of his fair fame, but of the oppor. Girl,
Mifs Granger tunity that he has missed of being set. Judith,
Miss Da Camp. viceable to mankind.
The scene lies on the border of the Mr. Usher in his ftature was below New Forest. The fable is briefly this : the middle size, naturally thin and of a Sir Edward Mortimer, keeper of ihe consumptive habir, a ditease of which New forest in the reign of Charles I. is he died, and which he often said he a man whose mind has been rendered caught from his wife, who fell a facri- by the author a receptacle for the most fice to the fame disorder. His afpect heterogeneous qualities. Though mild, was ratbey mean, and his manners not generous, charitable, and humane, the of the highly educated caft; but a na. friend of the poor, the parron of the tural politeness supplied this deficiency; virtuous, and the protector of the dil. for he had an elegance of expreffion treffed, he has, in his youth, committed which always bespoke bim a man of an a most atrocious murder, for which uncommonly refined turn of thinking, neither excuse nor palliation can be Had he poffefsed the advantages of a found, and the recollection of which more liberal education, and an carly incessantly goads him with the itings of and constant refidence in the capital, remorse, and gradually undermines his there is no doubt but that he would health, by subje&ting him to all the hors have been an acquisition to polite lite- rors of a guilty conscience. For this rature ; for though his fancy was bril. murder he has been tried, and harsato lines and poetical, his reasoning was
ably acquitted. Previous to the period vent the fatal effects which he appreat which the piece opens, Sir Edward hended might accrue from the extraorhas taken into his service, in the capaci- dinary confidence which he had reposed 19 of fecretary, an obscure youth, Wil. in his fecretary. Wilford therefore is ford, who is, in fact, the hero of the secured, and charged with having robpiece. From the observations which bed his master, who fecretly conveys Wilford has occafion to make on the into his trunk some jewels and papers, State of his mafter's mind, who is more which had been kepi in the iron chelt
. particularly affected when engaged in He is accordingly brought to trial, in examining the contents of an iron chest the hall of the castle, before Captain in his study, he is led to suspect ibe ex- Fitzharding, an old soldier, who is on istence of some fatal secret, which a visit to his brother, Sir Edward Mordefeats the effect of a high reputation timer, and Sir Edward himself beand general esteem; and, by a conver. comes his accuser. With all the proflisation which he has with Adam Win- gacy of a hardened villain, Sir Edward terton, steward 10 Sir Edward, who, at relies on the integrity of Wilford, as fourscore, is perpetually adverting, with the means of his conviction ; and funall the garrulity, and with more than denly, and indeed miraculously, losing the usual tediousness of old age, to the all that exquifite sensibility, which the transactions of the two proceeding fighteft aliufion to any circumstance Teigns, and who, by his love of Canary, that can recall to his mind the fatal is betrayed, over his bottle, into some transaction which has doomed him to indiscreet communication, this fufpici- perpetual misery, invariably excites
, on becomes confirmed. Stimulated by he, with the utmost coolness and indifcuriosity, Wilford takes advantage of serence, questions Wilsord on the cit the momentary negligence of his master, cumstance of his opening the iron chelt, in leaving the key in the lock, lo open which contained ihe articles said to be the iron Cheft ; but ere he can examine stolen, and is not, in the smallef deits contents, Sir Edward returns, and, gree, affected by the pointed appeals detecting him in the attempt, is about which Wilford 'makes to his honour to fab him with bis dagger ; the time, and his conscience-to that honour ly intervention of realon, however, de- which made him an afsaffin-to that ters him from the commistion of a fe. conscience which renders him wretched. cond murder. Soon after this occur. The ftruggle produced in Wilford's rence, Sir Edward determines to en- mind, by the desire of establishing his truft Wilford with the - fatal fecret; own innocence, and his unwillingness to and, after exading a folemn oath of violate his oath of secrecy, is confidered secrefy, proclaims bimself an aflaffin. as the confusion arising from a consciStricken with horror at the recital, ousness of guilt. Nothing now remain Wilford resolves to fly from a house but to establish the fad," and for this which has becoine odicus to him, buc purpose the trunk is opened, and the is intercepted by a robber, who sells jewels are produced. bim to the ground, and is afterwards Wilford afleri his innocence, and apo conduced io the habitation of the peal to Sir Edward for the truth of his gang, in the ruins of an old abbey, near affertions : his guilt appears establishthe manfion of Sir Edward. The ed beyond the possibility of doubt.
. cruelty of the robber who wounds Wil- But juft as sentence is about to be proford being resented by the captain of nounced, from one of the papers the gang, who is represented as an Fitzharding holds in his hand, drops : konej? and henourable ihief, and by his bloody knife-the very knife with associates in general, a sentence of ex- which Sir Edward Mortimer had compulsion is pronounced against him; mitted the murder for which he was and as might naturally be expected, he tried. The effect produced by this extepairs to Sir Edward, and impeaches. traordinary event may be eafily conBy this means, Sir Edward becomes ceived: Wilford's innocence is proapprized of Wilford's fituation, and claimed ; Sir Edward faints, and is ta. trfolves to execute a plan of revenge ken off the stage, and the piece ends,
ich he had devised, in order to pres
In vain does
which we dispatched one of our affo The German Story.
ciates to a distant town to buy four
horfes, fire arms, powder and ball. (Continued from page 256.) The houses of the hated judges were
pillaged in a tempestuous night, and MY
Y imagination was fired with whenever the face of the earth was co
wine and loofe defires, my rea- vered with midnight darkness, we fale fon fettered, and my blood heated : lied forth from our den to destroy the human society had banished me-and game in those parts where my misforhere I found brotherly affection, good lunes had commenced, and I took care living and honour. Whatever might to let my perfecutors know that it was have been my choice, I could not escape Wolf who committed these depredathe hand of punithing justice ; howe- tions.' ver, in a situation like that which was Meeting with success in our nocturoffered me, I could at least fell my life pal rambles our iemerity increased, and dear : voluptuousness was my ruling we fway-laid the traveller on the high paffion, and I had will then always been road, however I took great care not to treated with scorn and contempi by the perpetrate a second murder. The ter: other sex, but here I could expect to ror of my name foon spread itself all satisfy my desires, and to be received over the country, and the neighbouring with pleasure : my resolution cost me 'magistrates tried every means to get me but very little, and I exclaimed, after in their power; a great reward was a moment's confideration, I will stay promised to him who should take me, with you, comrades, if you will cede dead or alive, and, if of
my affoto me my beautiful neighbour.' ciates, a full pardon ; however, I was
* All of them agreed to consent to so fortunate to elude the watchfulness my request, and I became unexpected- of my pursuers for a considerable time, ly the avowed poffeffor of a we, and to frustrate every attempt on my liand the chief of a gang of robbers!
berty.' To be revenged on the prince, in • I had carried on this infernal trade whose dominions i had suffered fo much a whole year, when I began to be tired disgrace, was the chief defire of of it. The gang, whose leader I was, my heart, and to effe&t that pur- having disappointed my fanguine hopes, pose was the first use I made of my new I soon perceived, with terror, how much acquired authority. Our gang confift- my fancy, heated by wine and loose deed in eight ftout fellows belides myself, fires, had been imposed upon, when I the rest was composed of women and consented to become the captain of my children: : my new associates bad con- associates. Hunger and want frequente tented themselves 'till I was joined to ly fupplied the place of fuperfluity and their society, with clandestine depre- ease, which I had expected, and I was dations in the pantries and cellars of the neceffitated many a time to risk my life rich peasants, and game-stealing, and in order to procure a scanty meal, which never had recourse to violent means. hardly, fufficed to appease the violent My views went farther : I proposed to cravings of my empty stomach. The declare open war against the game, visionary image of brotherly concord which had brought on my disgrace and disappeared, and envy, fufpicion, and ruin, and to rob the houses of the jealouty stepped in its place, loosening judges wbo, had punished me so fe. the tjes of our society; the folemn verely.'
promise of a full pardon to him who 'To effect our purpose we wanted ihould deliver me into the hands of jufhorses, the frontiers, where the domi- tice, was a powerful temptation to lawpions of my former sovereign terminat less robbers, and I was well aware of ed, being three miles diftant. By the dangers which surrounded me. I means of house-breaking and some became a ftranger to sleep, a vidim to highway robberies we foon got poffef. never cealing apprehensions; the phanfion of a sufficient sum of money, ith tom of fulpicion pursued me every Hib. Mag. April, 1796.