hopes, had found at last a being that fortune, and reduced thee to beggary. bore some resemblance with me. In because thou haft killed a few paltry the desponding situation in which I was, deer, which the prince fuffers to prej I would not have hesitated to pledge on our corn, and to rob us of the fruit the health of an infernal spirit, in order of our diligence. Is it come to that, to have a confidant.'

brother, that a human being is valued Meanwhile my new companion had less than a human being is valued less Atretched himfelf upon the grass, and I' than a hare or a boar? Are we not followed his example.'

better than the wild beafts of the field ? • Thy brandy has given me new life, and a fellow like thyself could brook faid 1, " we muft be better acquainted such injury." with each other.'

• What could I do?" • He Atruck fire and lighted his. That we shall see: but pray tell mer pipe.'

whence doft ihou come, and on what Is it long fince thou haft carried on errand ?' this trade?"

* I related my whole history to him. • He stared at me- What means and, without awaiting the end of it that question

he jumped up with joyful impatienoc, I took the knife from his girdle, pulling me after him with all his resuming, "has this inftrument done might. much execurion.''

Come along, brother,' he said, *Who are thou ?'he roared in a tero' now art thou ripe, art the

very man rible accent, flinging his pipe on the I wanted for my purpose

. I thall reap grass and ftarting up:

great honour by introducing thee to A murderer like thyself—but only a our commonwealth. Make hafte and beginners'

follow me.' He gazed at me and took


his • Whither art thou going to conduct pipe.

Thou art no inhabitant of these 'Don't ask questions but come and diftris,' he refumed, at length.' sec; fo saying, he dragged me forcibly

I am ; haft thou heard of Wolf, the after him. inn-keeper, at A

*As we proceeded the forest grew - He Itarted up as if frantic, exclaim- more and more intricated, impenetraing in a rapturous accent, 'Wolf tbe ble and gloomy: none of us spoke a' inn-keeper, who has been punilhed fo word until I was suddenly rouled from severely for game- stealing, ?'

my apathy by the whistle of my leader: . That very man I am.

I looked around and beheld myself at * Welcome, comrade, a thousand the declivity of a steep rock, projecting times welcome!' he exclaimed, taking over a deep cavern. A second 'whistle me joyfully by the hand, how glad answered from the womb of the rock, am I that I have found thee at lait, I and a ladder rofe lowly from the abyss, have been many months in search of a thundering voice ballooed from the thee; I know thee very well, know all deep, and the winding cavern echoed that thou haft fuffered, and have been to the found. My leader descended, longing for thy affiftance this great first bidding me to wait 'till he should while,

return. "I first must secure the maftiff For my affiftance? To what pur- which guards the enrance to our abode.'

he said, 'thou art a Atranger, and the Every body fpeaks of thee : thou ferocious beast would tear thee to haft many enemies, haft suffered gla- pieces.' - So faying, he disappeared.' ring injuries, haft been entirely ruined Now I was standing alone before and perfecnted with unheard of feveri- the precipice, and was well aware of it. ty:'He grew warm. They have' The imprudence of my leader did not immured thee in the houfe of correction, escape my notice : It would have cost have treated thee like a galley-llave at me no more but a resolute effort to pull the fortress, have stripped thee of thy up the ladder, and I would have been



[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

restored to liberty, and effected my filled with delicious wine wandered escape without the leaft danger of be- from hand to hand, and spread merriing overtaken by the inhabitants of the ment and joviality around; plenty and cavern ;

I cannot but confels that I concord seemed to reign in that liucle had some temptation to do it: looking fociety, and every one ftrove to madown into the abyss I was ftruck with nifeft' his joy at my presence.' an obscure idea of the bottomless gulph I was stated between two females of hell, from whence there is no re- which was the place of honour at table, demprion to be expected. I began to and having expected to meet with the hudder at the new course of lise which refuse of their sex, how great was my afI was going to commence. A sudden tonishment when I found amid this

gang sight only could have saved me. I was of robhers the most beautiful female fi.. half determined to effect my escape, gures my eyes ever beheld. Margaret, and already stretching out my hand to ihe eldeft and handsomeft of the two, pull up the ladder, when suddenly I was called Miss, and could not be fancied to hear a thundering voice as if much above eighteen; her language from the womb of hell, what has a was very licentious, and her looks ftill murderer to risk ? and my arm loft is more fo. Maria, the youngest, was hold, and every power of motion. My married, but had run away from a hufdoom was fixed, the time of repentance band who had created her ill; her form. pat, and the murder I had commited was fuperior to that of my piher neighwas, towering behind me like a mona bour, however she was pale and, of a rain shutting up for c

ever my return to delicate conftitution, and in the whole abę path of virtue.' .

less striking at first fight than the liveMy leader se-appeared the same ly Margaret: They feemed to rival moment, bidding me descend into the who first should kindle my defires ; the cavern. I had nog 'no osher choice beautiful Margaret Atrove to dispel my létt but to submit to neceffity, and, timidity by wanton jokes, however í wont, down.

Having advanced a foon conccived an invincible dilike to few steps under the excavated rock, that woman, and the modeft Maria our paffage grew larger, and I beheld fettered my heart for ever. fome huts at a distance, and as I ap • You fee, brother," said the mar proached nearer, a round fpot covered who had been my, conductor to shar with grass appeared to my view. About place, you see how we live here, and twenty people were fitting round a every day passes like the present: Is it

Here,' my leader ex- not true, comrades?' 'Yes, every day. claimed, 'here I bring you a new mem- paffes like the present,' the whole gang ber of our society, whose name is not exclaimed.' unknown to you, rise and welcome the · If therefore


you can accelebrated Wolf, of A'

cuftom yourself to our manner of life, Wolf, they all exclaimed with one then stay with us and be our captain : voice, starring up and forming a circle do you consent to it, comrades?" around me, men, women and children: • An unanimous yes rent the air.' Their joy was unfeigned and cordial;

(To be continued.) confidence and even respect was marked in their looks ; one squeezed my Anecdote of Parfons the Comedian. band, che other clapt me on the shoul. de rencontro de confidencial manager all THE following is told of that much and ibe scene was not unlike the meet- PARSONS. A young law fprig calling ing again of an old beloved acquaint-' on him one day at Lambeth, found him ance.

engaged in copying a small Wilson :• My arrival had interrupted their Upon my soul," lays Qui tam, but I dinner, they retook sheir seats and, like you amazingly so far as you have pressed me to partake of their inviting gone. Parsons replied,' do you think meal, which confifted of venison of all to my boy? Well you're a young lawyer, find and he wed Truits. The goblat and may be a JUDGI.


Thoughts on what are called Varieties, drawing any certain conclusion, till the

both in the Animal and Vegetable facts necesary for giving authenticity to Creation*.

any opinion shall have been fully afcere

tained. TH "HE only rule hitherto adopted by Buffon, who is the least scrupulous

naturalists, to mark the diftince of all modern naturalists, has been the tion between a species and a variety, is, most' forward to decide in this, as in that though different species of animals many other cases. He does not fo of the same genus may be brought to much as condescend to admit that there breed together, (as the horse and the can be a doubt in this case ; but on all ass) yet the animals thus produced, are occasions affumes it as a certainty, that pot prolific; whereas the progeny aris- all the varieties of one species have been ing from an intermixture of different derived from one parent; and boldly varieties of the same species, are them- raises, upon that supposition, many felves equally prolific as the parents from practical inferences, which, if his theory which they sprang. Adhering to this ihould prove to be unfounded, might rule, Dr. Pallas, very properly, calls lead to very important errors; so that all the kinds of sheep yet known, only it is not a matter of idle curiosity to varieties of the fame Ipecies of animal'; investigate this question. because he has found that the mixed Among the varieties of the same progeny of the whole are prolific. species of animals, we find very great

Naturalists, bowever, have not stop- and striking diversities in respect to size, ped here. In their defire for simplifi, qualities, appearance, natural instincts, cation they have gone a step farther, and faculties. Between the largest and are now, in general, disposed to fized mastiff dog, for example, and the maintain, that all the varieties, pro. finallest lap dog, when both are well perly so called, have been produced fed, and at full growth, the difference by accidental deviations only from one is not, I should suppose, lefs than as parent animal, which they believe has ten to one of absolure weight. The originally constituted the whole of each hound, properly so called, poffefs the individual species; they of course sense of smelling in the highest perfecendeavour, in most cases, to fix upon rion, so that he pursues his game fome one of these varieties, as having invariably by the scent. been the original from which all the hound, on the other hand, is perfectly others have sprung. In both these last destitute of that sense in regard to the affumptions, however, they seem to go discrimination of game*, and pursues farther than facts bitherto well' authen- it invariably by the eye only; whence cicated can authorize them. They his name. season, at best, only from probabilities, though both puffelling the sense of smellfrom which no inferences can be admit- ing, in greai pertection, as well as the red as certain : and as there are proba- bound, are endowed with instincts very bilities, perhaps equally strong against different; and exercise the sense of the opinion they have adopred, as for it, the safest course, in this case, would

Ν Ο Τ Ε. feem to be, at least, to suspend our * Here a distinction takes place, someopinion for the present, and to decline what analogous to what is observed to

take place among men, with respect to Ν Ο Τ Ε.

the discrimination of musical sounds. A Written by James Anderson LL. D. man inay have the sense of hearing and F. R. S. and published by him, as sufficiently acure, yet be totally destitute an Appendix cu Dr. Pallas' Account of of an ear for inusic. The greyhound 100, the different kinds of Sheep found in poffefs, I believe, the fense of finelling the Russian Dominions, and among the in some cases sufficiently strong, yet is not Tartar Hordes of Asia.

able, by that means, loirace his game. Hib. Mag. March, 1796.


The gaze


smell each in a way peculiar to its kind. out proof, that such prodigious diversiThe pointer and the shepherd's dog can ties lhould all have been the progeny of be each caught their lesson in their own one coinmon parent. style with equal facility ; but the one Were these diversities only casual and can never be brought farther than to act apt to vary, it might be more easy for by a sort of mechanical impulse, Iteadily us to give faith to the hypothesis ; but to one point; while the other can be this is not the cafe. Experience has caught to act, in some measure, like a fully proved, that any one breed may realoning aniınal

, who is authorized to be kept perfeâly uncontaminated for vary his conduct as circunstances re- any length of time, with all its distincquire; and does so, accordingly, in tive peculiarities entire, merely by presome cases, with a cautious discretion, venting an intermixture by copulation. that exceeds even fome of the human Nor is this all: it is also known, that if race* Some varieties of dogs take to such interinixture be permitted, the the water ealily, while others avoid it descendants will undoubtedly be a mixed with inuch care. Some only howl, like breed, evidently participating of the the hound; others bark almost inceff- qualities and appearances of both its antly, as the lap dog ; others, like the parents. Between a hound and a grey greyhound, seldom let their voice be hound, a mongrel breed is obtained heard; and others are entirely mute, which pofseffes the sense of smelling, This fright sketch ought to be sufficient though in a less degree than the one, to make one hesitate in admitting, with- and the faculty of fleetness in a less

degree than the other of its parents; Ν Ο Τ Ε.

and its whole external appearance's evia * Of the fagacity of dogs many in- dently indicates, at first fight, the comAtances might be adduced: but none that pound of the stock whence it has deI have ever met with can equal the fol- scended. The same thing is observable lowing instances of the fagacity of a in every other mongrel breed; and Thepherd's dog; the owner himself after the distinctive qualities have been having been hanged some years ago for thus blended together, it does not seem Theepoftealing, the following facts, possible ever to feparate them, fu as to among others respecting the dog, were obrain once more a breed from that authenticated by evidence on his trial.- progeny, which shall possess the origiWhen the man intended to steal any nal qualities of either of the parents Theep, 'he did not do it himself, but pure. This may be indeed nearly deraclied his dog to perform the business. effected, by crossing repeatedly with With this view, under pretext of look- a pure individual of the unmixed breed, ing at the sheep, with an intention to through many generations ; by which purchase them, he went through the means the qualities which were once flock with his dog at his foot, to whom equally blended, will become so unhe secretly gave a signal so as to let him equally mixed, as that one of them *know the individuals he wanced, to the shall not be discernible; just as an equal number of perhaps ten or twelve, out 'mixture of milk and water might, by of a flock of some hundreds; he then frequent additions of pure water, have

went away, and from a distance of the milk so much diluted as to be totally Teveral miles sent back the dog by him- imperceptible. Telf, in che niglit time, who picked out Now, in this last case, whether is it "the individual sheep that had been more natural for me to fuppose, when pointed out to him, separated them I see the two fluids, milk and water, from the flock, and drove them before 'perfectly diftinct, that these Anids were him by himself

, for the distance of ten originally separate and distinct things. ; or twelve miles, till he came up with or to believe that both the milk and the his master, to whoin be delivered up water had been the same thing originhis charge.

ally, and by fome wonderful procets,


of which we had seen no example, but oher; but should a white cabbage be much the reverse, had spontaneously allowed to perfect its feeds in the neigh-, separated, and in time become two dif- bourhood of red cabbag's producing tinct Auids, both of which we are sure, seeds at the same time, a mongrel kind inevitably to lose, if ever they shall be would rise from these feeds, which suffered to mix together again? The would not be pure white, nor distinct production of distinct breeds of animals, röd, but a pale red compounded of the is equally contradictory to the whole of two. Early and late cabbages, which the experience we have had in the are very ditinguislable from each other breeding of domestic animals. It is in several refpccts, beside earlinefs, are easy for us, when we please, to adulte, adulterated in the same manner. Savoys rate any breed; but it corally exceeds in like manner may be blended thus also our power, after such adulteration, 10 with cabbages or other greens. In recover the pure breed again. short, the peculiarities affecting this

If, with a view to enlarge our ideas class of plants, are precisely similar to on this head, we go to vegetables; in those affe&ing different breeds of dogs, regard to the varieties of which, philo- and other animals ; so that when once lophers enterrain nearly the same opini- a mongrel breed has been obtained, ons, we shall find among those that are there is no recovering the true fort, but called varieties very great diversities, by a freíh importation of uncontaminated so as to constitute feveral diftinct claffes. seeds, though the mongrel fort may be

In one class, for example, anong preserred as long as you please by prowhich may be ranked the common pagaring it by itself

. potatoe, we find that plants, obtained The inference I would draw from from seeds, are disposed to sport in these facts, (and other classes of plants finitely; and none of the progeny can might be named) is, that since we find ever be expected to be found exactly of naturalists have overlooked some very the saine kind with the parent stock; so obvious peculiarities of plants, which that if that stock be not propagated affect those diversities that have been otherwise than by feeds, it will be luft called varieties, they may have, in like never to be recovered. Many plants manner, gyerlooked other peculiarities

belong to this class, as pinks, carna- that may accasion striking diversities tions, &c.

anong animals, which have been called Another class of plants, which are varieties: and as this subject has never equally {tyled varieties, are not liable yet been thoroughly investigated, it to sport, or indeed to intermingle at all behoves us to be cautious in admitting in breeding, but continue to propagate general conclusions. their own kind by seeds without varia With regard to dogs, which as being tion. Ņo man, I believe, ever had well known to every one, are a fit object a white pea from a gray, or a gray from for illustration, we'fee, that let a sinall a white. If wbite peas perfectly un- lap dog, and a large mattiff be fed with mixed with gray are fown, it is well the famne food, and teuded with the known the whole of the produce will fame care, the one discovers no symptoms be white, and so of gray. Many plants of increasing in fize or diminishing it also belong to this class.

more than the other. Let them be A third class, like that of animals, carried from one country to another, may be raised by feeds either pure and they equally preserve their original dilunadulterated, or mixed and of a mon- cinctive qualities, without any farther grel breed, at pleasure. Cabbages af- change than the climate may perhaps ford a noted instance of this fort. produce; which equally seems to affect White or red cabbages may be reared all the varieties of this animal: never from feeds without degenerating, for was there adopted an hypothesis more any length of time, if the two kinds truly ablurd than that of Buffon in this be kept at a great distance from each respect; nor was there ever made such

Kk 2

a barefaced

« ElőzőTovább »