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His device was a porcupine, with this curity of the state forgotten. It often notto,

happens, bowever, that when men are * Vires Agmines Unes habet. poffeffed of all they want, they then

begin to find torments from imaginary One who bas the power of a whole troop. afflictions, and leffen their immediate

enjoyments by foreboding that those This was given to him in confe- enjoyments are to have an end. The quence of baving fingly, and by himself, people now, therefore, caft about to prerested iwo bundred Spaniards from find out grievances ; and, aster fome paffing a bridge.

search, they acually began to fancy He was morially wounded at the battle themselves aggrieved. A petition against d bagras in 1523 ; and as he was re- the enormities of Takupi was carried dining with his back towards a irce, and to the throne in due form, and the tedaitly looking at the pummel of his queen, willing to falisty her subjects, frord, the celebrated constable of Bour- appointed a day in which his accusers bon came up to him, and with tears in thould be heard, and the minister bis eges vas pitying his unhappy fate. should ftand upon his defence. The The Chevalier jans peur sans reproche, day being arrived, and the minifter for fo indeed was he delervedly named, brought before the tribunal, three accaking his dying eyes upon him, said, culers of principal note appeared from " It is you, my lord, who are to be among the nuinber: the first was a pned, who have taken up arms against carrier who supplied the city with fish; your King and against your country. he deposed, what it was a custom time Recollect, that all who have acted as immemorial for carriers to bring their you have done, have perished by a tra- filh upon a hamper, which being placed pical death. Think of this, my lord, on one fide, and balanced by a ftone and receive in good part the latt words of equal weight on the other, the load é a dying man.” ' Having said this, was thus conveyed with ease and safeke expired. His prophecy respecting iy; but that the prisoner, moved eite duke of Bourbon was very com- iher by a malicious fpirit of innovation. pletely fulfilled.

or perhaps bribed by the company of

hamper makers, had obliged all carriFIZDINAND KING OF ARRAGON, ers to take down the stone, and in its acording to the author of " Le Comines place to put up another bamper on the

Li agnol," never figned ang treaty opposite lide, entirely repugnant to the Pithout his mental reservation," the cuftoms of all antiquity, and those of svantage for myself; the danger and the kingdom of Yawaqua in particube expence for

Some lar. The carrier finithed, aud the ale nations have occasionally made whole court began to shake iheir heads matjes

, by which the advantage has at the innovating Minister, when the den to no one, and the danger and the second witness appeared : he was intipence have been incurred by them- fpector of the buildings of the city, and

accused the disgraced I vourite of hav

ing given orders for the demolition of 4 Chinel: Tak. Addr: 1 to the Friends an ancient ruin, which happened only of Warren Hastings, Esq.

to obftruct the paflage through a prin

cipal ftreet of the city. He observed, THE "HE ancient Takupi had long been that fuch buildings were noble monu

prime miniller io the queen of nients of barbarous antiquity, and conTaxaqua, a fertile country that treichcributed finely to thew how little their e along the western confines of China; ancestors undeftood architecure, and during his adminiftration, whatever for that reason they should be held faPrentage could be derived from arts, cred, and suffered gradually to decay. farning, and commerce, seemed to Thethird and last witnels now appcardels the people nor were the neceffa. ed; this was a widow, who had lauda7 precaution of providing for the fc- bly attempted to burn herself upon her

husband's

my allies.

Eses only.

husband's funeral pile : she had only of Reason,* the author confidently reattempted, for the innovating minifter turns to the charge. Without deignhad prevented the execution of her de- ing to give a distant rejoinder to his fign, and was insensible to all tears, refpondents, Mr. Paine boldly asserts, protestations, and intreaties. The that, though he wrote the former part queen could have pardoned his two when he could procure neither bible former offences, but this was confider- nor testament to reler to, he produced a ed as fo gross an injury to the sex, and work, which no bible believer, though fo directly contrary io all the customs of writing at his ease, and with a library antiquity, that it called for immediate of church books about him, can refute: justice. " What !” cries the queen, he tells his antagonists, that they must “not suffer a woman to burn herself return to their work, and spin their when she has a mind! A very pretty cobweb over again, the first being minister truly; a poor woman cannot brushed away by accident. This is argo peaceably and throw.herself into the rogant language; and much more of fire but he must intermeddle; very the same kind will be found in the fine indeed! the fex are 10 be very course of the work. We add too, withprettily tutored no doubt, they must be out apprehenfion of being charged with reftrained from entertaining their fe- untairness, that Mr. P.'s language is inale friends now and then with a roaft- often not only arrogant, but scurrilous; ed acquaintance ! I fentence the crimi- for we cannot give a softer appellation nal at the bar, for his injurious treat to the epithets which he often bestows ment of the sex, to be banilhed my upon persons and writings, which, bepresence for ever."

ing commonly held facred, ought at Takupi had been hitherto filent, and lealt to be treated with decent respect. began to speak only to thew the fin. All this, however, does not invalidate cerity of his resignation ; “ I acknow- Mr. P.'s claim to attention from the ledge,” cried be," my crime; and public, when he condescends to argue ; , fince I am to be banished, I beg it may nor does it lessen our obligation, as libe to some ruined town, or desolate vil- terary purveyors, to report faithfully lage in the country I have governed." the subliance of his objections. Truth His requeft appearing reasonable, it can only be discovered by unrestrained was immediately complied with, and a research and free discusliun ; and, in courtier had orders to fix upon a place all questions that admit of dispute, it of banishment answering the minister's is only by attending to the reasoning description. After fome months search, or evidence on both sides, that reason however, the inquiry proved fruitless ; 'can determine what is true. Without neither a desolate village, nor a ruined attempting to foreftall the replies, which town was found in the whole kingdom. will doubtless be speedily furnished by " Alas !" said Takupi to the queen, able advocates on the side of revelacion, how can that country be ill governed, we fhall therefore present our readers which has neither a defolate village with an analysis of this Second Part of nor a ruined town in it?" The queen the Age of Reason. perceived the justice of his remark, and “ The bible differs from all other an. received the minister into more than tient writings, with respect to the nature former favour.

of the evidence necessary to establish it's

authenticiiy. Euclid's elements of geoSome Accuuni of a new Work entitled metry are believed on their own demon

The Age of Realon. Part the Second. ftrative proof, independant of their auBeing an inve;ligation of true and fa-' thor: the Iliad has the same merit, bulous Theology. By Thomas Paine. whoever was the author: but the books

ascribed to Mofes, Samuel, &c. are TOTWITHSTANDING all that

N O T E. has been written in reply to the * See our Magazine, for Odober, firit part of the work entitled The Age 1794, page, 318.

books

books of teftimony, and testify things have been borrowed from the firft book naturally incredible. Our belief in the of Chronicles, where it occurs verbafa&ts related in these books muft there. tim, chap. i. ver. 43. The book of fore depend, first, upon our certainty Genefis ihen was not written earlier that these books were written by the than the time of Saul, and is probably persons whose names they bear; and not older than the book of Chronicles, next, upon the credit we give their tef- and is an anonymous book of stories. timony: chere can be no such thing as According to the scripture account, forged or anonymous testimony to Moses was the firft who carried on wars things naturally incredible. We credit on the score of religion ; and, under the antient historiads, as far as they re. that malk, committed unexampled atrolate things probable and credible cities. When the army returned from and no farther. The degree of evidence a plunderng excursion, he gave them Decellary to eftablish a belief of things orders to go back and butcher the boys, naturally incredible muß be far grealer, massacte the mothers, and debauch the than that which obrains our belief of daughters. See Numb. xxxi, 13. &c. probable things.

Compare. ver 37. &c. The account of Of the books called the five books of the eating of manna, Exod. xvi, 34. Moses there is no affirmative evidence extends beyond the life of Mofes. Com. that Moses was the author : they are pare Jofhua, v, 12. altogether written in the manner of The book of hua is a history of another person speaking of Mofes. rapine and murder. It was not written Moles would not have written of himself

, By Joshua; for Joshua is spoken of in that he was meek above all men. the third person ;-ch. xxiv, 31, speaks Numb. xii, 3. In Deuteronomy the of the days of the elders after Joshua, biftorian introduces Mofes as fpeak. Chap. x, 14, implies, that the evene ing, then resumes the history, and at last happened long before the hiftory was. gives an account of the death, funeral, written : 'there was no day like thac and character of Mofes. The writer before it, nor after it. The tale of the says, that no man knoweth the sepulchre fun standing still is a fable ihat detects of Moses unto this day; this narrative itself. Such a circumstance could not was therefore written long after the have happened without being koowa time of Moses. The account of the to all the world : one half would have ten commandments given Duet. v, differs wondered why the fun did not risc, and materially from that given Exod. xx. the other why it did not fet; and the The iphuman law, Deut: xxi, 18-21, tradition of it would have been univer. is not in Exodus,

fal ; whereas there is not a nation in In the book of Genefis, ch. xiv, 14, the world that knows any thing about Abrabam is said to have pursued the it.-A diftant time is supposed, ch. viii. enemies of Lot to Dan : but there was 28, 29, in the phrase unto this day : no such place as Dan, till that name compare ch. 2, 27 : xv, 63. was given by the Danites to Laish, after The book of Judges is anonymous : the death of Sampson, that is 331 years it's history includes a space of 306 after the death of Mofes, or, according years. Ii was not written till after to another account, twenty years after Jerusalem was taken,, which was in the Job ua : the writer of Genesis mult time of David ; for ch. 1,7, the writer therefore have been some person, who mentions this event. Compare 70sh. lived after Laich took the name of Dan. xv, 63; 2 Sam. v, 1: 1 Chron. ziv, -In Gen. xxxvi, 31, after the historian 4. The book of Ruth is an idle, had enumerated the kings of Edom, it bundling story, told nobody knows is said, and these are the kings that by whom. reigned in Edom befor: there reigned any

In the first book of Samuel, the story king over the children of Israel';' an of Saul, Samuel, and the affes, ch. ix, expreffion which could not have been ver. 10, &c. is related as an ancient used, till after the first

king had reigned story at the time the book was written; in Ifrael. This passage appears to for the term feer, by which Samuel is Hib. Mag. Jan. 1796.

с

described

fxy.

defcribed, is said to be the name, before total is said, as in Ezra, to be 42,360,

time uled for prophet : conf-quently, but appears, upon cafting np, to be only Samuel did not write the book, and the 37,089. book is without authenticity. In I The book of Esther is anonymous, Sam. xviii, the lory of the wiich of and has much appearance of being Endór speaks of Samuel, as conjured fabulous. up after he was dead. The history of The book of Job carries no internal these books comprizes the life of Saul evidence of being an Hebrew book : the and David, to forty-three years after composition is not in the Hebrew man. Samuel.

ner; the character of Satan, and his conThe books of Kings and Chronicles ference with God, do not correspond to are anonymous, and as we know no. ang Hebrew idea. The writer was a thing of the writer or of his character, man of science, and therefore not a Jew. it is impossible to know whai degree of li is probable, that this book is the credit io give to the matters related oldest in the bible. therein. Like all other ancient bir The Psalms are a collection from tories, they appear to be a jumble of different fong-writers, a họ lived at dif· fable and fact, of probable and impro- ferent times The 137th could not ·bable things. The two books of Kings have been written till more than 400

are liide more than a history of affaili years after David. Some of the psalms nations, treachery, and wars. For in açı moral, others revengeful; and the ftauces of cruelty, fre 2 Kings, ch. x, and greater part relates to certain local cir

I he iwo books of Chronicles are cumitances, with which we have nothing a repetition of the same crimes. The to do.

fiory in the fe and the preceding books The book of Proverbs is also a collecis contuted and contradictory. Com- tion : the 31st chapter contains the pare 2 Kings 1, 8, with viii, 16. The proverbs of Lemuel, a king, but not of extraordinary story 1 Kings xiii, 2, &c., Judah or Itracl, therefore a gentile. is not found in Chronicles. The lame Some of those afcribed to Solomon, may be observed of the stories of Elijah, were not collected till 250 years after 2 Kings, ii, 11, &c. 21, &c. Thele iwo his death. Chap: xxv, 1. hiftorians agree in taking no nurice of The book of Ecclefiaftis is written the men tyled prophris, txctpe Ilaiah as the solitary reflections of a worn out in the reign of Hezekiah and Jeremiah; debauchee. Solomon, was witty, ofye: the fcripture prophers flourished be tentatious, diffolute, and at last mclan tween the years 862 and top before choly ; he lived fait, and died tired of Chrift, and the history of these books the world at the age of 58 years. comes coun to the year 588 before The Song of Solomon is an amorous Chrift. Whence comes this filence con- pastoral, which wrinkled fanaticism has cerning men of so much imporiance ? called divine. The book of Genefis being written, as The books called the Prophets are fhown above, after Chronicles, is not fixieen in number. Isaiah's prophesy older than 588 years before Chrift. is a wild and incoherent com; ofilion.

In Esra ihe three firli verses are the The historical part, from the 36th to fame with the two lalt in Chronicles ; the 37th chapters inclulive, begins and whence appears the confused and muti. ends abrupily, without connection; lated manner in which the books were the other parts are equally unconnected put together. Sie to the fame purpose, with each other. The latter part of i Sam. xiii, 5; Jothua v, 13, &c. Ezra the 441h chapter, and the beginning of and Nehemiah probably wrote the por- the 45th, could only have been written tions of the Jewish history ascribed to by some person who lived at leait 150 them: but they are not to be relied up- years atuer Ifaiah. The prediction ch. on; for in Ezra's list of the families re- vii. 14. refers wholly to Ahaz, and was turned from Babylon, the sum lutal is intended to promise the defeat of his find to be 42,360, but is in tat only enemics ; instead of which they fuco 818; and of Nchemiah's lift che lum

ceeded

ceeded in their enterprize, and took prediction Ezek. xxix, 11, was neJerusalem. See 2 Chron. xxviii. ver fulfilled. The story of Jonah treats

Feremiak lived in the time when Ne- altogether of the gentiles, and was buchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem; and probably written by a gentile, as a fathere is reason to suspect that he was a ble, to satirize the character of a bibletraitor in his intereft. His prognofti- prophet. The remaining prophets are cation, chap. xviii, 7-10, Thews his unworthy of diftinct notice. equivocal character. The historical In the New TESTAMENT, the first parts are confused, and appear to be a story of the niraculous conception clafsude medley of unconnected anecdotes. ses with many pagan fables. It is an The two accounts of Jeremiah's impri- uncontrovertible position, that, though fonment in cap. xxxvii, and xxxviii, a story may be false notwithstanding are different and contradictory. The the agreement of all it's parts, the disfory of Nebuchadnezzar's besieging agreement of the parts prove that the Jerusalem is begun anew, nearly in the whole cannot be true. The genealogies jame words, ch. xxxix, and ch. lii, af- of Jesus by Marthew and Luke differ ef. ter it had been the subject of several sentially : Matthew gives by nameiwen. preceding chapters. See a similar con- ty-eight generations from David, through fufion, i Sam. ch. xvi, and xvii. Je- Jofeph to Christ; Luke gives forty-three remiah, chap. xxxviii, ver. 17, &c. generations by name, from Christ strongly prevaricates at the request of through Jofeph up to David, and onZedekiah. In chap. xxxiv he predicts, ly the two names of David and Joseph that Zedekiah shall die in peace and re are alike in the two lists. ceive funeral honours; whereas, in ch.lii, Concerning the authenticity of the 10, it is related, that the king of Ba- gospels, whether they were written by bylon made him prisoner, put out his the persons to whom they are afcribed, eyes, and kept him in prison to the day is uncertain : there is no direct proof on of his death. Jeremiah was taken into this point, for or against. The prefavour by Nebuchadnezzar: see ch. fumption, however, is, that they are xxxix, 12.

impofitions. The disordered ftate of The Jewish prophets, or feers, un- the history, the filence in one book on dertook to predid what would happen matters related in the other, and the with reference to things then pafling, disagreement found among them, imply as the event of a battle or journey; they that they are the productions of some attached themselves to different parties, unconnected individuals, many years and prophecied for the one and against after the events, and not the writings the oiher, (see 1 Kings, ch. xiii, and of men living intimately together, as 2 Kings, ch. iii,) commonly issuing the apoli les did. In relating the story their predictions in verse. Other pro- of the miraculous conception, Mathew phets dealt in dreams and vifions. Cays, the angel appeared to Jofeph,

The books of Ezekiel and Daniel Luke fays, to Mary. The fiory of were written after the Babylonith cap. Herod destroying the children is cold tivity began, and probably by the per. only by Mathew : no provision is made fons whose names they bear. They sor John, who ftaid behind under two wrole visions or dreams, to conceal years of age; yet he was no destroyed. their meaning from their enemies, and None of the writers give the inscription convey intelligence or projects for the on the cross exactly in the same words ; recovery of iheir country, 10 their whence it is probable they were not prefriends. An ancient correspondence, fent at the cene, Mark íays, Jelus thus purposely difguited, it is now was crucified at the third hour; John, fruitless to attempt to decypher. Scarcely at the fjærh. Peter, the only a Softle any thing can be more abfurd, than to prefeni, cursid and fxore, saying, I suppose that men situated as Ezekiel know no: the man. The extraordinaand Daniel were should employ their ry circumítances, laid by Matthew (ch. time and thoughts about what was to xxvii, 51–53) 10 have alleudet Ibe bappen to other nations, a thousand or crucifixion, are noi menrioned by the two thousand years afterwards. The C2

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