10 meet in. The members thus affoci then taken away all the fire arms gor ated were called the philanthropic fo- in the house, and concealed them ciety, and any member who should pro. under a hay-rick, belonging to a man pole a friend had the liberty of introdu. 1..we' neighbourhood, who was a comcing, him. He then proved his own wittee man; that the prisoner was admission to the fociety of defenders, walking up Blackhorfe lane with the and the oaths administered and signals witness, and pointed out to him the communicated to him by Weldon, of house of the committee-man, and the the black horse, as stated in the former spot in the field wherein the hay-rick trial, also the meeting in Plunket fireet food, under which the arms had been of de enders, the subscription there en- concealed, and also shewed him at a tered into for the purchase of gunpow. . distance the house which had been robder, and the subsequent meeting at bed of those arms; the blunderbuss the Stony-batter, where a young man whom said he had left with a person to have he did not know was introduced and it mended. sworn, and received the defender's sig The witness afterwards attended a nals from Hart; he says it was at this meeting of defenders at the house of last mentioned meciing he first saw the one Toole, at the upper end of Corkprisoner Leary, who was then rather in street, where he, with some others, were liquor; he could not swear politively taken. He knew before he went there, that Leary was in the room with the that there was to be a meeting of de reft of the company, either when the fenders, and had told Mr. Cowen (to defender's oath' was adminiftered by whom he made this discovery) and al. Hart, for the purpose of getting arms derman James ;-the prisoner was do to assist the French in case of invasion at the meeting in Drury-lane, when explained by him ; nor is he positive Coffee was in the chair.

He made that Leary was in the room at the time ibis discovery to Mr. Cowen on the Hart called upon all the members pre- 24th of August; the meeting at Toole's fent that they would attend on the fol. was the Saturday following: lowing nighi, armed for the purpose of Cross-examined by Counsellor Mac going out to seize arms; but he has Nally. The winne Is faid he is bred a seen Leary use the defender's figns in proteftant, and always professed tha the street, and fome days after the meet. religion, and riever did declare to any ing ar Stony harter the prisoner told one he did not believe the existence of him, that on the night of that mecting, God. He says, that Burke, Lebland after he (the wiintis) went away, the par. Dry, Galland, and several others of th ty went to a house in Black-horse-lane, philanthropic' society, did endeavou the servant of which was a defender; strenuously to persuade him there wa that the prisoner said they endeavoured no saviour, and he was almoft perfua to break in the pannel of a hall door ded, by their arguments; but he no with a stone, and that in consequence, a sees their fallacy. He never beard an great noile was made at the house by one say there was no God ; but he ha che ringing of a bell. That the priso- been converted from the disbelief in ner told him he went to the corner of uhich he had been persuaded, by thi the houfe to try if he could discover who arguments of the persons before me no made the noise, he having a blunder oned, about three quarters of a yea buss in his hand, but not seeing any and before his information to alderma body, he returned 10 she hall-door, and James. He served the firli three yea broke in the pannel with the butt-end of his apprenticeship to a Mr. Robinfo of the blunderbuls, in which endeavour formerly of College-green, and he had broken the stock of it. That him in consequence of a severe beating the door was broke open in consequence, he got; some small frames had bee and the prisoner said he had gone up gone from Robinson's shop, and the s ftairs to seek for the person who rang king of them was falsely imputed to his the bell from the inside of the house, He never was charged with stealin and, having found him, tript his legs a punch ladle, entrusted by his mistre from under him. That the party had




to him for conveyance to a filversmith's lects swearing fome little boys, who

to be repaired. He served the rest of were to carry the books of the philan- . ?: his apprenticeship to Mr. Williamson, thropic fociety. nor to divulge the se

of Grafton-street. When in London, crets of that fociety, but he cannot re

he entered as a member of the London member their names. e corresponding society, not by his real He recollects the trial of Mr. Jacke' Dame, but by that of William. Wrighi, son, and that Mr. Cockayne was e and his motive for changing his name principal witness; and the night before

was, that he had enlified about a month that crial he recollects that Leblanc, and n before in the 29th regiment of foot, in another person whofe name he forgets, 2 which he was altested upon oath, and bui who was a coachmaker living in the k from which he de.crted; he usually at. Bull.inn yard, Capel-street, coming to

tended the me-tings of the correspond- his lodgings after he was in bed, and ing society in Bishopsgate street; says throwing some clay against his windows, he always led an honest life since he and upon his looking out they desired came to Dublin. He remembers fome- him to come down immediately and thing of a quarrel at a watch-house, bring with him any weapons he had, a's

in which his hand was wounded; it they wanted him on urgent business. er was in consequence of a man from He accordingly came down with

Ringfend being taken and lodged in sword, and went with them.
Mark's policehouse, that he and some Leblanc said they must stop Cock.
of his companions went to the watch- ayne from appearing next day against

house armed to rescue the man; says Jackson. Leblanc brought them to an hom he had some piftols about him ; that house in Stephen's green, on the right

a pistol was discharged in the watch hand going towards Leefon-street-he house; that he knows the person who said it was Mrs. Jackson's; he went discharged it, but declines answering in, ftaid some time, and then came out, who the person was, not being bound saying Cockayne had been there, but to give any answer to criminate himself. was gone to his lodgings. They then He had at this time no ball cartridges at went to Henry-ftreet, 10 the house his lodgings.

where he lodged, which Leblanc He does not deny that he might have pointed out, and said he would get in been in the chair frequently as president over the door, where there was a small of both the philanthropic and tele- glass case; he was diffuaded. Leblanc graphic societies. He says these societies i en said he thould go for a man named professed to be for the purposes of read- Walker, who worked at Mr. Jacking, learning to write, and to speak fon's foundery, in Church-itreet, and French. By the means of Leblanc, &c. bid she wiineis and the other man walk a quantity of books and paper was backward and forward

near Cockbought, but this was only a cloak, in ayne's lodgings, till his return. They case the society should be surprised, ii continued to do so for above two hours might appear they were men' learning and a half; but seeing no light in the to write." He swears he never was exa- windows upstairs, they concluded mined as a witness in a court of justice Cockayne was not at home. Leblanc before the trial of Weldon; that he said if he could see Cockayne, he never was charged in England for teal. would take him out of the way, so as ing a watch, nor was examined there as not to appear against Jackson next evidence in any cause where a man was day-in which cate Jackfon must be convicted and executed. That he ne- cleared ; but that it Cockayne was to ver was charged with any dishonesty hy be killed, what he had sworn in his his employer Mr. Gallagher in Dub- examinations would be brought in iin. He himself was the only person evidence, and be deemed sufficient to whom he knew to be armed at the convier Jackson. meeting 2: Scony-balier ; he had a Alderman James proved his having sword and a piftol, and lhe wed them to received the examinations of the witSeveral pertons in the rooin: he recol- siels Lawler, in presence of Mr.

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Cowen, and the warrants issued ; and not hear it. The rule of evidence with directions given by him to the police regard to writien papers he took to be officers for the apprehension of the this, that if papers were found in the persons sworn against, and particularly poffeffion or in the hand-writing of Kennedy, in whose fob the oath and the prisoner, they might be read in catechism of defenders were found. evidence against him, but this was not

Mr. Carleion proved the finding of the case in the present instance. thofe papers in Kennedy's fob.

Counsel for the crown disclaimed Mr. Arkinson proved the appre- any intention of offering these papers hending of several persons at an house as direct evidence against the prisoner, near Crumlin, in company with the but only as proofs 10 shew the nature, first witness, agreeable to the instruc- intent and objects of the defenders with tions given by alderman James. whom he was connected, and under Wm. Finnegan, whole house near this confideration the court

was of Black horse-lane had been robbed of opinion they might be read. fire-arms, as stated to have been ac The papers being accordingly read knowledged by the prisoner, proved by the clerk of the crown, the robbery, and that he had lost a Counsellor Mae Nally addressed the blunderbuss, a fufee, and two odd court and jury on the subject of the piftols; but he says the bell of his evidence for the profecution, as relating house was rung not by any man up: to his client. He lamented that he ftairs, but by his niece from the ground stood alone, unaided by any other floor.

counsel, on this occasion, and that conThe examination of witnesses for sequently, exhausted as he uas by the the crown being closed, the clerk of whole weight and fatigue of this day's the crown was proceeding to read in business, he was the less able to acquit evidence the oath and catechism found himself in the manner he wilhed, or on Kennedy.

that his zeal and his duty in the defence Mr. Mac Nally stated to the court of his unfortunate client (for untortuhis humble opinion that there was no nale any man must be, however innoevidence whatever, to go to the jury ceni, who stood accused in the face of fod which could fubftantiate any charge in his country of a crime so erroneous) this case againft the prisoner at the called for. He felt some confolation, bar, his client, with respect to these however, that the evidence in this case papers, because it did not appear by refted on the cool, reflecting, and conthe testimony of the approver, or any scientious judgment of an enlightened, of the other witnesses, that the papers a dispaflionate and a reputable jury, produced were ever in the poffeffion of who, he was conscious, valued 100 the prisoner, nor did it appear that they highly the blood of a fellow subject, were even read in his hearing, or that however humble his condition, to conhe had ever taken such an oath; for sign him to deach, and his name to inthe only point of evidence which went famy, on any ground but the most firm at all io affect him was, that he was conviction of his guilt, on testimony present at a meeting in Slony-batter, which they had no reason to doubt. He but that he was in liquor at the time, knew that he spoke in the hearing of a and the approver could not even swear wise, a difcerning and merciful couri, that the prisoner was in the room at under whole direction the jury would the time that an oath was said to be be shewn the great eaution and fufpiadministered by Hart, or when the ex- cion to which they were bound to look planation of the purposes of defender- on the testimony of Lawler; and that, ism was alleged io have been given, or if upon that' testimony they had at the subsequent oath for attending a any doubts (and it was impoflible mecting on ihe next evening; it did to suppose they should noi have not appear even what fort of oath was doubts as to the veraci'y of such a administered by Hart, for ihe approver winess coming forward under such lwore he was at a distance and could circumstances) they "culd be bound



Feb. 1796.

nce with

con with every concomitant

d in rai of Jabo Leary, for High Treajun.

133 upon their oaths, upon their consciences, tion of the approver as to his religious ok robe and in law, to acquit his client.

creed His antwer to the questions in the end How did the charge against the ua put to him on that ground this day, and iting di fortunate young man at the bar this day which he refused io antwer upon the read in appear- and how was ir fupported? erial of an unforrunate man, fome days # as not! An indictment, covering fix íkisis of fince convicted upon his tingle testi

parchment, charged him with the most mony*; was, that he was persuaded by claimed nefarious and abominable complication the arguments of Leblanc, Burke, and

Layers of treasons against his king, and the others, to disbelieve the Christian reliricher, most hideous and deteltable purposes of gion, the du&trine of the Trinity, or the

nature, massacre io his fellow-subjects, and existence of a tuture ftate of rewards tes with anarchy to his country. And what was and unithments; and how did it ap| under the evidence to fupport this? The ter pear be was converted ? Nou like St. was di timony of a miscreant, confeffing, upon Paul, by a miracle from Heaven, but

his oath, that he was trimtelf a perjurer, by the timple preaching of alderman y read for he had acknowledged that he viu- James, and Mr. Cowen, and the saving

lated his atteftation oath ; was an en- hope of avoiding present punithment ed the lifted toldier in the 29th regiment, and due to his crime, and reaping ipeedy of the violated the allegiance he had therein reward for betraying his co npanions, lating sworn to his fovereign, by deserting and the pupils ot his own seduction ; Dat he from that regiment without any cause thus renouncing alternately loyally and

orber afligned, in one month after he had creaton, the deity and the devil; or, al con taken the king's bounty, and bound as the poet more happily expressed it, be the himself by the folemn and sacred obliday's gation of an ouch upon the gospel of Who, then, can think recanting odd, acquit God, to serve his king therein unul To thun a present evil? ed, or fairly discharged. How does he next The wretch, who oft deny's his God, defence appear-assuming the fictitious name Has now deny'd the Devil. tortu- of William Wright, and skulking into

in the lifts of the London correlponding If it were poffible, for one momeal, face di fociety; and afterwards upon his return that a jury of reflecting, confciepsious eous) to this country, what character does he christian men could containinate their ation, assume ? - Upon his oath he declares, miud by the belietot any charge againt scate that he became almoit immediately a a fellow subject, upon the fimple uaIcons craitor to his king; aff»ciates himself supported teitimony of luch a monfies, ened, with perlons having for ineir object the let it be leen to what his teftimony jury, subversion of the king's government

, ainounted? Why merely, that the us-, 100 and the invitation and aid of his ene fortunate man at ibe har, was at a jet, mies for the invasion of this country, house in Stony-batter whưre there was

purpole a company of persons called defenders, o in anarchy, of massacre, of plunder, that and another com, any oi dancers atfirm could attach to luch a plan. Where is tended by a fidker, but that the prisoner cony he again found ? Leading a banditti to was in liquor; he did not lee the priHe police guard-house, armed with four foner in the room at the time that an of a loaded pistols, tu rescue an accomplice oath was adminiftered, or any illegal

Uts, out of the custody of the law, and hall worluttered, or action done. He told vuld confeffing, on the table of the court, inceed a story of declarations made to vipi a felony of death committed on that we him by the prisoner, about the robbery gokcafion, for he only declined to answer of an house near Cabragh, and of fig. has, the question of who fire i the thot in the nais made by the prisoner to him, but had waich-boule? by claiming the prsection he took care that in all his story of these bie of the court, in declining to declare a deciarations, and conversations, and inare truth which must criminale bimteli, and tercuurle of fiynals with the prisoner,

render him liable to an indictinent for a no third person was ever present, so jeb capital crime.

N 0 T E. Alld 10 these atrocities, the declara * See our latt, pages 84 and 92.




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that it became utterly impossible for the and Sciences. He let the society in prisoner to make any appeal from his consequence of its splitting into parties, affertions to the evidence of any other and going into confusion. He was not person.

in it more than two months; they met The learned counsel felt it unnecef- once a week; there were about fourteen sary to trespass longer upon the indul members, and he swears positively he gence of the court, or the attention of knew no more than four, Lawler, Lethe jury, confident as he was, that they blanc, Burke, and one Strephon. could never afsent to sacrifice the life of Nicholas Clare sworn, says, he is a a fellow subject, to the upcorroborated master tailor, and lives in Townsend. testimony of a witness so covered with street, that he belonged to the philancrimes, and stimulated on one hand by thropic and telegraphic societies, which the fear of death, and on the other by were reading societies, and swears to the hope of pardon, and the expectation the fame declarations made to him by of reward. He fhould therefore only Lawler as sworn by the preceding witproceed to call a witness or swo, who, nels, and that on this account, and fee. if he was rightly instructed, would prove ing him take a leading part in the soci. this Lawler, this modern Spinosa, was elies, he had immediately quit them. a man of such moral and religious sen -He does not think Lawler a timents as that no man in his conscience to be believed on his oath, as he thinks would be warranted in accrediting to a man who would deny one person of the taking away the life of a fellow lub- the erinity would deny all. ject.

Cross-examined by the Solicitor Ge. Samuel Galland, called and sworn, neral. He says he did not confider says he is a grocer in Crane-lane, and these focieties as met for any political was bred a hair dresser : he was & discussion, or for any feditious purpose, member of a reading society wii.h -it he had he would not have lent Lawler, but the institution was to them Chambers's Dictionary, nor been young when he quit it, that it load a member of their association; he had adopted no name. He knew Lawler heard of such persons as defenders, but before he went to London, ard it knows nothing of their principles exwas immediately after his return the cept hy hearsay. society was instituted, and, at Law Counsellor Mac Nally, on asking ler's instance, the witness entered the this witness whether as a juror he would fociety. Lawler had brought to him believe this man? was told by the court Paine's Age of Reason, which the that question was an improper one. witness read, and declared himself William Ebbs sworn, fays, Lawler locked at so terrible a doctrine, and lodged in his house in Cathedral-lan Lawler said he himself went fill farther for a twelvemonih past, excepung since than Paine, for that he not only disbe the time of his apprehenfion; he ftil lieved the doctrine of a fa viour and of holds the lodgings, for his furniture i the trinity, but that of the existence of there; witness long withed to get ri God, and of a future ftare: and believes of him as a tenant, because he though that Lawler is not a man who ought to him of very improper conduct; he doe be believed on his oai'a in a court of not think him entitled to credit u po justice.

his oath ; the day after he was appre Cross-examined by the Attorney hended, he saw Lawler's wife in grea General, he says he knew Lawler and consternation carrying something had a regard for birn, and was forry to conceal in the dirt hole, and on search bear he was apprehended on a charge ing there he found two leathern bag of high treason, and had a friend ihip one full of mulquer balls, and in it for him not withstanding his infidelity. ouer a tiesige head about nine pound "The society was not for political difcui- wright; the wite bad given him a pint fion, it was for reading the papers of to take care of, which was loaded, a ahe day, and books of improvement, froin these circumstances, and the charg Tuch as Chan.bers's Dictionary of Arts agairft Lalei when apprehender!,

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