My spies informed me of the de- many wrongs you had suffered by me. parture of the officer, who had refided My intention was to live here in A at the haunted Inn, and of the route he in folitude and retirement, and to dehad taken; they likewile apprised nie dicate the rest of my miserable life too of his return. I haftened to meet him repentance, and thus to make my peace on the road, and the conjuration of with God : But my former lawless comthe ghoft was agreed on."

panions foon found out my retreat and Being no ftranger to the cowardly forced me to renew my crimes, and to difpofition of his friends, I apprehended afgift them in their infernal deeds." not the leaft danger from their being “ The crime for which I am confin. present at the experiment, and willinge ed here you very likely know: All I ly consented that he lhould bring with can say, in order to palliate this laft bim some of them."

tranfgreffion, is, that it is one of the However, I was very much mis- noblest deeds I ever performed, and it taken, because two of them were gen. would not give me the leaft uneasiness, tlemen for whom I was not prepared, if the execution of it had not brought and who had been already once deceiv. destruction on other people beside mye ed by Volkert; yet I did not entirely felf." miss

my aim, and the haunted Inn was Here Volkert stopped, fatigued and sold, soon after, to my friend, on very exhausted by the long narrative : I low terms; the fimpleton, who had conversed a good while longer with been the owner of it, and who believed him on his conjurations, and could not ftill in the reality of the apparition, in help mentioning, that I was very much spite of what he had seen and heard, surprised that his deceptions could when I conjured up the spirit, and have been kept so concealed, though he in spite of reason and good fense, hav- had always been obliged to rely on the ing 'no peace nor reft until he had dif- affiftance of other people : To which encumbered himself of the possession of he replied, ill-gotten wealth.”

“ Your obfervation is very just, but "The apparition itself was effected your surprise will vanish, if you confiby means of a camera obscura, in an der, that my assistants in cheating peoapartment beneath that where I per. ple, bore their thare in the frauds I formed the cheat, some boards in the committed, and, of course, would not floor having the night before been faw. have escaped punishment, if they had ed through, after we had made a hole not kept secret all transactions of that in the ceiling oi the lower chamber. nature.' The boards which covered the opening " It is more surprising," added he close to the wall were replaced in such “ that one is always certain to find a manner, that ihey could be removed people who will lend their affittance in from below, by means of which, the cheating their fellow citizens, and it is smoke could afcend from the lower almost incredible how willing every one apartment, and represent the picture is to aslift any impoftor in deceiving in the machine-moke and darkness others. Yet I do not think that the put the finilhing stroke to the decep- fource of that intriguing disposition, so tion."

common among all classes of men, * I'left, like your friend, Frankfort, springs from the depravity of human the next morning, with the firm relo. nature, I rather would ati ribute it to lution to return no more, apprehend- the pleasure every one feels, when he ing to be delivered up to the vengeance can prove the fuperior powers of his of the civil power, in spite of your ge- genius, which is the head fpring that nerolivy, and having lost my good cha animales us as well 1o good as to bad racter for ever. Oi my journey I hap. actions, and, if guided by a benevopened to come to the house where you lene heart, and quod principles, raises was confined, and felt the highest fa- us a'ove the commun herd, and leads tistochon when I had it in my power us to honour and glorg." to make you lume atonement for the


As I rose and was going to leave the were crowded with a noisy multitude: prison, Volkert squeezed my hand, and Haunted by secret awe did I arrive at Laid, with a faltering voice,

the place of execution, and horror made " To-morrow at this hour I Ihall be my bloodrun chill as I beheld the dreadno more ; to-morrow, at this hour 1 ful pile, which foon was to reduce to shall have seen the Supreme Judge of ashes the preserver of my life. buman kind : I shudder when I think A gaping multitude" was ftanding that I must appear before his awful around, awaiting with cruel infenfibithrone ; yet there is ftill one consolati. lity, and with more than beastly satison supporting me, one confolation faâion, the dreadful cataftrophe which that, as yet, has warded off the deadly was to terminate the life of their fellow arrows of despair, and, I trust, will creatures. comfort me in my trying hour, and

Without recollection was I standing when he who dwelleth in heaven shall amid the crowd, when, suddenly a speak to me. This consolation, friend, confused noise was heard, and every give me leave to call you by that facred eye directed to one spot : Lifting up Dame, this consolation is not the vain my downcast looks. I beheld the funegroundless expectation that I shall atoneral procession drawing near with flow for my fins, by suffering the punish- Clemnily: Volkert was walking in peat ibat awaits me; No! If I had a the front with firm and manly Iteps, bundred lives to lose, I could not atone followed by his ghaftly looking fellow for my manifold crimes : This confo. sufferer : The procession stopped at the lation consists in the perfuafion that I enclolure, encircling the scaffold, and hall be made a warning example of Volkert's eyes were anxiously looking the dread consequences attending the around; ai length he saw me, nodded criminal abuse of ihe intellectual pow, to me, with a grateful smile, and eners the great ruler of the universe has tered the enclosure. given us, and that the world will be His trembling fellow sufferer was warned againft impoftors like myself.” first facrificed by the avenging hand of

When he bad finished I bade him a justice. I cast my eyes to the ground laft farewell, in a faltering accent, and until I perceived by the murmuring left the unhappy man, who said to me, noise around, that his fuffering were as I opened the door,

Now I directed again my me" Come to morrow to the place of lancholy looks towards the dread place execution, your presence will give me of execution, and beheld Volkert uncomfort !"

dreffing himself, and approaching with I lett the prison loft in gloomy firmness the ftool ftained with the thoughts, and with a bleeding heari. fmoaking blood of his friend. Now

The dismal idea of the auful scene he was feated, the sword of the execuwhich was to be exhibited the next day, tioner listed up- now it glittered in haunted me wherever I went, and I the morning sun, ready to trike the fafruggled in vain to chace it from my tal blow. I thut my eyes involuntamind : The folemn fillness of the nighi rily—a fudden hollow humming told rather increased than diminished my me that Volkert had conquered. Aw. upeafiness, and fleep entirely fled from ful sensations thrilled ony palpitating my weary eyes. The dawn of the rosy heart, and I forced my way through born cheered the whole creation, but the gaping multitude without looking my

was pierced with horror when once more towards the horrid place the firft ray of the rising fun bailed me where Volkert had expired. on my couch.

Al the city gate I looked back and Ailength the solemn sound of bells beheld with horror a thick column of announced the approaching hour of smoke alcending alofi and darkening execution ; I wrapped myself in my the pure ferene air ; I could not land cloak, and repaired with tembling the horrible light, and hastened to my fteps to the place where Volkere was apartments, determining to leave a 10 atonc for his crimes. The streets

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place immediately, in which my peace You might tear my limbs afunder, and of mind had been so much difúrbed. kill me by inches, and yet

would never But being informed that the Captain extort a single word from my lips, if I of the gang would be examined the fol- had no other reasons to deal candidly lowing day, curiosity got so far the with you. However I will spare you better of my impatience to leave as that trouble, and honefly confess my soon as possible a town where every crimes, their origin, and their progress; object recalled to my mind the hapleis being strongly perfuaded that the hilfare of my preserver, that I resolved to tory of my life will afford a useful lesftay one day longer, and very glad I son to judges, and teach the guardians am thai I took that resolution: The of the people to be careful how they account this man gave of himself being inflict punishments if they will not so fingular and remarkable, that I was make a complete rogue of many a hapamply repaid for the melancholy and less wretch, who would have been regrief which haunted me with unabat- called to his duty, and prelerved to the ing fury, whilft I carried within the human fociety, by gentle treatment: I walls of the town where my benefactor never should have become a robber, had been executed.

had not the 100 great feverity of the " ? he trial began at fix o'clock in laws made me an enemy to the human the morning, and I took care to be in race, and hurried me io the brink of the town house, before the terrible lead- black dispair. I know my doom is er of the robbers hard made his appear- fixed; however, il your heart is no

at the bar. Every one prelent stranger 10 pily, you will at least not seemed ftruck with terror when he en- refuse a tear of humanity to a poor untered the hall.

happy man, who has been dragged by He was of a gigantic make, near fe- dire fatality into the path of vice, and ve: feet high, his robust limbs corref- forced to commit deeds his foul abpon'ling with his extraordinary fize; hors." his black and bushy hair covered part Here he stopped. Awfulfilence of his fun burni face, which was dif-- swayed around, and my curiosity was figured by two gaping scars across his harrowed up to the highest degree, left cheek. His eye, for he had but when he began nearly in the following one lefi, flashed like lightning when he strain. beheld the dread arbiters of life and “ I am the fon of an Inn-keeper at death eager to pronounce his doon.. The A-, whose name was Wolf, and who judge exhorted him to fpeak the truth, died when I had reached my twentyand not to aggravate his guilt by stub- fourth year. I succeeded him in bis bornness. However nobody expected bufiness, which being but indifferent, that a wretch of his appearance would many of my hours were unemployed : pay the least regard to gentle admoni. Being an oniy ton, I had been spoiled sions, and perhaps remain filent even by my parents, who were delighted under the tortures of the rack. His with my wanton pranks, and indulged savage look and lolly mien seemed to me in every

me in everything. Grown-up girls betoken an haughty spirit, not easy to complained of my impudence when I be fubdued. I a leait had entertained was but iuelve years old; and :he boys not the most diftant hope of having my of the village paid homage to ny invencuriofity gratificd in lo fatisfactory a tive genius. Nature had not dealt nigmanner as he really did. Imagine gardly with me in respect of bodily entherefore my afioniihment when con- dowments; however, an unfortunate trary to all expectation, he began. kick uron a horse disfigured my face in

My Lord and Gentlemen, such a manner, that the giris of the vilI am in your power, and well aware lage hunned me, and my play.fellows that nothing can avert ny impending took frequent opportunities to make me doom, I fcorn the tortures of the racks an object of their merriment.

The and bid defiance to every human effort, more my female acquaintances avoided 10 furce me lo a confession of my crimes i me, the more the desire of pleasing


id took root in my heart. As I grew up, encounter were fo great, that in 1614 e I was given to fenfuality and perfuad- the number of ferders remaining did I pod myself to be in love. The object of not exceed 400, which small number has - fiame treated me with fcorn, and I progressively increased in the course of i had reason to apprehend that my rivals 180 years to four millions. Such an un.

were more successful than I ; however common increase is the more remark

the girl was poor, and I had reason able, in this inllance, as by an account : i to hope that her heart, which was inas- published fome years since of the births

cefable to my vows and prayers, would and burials of Boston, it appeared in gield to prelenis, which I knew not that town the number of the burials exbow to procure, the small inconie my ceeded that of the births, and consetulisels afforded me being entirely quently that the inhabitants could not (tallowed up by the vain efforts I made increale without an annual supply of 12 render my person less disgusting. persons born elsewhere. This circum. being too much addicted to idleneis to liance would furoith a presumption, if excreto mglell in amending my circum- more direct evidence could not be obfances

, and too ambitious to change my tained, and the fact was not generally expensive mode of life, I had only one admitted, that the rapid advance of poDeans left to improve my fortune, which pulation in the Uniied States has been thousands before me had tried with in a great mealure occasioned by emistore fuccels." (To be continued.) gration from other countries; which is

ftill more fully confirmed by the result Ufcrvations respecting the population of of the enumeration which took place in the American Slates.

1791. According to the returns then

made the total number of the white males THE THE inhabitants of a state constitute in the several districts of the United

ils real strength, and the increase States (exclusive of the S. W. and N. W. er decrease of their number furnishes territories) was 1,598,944, and of fesze of the curest criterions to judge of males 1,541,261, the former being to s prosperity; as the former will inevi. the latter in proportion of 1000 to 964. 15ly take place in every country that It is well known that in all considerable

encouragement and protection places where similar accounts have been to industry, and the latter,' wherever taken, the number of living males has 1 slecurity damps exertion, or unfavour. been found less than that of the females;

ible circumstances produce such a dif- the exceptions to this general observaproportion between the price of labour ion are very few, and only in such in

and of the necessaries of life, as renders ftances as may be easily accounted for Latiftence difficult, and impedes the from particular local circumftances; aquirement of competence. Whatever therefore, the contrary appearing in Lay be the state of particular countries the American States, evidently proves these respects, the general increase that the population is considerably afof the human fpecies is little doubted, fected by perfons removing thither from

though it would appear much more evi- other countries; it being well known . fent were it nou counteracted by the that the proportion of females who emi

Cedruction of wars, epidemic diseases, grate is very imall in comparison with and other adventitious evils. Of those the number of males. Several Ameriwuntries in which the increase of you can writers, observing the rapid increase pulation is undeniable, America is per- of the population of their country, and caps the most friking initance of a ra- perhaps not fufficiently considering, or pid progress in this respect. The first being willing to allow how much it is caloay that fertled within the present owing to the constant accession of natives boundaries of the united ftates, con- of other countries, have endeavoured to fíted of only 100 persons, who went few, that the probabilities of life are

fer from this country in the year higher in the United States than in Eua . 1606; and though many others soon rope, and consequently instances of cona Solowed, the difficulties they had to fiderable longevity more numerous


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This is the principle design of Mr. W. live beyond this age in Paris, and 4 Barion's “ Observations on the Progress in London ; and by the Brella w tabi of Population, and the probabilities of 523 exceed ie in that city. Dr. Price the duration of life in the United table for London is probably nearer th States, read before the American philo- truth than that of count Buffon ; but i fophical society the 18th March 1791." Mr. Barton in several parts of his effa How far the arguments contained in appears pariial to the calculations ibis effay are well founded, will ap- Halley and Buffon, it is but right to pear from a flight examination of the bis tables Thould be compared wit. principle evidence produced in support their's in this respect. However, eve of them. This consists of two tables of by Dr. Price's table it

appears, that the probabilities of life in Philadelphia, moft of the ages above twenty the mor and fimilar tables for the town of Salem, tality is not so great in London as in Phi a fea.port containing about 8000 inha. ladelphia ; fo that even if it were ad bitants. The ift table for Philadel- mitted that America could furnish mor phia is formed from the Registers of numerous instances of great longevit iwo congregations (among whom the than any other counıry (which is ver annual number of deaths was only 145) doubtful), fill it would appear bighl from 1755 to 1790.

For twelve years probable, that the sum of existence en during this period the bills could not be joyed by the inhabitants en gross, is bu obtained, which certainly seems to im- little, if any thing, more than in mol ply fome negligence in the manner of other countries. The same inferenc keeping them, and authorises a doubt may be drawn from the great proporrefpecting the accuracy of those that tion of inhabitants under fixteen year were preserved; the bills for two other of age; a circumstance by no means fa years the author thought proper to vourable to the supposed longeving o. omii, as being years of extraordinary Americans ; for unless it can be provet mortality among children. The ad ta- that the annual number of birth's is in ble is formed from the same bills for four creasing, and is greater than in a coun years only. The tables for Salem ex- try of equal population in Europe, this Kibit evident proof of their defects, by faci mult result from a greater mortality fhewing fuch an irregularity in the de- in the advanced ages; but as the forner crements of life as was never observed is the most probable, it would be im in any confiderable place where regis- proper to adopt the latter conclufion, ters have been kept colerably correct. unless it should be warranted by more There are cerlainly very flender and un- correct accounts of the births and bu fatisfaciory data to draw any inference rials in America than have hitherto beeg from refpecting the probabilities of life published. J.J. GRELLIER in the country at large, or even in the city of Philadelphia itself, containing so

Anecdotes. large a body as 42,000 inhabitants; but

LE CHEVALIER BAYARD. even upon the fuppofition that the tawith the other tables given with them, is not much in favour of Philadelphia. Kould leave to his children, replied, E. g. it appears by table 1, that out of « La vertu & la fageffe, qui ne craignen Tooo born in this city, 445 die under ni pluie, ni veni, ni lempête, ni torce the age of three years; whereas accord- d'homme.” Valour, replied he, and ing 10 count de Buffon's tables, only prudence, which neither are afraid of 420 die in Paris, and 413 in London, rain, nor of wind, nor of the tempeft, wider this age; and according to Dr. nor of the power of man. Halley's table for Brellaw, no

It is said of Bayarı, that he assaulted than 29o. From the Philadelphia ta- like a grey hound, that he defended him ble it alio appears, that, out of 1000 felf like a boar, and that he ran away births 368 attain to more than 20 years like a wolf(who always retires from his of age ; but from Buffon's tables 433 pursuers with his face towards them).


betes are correct, the comparifon of them. Tbeing afked What legacy a fathe


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