ming Maryna ; and heard, with admi- indifference which told him she had not
ration, ber prudential character, from Haken his infinuation to herself. Thus
all who spoke of her. “I am sure,” several weeks passed away, ull Verblan
thought he, “ I shall find the way to was positive she loved him, and hugged
her heart. She blushes that is a sign himfelf in the good fortune of poffefling
of fine feeling. She speaks little, but the affections of a prude.
that betrays her good sente. Ah !

Satisfied, from the softness of her what a happy man fhall I be, with a looks, the pointed manner of her rewoman of sense! I know she will ception, the blushes that often fuffused despise wealth, in comparison of love her checks at his sudden appearance, and talent; and, besides, the woman and the distance with which the fome. whom I can adore, must love me only times affected to treat him, that the any one can love my wealth.” would readily yield to love and poverty,

Amused, and in love, Verblan hal- he ventured, in pathetic language, tened to fit himself for the part he had to describe to her the tortures of his to act. He calt aside the trappings of agitated bolom. " Ah, charming Mawealth ; cloathed himself in the homble ryna !" said he, with a figh, garb of a bourgeois; and, as the son of you return the affections of a man a merchant, came to collect the wreck who adores you? Does that gentle of a little fortune among Parisian cre- breast admit the insinuating foriness ditors. He was introduced to Maryna's of love ? Can you accept a man who father, who was a man of letters. This values you for your sense, who will rewas a fine opportunity for the display joice to receive you with no other porof intellectual knowledge; and, in the rion than your own merit, and wholapresence of the lovely brunette, Verblan ments that he has not a fortune equal did not fail to shine. He displayed his to that merit to bellow?" knowledge of antient learning ; traver “ I know noi," said she, with appa: fed the Grecian and Roman shores; rent diffidence. “I an yet 100 young and danced through the belles lettres : 10 think of love. I never mean to but his eloquence shone out with pecu- marry." liar luftre, when he touched on poetry ; So much for the first declaration, and, as his eyes turned on Maryna for Verblan was in despair; he did not approbation, a flight blush, and a diffi- know what to think, but he recurned dent confusion, thrilled through his the next day to the charge. He defirheart.

ed to know, if her refusal proceeded He retired home in an extacy, and from his poverty. spent the night in composing a poem, No," said she ; can you think wherein love and poverty were admira- it? I will never marry a man for his bly pourtrayed : he did not defçend to wealih ; but I do not love flatter, because he thought flattery, to a This was accompanied with a smile prude, would be infipid; he confined chat implied the contrary. He would himself folely to senfe, or raiher non- have caught her in his arms, and have sense; and, the next day, haftened to endeavoured to extort a kinder confefprefeng it.

He found his adorable fion; but he feared to offend her delialone. She blused with the prettiest cacy, and lat like a fool till her father confusion in the world. " Ab !" entered. thought Verblan, the loves me al. In this sort of trilling, he dangled ready." They discoursed on Arcadian several months ; always certain of bepleasures. Verblan ventured to say, ing beloved, and always refused in a how. happy he should be with a nymph manner that decided nothing. At so modest and so good; who knew length, he determiced to know his fate how to rise superior to all the trifes of withịut fubterfuge; and, finding an life, and enjoy the calm plealures of opportunity, he ventured to say"Crusural retirement. She did not contra- el girl ! why will you corture me with diet him; on the contrary, she allowed this doubt? Why will you not accept as it would be charming, with an me, or at once tell me that you bate


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me; and for why? You have said that her character too much to reproach it is not my poverty

. which you reject; her; he contented himself with saying Tell me, ihen, what other reason you Madam, you delight to torment have, that I may, if possible, endeavour me. You have loft a heart that would to remove it!

have cherished you through life. I fly “ I do not know !" said the, with from you, never to return !" her usual indifference, “

Why will you

He haftened away, and met with his teaze me, when I tell you that I do not friend Bellcour. “Well,” said the latlove you?”

ter, how does the gencle and fenti" But you will, perhaps? You own, menial Maryna? When does the reyou do not know your objection : you tire with you to love and a collage ?”– know the candour of my heart, and “ never!. you will love me in a little time.” “ Ha ! ha! she has jilted you, has . No, never !” said she laughing. the? Well, you are now fick of prudes,

Verblan was confounded. Was he who disguise ignorance under a preto believe his eyes or his ears? He be- tended modesty ; vanity under apparent gan to think she did not poffefs all that humility; and love to torment, while good lense which he had supposed, and they appear sentimental, candid, and he was certain that the wanted gene. open! Would you believe it, this chic rofily. But he was in love ; and, of yours was engaged to an old hunks?" iberefore, , made a thousand excuses.

... How ?” He returned often to the same story ;

" It is true.

She is to be married each time was to be the last ; but still shortly, and you will enjoy your trihe was dismissed with negatives and umph. She refused you only because failes.

she thought you poor. She will take Determined no longer to bear the him, because the thinks him rich.” forments fhe inflicted-oow making himself certain, from some accidental An Account of a new Churn, invented expressions of tenderness, and then by Mr. William Bowler, for which a despairing, from the coldness the af. Premium of Thirty Guineas was voi. fumed-he arrived at the house.

“ Ma

ed to him by the Society for the Encoudam," said be, seriously, “I am come ragement of Arts, Esc. bither to be yours, or fly you for ever! I do not now ask for the reafon of your MR.BOWLER: the inventor of the if you feel for me any partiality ? Tri- commended to the society by James fic not with me any longer : be the Berwick, Esq. of Waltham Abbey, generous girl I loved, whom I do love; Ellex. . This churn,' says Mr. Berwick, and accepi, or dismiss me, at once, and in his letter to the secretary, ‘is, upon for ever!"

trial, much superior to any churn that I “ I have told you,” said she, with know of now in ufe. My fervant has ber ufual smile, " that I cannot love been, for the two last times of churning, you. It is you who persecute me. with the butter-churn ten or (welve Go! I will never have you”—“ You hours : I have known many farmers are serious ?"-"Yes.”_" Then why, who have been iwo days before they If these are actually your sentiments, have got butter ; and upon a fair trial, did you not tell me fo before, that I with this new-invented churn, it produce might have spared myself this trou- ed good butter within the hour. ble?"-". I have told you so often. When did I ever give you any en


The churn iiself is of the barrel kind, Verblan paused; he was confound being a cylinder, eighteen inches diameed. He could not say that she had, ter, and nine inches wide; the fides with her mouth; but, even now, her wood, and the rim tin plate, having looks, and her smiles, filled him with two openings; the one, eight inches and scubt. He despised the meanness of a half long, by fourinches wide, through

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the active and induftrious boast with regulate what he himself left unregu-
vigour the auspicious iufluence of their lated
gcod Fortune ; and seem to think all the He, who to ardour of conception unites
exertions of others in vain, unlefs fa- vigour of action, will feldom have occa-
voured by this fickle goddels, Fortune. fion to charge Fortune with neglect, or
But whai is this Fortune, which is so God with injustice; but, on the contrary,
often trumped in our ears as the sove- will often feel sensations of the most
reign arbiter of terrestrial affairs ? Is it heart-felt gratitude to the Supreme Dif.
Something? Is it nothing? I will not penser of all things.
deign to say it has any analogy to the Belfafienfis.

1. A. B.
Author of lime itfelt, but a mere bug-
bear, the idol of ignorance, adapted to Experiments and Observations on the
make faves of the timid, and tyrants of Constituent Parts of the Potatoe-R591.
the courageous.

By George Pearson, M. D. F.R. S.

[From the Report of the Committee of In æquo est dolor amiffæ rei, & timor the Board of Agriculture, concerning amitiendæ.

the Culture and Use of Potatoes.) The indolent man who fits down THE Board of Agriculture having of Fortune, either fits till disease puis composition, or paris, of which the poan end to all his exertions of body and tatoe root confifts, and particularly to mind; or till the means of attainment ascertain the proportion and nature of are in ob- hands of others more active the watery part; I have now the hoand perfevering. Dubia plus torquent nour of laying before the Board the folmala.

lowing experiments and observations. It would appear, and perhaps very It will be proper first to observe, that juftly, that this dependence on Fortune the fort of potatoe-root used in these is no other than an insatiable defire of experiments, was that well known by being, metamorphosed into something the name of kidney por aroc ; and that magnificent and furpafling, or a pheno the skin was taken off by paring it in menon of nature, without exercising the the usual way. - necessary means invefted in them by the Experiment 1. Three thousand five Author of their existence.

hundred grains of potatoe-roots, cut

inio slices of about one-eighth to onequanto felicior hic, qui twelfth of an inch in thickness, after Nil cuperet; quam qui totum tibi pof- expolure in a large glafs dilh to ibe feret orbem.

heat of the steam of a water-bath, of

one hundred and ninety to two hundred These cadets of fortune may be truly degrees of Fahrenheii's thermometer, faid to be the people who bury their afforded one thousand grains of a very talent, and who will to reap where brille, hard, heavy Lubftance. Some they have not to wed--a practice repug- pieces of this substance were whitista, nant to all the laws of God and man. others brown, and many of ihein also It would be abfurd to deny the Author were black, being a little burnt. of Nature's fupremacy and superin Experiment 2. On a repetition of tending power; and it must be equally the preceding experiment, the result absurd, and even an insult to chat lupre- was nearly ihe fame; three thousand macy, to suppose another being, one five hundred grains of potatoe-roots afequal in power, but capricious and par- fording about one thoutand grains of tial in diftributing the gifts of an all. hard brittle fubftance. wile God. In short, it is no less than Experiment 3. Seven thousand grains laying, that God was incapable of of sliced potatoe-roots, created as in the governing she universe by his own cter. preceding experiments, yielded two nal and unchangeable laws, without the thousand one hundred grains of dry asistance of some difpenfing power, 10 bristle matter. . ,


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Experiment 4. Three ihousand grains cerated twenty-four hours, during which of liced potatoe-roots, being evaporated time the mixture was frequently stirred, in a sand-bath, of a higher iemperature a clear dark brown liquid, of the smell than the water-bath, there remained of potatoe-roor, poffeffing neither acid vine hundred grains of brindle, dry, nor alkaline properties, was poured off ; hard pieces of matter; moft of which leaving behind a large proportion of were burnt a little, and black.

leafy or fibrous substance, and a preciExperiment 5. The whitish and pitate of white impalpable powder unburnt dried 'llices of potatoe-roots, This white precipitate and fibrous subbeing ground to powiler, afforded a' ftance were macerated repeatedly, with greyith meal or farina, of the taste of freth portions of water, till the decanted raw potatoe-root, of about the faine liquor was colourless, and without Imell specific gravity, and drier than meal of or talte. The fibrous substance and wheat in iis ułual itare.

white precipitate, being mixed with From the above experiments it ap- water, were poured upon a fine hairpears that potatoe-oors afford "about fieve, through which the water passed, two-levenths of their weighe, or twenty- carrying with it the white precipitate; eight to thirty per cent. of incal. Hence, the fibrous matter was left behind. The it a bushel of ihese roots weigh feventy- white sediment, deposited from the filfive pounds, it thould yield tweniy onerated water on ftanding, being collect. or twenty-iwo pounds of meal.

ed and dried, weighed one thousand and Experiment 6. Seventeen choufand fifty grains : it had the obvious or fena five hundred grains, or three pounds fible properties of starch or wheat, and and half an ounce, troy-weight, of afforded a transparent jelly with boilBiced potatoe rools, were diftuled to ing water. The leafy and fibrous subdryness by the heat of the steam of wa- itance, being dried, formed fmall, hard, ter.

brittle, irregular figured maffes, which The difilled liquid amounted to amounied in weight to fix hundred thirteen thousand grains, or about grains. A pint of the first filtrated · twenty-seven ounccs, and measured near brown liquid, poured off from the leafy one pint and ten

The dry fubftance and white precipitate, being matter in the retort weighed nearly four evaporated, an extract was obtained, thousand five hundred grains.

which had a ftrong smell of potatoes, The diftillid liquid was clear and and of empyreuma. It had a flight colourless as rock-water; it had the faltish taste; but, to the rest of turntol imell of the potatoe-root, and also a and turmerick, betrayed no acid nor fight empyreumatick (mell; it had no alkaline properties. The whole extalle; it did not alter the colour of pa- tract or soluble mucilage in seven thouper ftained with turnsol, nor that with fand grains of potatoe-rool, by estimaiurmerick. Being evaporated into dry. tion, was from three hundred and fifty ness, a quantity of residue was left be- to four hundred grains ; of course, the hind, but much 100 fmall in quantity quantity of water in this quantity of to be collected and weighed; it seemed potatoe root was about five thousand to be common falt, which I imputed to grains. the water with which the receiver had Experiment 8. A litle of the dried been washed. This dililled liquid may lealy substance obtained in the last extherefore be considered to be pure wa- periment, and also a litile of the extract, ter, excepting the impregnation with a emitted, while burning, the Imell of falittic effential, or volatile, and perhaps rinaceous fubftances, and not at all that empyreumatick, oil.

of animal matter in general, or of glue Experiment 7. A quantity of pota- of wheat in particular. toe-roois was rasped ; and in this ftare Experiment 9: A bit of paper ftainthey resembled curdy matter in watery od blue by turniol, being applied to a liquid. Of these rasped potatoes feven slice of potatoe root, was inftantly turnthousand grains were mixed with four ed to a red colour. piors of river-water.

Alter being ma Experiment 10. One thoufand grains Hib. Mag. Feb. 1796.





of potatoe roots being burnt in an open extraneous matters, introduced into the crucible, fifieen grains of ashes were plant along with water, air, and other left, which consisted principally of mild aliment; or are secreted by the powers potash, probably mixed with earth, ox- of the vegetable economy. ide, or calx of iron, and of manganese, 6. There is also, in the root under common falt, and perhaps phosphoric examination, volatile essential oil, or acid united to lime.

Spiritus rector, to which are owing its Conclusion and Remarks. Imell, and what little taste it poffeffes. 1. It appears from the above experi. The proportion of volatile oil is too ments (1–7.) that one hundred parts small even to be estimated ; and most of potatoe-100t, deprived of its skin or of it seems to fly off with the water bran, confft of

during diftillation, or evaporation. The 1. Water

68 to 72 greatest part, or the whole, of this oil, 2. Meal

32 to 28 may be washed out along with the

extract or soluble mucilage, as appears 100 from Experiment 7.

7. There is in the juice or water of 2. The meal consists of three different the potatoe-root an acid-Experiment substances

9.--- which disappears upon burning Starch or

fecula 17 to 15 the root to ashes-Experiment 10.2. Leafy or fibrous matter 9 10 g either because it is decompounded by 3. Extract or soluble muci.

the fire, or evaporated, or because it enlage

6 to 5 ters into chemical union during the

combustion. This acid is not discover32 28 able in the filtrated liquid from the

bruited root, because the proportion of 3. The potatoe-root contains also it is too small to be detected by any teft. potash, or vegetable alkali.-Experi- when diluted with water, as in Experiment 10-By estimation, there were

ment 7: ten grains of it, in its mild state, from Having ftated what are the kinds, one thousand grains of the root; but as, and proportions, of the different subof these ten grains, not less than iwo Itances contained in the root under exaand a half were carbonic acid or fixed mination, it will be useful to consider air, produced during burning, we can- the mode of junction of these with one not reckon the quantity of this alkali another. more than seven grains and a half in 8. The above experiments, especione thousand of the root; that is, three- ally Experiment 7. thew that the potafourths of a grain per cent.

toe-root is what is termed in chemistry 4. The aihes of one thousand grains a mechanical mixture, consisting of of potatoe roots afforded allo seven water, starch or fecula, leafy or fibrous grains and a half, or three-fourths of a maiter, and extract or soluble mucilage; grain per cent of subllances not exa- for, there fubitances were separated nined-Experiment 10-but which from one another by mechanical means. are very probably the same as are af- The falts, earths, and metallic oxides forded by the ashes of vegetable matters or calces--Experiment 10.—and volain general; namely, oxide or calx of tile oil-Experiment 6. and 7.--are iron, and of manganese, phosphoric indeed probably united to the 'water; acid united io lime, magnesia, and mu- but thele are not considered as essential riate of foda or common fali.

conftituent parts

of the root under exa5. The subfiances iound in the ashes mination. of one thousand grains of the potatoe 9. The composition, or more properly Ici, amounting to fifteen grains Ex- the mixture, of the potatoe-root, is in perine nt 10.--do not, we have good many respects fimilar to that of the reason to believe, enter into the compo- seed of wheat, and of maize. We are fion : that is, are not essential consti- indebted to James Bartholomew Bec*rent parts of the root; but are merely cari, professor of chemistry at Bologna,


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