Page. 249


LETTER 49. To his Grace the Duke of Grafton 50. To liis Grace the Duke of Grafton

253 51. From the Rev. Mr. Horne to Junius

258 52. Junius to the Rev. Mr. Horne

260 53. From the Rev. Mr. Horne to Junius. 263 54. Junius to the Printer of the Public Advertiser 276 55. Philo Junius to the Printer of the Public Advertiser..

286 56. The Rev. Mr. Horne to Junius.

• 288 57. Junius to his Grace the Duke of Grafton 290 58. Addressed to the Livery of London 296 59. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser 299 60. Pbilo Junius to the Printer of the Public Advertiser....

308 61. Philo Jupius to Zeno

• 311 62. Philo Junius to an Advocate in the cause of the People

317 63. Observations by a friend of Junius, in answer to a Barrister at Law

318 64. Declarations in behalf of Junius ........ 321 65. Junius to Lord Chief Justice Mansfield... 324 66. Junius engages to make good his charge

against Lord Chief Justice Mansfield 325 67. Junius to the Duke of Grafton...

ibid. 68. To Lord Chief Justice Mansfield

329 69. To the Right Hon. Lord Çamden


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I DEDICATE to you a collection of letters, written by one of yourselves, for the common benefit of us all. They would never have grown to this size, without

continued encouragement and applause. To me they originally owe nothing, but a healthy, sanguine constitution.

. Under your care they have thriven. To

you they are indebted for whatever strength, or beauty, they possess. When kings and ministers are forgotten, when the force and direction of personal satire is no longer understood, and, when measures are only felt in their remotest

consequences, this book will, I believe, be found to contain principles worthy to be transmitted to posterity. When you leave the unimpaired hereditary freehold to your children, you do but half your duty. Both liberty and property are precarious, unless the possessors have sense and spirit enough to defend them. This is not the language of vanity. If I am a vain man, my gratification lies within a narrow circle. I am the sole depository of my own secret, and it shall perish with me.

If an honest, and, I may truly affirm, a laborious zeal for the public service, has given me any weight in your esteem, let me exhort and

conjure you, never to suffer an invasion of your 11 > political constitution, however minute the in

stance may appear, to pass by, without a determined, persevering resistance. One precedent creates another. They soon accumulate, and constitute law. What yesterday was fact, today is doctrine. Examples are supposed to justify the most dangerous measures; and where they do not suit exactly, the defect is supplied by analogy. Be assured, that the laws, which

protect us in our civil rights, grow out of the constitution, and they must fall, or flourish, with it. This is not the cause of faction, or of party, or of any individual, but the common interest of every man in Britain. Although the king should continue to support his present system of government, the period is not very distant, at which


will have the means of redress in your own power. It may be nearer, perhaps, than

any of us expect; and I would warn you to be prepared for it. The king may possibly be advised, to dissolve the present parliament a year or two before it expires of course, and precipitate a new election, in hopes of taking the nation by surprise. If such a measure be in agitation, this very caution may defeat or prevent it

I cannot doubt that you will unanimously assert the freedom of election, and vindicate your

exclusive right to choose your representatives. But other questions have been started, on which your determination should be equally clear and unanimous. Let it be impressed upon your minds, let it be instilled into your children, ,

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