Appendix F.



(Notes on Boswell's note on pages 463-467.)




* In a letter quoted in Mr. Croker's Boswell, p. 427, Dr. Johnson calls Thomas Johnson cousin,' and says that in the last sixteen months he had given him £40. He mentions his death in 1779. Piozzi Letters, ii.145.

Hawkins (Life, p. 603) says that Elizabeth Herne was Johnson's first-cousin, and that he had constantly-how long he does not say-contributed £15 towards her maintenance.

For Mauritius Lowe, see ante, iii. 368, 369, and iv. 232. * To Mr. Windham, two days earlier, he had given a copy of the New Testament, saying :— Extremum hoc munus morientis habeto.' | Windham's Diary, p. 28.

• For Mrs. Gardiner see ante, i. 281.

• Mr. John Desmoulins was the son of Mrs. Desmoulins (ante, iii. 252, 418), and the grandson of Johnson's god-father, Dr. Swinfen (ante, i. 40, note 1). Johnson mentions him in a letter to Mrs. Thrale in 1778. 'Young Desmoulins is taken in an under-something of Drury Lane; he knows not, I believe, his own denomination.' Piozzi Letters, ii. 25.

* The reference is to The Rambler, No. 41 (not 42 as Boswell says), where Johnson mentions those vexations and anxieties with which all human enjoyments are polluted.'

Bishop Sanderson described his soul as 'infinitely polluted with sin.' Walton's Lives, ed. 1838, p. 396.

Hume, writing in 1742 about his Essays Moral and Political, says :

' Innys, the great bookseller in Paul's Churchyard, wonders there is not a new edition, for that he cannot find copies for his customers.' J. H. Burton's Hume, i. 143.

10 Nichols



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10 Nichols (Lit. Anec. ii. 554) says that, on Dec. 7,

Johnson asked him whether any of the family of Faden the printer were living. Being told that the geographer near Charing Cross was Faden's son, he said, after a short pause :—“I borrowed a guinea of his father near thirty years ago; be so good as to take this, and pay it for me."

Nowhere does Hawkins more shew the malignancy of his character than in his attacks on Johnson's black servant, and through him on Johnson. With the passage in which this offensive caveat is found he brings his work to a close. At the first mention of Frank (Life, p. 328) he says :

• His first master had in great humanity made him a Christian, and his last for no assignable reason, nay rather in despite of nature, and to unfit him for being useful according to his capacity, determined to make him scholar.'

But Hawkins was a brutal fellow. See ante, i. 31, note 3, and 33, note i.

Johnson had written to Taylor on Oct. 23 of this year :

Coming down from a very restless night I found your letter, which made me a little angry. You tell me that recovery is in my power. This indeed I should be glad to hear if I could once believe

But you mean to charge me with neglecting or opposing my own health. Tell me, therefore, what I do that hurts me, and what I neglect that would help me.” This letter is endorsed by Taylor : “ This is the last letter. My answer, which were (sic) the words of advice he gave to Mr. Thrale the day he dyed, he resented extremely from me.”' Mr. Alfred Morrison's Collection of Autographs, &c., ii. 343.

* The words of advice ' which were given to Mr. Thrale the day before the fatal fit seized him, were that he should abstain from full meals. See ante, iv. 97, note 4. Johnson's resentment of Taylor's advice may account for the absence of his name in his will.

They were sold in 650 Lots, in a four days' sale. Besides the books there were 146 portraits, of which 61 were framed and glazed. These prints in their frames were sold in lots of 4, 8, and even 10 together, though certainly some of them - and perhaps many

were engravings from Reynolds. The Catalogue of the sale is in the Bodleian Library.





Appendix G.




(Notes on Boswell's note on Pages 470, 471.) Mrs. Piozzi records (Anecdotes, p. 120) that Johnson told her,

When Boyse was almost perishing with hunger, and some money was produced to purchase him a dinner, he got a bit of roast beef, but could not eat it without ketch-up; and laid out the last halfguinea he possessed in truffles and mushrooms, eating them in bed too, for want of clothes, or even a shirt to sit up in.'

Hawkins (Life, p. 159) gives 1740 as the year of Boyse's destitution.

'He was,' he says, 'confined to a bed which had no sheets; here, to procure food, he wrote; his posture sitting up in bed, his only covering a blanket, in which a hole was made to admit of the employment of his arm.'

T'wo years later Boyse wrote the following verses to Cave from a spunging-house

• Hodie, teste coelo summo,
Sine pane, sine nummo,
Sorte positus infeste,
Scribo tibi dolens moeste.
Fame, bile tumet jecur :
Urbane, mitte opem, precor.
Tibi enim cor humanum
Non a malis alienum :
Mihi mens nec male grato,

Pro a te favore dato.
Ex gehenna debitoria,

Vulgo, domo spongiatoria.' He adds that he hopes to have his Ode on the British Nation done that day. This Ode, which is given in the Gent. Mag. 1742, p. 383, contains the following verse, which contrasts sadly with the poor poet's case :

Thou, sacred isle, amidst thy ambient main,
Enjoyst the sweets of freedom all thy own.'

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It is not likely that Johnson called a sixpence 'a serious consideration. He who in his youth would not let his comrades say

' prodigious (ante, iii. 345) was not likely in his old age so to misuse a word.

Hugh Kelly is mentioned ante, ii. 54, note 2, and iii. 129.

It was not on the return from Sky, but on the voyage from Sky to Rasay, that the spurs were lost. See post, v. 186.

Dr. White's Bampton Lectures of 1784 'became part of the triumphant literature of the University of Oxford,' and got the preacher a Christ Church Canonry. Of these Lectures Dr. Parr had written about one-fifth part. White, writing to Parr about a passage in the manuscript of the last Lecture, said :-'I fear I did not clearly explain myself ; I humbly beg the favour of you to make my meaning more intelligible.' On the death of Mr. Badcock in 1788, a note for £500 from White was found in his pocket-book. White pretended that this was remuneration for some other work; but it was believed on good grounds that Badcock had begun what Parr had completed, and that these famous Lectures were mainly their work. Badcock was one of the writers in the Monthly Review. Johnstone's Life of Dr. Parr, i. 218-278. For Badcock's correspondence with the editor of the Monthly Review, see Bodleian MS. Add. C. 90.

'Virgilium vidi tantum.' Ovid, Tristia, iv. 10. 51.

Mackintosh says of Priestley - Frankness and disinterestedness in the avowal of his opinion were his point of honour.' He goes on to point out that there was 'great mental power in him wasted and scattered.' Life of Mackintosh, i. 349. See ante, ii. 142, and iv. 274, 275 for Johnson's opinion of Priestley.

• Badcock, in using the term 'index-scholar,' was referring no doubt to Pope's lines :

• How Index-learning turns no student pale,
Yet holds the eel of science by the tail.'

The Dunciad, i. 279.






Appendix H.




(Notes on Boswell's note on pages 485, 486.) · The last lines of the inscription on this urn are borrowed, with a slight change, from the last paragraph of the last Rambler. Johnson's Works, iii. 465, and ante, i. 262. Johnson visited Colonel Myddelton on August 29, 1774, in his Tour to Wales. See post, v. 516.

* Johnson, writing to Dr. Taylor on Sept. 3, 1783, said :-'I sat to Opey (sic) as long as he desired, and I think the head is finished, but it [is] not much admired.' Notes and Queries, 6th S., v. 481. Hawkins (Life of Johnson, p. 569) says that in 1784 Johnson resumed sitting to Opie, but,' he adds, 'I believe the picture was never finished.'

: Of this picture, which was the one painted for Beauclerk (ante, iv. 208), it is stated in Johnson's Works, ed. 1787, xi. 204, that “there is in it that appearance of a labouring working mind, of an indolent reposing body, which he had to a very great degree.'

* It seems almost certain that the portrait of Johnson in the Common Room of University College, Oxford, is this very mezzotinto. It was given to the College by Sir William Scott, and it is a mezzotinto from Opie's portrait. It has been reproduced for this work, and will be found facing page 278 of volume iii. Scott's inscription on the back of the frame is given on page 278, note 2, of the same volume.


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