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10. Hence to

as they were most distressed by the western Christians, CHAP. III. It is said still to keep some remains of its old name, being now called Cogni, and in so considerable a condition, as to be the residence of a Turkish Beglerbeg or Basha.

An assault being here made both of the unbelieving Jews and also Gentiles, to use the Apostles despite- Lystra. fully, and to stone them, they were aware of it, and A. D. 46. fled to Lystra, where, having miraculously cured a cripple, they were adored as gods. Though not long after, upon the instigation of some Jews, which came from Antioch and Iconium, the people of Lystra were so far set against the Apostles, that they even stoned Paul, drawing him out of the city, and not leaving him till they supposed he was dead. Thus it pleased the Divine justice, that St. Paul, who had formerly consented to the stoning of St. Stephen, and took charge of the clothes of the executioners, should suffer in the same kind wherein he had trespassed, and feel some smart remeinbrance of his former sinful action, proceeding from a misguided zeal. This city is famous among us Christians for being the supposed birthplace of St. Timothy, to whom St. Paul writes two of his Epistles. St. Paulp, as the disciples stood round about, (after

11. that he was stoned and drawn out of the city, and left And thence as dead by the unbelievers,) being by the divine goodness raised up to life again, came privately into the city, and the next day departed with Barnabas to Derbe, another city of Lycaonia ; of which there is nothing more peculiarly remarkable, than that this is by some esteemed to have been the native place of St. Timothy, and that the preaching of the Gospel had good success herein.

The Apostles leaving Derbe 9 returned again to Lystra, and so to Iconium, and thence to Antioch; and having St. Paul re

turning the

to Derbe.

12.

same way

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arrives

to Attalia.

A, D. 46.

13.

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sails from

PART II. passed through Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia; and he came,

when they had preached again at Perga, they came down

to Attalia, which is a sea-port, and was formerly the chief again at Perga, and residence of the Prefect, as Strabo tells us. It is said to goes thence take its name from King Attalus its founder, which it

still retains with a small variation, being now-a-days called Sattalia. It stands on a very fair bay; and so is commodiously seated for trade, having a good haven; which likely has been the occasion of its being preserved from ruin by the Turks, who are said to be at this day very careful to keep its fortifications and castle in repair. The city is supposed to stand at present nearer to the sea than it did formerly.

From Attalia" the Apostles set sail for Antioch in Sy

ria. After they had been here for some time, certain St. Paul

men which came down from Judea taught the brethren, Attalia to that except they were circumcised they could not be Syria ; and saved. Hereupon it was determined that Paul and Barthence sets nabas, and certain others, should go up to Jerusalem Jerusalem about this matter. In order hereto they took their way Phoenicia through Phænice, or Phænicia ; under which name was

denoted, in the times of the New Testament, so much of the coast of Syria, largely taken, as lay between the two rivers, Eleutherus to the north, and Cherseus (or the Kishon in Scripture) to the south. So that it was bounded north with Syria Propria ; east with part of Syria Propria again, and Palestine or the Holy Land; south with the last again; and west with the Mediterranean. In the south part of this province lay Tyre and Sidon, whence it is denoted in the Gospels by the coasts of Tyre

and Sidon. 14. St. Paul and the rest t having passed through PhæniSt. Paul ar cia and Samaria, the adjoining province in their way, rusalem. they came to Jerusalem; where they were received of

the Church, and declared all things which God had done

forward for

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with them, especially the particular controversy they were CHAP, IH. sent about. Whereupon the Apostles and the Elders A. D. 48. assembled together to consider of the matter, and, upon matúre deliberation, made such decrees as were suitable to the present occasion.

PART II.

CHAP. IV.

Of St. Paul's Travels and Voyages into Phrygia, Galatia,

Mysia, Troas, Macedonia, Achaia, &c. till his fourth Re

turn to Jerusalem, after his Conversion. ST. PAUL, after his next departure from Jerusalem, taking a very great circuit both by land and sea, before he returned again to the Holy City, I shall therefore distinguish this chapter into two sections.

SECT. I.

1.

of St. Paul's Travels, from his leaving Jerusalem, after the

Council there held, to his Departure out of the Asiatic

Continent for Europe.

THE Council at Jerusalem, having made such decrees as St. Paul re-were judged propery, dismissed St. Paul and the rest of his Barnabas to company, who returned to Antioch. Some days after Antioch. they had been here, Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go

again and visit our brethren in every city where we have

preached the word of the Lord, and see how they do. A. D. 46. Hereupon Barnabas, taking with him John, surnamed St. Paul and Mark, sailed into Cyprus, his native country; and Paul,

taking with him Silas, otherwise called, according to the mode of the Latin tongue, Silvanus, went Ythrough Syria, and so into his native country Cilicia. Thence he came to z Derbe and Lystra, and so into a Phrygia.

The country called in the New Testament Phrygia, is the same with that which in common authors is generally styled Phrygia Major, or the Greater, to distinguish it

part one from the other.

2.
St. Paul
comes into
Cilicia,
thence to

u Acts xv. 30.
* Acts xv. 36.
y Acts xv. 41.

2 Acts xvi. 1.
a Acts xvi. 6.

A. D. 49.

from another country called Phrygia Minor, or the Lesser, CHAP. IV.

SECT. I. (of which more hereafter,) by the said common authors. The Scripture Phrygia lay to the west of Lycaonia, where Derbe and stood Derbe and Lystra; from which last, as lying next to so into

Lystra, and it, St. Paul seems to bave come directly into Phrygia. Phrygia. The people of this country are said to be anciently more superstitious than the other Asiatics; as is gathered froin the rites used by them in the sacrifices of Cybele, and some other Heathen goddesses. They are said also to be the inventors of augury, and other kinds of divination; and yet for the most part men of afterwits, whence the proverb, Sero sapiunt Phryges, i. e. the Phrygians are wise too late, is wont to be applied to such as want forecast, and know better to lament misfortunes than to keep themi off. They were likewise noted for their effeminacy and lightness of conversation; and, for fear they should not of themselves be wanton enough, their very music was so fitted as to dispose them to lasciviousness. Hence that sort of music which is styled by Aristotle enthusiastic, as unhinging the affections, is by Boethius termed Phrygian; which by the philosopher first mentioned is forbidden to be used, by reason of the ill influence it was apt to have on men's behaviours. And it is an observation of the Orator, that change of music makes a change in manners ; and therefore care is to be taken in a commonwealth, that the most grave music only be used. But to return to the geographical account of this province. It was by Constantine divided into two provinces, Phrygia Salutaris, and Pacatiana ; of which last mention is made in the postscript at the end of the first Epistle to Timothy. In Phrygia, and more particularly in that part of it

Of Hierawhich, after its division by Constantine, was called Paca

polis. tiana, lay the city Hierapolis, mentioned by St. Paul, Col. iv. 13. being the principal city of that division. Of this place take this account from Sir Paul Rycaut b. About five miles on our right hand from Laodicea to the

3.

b Present State of the Greek Church, chap. ii. p. 64, &c. VOL. II.

S

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