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PART 11. the Mediterranean sea. By nature and art it was fortified

even to admiration; it was adorned in former times with many sumptuous palaces and magnificent temples, answerable to the reputation of so great a city. But being taken by the Saracens, and afterwards by the Turks, it began to grow into decay, and is now in so desolate and ruinous a condition, that the Patriarch has long since removed his dwelling to Damascus.

We read e that St. Paul and Barnabas staid preaching in Antioch a whole year. And about this time there happened a terrible famine, foretold by Agabus, which afflicted several parts of the Roman empire, but especially Judea. The consideration hereof made the Christians at Antioch commiserate the case of their suffering brethren, and to raise considerable contributions for the relief and succour of them that dwelt in Judea, which they sent by St. Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem.

e Acts xi. 26. 30.

1

CHAP. III.

Of St. Paul's Travels and Voyages to Cyprus, Pamphylia,

Pisidia, Lycaonia, &c. till his third Return to Jerusalem after his Conversion.

1.

ST. PAUL and St. Barnabas a having dispatched the errand they were sent about, leave Jerusalem and return to St. Paul re

turns to AnAntioch b; where, while they were joining in the public tioch, and exercises of religion, the Holy Ghost, by special direction, posebnice ordered, that these two should be set apart to preach the in Syria. Gospel in other places. Which being accordingly done, A. D. 42. by prayer, fasting, and imposition of hands, they departed to Seleuciac. ' This city lay to the west, or rather a little north-west, of Antioch, upon the Mediterranean sea, and was so named from the founder of it, Seleucus, before mentioned under Antioch, and reputed to be the greatest builder in the world: for he is said to have founded nine cities called by his own name, sixteen in memory of his father Antiochus, six by the name of Laodice his mother, and three in honour of Apamia his first wife; besides many others of great note in Greece and Asia, either new built, or beautified and repaired by him. From this Seleucia, the adjacent part of Syria had formerly the name of Seleucia. From Seleucia St. Paul set sail with St. Barnabas for

2. Cyprusd, an island of the Mediterranean sea, lying over-St. Paul against Seleucia to the west. It is reputed to be distant Seleucia from the main land of Syria about an hundred miles, over to Cyand about sixty miles from Cilicia; to be extended in A. D. 42. length from east to west about two hundred miles, in breadth sixty; and therefore to be one of the largest isles in the Mediterranean. The first inhabitants of it

a Acts xii. 25.
b Acts xiii. 1. 3.

C Acts xiii. 4. d Ibid.

PART II. were in probability the posterity of Kittim, the bro

ther of Tarshish and son of Javan, the city called Citium by the Romans preserving the name of the first planter for many ages after. And hence it is that we find Tarshish and Chittim mentioned together by the prophet Isaiah, chap. xxiii. and both represented as places well known to the Tyrians, the former being Tarsus in Cilicia, the latter Citium in this island, or the island itself. The name Cyprus, whereby it is called by the Greeks, is said to be taken from the cypress tree, which grows in great abundance here. Though some tell us, that the Greek word does not truly denote the tree called by us the cypress, but that which we call the privet, being a shrub, which bears a white flower with a very pleasant smell,

But from whatever tree this isle took itself the name of Cyprus, it is certain that it gave the name of Cypris or Cypria to Venus, who was the chief goddess of it in the time of Heathenism, the inhabitants being mightily addicted to venery. Since the times of Christianity, it has been famous for being the native country of St. Barnabas, who accompanied St. Paul over hither, and with him here first planted the Gospel.

The first place in Cyprus, to which the Apostles St. St. Paul Paul and St. Barnabas are related to have come, is Salands at Salamis. lamisf, then one of the four most considerable cities in

the isle, giving name to the whole eastern tract thereof, wherein it lay, and so opposite to the Syrian coast, and particularly to Seleucia, whence the Apostles set sail from the main land to the island. So that it came naturally first in their way. And being thus the first place in the isle, where the Gospel was preached, hence it was afterwards made the see of the Primate or Metropolitan of the whole isle in the primitive times. It was destroyed by the Jews in the reign of Trajan, and rebuilt; but being after that taken, sacked, and razed unto the

3.

Jos. Jewish Antiq. book i. chap. 7.

f Acts xiii. 5.

ground by the Saracens in the time of Herodius, it could CHAP. III. never recover, the metropolitan see being after that removed to Nicosia. Out of the ruins of Salamis is said to have arisen Famagusta, the chief place of the isle, when it was taken from the Venetians by the Turks in the year 1570, in whose hands the whole isle still continues,

St. Paul, with his companion St. Barnabas, having 4. preached the Gospel at Salamis, went quite &through St. Paul the isle unto Paphos, the chief town of the western tract through the of the isle, (as Salamis was of the eastern,) and accordingly isle unto giving name to the said tract. In this city Venus had' her most ancient and celebrated temple, whence she took the name of Paphia. It was also under the Romans the seat of the Proconsul, who was at the time of St. Paul and Barnabas coming hither, Sergius Paulush, a prudent man, who called for the Apostles, and desired to hear the word of God, and upon St. Paul's smiting Elymas the sorcerer blind for withstanding the Gospel, was converted to the faith.

Nowi when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia. This Pamphylia is St. Paul

sajls from a province or country of Asia the Lesser, lying to the Cyprus to north, over-against the western part of Cyprus; the part Pamphylia. of the Mediterranean sea running between these being peculiarly styled from this country the “sea of Pamphylia. And as it is thus bounded to the south with that part of the Mediterranean sea which is denominated from it; so on the land to the east it joins on to Cilicia, the native country of St. Paul. From the etymology of the name, some think it to have been so called, because inhabited by a mixture of many nations; for so the word Pamphylia does expressly signify in the Greek tongue. And probable enough it is, that lying near unto the sea, with an open shore, partly opposite to

5.

3 Acts xiii. 6.
h Acts xiii. 7. 12.

i Acts xii. 13.
k Acts xxvji. 5.

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252 The Geography of the New Testament ;
PART II. Afric, near Syria, and not far from Greece, several na-

tions from all these parts might repair unto it. Cer-
tain it is, that many Jews dwelt herein, whence the
dwellers of Pamphylia are mentioned among them that
appeared at Jerusalem at the day of Pentecost. Acts ii.

10.

6. St. Paul comes to

Thence to
Antioch in
Pisidia.

As for Pergal, the city in Pamphylia, whither St. Paul

is said to come, it was famous among the Heathen for å Perga in temple of Diana, and the yearly festivals there held in Pamphylia. honour of her, who was thence styled Diana Pergæa.

From hence John, surnamed Mark, departing from St.
Paul and Barnabas, returned to Jerusalem; which was
the occasion of the heat which afterward happened be-

tween the two Apostles concerning him.
7. When the Apostles departed from Perga, they came

to Antioch m in Pisidia, a small province or country ly-
ing north of Pamphylia. The city Antioch, whither
the Apostles are peculiarly said to come, was the prin-
cipal city of the said country, and is (to distinguish it
from others of the same name) usually styled Antio-
chia Pisidiæ. It was one of the cities built by Seleucus
above mentioned, in honour of his father Antiochus.
Here was a synagogue of the Jews, wherein St. Paul
preached that excellent sermon, Acts xiii. 16, &c.

A persecution n being raised against the Apostles by the
Thence to unbelieving Jews, and they being expelled the coast of
Lycaonia;
particu- Pisidia, they came unto Iconium, and after that to Lystra
larly

and Derbe, all three cities of Lycaonia, a small region or
province lying to the north-east of Pisidia, and adjoining

southward to Pamphylia and Cilicia.
9. Iconium was the chief city of the said province,

and is said by Strabo to be well built, and in the richest
part of the province. It was also a place of great
strength and consequence, and therefore chosen for the
seat of the Turkish Kings in Lesser Asia, at such time

8.

To Iconium,

1 Acts xiii. 13. m Acts xiii. 14.

n Acts xiii. 50, 51. and xiv. 6.

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