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KINGS OF JUDAH AND ISRAEL,
And such other more remarkable Particulars, as occurred
within the Reigns of the said Kings, and are mentioned in the Books of Samuel, of Kings, and the other following Books of the Old Testament.
IN the Chronological Account, belonging to the first Volume of this Historical Geography of the Old Testament, (Part II. Tab. I.) it has been observed, that in fixing the chronology of such particulars, as are mentioned in the sacred history between the Exodus (or the Israelites going out of Egypt) and Solomon's beginning to build the Temple, we must be guided by 1 Kings vi. 1. where we are expressly told, that from the Exodus to the beginning to build Solomon's Temple, were four hundred and fourscore years. Agreeably hereunto it has been also there observed, that reckoning backwards from the beginning to build Solomon's Temple, and deducting from four hundred and eighty (which, the forecited sacred text tells us, fell in with the fourth year of Solomon's reign) the three foregoing years of Solomon's reign, and the forty years of David's reign, and likewise the forty years of Saul's reign; it will follow, that the last year of the
Judges, or the year before the first of Saul's reign, must fall in with the three hundred and ninety-sixth year after the Exodus. And because it is also highly probable (as has been before observed, last page but one of Vol. I.) that the battle recorded 1 Sam. vii. put an end to the forty years of servitude mentioned Judg. xiii. 1. and that the said battle was fought in the three hundred and seventy-seventh year after the Exodus; it will follow, that the time from the said battle to Saul's being made King, were nineteen years, wherein Samuel judged Israel. When, or how long before the forementioned battle, Samuel began to judge Israel, cannot be determined from the sacred history; and therefore I shall begin the following Chronological Table with the first year of Saul's reign, which, according to what is before observed, must fall in with the three hundred and ninety-seventh year after the Exodus, and so (according to the calculation in the first volume) fall in with the 1101st year before Christ, and the 2849th year of the world.