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mittee at Madras, in a letter dated the 12th of trepid had hardly failed, when a sepoy arrived March, that Tippoo had sent the greatest part of from Bednure with the distrefing accounts of the his army out of the Carnatic through the Chan. general, after fix days employed in feitling artigamah Pals, and that they concluded he himself cles of capitulation, having marched out of the would soon follow, in order to use his utmost ef fort the 3d instant with his whole garrison, with forts to recover his valuable poffeffions in the Będ all the honours of war, in expectaiion of being pure country.
allowed in the same manner to come here; but, General Matthews sent repeated advice of the as naturally might be expicted from an enemy enemy's approach in force, and requisitions for by whom faith is fo feldom kept, the brave but reinforcement. Under the 20th of March, he unfortunate garrison was no sooner got out of the writes from Mangalore of a body of 50,000 men, gates, than they were surrounded by both horse with 25 pi ces of cannon, being to the eastward and foot, and forced to lay down their arms, and of Bednure, and that he should fet off for that are now detained prisoners. The melancholy place next day, when he said he might poflibly account is again confirmed by another person, a collect 1200 depoys and 400 Europeans, with fepoy, who was also in Bednure fort when it was five pieces of cannon, to meet the enemy in the given up: he corroborates every part respecting field. His next letter is dated the 27th, at Cun. it; both sepoys agree there was a considerable dapore; in which he repeats his intelligence, and quantity of water and provisions in the fort. requests for a reinforcement, without which, he Under the 19th of May, Major Campbell observes, it will be next to a miracle if he can writes-'I have nothing farther to add to my last preserve his footing. He then mentions, as a cer. dispatches than a painful confirmation of the surtainty, that a very large force was arrived within render of Bednure; the cause unknown: but the 35 miles of Bednure. His next letter, and the consequence is, that Tippoo Saib is now encampo last we have received from him, was dated the ed with his whole army in our front; his rear is Ist of April, at Bednure; and advised, that Tip- just arrived; so that I expect an attack to-morpoo Saib, with 1000 French, 12,000 horse, and row morning. A Madras soldier has come in to as many infantry, with a few guns, was arrived us, and says the number of the French Tippoo within 45 miles, and purposed pushing on with has with him does not exceed 300; the rest of out delay. We soon after received an account his army not less than 100,000 fighting meni from Captain Matthews, the general's brother, The force General Matthews had with him at dated at Cundapore, of a smart action having Bednure, and the posts above the Gauts, confifthappened, in which the Company's troops gained ed of detachments of the 98th and yozd regicontiderable advantage. This account was not ments, and of the sooth regiment of his Majesty's diftinct, and only collected from the country troops, the greater part of Bombay infantry, oripeople.
ginally 300 rank and file, the 2d grenadier batOur next accounts informed us of the loss of talion of sepoys, and the 3d, 5th, 11th, and 15th the two posts the general had established at the battalions, except some detachments from them Gauts, by which the communication between and the Bombay Europeans, which were at Onore Beunure and the sea-coast was cut off. The and other forts. According to Colonel Macleod's principal post, which had been represented as very computation, (for we have no returns to guide us) strong, appears to have been lost, after a very light our loss in this unhappy affair amounts to abouo defence, by the misconduct of the officer in com 600 Europeans, and 1000 sepoys. We before mand. The fugitives who escaped from the mentioned the force the general supposed he should Gauts communicated such disorder and panic to be able to collect. the garrison at Cundapore, that little else but an It was some relief to us in this misfortune, escape was thought of; in attempting which, num and gave us confidence and hopes of retrieving bers of men and hories were drowned. Large it, that just at this time we received advice, by magazines of stores and provisions, which were the way of Baffora, of the preliminaries of a gedeposited at Cundapore, were immediately set neral peace having been ligned at Paris the 20th fire to in the confusion, and a large field of artil- of January. lery disabled or left to the enemy, who, it is to There is still a very respectable force remain be observed, had not even made their appearance ing at Carwar, Onore, and Mangalore. We are when this shameful flight and deftruction of a apprehensive for the safety of Onoic in cate it post, said to be tenable, took place. A part of the should be vigorously attacked; but trust the troops garrison escaped to Onore, which is under the at Carwar and Mangalore will be preserved. AC command of Captain Torriano; who, by his re Carwar, and the posts dependent, there is one folute and prudent conduct, prevented the panic battalion of sepoys; and at Mangalore, the 42d from infecting his garrison, and made an effort to regiment, and tome small detachments fromnother recover the post at Cundapore, in which he did regiments and Company's troops, amounting all not succeed.
together to about 400 men, beiides artillery and These accounts were foon followed by others upwards of four battalions of lepoys, giving, on ftill more unfavourable, of the loss of Bednure, a return dated the 8th of May, rear 3coo men. and that part of the army which was above the There is also a fufficient stock of provisions, and Gauts, under the command of General Mathews a number of able officers, in the place, which is in perion. The most authentic information we under the command of Major Campbell; and vie have received of this disaster is from Major Camp have strong hopes that the strength of the garibell at Mangalore; and the particulars given by fon, and the approach of the munioon, wiki batile him are as follow.--The 12th of May, the la. the attempts of the enemy. Vol. III.
This force will prove a good foundation for a ter, proceeding with dispatches for Basora, to new army; and we trust, notwithstanding our touch here for intelligence, I embrace the oplate lofs, we shall be able, with proper aslistance portunity of acquairting you with the most re. of money, and a body of European infantry, to cent occurrences in the Carnatic which have renew and continue a powerful diverfron on this come to my knowledge. coast (Malabar) against the dominions of Tippoo General Stuart, with a powerful army, was beSaib. The peace in Europe, and with the fore Cuddalore, when information was received Mahrattas, will now enable this pretidency, with of a treaty of peace having been concluded at out danger, to furnish a strong body of repoys, London the gth of February, between the belliand a respectable detachment of artillery, in ad gerent powers; in consequence of which, a ceffadition to those now to the southward.
tion of hostilities immediately took place. It is Leit you should not have received advice of the imagined the garrison must have shortly submitearly return of the French fleet to the other coast, ted, as we had succeeded in the attack on their and an account of their proceedings, we think it lines, and had carried their redoubts. In effect. right to insert a paper transmitted to us by the ing this service, a very heavy loss was sustained fetect committee at Madras, with their letter on the pait of the British forces, computed at of the 52th of March; being intelligence given 616 Europeans, and 356 epoys, killed, woundby Captain Light, whose vetlel had been made a
ed, and miling. This happened on the 13th ult. prize of by M. Suffiein.
On the 25th, the enemy made a sally from the The French fieet, confifting of 11 sail of the fort, and advanced clote up to our works, comtine, and the La Fine and Bellona fri ates, left mencing and supporting the affault with great Acheen the 20th of December; the Hannibal spirit and intrepidity; but they were repulsed, with and Pellona were fent to cruize off the Braces. the loss of about 200 Europeans, and their coloa The 6th of January, the fleet arrived at Ganjam; nel D'Aquitaine taken prisoner. the Joth ditto, the Coventry was taken; she had On or about the 20 h ult, there was an erspoke with the Blandford that morning, who in gagement between the British and French fleets formed Captain Wollesey, that in the night he near Pondicherry; but I do not learn any decifive had engaged a privateer. The Coventry seeing blow was ftruck by either fide. Monsieur Sufa fhip at anchor at Ganjam Roads, supposed it frein returned to Cuddalore; and Sir Edward to be the privateer, and ran dose in before the Hughes is supposed to have stood on towards Madiscovered the rest of the fieet. On the 11th, the dras, as it was reported he was in want of water, Blandford was taken by the Coventry. On the and his people were very fickly. 18th, the Blake was taken by the Coventry, On The southern army, acting in the Carnatic, the 20th and 21st, three small vessels in ballait under the command of Colonel Lang, had made were taken and funk.
an irruption into the Coimbature country, fub We have not heard of any material captures duing Caroor and Dindegul, when the colonel made by the French fleet except the Coventry was recalled to join the grand army before Cedand Blandford.
dalore, and Colonel Fullarton invested with the We have the pleasure to acquaint you, that the command, who with great spirit and activity had Meet under Vice-Admiral Hughes arrived at Ma- pushed on to Darampore, which fell to him the dras the 13th of April. The admiral saw nothing ift ult. He was then within fix days march only of the French fleet in the passage; and it seems of Paliagacheri; towards which place his further doubtful whether they were to the northward or progress was totally barred by an order from Geto the southward. The Bristol and her convoy neral Stuart to move back to Cuddalore. He is arrived the 17th of April; and soon after, the now on his return again to the Coimbature coun. Company's ship Duke of Athol had the misfortune
try, strongly reinforced. to blow up, by which a number of lives werelost, A detachment of 300 Europeans, together with The Fairford was destroyed by fire in this har
a supply of powder and provisions, are sent from bour on the 5th instant, as you will be advised Madras to Mangalore in his Majesty's ships Brifby the board. The grand army had marched to tol and Ifis. A farther reinforcement is destined the southward upon an expedition against Cud for the same party with an intention of enabling dalore. The fleet was at Madras the goch of Colonel Campbeli to take the field, in case it April, and, we understand, was soon to proceed should be expedient. go the southward, to co-operate with the army No accounts are yet received of the expected against Cuddalore.
fleet, which was to have left England in January We are much coixerned to acquaint you, that last. we have private advice, that Lieutenant-General I have the honour to be, with the greatest reSir Eyre Coote died at Madras the 26th of April, fpect, Gentlemen, your faithful and obedient the day after his arrival from Bengal in the Re humble servant, folution country thip.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29.
general, king's serjeant in the Dutchy Court of Colonel Charles Leigh, of the third regimet
the Prince of Wales.
At Scarborough, the Rev. Sidney Swinney, Majesty's advocate for Scotland; Sir Thomas D. D. author of several pieces in prufe and verse, Dundis, of Kerfe, Bart. Charles Dundas, Esq. which have been well received He visited many representative in parliament for the counties of parts of Europe and Asia Minor, and resided fe
Orkney and Shetland; Alexander Ferguson, of veral years, as chaplain to the British embafij, Craig arroch, Esq. advocate; and the Honourable at Conftantinople, where he collected many cu George Keith Elphinstone, secretary, steward, rious coins, gems, and other antiquities. and chamberlain of the principality of Scotland
Mr. Thomas Wright, upwards of 50 years in the to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, as servitude of his Majesty's houshold at St. James's. prince and steward of Scotland to be commif
At Peterborough, aged 109, Mr. Hawkins. fioners for the management of his Royal Higla
At Little Chelsea, Mrs. Cotsford. By her nefs's affairs in Scotland.
War Office, November 8, 1783.
59th Regiment of Foot. Zachary Baily, to
68th Regiment of Foot. Nathaniel Cooper, At Prestongrange, near Edinburgh, Sir George
to be captain of a company. Suttie, of Balgowan, Bart.
99th Regiment of Foot. Josiah Champagne, At Stebbing, in Effex, aged 109, Mr. Gibson,
to be captain of a company. weaver, and master of the workhouse. He worked
War-Office, November 15, 1783. at his loom till within three months of his death. 13th Regiment of Foot. Alexander Grant, CIVIL PROMOTIONS.
from half-pay of the 40th regiment, to be cape
tain-lieutenant. Lord Southampton, to be one of his Majesty's
26th Regiment of Foot. Archibald Cumine, most honourable privy council.
to be captain of a company. George Payne, Esq. to be his Majesty's con
goth Regiment of Foot. Thomas Breretoa, ful-general in all the dominions of the Emperor
to be captain of a company. John Marshall, to
Ireland, dated OEtcber 1, 1783.
Royal Irish Regiment of Artillery. John and minister to the Diet at Ratisbon.
Stratton, to be colonel-commandant. Richard Henry Brooke, Esq. to be consul for Italy. Betterworth, to be lieutenant-colonel. William
Charles Brandford, Esq. to be attorney-general Brady, to be major. Joseph Shewbridge, to be for the Illand of Barbadoes.
captain. John Lee, Esq. his Majesty's solicitor-general, James Wilson, Matthew Nam, William Smith, to be his attorney-general, in the room of James William Wright, John Daniel Arabin, aná Wallace, Esq. deceased.
Charles Moore, to be captain-lieutenants. James Mansfield, Esq. one of his Majesly's War-Office, November 22, 1733. counsel,' to be his folicitor-general.
12th Regiment of Foot. Kniver Wilson, to The Honourable Thomas Erikine, and Arthur be captain. Pigott, Esqr. to be attorney-general and foli Eoth Regiment of Foot. Miles Mayall, front citor-general to his Royal Highness the Prince the 57 ch regiment, to be adjutant. of Wales.
zih Regiment of Dragoons. David Corbet, Lord Viscount Lewisham, to be lord- warden of Gent. to be surgeon. the Standaries,and steward of the dutchy of Corn
ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. wall, to the Prince of Wales.
William Birch,Esq. to be solicitor to the Prince The Rev. Richard Kaye, I.L.D. fub-almoner of Wales, and clerk of the council of his duchy and chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty, to the in Cornwall.
deanery of the cathedral church of Lincoln, void Lord Euston, to be keeper of the wardrobe to by the death of the Rev. Dr. Kichiara Cut; and the Prince of Wales.
also to the residentiary's place in the said caLord Viscount Melbourne of the kingdom of thedral church, which was in the posision of the Ireland, and the Right Honourable Lord Spencer said late dean. Hamilton, to be gentlemen of the bedchamber The Rev. Daniel Griffiths, to the vicarage of to the Prince of Wales.
Nevein, in Pembrokeshire. Colonel Sir John Dyer, Bart. to be a groom of The Rev. James Forrester Fowler, to the recthe bedchamber to the Prince of Wales,
tory of Alte: by, in the county of Lincoln.
The Rev. Gilbert Buchanan, to the rectory of
Henry Burtenshaw, of Lewes, Sussex, moneyWoudnian tern, in the county of Surrey.
scrivener. The Rev. John Talker Nash, to the rectory of
Thomas Ibbetfon, of Skircoat, in Halifax, Harbeston, in the county of Pembroke and diocese Yorkshire, merchant. of St. David's.
John Tittenfor and Ralph Tittenfor, of Read. The Rev. Thomas Avelynge, to the vicarage ing, Berkshire, dealers and chapmen. of Henlow, in the county of Bedford and diocese William Dibley, of Lambeth, Surrey, saddler. of Lincoln.
Edward Thorp, late of Lombard Street, Lone The Rev. John Wooldridge, to the vicarage don, watchmaker. of Totness, in the county of Devon and diocese of William Suffolk, late of Princes Street, Soho, Exeter.
carpenter. The Rev. Mr. Barker, to the rectory of Holm. Ralph Jackson, of Snow Hill, London, linenton and ricarage of Welwick, both in Yorkshire. draper.
The Rey. William Dealtry, to the vicarage of Joho Fielding, of Paternoster Row, London, Bifhup Wilson, in Yorkhire.
bookseller. The Rev. Mr. Fly, minister of Trinity Church George Sympson, of the Minories, London, in the Little Minories, to be one of the minor cordwainer. canons of St. Paul's Cathedral, in the room of Joseph Burnett, of Christchurch, Surrey, dealer the Rev. Mr. Gibbons, deceased.
in corn and coals. The Rev. Dr. Nicoll, chancellor of Wells, Thomas Plimpton, of the Strand, hofier. and chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty, to hold Samuel Handalyde, late of Snow Hill, London, the rectory of Drayton, in the county and diocese hardwarcman. of Oxford; together with that of Abington, in Stephen Grant and John Pattison, late of the county of Northampton, and diocese of Peter. Downis Street, Piccadilly, bricklayers and plaisborough.
John Bradburn, of Tavistock Row, Covent
Garden, taylor. George Marsh, of Winterdown Farm, in the Thomas Bramston, of Ugley, in Essex, vicparish of Ether, Surrey, dealer in hortes,
tualler. John Clarke, of Rowington Green, Warwick. Charles Calcutt, late of Poulton, Wiltshire, Shire, wheelwright.
merchant. John Dutton, now or late of Lothbury, Lon Francis Costa, late of Exeter, but now of Lamdon, merchant.
bech, Surrey, starch-manufacturer. William Bennett, late of Sheffield, Yorkshire, John Carruther, of Norcott, commonly called cutier.
Southall, in Middlesex, dealer in horses. Ralph Froft, late of Depden, Suffolk, tiinbera * Thomas Barton, of Manchester, whalebonemerchant.
cutter. John Pearson, of Manchester Square, St. Mary Ofweil Truefit, of Woodstock Mews, Woode Le Bone, builder and mason).
ftock Street, St. George, Hanover Square, ftable. Edward Carter, of Drury Lane, taylor. keeper,
Patrick Kelly, late of Oitend, but now of Up James Mosely,late of St. Mary Le Bone Lane, per Marybone Street, Middiesex, mariner. Middicfex, coachmaster.
William Crawford, of Holborn, St. Giks's in Robert Lowes, of Hexham, Northumberland, the Fields, merchant.
money-Icrivener. Robert Syers, late of Liverpool, Lancashire, Peter Daniel, now or late of Colchester, Effex, *merchant.
money-scrivener. John Jones, of Shrewsbury, tanner.
John White, of Torrington Street, MiddleRobert Haydocis, now or late of Liverpool, sex, victualler. fhipwright.
William Lipscombe, of kham, Surrey, Francis Wheeler, of Lewes, in Suffex, money. coach master. fcrivener.
Arthur Boyer and Robert Keynon, late of James Farloe, of Birmingham, dtaler and Liverpool, Lancashire, merchants. chapman.
William Reynolds, of Liverpool, grocer. William Garniss, of the Minories, London, Arthur Witcomb Waller, of Carisbrooke, in flopseller.
the Isle of Wight, Southampton, mealman. Robert Philips, of Bristol, baker.
Sanuel Bigrave, of the town of Bedford, grocer. Henry Cook, of Wells, Somersetshire, mealman. William Wall, of Oxford, vintner.
Jonathan West the younger, of Barnsley, John Court, of Houndsditch, flax-dreffer. Yorkshire, money-scrivener.
Thomas Kekwick, of Weltham Abbey, Effex, Jacob Foster, of Princes Street, St. James's, coal-merchant. Westminfter, innkeeper.
John Kinlow, late of Little Suffolk Screet, Charles Wigley, of Spring Gardens, St. Mar Strand, dealer and chapman. tin's in the Fields, toy and hardwareman.
Thomas Jane, late of Gloucester, innholder. Thomas Relph, of Salisbury Square, London, George Pothacary, of East Brent, Somersetcoal-merchant,
shire, dealer and chapman. William Dent and John Dent, of the Strand, Richard Biddle, of Park Street, Southwark, fationers
plumber and glazier,