half year.

In a committee, went through the East India real causes, and therefore ascribed them to the Dividend bill, with several aniendments.

British government. Ordered a new writ for East Grinstead, in Afier some altercation, the question was put the room of Sir J. Irvine, who since his election on Sir Cecil Wray's motion, which was negatived has accepted the office of Steward of the Chiltern without a division; after which the report was Hundreds.

agreed to, and the House adjourned.

APRIL 29. Pailed the St. Anne's Paving bill.

Paff:d the Loan, Covent Garden Paving, and John Lee, Esq. folicitor general, took the East India Dividend bills. Qaths and hi feat on his re-election for Clitheroe. Received and read a petition respecting the

A report was brought up from the committee Hull Navigation bill, which was ordered to lie on for empowering the East India Company to bor- the table. row money:

Received accounts from the Excise of the du. Sir Cecil Wray had many objections to this ties upon soap, &c. which were also ordered to bill, but especially to that part of it which em- lie on the table. powered the company to divide 4l. per cent. for Lord Duncannon presented three accounts one half year, at a time when their affairs were from the Admiralty. Likewise ordered to lie on in so bai a condition as to oblige them to have the table. recourfi to parliament for money to support their Colonel Fitzpatrick, as Secretary at War, then credit. He understood that, exclusive of the sum moved for leave to bring in a bili for repealing they wanted to b rrow, there was a petition from such acts of parliament as had been palled for them actually before the House, for a loan of temporary purposes in enlifting soldiers for three 1,500,000l. from the public: to divide 81. per years, or during the late war: his intention, be cent. in such a state of their affairs, appeared to said, was to bring back the soldiers engagement him very extraordinary; therefore he should move to the usual period, for life. an amendment, that for the word four, they Sir Charles Turner declared he had very great Should substitute tbrie; so that the company confidence in the right honourable gentleman might not divide more than 31. per cent, for the who made the motion, which induced him to

hope, that as the acts he wanted to have repealed Mr. Burke entered into a long detail of the were of a temporary nature, so should be the finances of the company; and obse ved, that they 'bill which he was bringing in; it being hacking, carried on two diftinct ipecies of trade, one of in his opinion, that men should be enlisted for power, in the dominions of which they were life: it was a bondage, he said, which ought not maiters; the other in China, which was strictly to be endured in a free country, and was even uncommercial. The former he proved to have known in France, where soldiers were enlisted been a losing trade to this courtry, the latter lu- only for a certain term. crative; but that all the profits arising from it No reply being made to this, the question was were nearly swallowed up in making good the put, and leave given to bring in the bill. The losses in the former. He arraigned the conduct House then proceeded in committee to hear of Governor Hastings in very severe terms, calling counslon Sir Thomas Rumbold's bill; and, after him the grand delinquent of India, to whose the examination of some witneses, adjourned. measures all the calamities under which that

APRIL 30. int's country groans, were ascribable. Hyder Ali, he Passed the Recruiting and Ruther's Naturalisaid, had been twice sold to the nabob of Arcot, zation bills, and ordered them to the Lords. and the company had been twice engaged, on that Ordered the Birmingham Poor bill to be enaccount, in wars with him. He described the groffed. famine at present raging in Madras, very pathe- The order of the day for the second reading tically, stati g that 200 individuals in that city of the bill for taking away the benefit of clergy perished daily in consequence thereof; that vul- from persons convicted of receiving stolen goods, tures, by hu idreds, hover d over the town, that being then readthey might, with wolves and dogs, prey on the Mr. Selwyn moyed, That the same be read carcates of the dead; that Lord Macartney was a second time that day six months; which was obliged, from principles of humanity, to send the agreed to without a division. handicraftmen out of Madras, there being neither - The next order of the day being for going into work nor food for them; and attributing such a committee on the bill for taking up and imacts of cruelty, baļbarity, and rapine, to our go- prisoning fuch persons as should be found in the vernors in India, as were shocking to every man night with picklock-keys, or other implements of fengbility. He then declared his disapproba- for breaking into houses, the Speaker left the tion of the motion relative to the dividend, but chair, and Mr. Perry took it. said he would nevertheless have supported it, if Sir Cecil Wray said, he could not consent to he did not believe that a new system for the 20- a law by which new crimes would be created, or vernment of India would be adopted.

rather an intention be made a new crime, there Mr. Burke was replied to by Governor John. being already in existence laws fully adequate to Hone; 'who laid the honourable gentleman's hu- the end of punishing the offence described in the manity carried him so far, that in his melancholy bill; he moved, therefore, that the chairman prospects he was prevented from considering their do leave the chair. This gave rise to a desul



MAY 1.

tory conversation, in which near four-fifths of Mr. Sheridan said, the Attorney-Gencral had the members present took some part; and the given it as his opinion, that a prosecution for majority difapproving of the bill, the committee mildemeanor Hould be instituted by information' divided, when there appeared,

and another by English bill should be instituted For the chairman's leaving the chair

in the Court of Exchequer, to compel Mefirs. Against it.

29 Powell and Bembridge to make up their acThe chairman then reported progress, and counts, and pay in the balances. He had that asked leave to fit again; after which the House day ipoken to the Solicitor of the Treasury, and adjournej.

understood from him that he had directions to

file the bill, and that he only waited the arrival The Honourable Captain George Berkeley in town of the Attorney-General, to receive his took the oaths and his seat for the county of instructions relative to the prosecution for miss Gloucester; to which he was introduced by Lord

demeanor. Surrey and Mr. Barrow,

Mr. Pitt replied, that the proceeding by EngSir Cecil Wray then moved for leave to bring lish bill had nothing to do with the cause which in a bill to explain an act passed in the 11th and induced the late paymaster to dism.ss the two 12th of William III. relative to gaols. His ob- gentlemen in question: there had been a dispute ject, he said, was to enable theriffs to remove between Mr. Puwell and Mr. Paris Taylor, reprisoners from gaols, while repairs were carrying lative to a sum of money, the former of whom on, if it should appear to them necessary, with- wished not to pay in his balance till credit should out fubjecting them to the penalties of rescues, be given him for the lum in question, so that the if any should happen. There was another thing payment of the balance might await the judgalso, which he intended to provide for by the ment of the court. The English bill, he said, bill; which was, that if any wall or other part" would bring the matter in dispute between them of the gaol, should fall down, a certain number to an issue; but there was no relation between of justices of the peace might be empowered im

that case and the inatter for which the gentlemediately to raise as much money as would make men. had been dismised; and he could not help good the damages, without waiting for a present saying, that their restoration threw no small rement, provided the sum did not exceed twenty flection on those who had dismissed t'iem, as well or thirty pounds.

as on the learned gentleman (the late AttorneyMr. Barrow seconded the motion.

General) who had advised it. If the prosecution General Smith thanked the honourable bar for the misdemeanor was to take place, he had ronet for the motion, such a bill being highly ne- no objection to the discharge of the order; but ceffary. Three or four years ago, when he was at present he wiihed the order only to be suspended Sheriff of Berkshire, a part of the wall of the till the prelent Attorney-General should come county-gaol had fallen down; and if he had to town, and inform the House whether he 'waited for a presentment, the prisoners would all meant to proceed criminally against the gentiehave escaped; he, therefore, repaired the wall at his own expence, which indeed was trilling; but Mr. Kenyon said, that, from the state of the he thought that in such cases a power [hould be care which had been laid before him, he had vested in the justices to levy money immediately, given it as his opin on, that the gentlemen for making the necesiary repairs. The motion ought to be the objects of both a criminal and passed without opposition, and leave was given to civil prosecution; and he had not hesitated to de bring in the bill.

clare to those then in power, that such enormous The House next proceeded to hear counsel in offenders ought not to be suffered to remain in behalf of Sir. Thomas Rumbold; after which places of truit. they adjourned.

Mr. Burke defended his restoration of the two

gentlemen; saying, it was entirely his own act, Palled the Hanvill Inclosure bill.

and that he had never so much as asked advice Read a first time the bill for authorizing ma- upon it: he was responsible for this to his coun. giftrates to repair gaols.

try; and he had fi regulated the Pay-Office, A new writ was ordered for Ludlow, in Shrop- that there was no danger of the public money thire, in the room of Frederick Cornwall, Esq. being embezzled by any one, as he kept no badeceased.

lances in his hands, for they lay at the Bank, Lord Newhaven informed the House, that but were, indeed, very small; when he went out of fince he moved for the Treasury minutes respect- office, the balance amounted only to seven hun. : ing Mesirs. Powell and Bembridge, he had been dred pounds. In the case laid before the ho'informed, that prosecutions had been ordered nourable gentleman who spoke last, there had against those gentlemen in the courts below; if been one omission, of which the two guntlehe were now, therefore, told from authority, men in question had much reason to complain; that such prosecutions had really been ordered, and if the circumstance had not been omitted, he would move to discharge the order for taking he was sure the learned member's opinion would the minutes into consideration, being of opinion not have been so strongly against them. He was that no proceeding should be had in that Houfe going into the merits of the case, when he was which might prejudice the minds of the public requested by Sir George Yonge to recollect that before trial,

the House wilged the business to sleep, till it



MAY 24

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Should be known' whether the present Attorney. alluded to an enquiry must take place; but his General meant to proceed in the criminal profe honourable friend, thinking that punishment cution.

ought not to preçede 'enquiry., had restored Mr. Martyn said, that when he heard from them to their places; determined, no doubt, the highest authority, that two clerks high in to suit his conduct to the issue of the judg

office had been dismissed for misbehaviour, and ment that should be pronounced. The Pay. were afterwards restored, he could not help look. master-General was responsible, in every sense of ing upon their restoration as a grofs and daring the word, for the conduct of his clerks; he had insult to the public.

always understood that Mr. Powell's character Mr. Burke, in a violent fit of pallion, ex- stood very high; and he had more reason than claimed, 'It is a gross and daring but any member in that House to hope that he had he could proceed no farther, his friend, Mr. done nothing to forfeit it. Sheridan, pulling him down on his seat, left his Mr. Martyn said, he neither blamed nor apheat hould betray him into some unbecoming proved the restoration of the clerks: he was unexpressions.

acquainted with the true causes both of their Mr. Fox endeavoured to bring the House to dismission and restoration. Many other memtemper; declaring he had never heard of the bers attempted to speak; but the Speaker exrestoration of the gentlemen in question, till he erting himself to thew that the whole conversawas told it by the paymaster himself. It was tion was disorderly, as there was no question beimpoffible, he said, for any one to wish to smo- fore the House, the business was with difficulty ther an enquiry into the conduct of the persons dropped.

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JULY 1783.
T length our senators are dismissed to their too fatally'experienced to be fully capable of com-

rural-seats; where, like men truly fen- municating the peftiferous infection. May Hea-
sible of the necessities of their country, they will ven avert, even from the countries of our
no doubt disdain to triste away their time in fri- mies, so tremendous a scourge! Thanks to the
volous purfuits; but, reflecting on the proper vigilance of our rulers, every human precaution
measures to be adopted when they again meet, for was timely taken to avoid the introduction of a
the restoration of that fplendor to the British difease which swept myriads of our ancestors to
same, which has, but too long been eclipsed, they their tombs! And we trust we shall be happy
will form and digest fuch plans of national refor- enough to escape the destructive contagioa.
mation, as may not only please the car of the vul- Ti The Gázétte which contains the order of
gar, but actually tend to leffen the burdens of "Council for the performance of quarantine, has
those who feel more, though they complain less likewise another for making void all such grants
the middling claffes of the people--who are too of land in Nova Scotia, dated prior to January
generally, and too greatly, obliged to contribute 1774, as have not yet been carried into exécu-
both to the necessities or the poor; and to the su- tion; and to prevent the commander in chief from
perfluities of the rich.

issuing any future order of furvey, or passing any But though the fitting of parliament was un- grants under the seal of that province, The usually protracted, the moft enlightened member reasons which have induced this measure will be cannot yetgive his conftituents the smallest intel- fufficiently obvious to thofe who peruse the order Jigence refpecting the ratification of the Defini- ar length in our Gazette departments tive Treaty. How, then, can we be expected to The capture of the Bahama Inands, by Colo. fpeak decidedly on so mysterious a business! nel Deveaux, as related in the Gazette of TuerWith our ufual bluntness, we fhall make no day the 29th instant, is highly to the honour of fcruple to acknowledge thać we do not know any that enterprizing officer, whatever may be the thing about the matter.

event of this transaction, in consequence of the When those whom it may concern have re- Preliminary Articles of Peace, wièh which he alized a fufficient suni, by dealing in ideal stock, was wholly unạcquainted. for, rather, when they cannot get any more; for That all is not right in America, will appear they will probably never think they have suffi- from the article in our Foreign Intelligence, dated cient) we shall perhaps know what is to be done. Philadelphia, June 26, and on which we need not Till then, let us make ourselves as eafy as pof- make any comment. fible, and keep out of Change Alley.

From the East Indies, we have this month pofiThe dread of the most terrible of all vifita- tive assurance, that a peace is concluded with the tions, has alarmed every thinking being, in the Mahrattas; and that our Eaftern fcourge, the course of the present month. The plague has brave and intrepid Hyder Ali, is at length dead. been announced, as actually raging at Conftan- His eldest fon, and succeffor, Tippo-Saib, though tinople, and in other parts of the Turkish em- not deficient in personal bravery, is of a milder pire; from whence, it is well known, we are and more pacific difpofition; nor ought every day receiving ftich commodities as have been think it any degradation of his character, that


we to

he is less averse to our countrymen than his en- the pompous accounts of the mighty preparaterprizing and implacable father.

tions which these formidable powers have been We have not yet heard any thing more of the for so many months making.

As we cannot, Spanish expedition against Algiers, nor of the with truth, say any thing certain respecting their cefiion of Gibraltar.

real designs, we shall leave them where we found The Empress of Russia, the Ottoman Porte, them. Poor Old England, we fear, will too and the Emperor of Germany, appear to be all just soon be given to understand what they would be where they were. Indeed, we are as wary of ar, whenever they mean to begin in earnest! writing, as our friends probably are of reading,

Constantinople, June 14.

that their respective courts shall guarantee fuch POST certainly the plague has made it's conditions as the Sublime Porte shall engage to

appearance in this empire; it has already perform. spread through the different quarters of this city, It is said that a treaty of amity has been signed and cases have happened in two villages on the between Ruflia and the Porte, but that fresh Thore of the Black Sea: they have felt it at difficulties have arisen, owing to the Chan of Foggio, in the Bay of Smyrna; yet as the Turks, Crimea having surrendered his empire to Ruffia. either from religious tenets, or from custom, are Mean time the plague has interrupted action, not dismayed at this dreadful scourge, prepara. and gives time to what reconciliation may be tions for war are carrying on without interrup- practicable. tion, and troops are seen on every side; every, Philadelpbia, June 26. His Excellency Elias day ammunition and provision are sent to Bosnia, Boudinot, Esq. president of the United States in fo chat war seems inevitable; and no wonder, it Congress, has issued the following proclamation what we hear concerning the pretensions of Rusia by their order. be true, that she demands 70,000 purfes to de- ! Whereas a body of armed soldiers in the fray the pacification of the Crimea; but as the service of the United States, and quartered in Ottoman minister insits on his not having had the barracks of this city, having mutinously reaay thing to do with the disturbances there, it is nounced their obedience to their officers, did on to be prefumed he will pay no attention to so ex- Saturday the 21st day of this instant, proceed, horbitant a demand.

under the direction of their serjeants, in a hostile Hague, June 22. On the 13th instant, the and threatening manner, to the place in which States General, by a resolution formed in their Congress were affumbled, and did surround the assembly, require and authorize the Prince Stadt- same with guards: and whereas Congress, in conholder to add to the Overyfiel man of war, sequence thereof, did on the same day resolve which is to carry to America M. Van Berkel, That the president and supreme executive council minister-plenipotentiary from this republic to of this state should be informed, that the authe Congress, another lhip of 50 guns, a frigate thority of the United States having been that of 36, and a light yeffel, and also to fix the day day grossly insulted' by the disorderly and menaof the departure of this division.

cing appearance of a body of armed soldiers about Paris, June 23. We have received the disa- the place within which Congress were assembled; greeable news, that the sea bath greatly damaged and that the peace of this city being endangered the works begun for the inprovement of the by the mutinous difpofi ion of the said troops Port of Cherbourg; and that in one night only then in the barracks, it was, in the opinion of it destroyed as much as had cost three months Congress, necessary that effectual measures hould ·laboar to effe&. The 800,000 livres which the be immediately taken for supporting the public miniftry had allotted for that great work, will authority. And also, whereas Congress did ac not be nearly sufficient, as some new strong the fame time appoint a committee to confer banks must be raised to appose the violence of with the said president and fupreme executive the waves.

council on the practicability of carrying the said Hamburgh, June 24. We have accounts from resolution into due effect; and also, whereas the the frontiers of Poland, that the Chan of the said committee have reported to me, that they Crimea has voluntarily resigned the government have not received fatisfactory assurances for exof that country, under pretence that the Porte pecting adequate and prompt exertions of this will not let him govern peaceably. Upon this State for supporting the dignity of the federal declaration of the Chan, it is faid the Tartars governnents and also whereas the said soldiers wanted to proceed to the election of another till continue in a state of open mutiny and rechief, but the Russian general who commands volt, so that the dignity and authority of the in the Crimea opposed it till he should have re- United States would be constantly exposed to ceived an answer from his court relative to the a repetition of insult, while Congress shall con, abdication of the former Chan,

tinue to fit in this city: I do, thereforç, by and Constantinople, June 25. The French and with the advice of the said committee, and acEnglish ministers are incessantly employed in ac- cording to the powers and authorities in me commodating the differences between this empire vested for this purpose, hereby fummon the hoand the court of Petersburgh, and have promised nourable the delegates composing the Congress


of the United States, and every of them, to war, the revenues of the duchy of Aubigne, meet in Congress on Thuriday the 26th day of which that nobleman poffefles in Berri. June instant, at Princeton, in the State of New Vienna, July 12. Yesterday evening the emJersey, in order that farther and more effectual peror returned hither in perfect health, from the measures may be taken fur supprelling the pre- tour which since the 25th of April last his Mafent revolt, and maintaining the dignity and jesty hath made into Hungary, Croatin, Efclaauthority of the United States, of which all vonia, the Buccovine, and Galitzia. officers of the United States, civil and military, Ratisbon, July 18. It is said that Russia in. and all others whom it may concern, are defired fifts that the Porte shall no longer purchase any to take notice, andgovern themselves accordingly. Christian fláves; that all those now held in las

Given under my hand and seal, at Philadel- very shall be set at liberty without ranfom; and phia, in the State of Pennsylvania, this 24th of that the sea shall be cleared of all piratical vessels.

June, in the year of our Lord 1783, and of our Paris, July 18. On the 13th inftant, several hovereignty and independence the seventh. . physicians, desirous of making some observations ! ELIAS BOUDINOT.'

on the present state of the a mosphere, which

continues charged with vapours, went to the obParis, June 30. Our treaty of commerce servatory, and had a sort of kite flown from with America is not yet concluded. The Ame- thence to a prodigious height, after which it was ricans have proposed to the cabinet of Versailles drawn in covered with innumerable small black cight articles, of which three are rejected, in par- insects, which upon examination appeared to conticular the demanding the importation of four tain a very venomous moisture, prejudicial to into our islands; live cattle and lúmber of all plants. kinds are permitted. Nothing is stipulated with Cologn, June 21. 'On the 13th inft. a terri: regard to falt-filh. It is thought they will not be ble fire, like that in 1742, almost entirely reállowed to take sugars in exchange, only me

duced to ashes the town of Attendarn, in the Laffes, as heretofore. It is true that our dear al- duchy of Westphalia; only 20 houses were saved fies are not please with these arrangements, but out of 300. The convent of Franciscans, and we cannot think of ruining our trade, and with the parish-church, became a prey to the fi:mes. it our marine, to serve their particular interests. Paris, July 24. All our letters from Warsaw

Hague, July 1. The regency of Algiers hav- and Petersburgh say, that M. Bulgakou, the ing threatened this republic with hoftilities, the Ruffian minister at Conftantinople, is hut up Stares-General resolved the 23d ult. to grant, at in the Seven Towers, and that Prince Potemthe request of the merchants of Dordrecht, Am- kin has received orders to march againft Kafna. Aterdam, and Rotterdam, convoys immediately dar Hali Pacha, governor of Oczakou. for the Mediterranean.

It is publickly reported at Versailles and Paris, Copenbagen, July 1. A navigator has dif- that hoftilities commenced between the Ruffians covered an island emerged from the sea, the posi- and Turks on the 23d of last month. tion of which is at eight miles distance from the Hague, July 26. According to the last advices zocks farthest from Iceland, called Roches-des from Vienna and Petersburgh, the plan of the Oiseaux. At fix miles distance he observed a Empress of Russia is to unite the Crimea and the thick smoke arise; he got within half a mile of Cuban to her empire; and, if the Porte refuses the island, and failed round. He perceived, to consent to it, her design is to make war with every where, pumice-stones swimming on the the utmost vigour, in which case the Emperor furface; and, on sounding, found forty-four fa- (in consequence of reciprocal engagements) will thom at W. S. W. of the Reykenees, and some aflift her, and they will puth their conquests as fea-coal sticking to the lead; un approaching the

far as possible. rocks Des Oiseaux, he found no alteration. The Hague, July 29. The last letters from Coninhabitants of Iceland informed him they had ftantinople announce, that the treaty of comfelt no earthquake; they had only observed, merce, concluded and signed with the Ruffian about Easter, something flaming in the sea, to ministers, is already in execution; and that a ship the south of Grinsbourg. The king has or- laden with grain, named the Prince Potemkin, dered poffefsion to be taken of the island, and belonging to Meff. Sidney, Jamet, and Co. of bas called it Ny-Oce.

Petersburgh, has passed from the Black Sea into Warsaw, July 2. They write from Thorn, the Canal, bound to the Archipelago, without that since the review at Etargard, 50.000 Pruf- being stopped or visited. This first example of fian troops have been stationed in West Prussia, the liberty which the Russian fhips have obalong the frontiers. Our letters from Peterf- tained in the Ottoman Seas, greatly displeases the Buigh say, that M. Samoilowitz has inoculated people, who have openly manifested their discon. several persons for the plague; and that his ope- tent. Hitherto Turkey seems to have winked at ration, though singular, has had the desired the rapidity with which Russia has taken poffeffuccefs. He cured himself by rubbing the part fion of the Crimea; but it is no longer doubted attacked with pieces of ice.

but that an obstinate war will be the result of it, Paris, July 6. The Duke of Richmond and and that the Turks themselves will commerce Lord George Lenox, his brother, are arrived here hostilities. The Chan of the Crimea receives from London, and intend to make but a short a pension of 80,000 'roubles for the cession of ftay: the duke came only to thank his Majesty his eftates to the Einpress, and his two brothers for his goudness in not confiscating, during the 10,000 roubles annually.


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