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THERMOME

meter.

particular degrees of heat which are DESCRIPTION OF A

fet down in Sir George Shuckburgh's TRICAL BAROMETER.

table. With this instrument the ba. The determination of the various tometrical height is shewn within onedegrees of heat shewn by boiling wa tenth of an inch. The degrees of ter under different pressures of the at

this thermometer are somewhat longmosphere, has been attempted by va. er than one-ninth of an inch, and rious persons, but it was lately com- consequently may be sub-divided into pleated by the accurate and numerous many parts, especially if a nonius is experiments of Sir George Shuck- used.. But the greatest imperfection burgh, member of this Society. His of this inftrument arises from the valuable paper is inserted in the smallness of the tin-vessel, which does LXIXth vol. of the Phil.Tranf. Up- not admit a sufficient quantity of waon considering this paper, I thought ter: and I find, that when a thermoit possible to construct a thermometer meter is kept in a small quantity of with proper apparatus, which, by boiling water, the quicksilver in it's means of boiling water, might indi. Atem does not stand very steady, fomeeate the various gravity of the atmo times rising or falling even half a desphere, viz. the height of the baro- gree; but when the quantity of water

This thermometer, together is sufficiently large, for instance is ten
with the suitable apparatus, might, I or twelve ounces, and is kept boiling
thought, be packed into a small and in a proper vessel, it's degree of heat
very portable box, and I even flatter- under the same pressure of the at.
ed myself, that with such an inftru. mosphere is very settled.
ment the heights of mountains, &c.
might perhaps be determined with

THE HERMITAGE.
greater facility than with the com-
mon portable barometer. My ex-

i lappointede fard from ouvingen en O amahe misfortune incident to strument which I have hitherto con can be found so mysterious in it's rise structed has various defects, I have, and progress, and fo serious in it's however, thought of some expedients consequences, as that which is usu. which will undoubtedly render it ally called being croffed in love. It much more perfect: I Mall then pre not only attacks the heart in it's sent to this Society a more particular most refined feelings, but extends it's account of it, and also of the experi- gloomy influence to the intellects, in ments which I intend to make with it. so strong a degree as to occasion a The instrument in it's present state temporary phrenzy, nearly borderconsists of a cylindrical tin vessel, ing on insanity, and which, if not about two inches in diameter and five checked and foothed by the timely inches high, in which vessel the wa aid of reason, is too apt to end in ter is contained, which may be made that most deplorable of calamities. to boil by the Aame of a large wax Those who never felt the strong, the candle. The thermometer is faften: impetuous, and (I will call them) ed to the tin vefsel in such a manner the exquifite anxieties which are infeas that it's bulb may be about one parable from that tender paffion, and inch above the bottom. The scale of constitute it's very essence, will treat this thermometer, which is of brass; this sentiment as the mere chimera exhibits on one fide of the glass tube á of Fancy, and the airy child of Delufew degrees of Fahrenheit's scale,vizi fion: such persons will class the hero from 200 degrees to 216 degrees. On of the following, tale with romantic the other side of the tube are marked madmen, nor will the writer of it be the various barometrical heights, at exempt from his share of the mistaken which the boiling water fhews those ridicule; but the gentle sympathy of

A TALE.

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candid minds will more than indem- day dismissed with a reserve which nify him for the imputation of folly disappointment misconstrued into difand vindicate those emotions which dain, he took a hafty resolution to hide have been too forcibly realized in those sorrows in a defart, which the matruly sentimental breasts.

licious eye ofinsulting pity might only Baron Hargrove was descended from render more in supportable, should he an ancient family of that name and continue to mix in the fashionable cirtitle in the county of Norfolk; and it cles. Had he lived in our wise days was his fate to live in an age when ig- of heroic refinement, he would doubtnorance, and, ftill more, superstition, less have ended the tragedy with more left very little scope for the exertion eclat; that is, he would have died of genius, or even for the free use of like a gentleman; either by the sword, reason. He was, however, endowed or (fince unfortunately pistols were with every accomplishment which na not then invented by the more inture could beitow; and these were im. glorious aid of a cord; especially as proved by the early exertions of an the final date of his unsuccessfulcourtaspiring mind and vigorous conftitu- hip happened to be in November : tion. He excelled every rival in the but his mind not being sufficiently en. manly feats of chivalry, was ever most lightened by philofophy to know that distinguished in the labours of the suicide was not a crime, it pursued sugchace, (for so they might then well be gestions of a less violent tendency, and called;) and, though not yet in his Solitude became the only witness of nineteenth year, his youthfulbrow was it's pensive effufions. The place of adorned with martial laurels, which his retreat, though not far removed made him at once the envy and admira. from his paternal inheritance, was fo tion of the most experienced captains judiciously chosen,and well calculated and warriors. He was proceeding with for the purposes of concealment, that eager strides in this arduous career of had not mere accident driven him from toils andperils, when Love, that lord it, he might have easily indulged the of reason, and tyrant of the heart, gave resolution he had formed of remaina sudden turn to his pursuits, and dis ing there till death should release covered an object ftill more attractive him from his solitary misery. than that of fame, to be the very soul Afliction is said to be the parent of and centre of his ambition.

Devotion; and it is well known to what It was no small triumph for the fair feats of extravagance that may lead daughter of Earl Charlemont to cap. the most rational beings, when chetivate a man who was sighed for in se rished to. excess, and unrestrained by cret by almost every lady who had be the power of reason. In less than a held him; and she was, perhaps, the week after his retirement, the gay and only one of her capricious sex who amorous young baron had undergone would for a moment have proved in the most effectual metamorphose in sen Gible to his love. With all that dress as well as disposition : his shoes timid respect and veneration which were cut into the form of sandals, his is the assured teft of fincerity, he hat.was twisted into that of a cowl, breathed out his tender regards to the bull-rushes plaited together formed dear object of his affection: the most a tolerable girdle, and a tough hazel coftly presents were added to the gen. twig effe&ually supplied the want of tle voice of persuasion; and nothing discipline. In a word, his food, his was neglected which could poffibly drink, and every thing about him, did tend to prove the ardour of his own not less agree with the life of a her. paffion, or awaken that genial spark mit, than the gloominess of his

abade, which he fondly hoped might lie dor, which was situated at the foot of arock; mant in the bosom of his miftress. andhe who a few days before was figh

Finding himself deceived in this ing out his foul at the feet of a mispleasing expe&ation, and being one tress, and who considered her smiles or

frowns

frowns as the criterions of his fate, (which was in reality no other thari was now employed in repeating the Hargrove in his cave) an arrow was dimost earnest vows of eternal and in- rected to the spot where it lay concealviolable chastity.

ed. The arrow had been so well hot, Eleonora, who in reality was far as to glance on the bridge of his nose, from being, as he supposed, insensible and the blood which Aowed plentifulto his love, and who had only prac. ly from the wound was no incontised the arts of her sex with the usual fiderable addition to the oddity and views of prolonging her triumph and terror of his appearance. The pilenhancing the price of her charms, grims having with infinite difficulty was now not lels mortified than fur: made their way to his cell, were so far prized at his fudden disappearance: from recollecting the features of their though she had seemingly admitted a old friend, in his present condition, rival with marks of encouragement, that they could hardly be satisfied that Hargrove had in every respect the pre- he was a human being, and attributed ference in her heart; and to him her his seeming anger to the pain occasion: hand would doubtless have been yield: ed by the wound he had received: they ed, had he waited with patience for therefore began by apologizing for the the happy moment of compliance. involuntary injury, whilit he gazed on However,after a few weeks of suspense them alternately with looks of silent and regret, Eleonora, finding that he surprize and indignation. But when did not return, acted her part with they proceeded to explain the nature much seeming indifference and reso- and object of their journey, imagining lution, and even went so far as to mar. they had by some means been informó ry a person who he knew had very ed of his abode, and doubting not that few pretensions to his merit and vir- they meant only to sport with his tues.

griefs, and insult his misfortunes, he It was a common practice with those flew into the most violent paroxism of who were unsuccessful in their sacri- rage, expressed in terms as well suited fices to Hymen, to apply to fome ho to the temper of his mind as inconfifa ly father, by whose intercession they tent with the garb and character he might obtain that blessing from Hea- had assumed. His gesture and actions, ven which can alone render conjugal indeed, were such as threatened the felicity compleat. Eleonora was too most desperate consequences to the impatient for maternal honours to new-married couple, who made a presuffer many unsuccessful months to cipitate retreat; unable otherwise to escape, without having recourse to the account for so rude a reception from usual node of redress. With this the man of God, than by concluding view she set out, in company with her him poffefied by the spirit of the devil. husband, on a pious visit to a reverend Hargrove was obliged to quit his refriar, who was celebrated for having tirement in consequence of this unrelieved numbers on fimilar occasions. expected visit, and went in queft of They had not proceeded many miles another retreat in a different part on their journey, which lay through of the kingdom; being obliged by the bye.ways, and almost impenetrable vows he had made to lead the life of thickets, when the dogs,who made part a hermit for the remainder of his days. of the convoy, stopped on a sudden be- His religious fervor was, however, fore a wood, which rose in a gradual confiderably abated; and he resolved ascent from the foot of a steep moun

in his own mind to reserve a considera. tain, and by their eager emotions con ble portion of his property for his own vinced the travellers that some wild private use; and not, like some of the beast was concealed behind the bushes. brotherhood, to trust entirely to ProThey therefore approached the place vidence for a precarious and miserable with caution; and having discover- provifion, Pursuing his way to the ed the supposed monster in his den, north, he at lalt took up his abode in VOL. III.

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the vicinity of Durham, in a place not folitary environs of his manfion, 'The
less romantic, butinfinitely more com • knew not the excess of my tender-
fortable, than that which he had quit. • ness! She was wholly unacquainted
ted. Instead of digging out a subter • with the dignity of my passion!
raneous dwelling in the damp cavity · Doubtess the supposed me to be one
of a rock, he wisely purchased a snug • of those despicable beings who only
cottage, which had no other claim to • Aatter the ear of beauty, to instil
the title of an hermitage than what • into it with success the poison of se-
it derived from it's situation, being 'ducrory delusion, or the could not
built in the centre of a large wood, o have refused me at least that faint
and remote from every other dwelling: consolation which generous pity will
and, as leading a good life, or in other always impart to an agonizing mind.
words, good living, ought to be a pri « Oh, Eleonora!' he would add, de-
mary object with all votaries of reli • luded, cruel,yet too lovely fair-one!
gion, in his houshold assortment par * could I Aatter myself that thy kind
ticular attention was paid to culinary concern attended my cheerless pur-
utensils, insomuch that his chapel ' suits, even this folitude would cease
might now be said to be furnished for • to be irksome,and these fhadesafford
ornament, and his kitchen for use. He a charm to my disconfolate heart!'
had too frequently found the incon To disipate his griefs, he made oc-
venience of what the French call les casional excursions among the neigh-
repas de St. Antoine, to think of being bouring hamlets, where respect and
confined to them in future; and, in or veneration attended his steps, and La-
der to facilitate preparations of a dif- bour suspended his talk to fall on his
ferent fort, every article for cookery knees, and humbly crave a benedic-
was most amply provided. Heftill pre- tion. But his principal fource of con-
served the outward garb of a hermit, folation was in a convent of female
as essential to the character, but he votaries, who regaled him with excel-
took care to have it lined with such a lent cordials, and were never more
shirt as an archbishop might not dif- happy than when Father Nicodemus
dain to wear; and though, according was announced.
to rule, a spring of pure water ran In this manner had five years lin-
through his garden, he seldom had gered away without his ever receiving
Tecourse to it's streams, a large barrel the smallest intelligence respecting the
of O&tober rendering such vilits per- fair-one whose caprice had driven him
fectly unnecessary. Yet all these at- from fociety; when one day, as he was
tentions to external ease and comfort fitting pensive and alone, his eye be-
failed to heal the diftenper of his dewed with a tear which nothing but
mind, or remove the fond cause of the recollection of her conduct could
his care and solicitude. In com have drawn from it, his attention was
mencing the life of a hermit, he ceafed rouzed by the appearance of a stran-
not to be a lover; and the idea of the ger, who in a feeble tone of supplica-
infult he had received from a woman tion earnestly requested to be admitted
to whom he had facrificed every af- under his lonely roof, and to be taught
fection of his soul, left him few mo- by his precepts and example the prac-
ments for any species of enjoyment. tice of those duties which constitute
At times, indeed, pride would so far the fanctity of religious perfection.
get the better of his love, as to make This proposal was far from disagree-
him execrate her mem

mory; but these able to a person who had long been intervals were of short duration, and weary of unsocial solitude; and the they were usually succeeded by the stranger was soon furnished with a moit bitter moments of unavailing an- suitable dress, and instructed in every guith and regret. * Alas! would he point of duty, to which he attended, exclaim, as he wandered through the with the utmost regularity and pre.

cision.

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cifion. He was diftinguished by the this unfortunate gentleman ended in appellation of Brother Timothy, and disappointment, nor could any perregularly attended his preceptor in all son even inform her whether he were his excursions; but though his con till living or numbered with the dead. nection with Father Nicodemus every After experiencing a series of woes, where ensured him the duties of po- the relation of which would seem to liteness, he never was a particular fa- mock the ear of credulity, worn out vourite with the pious dames of whom with care and wretchedness, she rehonourable mention has already been folved to seek an asylum in religious made.

retirement, the laft resource of disapEleonora and her husband, who pointed ambition and love; and, bewere furrounded with every pleasure ing refused admittance among her which dissipation could point out, or own sex on account of her matrimoan ample fortune procure, were still nial tie, she found it necessary to try unhappy. Several unsuccessful ap her fate in the habit of a monk, unplications had been made to religious der which disguise she became the men on the subject of pregnancy; but pious associate of her former lover. as the husband objected to one effen The time which had elapsed since tial point, that of leaving his wife en their former intimacy affifted to retirely at their devotion, it is no won move every trace of recolle&ion; nor der that their interference should fail was the circumstance discovered by to produce the usual effect. He now either till a very extraordinary event began to treat Eleonora with indif- produced a mutual explanation. Niference, which was soon succeeded by codemus had, indeed, several times difguft; and, after cohabiting with her expressed his forprize at brother Tifor a few years, during which time mothy's having to thin and weak a her fortune was sacrificed to the beard, which to him appeared per. bafest purposes of his infidelity, he feetly unaccountable; but this was quitted her under a frivolous pre attributed to a natural weakness of tence, and left her to contempt and constitution, and every other enquiry misery, in a world where, till now, was rendered ineffectual by the most the had been cherished by the smiles circumspect evasions. of fortune, and charmed by the voice One morning, however, the pious of adulation. It is, perhaps, unne- brother happening to sleep rather cessary to add, that from that moment longer than asual, Father Nicodefhe ceased to have a friend, though mus ventured into his cell to enquire many were now witnesses to her dĩf. after his health, and the reason of the tress who owed their own ease entire delay. He was on this occasion furly to her former bounty.

prized by a phænomenon which at In this situation, nothing ever gave

first struck him with terror and amazc. her more heart-felt pain than the re ment. Brother Timothy, in his sleep, collection of her conduct to Hargrove; had so far discomposed that part of whose good qualities now appeared his garb which ought to have conthe more amiable, as they were inevi cealed his bosom, as perfectly to actably contrafted with the vices of her count for his want of beard, and some perfidious husband. Though every other particulars which had excited idea of being happy with him

was now the holy father's attention during destroyed by her union with another, the time of their late cohabitation. the would gladly have thrown herself Jesu! Maria!' said he, crossing himat his feet, implored his forgiveness, felf at least a dozen times withoutin. and made every atonement to his in terruption as he repeated the words, fulted love which the most sincere re • what ftrange metamorphose has pentance could suggest to a broken • taken place in poor brother Timoheart; but all her enquiries respecting thy Brother Timothy!"

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