(which was to determine nothing less pleasures; and all that he knew of conthan her happiness or mifery for ever) jugal felicity was, that it would be his was Eliza doomed to be the slave of pa- province to command-that of his pafrental authority, at the expence of every five confort to be filent and to obey. His suggestion of reafon, every sentiment heart had never been warmed by one and feeling of her soul.

generous feeling; brutality was the test And will Eliza submit to this most of his social ties; and his haughtiness unnatural stretch of power ? No: Na to those beneath him was only surpas. ture shrinks back at the gloomy prospect sed by his servility to superiors when which must then be opened to her view; submission pointed out the obvious path she sees it in all it's horrors; duty for to interest. one moment keeps reason in thoughtful Such was the man selected by the suspense, 'Tis past! her resolutions are parents of Eliza from a numerous taken; and much is herfpirit to be com train of admirers. Should it be asked mended for thus claiming those sacred what could possibly induce them to rights which cruel oppression would give him the preference, the only have extorted from her. This was done reason that can be assigned is the exby a timely elopement; for which no per- tent of his influence, the number of his fon will, I believe, be inclined to blame titles, and that alluring ignis fatuus, her, who attends to the following faith- his pedigree. These were to supply ful portrait of her intended husband. the want of fense, honour, and luch This very hopeful youth had little in other requisites as can alone in


dehis form, and nothing in his sentiments, gree indemnify the tender fex for the to distinguish him from the brute crea- resignation of liberty and that irretion; though his manners had received fistible empire which beauty enfures every aid from cultivation, and at first to them over every subject heart. Defight spoke too much in favour of his termined not to be the


of such a character. Never, perhaps, were the monster, Eliza fled, taking with her in fool and villain more compleatly blended money and jewels what would provide than in his composition; and the too par- decently for her future support, and tial indulgence of a fond mother corres- fought an asylum in the house of a ponded but too well with the evident de- friend and distant relation, who lived fign of nature in his original formation. retired from the world in a very reA too great application to books, the

mote part of the country. would observe, might posibly prove Misfortune, however, attended her injurious to health; and, as her son, to this retreat; for, having depofited thank Heaven! was not born to acquire, her little property with a merchant but to spend, a fortune, he would sure at the usual rate of intereit, he soon ly have as much learning as was neces. became a bankrupt, and she was left sary for a gentleman. The most un with no resources but such as muit restrained practice of every species of flow through the narrow channels of gaming was admitted on the plea of what is improperly called friendly gentility, and all his vices were excuf- benevolence.

She now soon experied because they were not of a vulgar enced those flights which usually atcaft, but those of a gentleman. Thus tend a life of dependence; and resolve was he early initiated into irregulari- ed to quit a house where the clearly ties; and seldom, if ever, retired from perceived she was no longer a welcome scenes of nocturnal riot but in a state guest: but whilft she was revolving in of wretched intoxication. Woman, her anxious mind on what plan the that last and beit gift of Heaven to should determine for her future supman! that loveliest image of his kind. port, the arrival of two servants from ness, and fairest work of his creation! her father convinced her she had been woman was only prized by this intem- betrayed by the person on whose fideperate fon of lewdness, as the submit- lity she had relied for protection. En. ted to be the venal instrument of his treaties, the knew, would be loft upon


This was

mercenary fouls; and, having no mo the peculiar situation of Eliza, had ney to offer as the price of her free- made the deepest impressions on his dom, she submitted to the hard law of mind, and produced a most effectual neceflity with becoming fortitude, and revolution in his heart. To feel for stepped into the chaile prepared for the distress and injuries of the softer. her, fully determined to act the only sex is a sentiment so essential to the part which could now rescue her from idea of true courage and honour, that worse than destruction.

we may in general pronounce that man On her arrival at Bath, he ap- every way unworthy of life who hepeared perfectly composed in her ac fitates one moment to sacrifice it for tions; justified her conduct in few their defence or rescue. Horatio was words; was callous to reproaches, not a person of 1o dastardly a soul; and, which she was conscious the did not yet uncertain whether the intereit he deserve, and still more so to menaces took in Eliza's fate proceeded from which were far less terrible to her compassion or love, he resolved, at imagination than the threatened mar. all events, to redress her wrongs withriage, to which she repeated her most out delay. But before the means he determined averfion. Everything adopted to effect this purpofe are dewas however prepared for the nuptials; scribed, it will be proper to give the and, on the appointed day, the was reader a juft idea of his rank and dragged like a victim to the altar. character. Both these were such as to

The clergyman, however, did not entitle him to universaleileem, though find Eliza foready to answer questions the latter was remarkable for one as he was to ask them; or at least in the trait, which was rather extraordi. way that he expected, and her parents nary in a person of his strong sense could have withed. She protetted a and manly benevolence. gainst the violence offered her, in nothing less than a rooted prejudice terms of just yet modeit indignation; against the female character, as neinterrupted the parson more than oncé ceffarily fraught with levity, inconin the usual preamble; and when at ftancy, and deceit; so that, though length the decisive question was put, he was really the friend and advocate the answered · No!' in a tone of re of the sex in one sense, he might be folution which immediately destroyed confidered almost in the light of an all hopes of concluding the ceremony. enemy in another. His misfortune,

Old Nimrod exclaimed, that the it seems, had been, at an early age, to girl was all perverseness; and my lady be familiar with none but the most pronounced her mad: to which Eliza abandoned of the sex; and such were replied with a smile, that in either case the disgusts excited in him from these she was in a veryimproper state formar- juvenile scenes of indelicacy, that he riage, and consequently hoped they had formed a resolution never to make would excuse her objections. The the happiness of his life depend on a disappointed bridegroom declared, female who might probably be tinged with an oath, that if she would not, with some portion of those vices which fome other would, and that it made had inspired him with such horror very little difference to him: whilst and deteftation. Though a man of the parson and clerk retired with hea- perfect candour in other respects, in vy hearts for the loss of their respec- this he proved himself moft illibetive fees.

rally unjuft; condemning, like many Among others who were present at others, the whole for the errors of a this ceremony, was a stranger of gen- few, when even they perhaps ought teel appearance, and who seemed rather to be considered as objects of greatly interested in what had engag- compassion than contempt. ed all his attention. The youth, the

Dear, tender, yet too often injured beauty, and perhaps more than all, woman! never let me lose an opportu.


nity of aflerting thy worth, or of vin- Horatio, which I derive from love; dicating thy character. To thee we - and which this sword,' added he, owe whatever can tend to refine the drawing it, 'is ready to dispute with joys, and soothe the cares of life; and • any human being?' The fight of if, in the general distribution, a few a drawn Tword in the hands of a derflight imperfections may have fallet perate and stout young fellow, such to thy fare, let them not be seen as was Horatio, effectually cooled through the microscopic eye of ma old Nimrod's rage and courage: he levolence,but rather loit in the bright- therefore only faid, with a faltering ness of thy perfections. Too well can voice, that since the had refused to I account for all thy seeming foibles marry the man of his choice, he would in the tyranny of that usurper who not give her a shilling. It is not your would gladly mark thee for his slave; purse,' answered Horatio with difa and often do I blush for the brutality dain, 'but your daughter, that I come of my ruder sex, when I see it insult • for!' and, gently seizing her hand, the ease and gentleness of thine!

he led her with him out of the apartHad Horatio given way to fenti- ment, without farther explanations; ments like these, he would doubtless leaving the parents to make what never have determined, in the full vi. cominents they might please on his gour of youth, to relinquish those mode of proceeding, charms which can only be found in the Eliza, who at firit had followed her fociéty and affection of a virtuous fe new lover with some mistrust and remale, without confidering that life, luctance, was soon convinced of his hodevoid of that invaluable blessing, is at nourable intentions, by the proposals of best but a cheerless and dreary scene, marriage which he made to her, and A short experience, however, had which were brought to effect in a few taught him, whilst he languished in the days after this their first auspicious inprofufion of fortune, that there is a terview. Never, I believe, had any void in the human heart which woman man more reason to bless the name of alone was made to fill, without whom, Hymen than Horatio, or woman more pleasure, and even repose, must be cause than Eliza to revere that of her

banished from it for ever. Thus con husband. The yawning fiend Ennui --vinced of his error, Horatio only wait never once was known to break in on

ed for a proper opportunity of re their felicity; nor was the voice of diftrieving it; and he thought he saw in content ever heard within their doors. the person of Eliza what he had fo Every action was fpontaneous, and long despaired of ever being able to the idea of unlimited obedience could find. There is a native eloquence in not possibly find admittance in minds the female eye, that speaks conviction which seemed only to vie in efforts of more feelingly to the heart than all mutual kindness and condescenfion. If the powers of diction combined, and Horatio indulged in the sports of the this had in one glance spoke oraclesfield, it was chiefly in the hope of re. to that of Horatio.

turning with spoils which might suit Having determined on his plan the taste of Eliza; whilst the in the of operations in the conquest he had mean time was preparing, a feast for in view, which, as the reader will the man she loved." Just Heavens! of observe, was literally a coup de main, what importance do the most trivialoc he went unattended to the house currences in life become, when conse. of old Nimrod; and with as little crated at the shrine of love and fide. ceremony as Aimwell in the Strata- lity! gem, told him he was come to take Three years had insensibly fleeted away his daughter. . Aye!' said the away

Aye!' said the away in this blissful union, when the father, in a confounded passion;' and sensible heart of Eliza was deeply • what right have you to claim my wounded by accounts which he had for daughter, Sir? That,' replied some time had reason to apprehend.

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Since her recess from her parental you expect me to be burdened with abode, the old couple had determined,

" the fruits of it!' in mere fpite, to be revenged of her ob Eliza was proceeding to undeceive ftinacy, as they termed it, to spend eve. him as to the nature and object of her ry shilling of their property; and the visit, when Horatio entered, who had feps they took towards it were so ef- listened to what had passed, and whose fectually forwarded by their numerous very aspect carried terrors to the heart train of sycophants, that they were als of old Nimrod. ready reduced to the humiliating ne Sir,' said he to him with a stern cefsity of universal retrenchments, in voice and countenance, “I might for. order to preserve the wreck of their give the imputation cast on my hoonce ample fortune, for future fubfif nour by your words, but be cautious tence. It was now that every face came . how you say any thing to injure the forward from behind it's mask, and the feelings of this lady, who has too long subtle sneer of irony was succeeded by

• been the victim of your folly. You the broad laugh of public derision. are now, Sir, to consider her in the

Unable either to support their usual • double capacity of your daughter and expences, or to bear up against the my wife; and I expect to see her treat. fings of daily ridicule, poor old Nim- 'ed with becoming respect in both rod and his consort were forced to hide

o those characters.' their diminished heads in the bosom • True, son-in-law; true!' answered of obscurity, and the Bath villa was Nimrod, trembling in every limb; · I disposed of to as little advantage as • believe I am to blame, as well as credit.

• my lady here; and I humbly alk

you Forgetful of all the injuries the and my daughter pardon. As I live, had received, the ever-dutiful Eliza no now, you seem to be a clever fellow; fooner heard of this catastrophe, than and had you but a pedigree fhe determined to fly to their relief. - Tush! tush!' said Horatio smiling, Horatio accompanied her on this occa- producing one which he had purposely fion; nor could the be prevailed on to drawn up at the request of Eliza, in leave behind her the blooming pledge compliance with her father's humour; she had bore him of their mutual and • here, Sir, is a pedigree every way au. faithful loves.

• thentic, of which the first peer of the It was not till after many enquiries • land need not be ashamed!' that she discovered the retreat to which Old Nimrod spread the vellum on the old couple had retired, and where the table by the side of that which althey still endeavoured to keep up at ready lay there; and, embracing Ho. least the shadow of their former conse- ratio with the most eager transport, quence. Old Nimrod ftill valued him- •ByHeaven!'he exclaimed, you must self his pedigree as much as ever,

be a clever fellow; for your pedigree and not a day passed without the ad. • is within a foot of being as long as dition of some new name to the list. Eliza entered the apartment in which Horatio foon gave the old couple they were, without the formality of more fubftantial reasons for being fasending up her name ; when falling on tisfied with the conduct of their son-inher knees, and presenting her child, law, by allowing them an annual ftiwhom she held by the hand, the for pend, adequate to all their exigencies, some moments in vain attempted to for the rest of their days. They both speak, overcome by the violence of her lived to see and correct the extravafeelings.


of their former follies; whilft • So! so!' exclaimed the father, the example of Horatio taught them to miftaking the real cause of her em set a just value on those virtues which barrassment; 'what, I suppose, Miss, still continue to embellish their amia• your heroic gallant has played you ble daughter. • the old trick of seduction; and now

my own.'











In a room, the temperature of which PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS.

was 64 degrees, according to FahrenAN ACCOUNT OF SOME THERMO heit's thermometer, and in which the EXPERIMENTS air was gently ventilated, I observed

the effects produced by various fluids CED BY THE EVAPORATION OF when thrown upon the ball of a therVARIOUS FLUIDS, WITH A ME mometer. The ball of this thermome. THOD OF PURIFYING ETHer; ter was quite detached from the ivory:

TO piece upon which the scale was engrav. THE EXPANSION OF MERCURY; ed. The various fluids were thrown DESCRIPTION

upon the thermometer through the ca

BAROME- pillary aperture of a small glass vessel, BY TIBERIUS CAVALLO, Ihaped like a funnel, and care was F.R.S.

taken to throw them so slowly upon

the bulb of the thermometer, that a IT T is at present well known, that drop might now and then fall from the

by the evaporation of various fluids under part of it; except when those a sensible degree of cold is produced; fuids were used, which evaporate very and that by the evaporation of ether, Nowly, in which case it was sufficient which is the most volatile fluid we to keep the ball of the thermometer are acquainted with, water may be only moist, without any drop falling congealed, and the thermometer may from it. During the experiment the be brought several degrees below the thermometer was kept turning very freezing point. But as various ther- gently round it's axis, in order that mometrical experiments, which Ilate- the fluid used might fall upon every ly made, have exhibited fome new phe. part of it's bulb. This method I find nomena, and as I have contrived an to answer much better than that of easy and pleasing method of freezing dipping the ball of the thermometer a small quantity of water in a short into the Auid and removing it immetime, and in every climate; I think it diately after, or that of wetting the not improper to give an account of thermometer with a feather. The these things in the first part of this evaporation, and consequently the lecture.

cold produced by it, may be increased My first experiments were intended by ventilation. viz. by blowing with to discover, if possible, a fúid cheaper a pair of bellows upon the thermome. than ether, by the evaporation of ter; but this was not used in the fol. which a degree of cold sufficient for lowing experiments, because it is not some useful purpose might be gene. easily performed by one person, and rated. But in this my expectation also because it occasions very uncerwas disappointed, as I found that tain results. ether was incomparably superior to With the above described method I any other fluid, as the cold it pro began to examine the effects of water, duced was several degrees greater than and found, that the thermometer was that occasioned by any other of the brought down to 56 degrees, viz. 8 de. mott volatile fluids whatever. Being grees below the temperature of the therefore obliged to use ether, I en room in which the experiment was deavoured to contrive a method by made, and of the water employed. which the least poflible quantity of it This effect was produced in about two might be wasted in the production of minutes time, after which a larger a degree of cold sufficient to freeze continuation did not bring the merwater, and in this I met with success. cury lower. But before we come to the descrip. By means of spirit of wine the thertion of this method, I shall briefly 're mometer was brought down to 48 de. late some observations made on the grees, which is only 16 degrees below cold produced by the evaporation of the temperature of the room, and of other fluids befides ether.

the spirit employed. When the fpiVOL. III.

2 X


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