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ASTER Lenox has begged us to apologize for delaying the Conclu.
fion of his Fairy Tale, which he promises to compleat in the firft Week of his ensuing Holidays.
Amintor's elegant Verses to the Rev. Mr. Mavor, on not lately seeing any Production from the Pen of that Gentleman, cannot be inserted, the Propriety of their Appearance being precluded by a very beautiful little Piece, which appears in the present Number. The Lines, however, will with Pleasure be transmitted by the Editors to the Person to whom they are inscribed, and who well merits the handsome Eulogiums with which he has been complimented by kindred Genius.--Amintor will soon receive a private Letter respecting the Production about which he enquired.
The Editors of the British Magazine and Review cannot condescend to teprint a Paper which has been published in another Miscellany, however interesting originally, and how greatly foever it may have fince been improved by the ingenious Author. 0. S. will readily discover for whom this Observation is intended.
The Elegy written in Auburn Church Yard contains little or no Novelty: indeed, though we doubt not that the Author is a Man of Sense, from the several Specimens of his Poetry he has occasionally transmitted us, we are of Opinion that he is not likely ever to become any considerable Favourite of the Muses,
• The Married Man's Soliloquy,' inserted in our Poetical Department for October, and which was transmitted by the Gentleman who favours the Editors with the elegant Productions of Matilda of New York, should not have been printed with that Lady's Signature.
TO THE EDITORS OF THE BRITI6H MAGAZINE AND REVIEW.
' GENTLEMEN, • I OBSERVE in your last Number for October, a Poem, or Ode to Sensibility, under the Name of J-W-d, Namptwich; which is really the Produc• tion of your old Correspondent OrdovIX PNICOPATRIS. 56 Verficulos feci, &c.”—This Ode appeared about a Year ago in one of the • Chester Papers, under the Signature “ PHILANTHROPQ5;" and I beg the
Favour of you to undeceive the Public in this Respect.'
16 Hos ego
The elegant and well-authenticated Memoirs of her Royal Highness the
DUTCHESS of GLOUCESTER, with which the Editors have just been honoured, will certainly appear in our next, accompanied by a fine Portrait of the Dutchefs,
DR. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.
he soon discovered that many hundrede
men of more brilliant talents than HIS renowned printer, philo- those with which Nature had endued fo largely contributed to the disunion main in inferior conditions, he took of the British empire, is the son of a an early opportunity of recrolling the tallow-chandler at Boston in New Atlantic. On his arrival in America, England, where he was born in Ja- he contrived to establish himself in a nuary 1706.
small printing-office, and began to After receiving a very tolerable publish a newspaper, which he for education, he was apprenticed to a fome years conducted. printer at Boston, by some said to have As the Doctor was always a most been his uncle; and soon began to rigid economist, he by degrees acmanifest that disdain of the establish- quired a considerable property; and ed government which has since pro- the nature of his profession gaining cured him a name, by scribbling in- him credit for scientific abilities, he flammatory essays on the conduct of became a confpicuous member in the the General Court, for which he was Philosophical Society at Philadelphia, obliged to quit the province. Hav- which was honoured with the corre: ing for some time wandered about the fpondence of the late Peter Collinson, continent, he at length procured a Esq. and a few other members of the passage to England, and worked in Royal Society in London. By means London as a journeyman; particu- of these gentlemen, every European larly at Mr. Watts's, a celebrated discovery in the Arts and Sciences, printer, in Wild Court, Wild Street, as well as every new literary performwhere it is well remembered that he ance of eminence, was constantly by no means discovered the smallest transmitted to America; and, as the trait of any extraordinary abilities. Doctor first took up his idea of elec
It was not for a man of his ambi- tricity from productions sent in this tious turn of mind to remain long in way by Mr. Collinson, who had proa situation where he was incapable of cured them from Germany, where the obtaining any pre-eminence; and, as subject was first handled with fuccefs,
2 T 2
he addreffed his well-known letters to that-time carrying on at Paris, which that gentleman.
has turned out to have been as impoBut, notwithstanding his unwearied litic as it was then unpopular. Every defire to be efteemed a great philo- intelligent, unprejudiced politician, fopher, Dr. Franklin never loft fight plainly foresaw, that when Canada of the fuperior advantages which ihould cease to be in the hands of the might be derived from political pur. French, and of course be no longer a fuits: and though, in April 1968, the check on the neighbouring colonies, University of Oxford was prevailed the termination of the British power on to confer upon him the degree of in America would not be very remote. LL.D. (his present most important Among other means employed by title) in addition to that of F.R.S. Dr. Franklin to promote his views he perhaps received equal pleasure, respecting Canada on this occasion, on being appointed Poit-master Ge. was the publication of a pamphlet, in neral for the Southern District of 1761, entitled, “The Interest of Great British America; an office which he Britain confidered, with regard to her has been charged with having moft Colonies, and the Acquisitions of Ca flagitiously abused, by putting one nada and Guadaloupe;' to which were Hubbard, a relation, into the office added, Observations concerning the at Bofton, and thus conftantly inform- Increase of Mankind, Peopling of ing himself of the correspondence of Countries, &c.' written in Pennsylthe friends of government, many of vania, in the year 1751. To say nos whose letters, the contents of which thing of innumerable effays in newfe could in no other way have been ob- papers and other periodical prints, tained, were occasionally printed in continually promulged by the Doctor the American newspapers.
and his affociates; the management Dr. Franklin had himself not only of which no perfons better understood. planned some of the chief regulations When the American Stamp-act was for the increase of the American Poft- first agitated, he procured the protax, but had also made many fruitless vince of Pennsylvania to appoint him efforts to overthrow the proprietary their agent in England, where he government of Pennsylvania in favour ftrongly
remonstrated against the meaof a royal establishment: he, how- fure. He published his Examination ever, warmly opposed the Stamp-act; at the Bar of the House of Commons though he had, at the same time, the on this occasion, in 1766; and it has áudacity to solicit the place of stamp. been asserted, that he had the auda. Mafter for one of his adherents, who city to introduce into his printed acaccordingly obtained the appoint-counts questions which had never ment. This adherent, on the repeal been asked, and answers which were of the Stamp-act, was provided for never given. in the American Cuftoms through the In the capacity of an American Doctor's intereft, and is supposed to agent he contrived to remain some have been advised to sell his place, by years in London; and though, during the person who procured it for him, his residence in the metropolis, mack the moment it was considered as cers of his artifice was fufficiently apparent tain that it would in a short time be to the administration for the time of no value.
being, and indeed to all well-informOn the reduction of Canada, Dr. ed unprejudiced men, such was the Franklin came over to England, and temper of the times, and such the artfully endeavoured to demonftrate moderation or timidity of minifters, the superior importance of that pro- that he dill continued to hold the pince to all our West India poffeffions; office of American poft-master, under and it is not uncertain that this man, the very government he was every insignificant as he might appear, in- way seeking to subvert, till he found fiuenced the pacific Regociation at himself obliged openly to avow have ing transmitted the letters of Gover- of Assembly in Georgia rejected the nor Hutchinson, &c. which had been re-appointment of Dr. Franklin's stolen from Mr. Whately.
agency in England; but it was conThe cruel malignity of Dr. Frank- firmed for another year by the Lower lin's mind strongly manifested itself House, with an annual allowance of on this occasion: for though several 1501. besides expences. letters had passed in the public prints About March 1775, the period of between Mr. Whately and Mr. Tem- the commencement of hoftilities with ple, previous to their duel, concern- America, Dr. Franklin quitted Enging the manner in which the letters land; and, on his arrival at Philaalluded to had escaped from among delphia, the General Assembly being the papers of the former's deceased then sitting, he was chosen one of the brother, who had been secretary to delegates to Congress, and took his the late Mr. Grenville, (one of these feat accordingly, on the 21st of May gentlemen labouring under the fufpi. 1775. cion of having given them, the other In the same year, the refolution to of having taken them) it was not till establish an independent government fome days after that desperate mode being published by the Congress, Dr. of terminating the dispute had been Franklin was appointed plenipotenadopted, in which Mr. Whately near- tiary to the court of France; and, on By lost his life for complaining of the the recal of Lord Stormont, the Bricheft which had been committed upon tish ambassador at that court, he had him, that Dr. Franklin thought pro- the address to succeed his lord'hip in per to publish a declaration excul. his house at Paris, where he fill rea pating both these gentlemen.
fides. On the enquiry into this business, Doctor Franklin was never mar. among other transa&tions with too ried; but he has one fon, late governor many similar features, before the of the Jerseys, who was taken prisonLords of the Privy Council, it was er by the Americans at the beginning contended by Mr. Wedderburne, of the contest, and remained two years (now Lord Loughborough) that no- in confinement at Connecticut. This thing could acquit Dr. Franklin from gentleman has since resided in Lonthe charge of obtaining these papers don, as an American loyalift; nor is it by fraudulent or corrupt means, for to be wondered that Governor Frankthe most malignant of purposes, un- lin should not be greatly attached to less he stole them from the person who his father, when it is considered that stole them: to which their lordships the humane doctor suffered the unassenting, he was accordingly dif- happy woman who gave
him birth to missed from his place in the Post- perish unaflisted in the streets of Phioffice, January 1774;
ladelphia*. In March 1774, the Upper House Befides the honorary titles already
* Lest any of our readers should be disposed to think that we have, in this and some other in#ances, gone too far in our affertions respecting this popular character, we beg leave to lay before them the following portrait of Dr. Franklin, sketched by the Rev. Mr. Bennet Allen, in the Morning Poft, June 1, 1779, under the title of Characters of some of the leading Men in the present American Rebellion:' the authenticity of whose accounts was in one instance supported by the ha.. zard of his own life, and the death of the person who disputed his veracity. Surely such a man must have been incapable of publishing a falfhood!
“BENJAMIN FRANKLIN was first known as a printer of a Philadelphia newspaper. He made himself so useful in the rty disputes there, that the Lower House of Assembly appointed him their agent in England. In this capacity he was consulted by the late Mr. G. Grenville, on the propriety of the Stamp-act, which he not only approved of, but recommended several of his friends for ftanip-masters. He furnithed at the same time his correspondents with arguments to oppure it, and raised, as far as in him lay, the commotions that followed in America. Many thousand copies of his examination upon that occasion before the House of Commons, were printed and dispersed by every
mentioned to have been conferred on those who were unhappily employed
(Like the Cover of an Old Book,
It's Contents torn out, to have made a variety of attempts to
And stripped of it's Lettering and Gilding)
Lies here Food for the Worms: improve the common printing-press,
Yet the Work itself shall not be loft; which has constantly turned out much For it will (as he believed) appear once more, lefs efficient for the adoption of his al
In a new terations.
And most beautiful Edition,
Corrected and amended
The conclusion of this inscription,
the poet,greatly enraged, instead ofre-
« little crooked son of a wh-e! he'd ordinary sagacity in Dr. Franklin, or « much sooner make a dozen better. to the total want of that quality in 6 new ones!'
Puhlithed. the Art dieceta, by Harrifon k ("• Dec. 1 1783.
LUXBOROUGH, IN ESSEX,
THE SEAT OF REAR-ADMIRAL SIR EDWARD HUGHES, K.B.
HIS elegant and superb villa, near Woodford Bridge, and nine miles
which is situated in the parish from London, was built by Lord Luxof Chigwell, near Woodford in Effex, borough about forty years since; and, about a quarter of a mile from the road at his decease,sold to a West India genpedlar through the country; wherein, to questions that never were made, he calculated answers to foment the discontents, as well as to advance his own importance. He ingratiated himfelf with the ministry so far, that they appointed him Post-mafter General in America, and made his natural son governor of the Jerseys, which he still holds, and is prisoner in Connecticut. He had this son by an oyster-wench in Philadelphia, whom he left to die in the streets of disease and hunger. Upon the breaking out of the present troubles, after quitting his place of post-master, he came over to America, giving the people the utmost confidence of success from the opinion they had formed, that “ Doctor Franklin would be sure to chuse the strongest fide.” Perhaps ancient or modern history scarcely furnishes an example of such consummate hypocrisy, and hitherto successful duplicity; and if the axe, or the halter, are to be employed on this occalion, it were much to be withed the firft example could be made of thiş bgary traitosi'