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of air, which weighs 3,192 pounds; but the va- veffel was tied, she became the sport of the waves ; pour with which it was filled weighing half less and the tide of Anod being at that time in it's than common air, there was a want of equilibrin greatest force, it carried her into the inner part um of 1596 pounds, from which deducting the of the harbour, which obliged several veliels that weight of the machine, about 800 pounds, it were there to cut their fattenings, to escape this would have been able to have lifted 796 pounds inflamed mass. At the fall of the tide the vessel, more. It's angle with the meridian was 87 de- which had been carried on fhore, remained dry, grees 40 minutes, and it's angle above the hori- and, at the departure of the post, continued burnzon, 1 degree 55 minutes 55 seconds, being an ing. Notwithstanding the activity exerted to exelevation of 586 feet when at the higheft. tinguish the flames, they were not able to suco
The English Captain Afgill, who, through the ceed; and therefore were obliged to confine their intercession of our court, escaped death, to which endeavours to cut off all communication between General Washington had condemned him by way her and the other veffels, which was effected by of retaliation, is arrived in this capital with his the assistance of a number of boats. mother and two fifters. They are to set out im- The loss of this ship is thus accounted for: mediately to Fontainbleau, to return their thanks the vefsel being to be put out of commission, ail to his Excellency the Comte de Vergennes. the heavy artillery had been taken out, and after
Hamburgb, Ost. 20. General Eglofftein, on wards the powder. The crew had been ordered the 15th, received orders from the King of Pruf- to fweep away the powder that should be shed; and fia for the Pruffian troops to enter the territory the captain had recommended them to be parti. of Danzick, if the magiftrates continued to re- cularly careful: he was writing in his cabbin when ject the proposals for an accommodation: the ge- the vessel received a shock which overturned the neral immediately gave notice of these orders to table that stood before him. He got out of the the magiftrates, requiring at the same time to cabbin, but found the Chip all in flames. It is know whether the city had determined to grant thought that fifty persons perished on this occathe free navigation to the Pruflian vessels near fion. Some say that half the crew, which conScheliemuhle, and gave them twice twenty-four fisted of 170 men, are lost. hours to deliberate upon an answer. The ma- Paris, 087.25. The Aigrette floop, of 76 guns, giftrates answer must certainly have been a denial, failed the 16th inft. from Brest for the East Indies as yesterday afternoon the Prussian resident quit with advices to Monf. de Suffrein. The Sieur ted the town, and this morning, at ten o'clock, Malabert, who is appointed to a post at Pondithe king's troops entered the territory of Dant- cherry, took his passage in her, with three or four zick; and we fear that city will soon have reason other principal officers, intended for commanders to repent having provoked his Pruffian Majesty. in India; where it is hoped by this time all is quiet,
Amsterdam, 06.22. Yesterday morning, about and on a peaceable footing. It is whispered that, half past eleven o'clock, an explosion like the by a secret article between the courts of London weak firing of cannon was heard in our port; and and Paris, the force of the garrison of Pondicherry fome moments after a thick smoke, attended with is limited to a certain number of men, and that flames, was seen to issue from the Rhynland, Cap- there is a restriction from taking into the service tain Mulder. In less than an hour the ship ap- any foreign force, on any condition whatever. This peared on five from stem to ftern. The flames hav- part of the peace, at least, is humiliating to our ing then communicated to the cables by which the nation.
One of the king's mellengers
, dispatched beyour warrant
Monday the fixth day of October next, in the SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4. usual places, and with the solemnities customary St. James's O&tober 4.
on the like occasion. And for so doing this shall
Given at our court at $t. by his Grace
James's, the 27th day of September 1783, in the zived here this day with the ratification, on the twenty-third year of our reign. part of the States General of the United Provin
By his Majesty's command, cés, of the Preliminary Articles, figned at Paris
NORTH on the ad of September last, which was exchang- To our trufly and well-beloved Charles ed with his grace against his Majesty's ratifica- Howard, Esq. (commonly called Earl tion, un the 29th of last month, at Paris, by the of Surrey) Deputy Earl Marsbal, and plenipotentiaries of their High Mightinesses.
in his absence to the principal Officers TUESDAY, OCTOBER 7.
St. Jamiesos, 027. 6: The Officers of Arms; St. James's, Sept. 27, 1783. Serjeants at Arms with their maces and collars;
the Serjeant Trumpeter with his mace and collar; Our will and pleasure is, that you give im- "the trumpets, Drum-Major and drums, and the mediate directions to the Heralds, Purfuivants Knight Marthal's men, assembled in the Stable of Arms, and other necessary officers, to attend Yard, St. James's ; and the officers of Arms the proclamation of Peace that is to be made on being habited it their respective tacards, and
Horse Guards, who
flanked the procession.
Horse Guards, who
mounted, a proceffion was made from thence to The spectators, who were very numerous at each
SATURDAY, OCTOBER II.
This Gazette does not contain any intelligence,
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 1.6.
served amongst the infected patients in the Chrif. Clerk of the High Bailiff.
tian hospitals, gave reason to hope that the pefa High Bailiff, and Deputy Steward. tilential disorder was drawing to a conclufion: but, Knight Marthal's men, two and two.
on the 26th of last month, the mortality again inDrums.
creared to an alarming height, particularly at Drum Major.
the Port; and this unfavourable alteration was Trumpets.
attributed to a succession of unfeasonable and ya. Serjeant Trumpeter in his collar, with his mace. riable weather. However, from the precautions Rouge Dragon Pursuivant of Arms.
which the Mufti has recommended, affifted perPortcullis and Rouge-CroixPursuivants
haps by the late high winds and abundant rains, abreast.
which have diffipated the thick mifts and purified Richmond Herald, between two
the air, the mortality is now again fenfibly dimiSerjeants at Arms.
nished. Somerset Herald, between two
The last letters from Salonica and Smyrna Serjeants at Arms.
make no mention of the plague; but both places Norroy, King of Arms, between two are aflicted with another malady, nearly as deSerjeants at Arms.
structive, which is called a malignant fever. Deputy Garter, principal King of Arms, The plague also rages at Angora, a city much between two Serjeants at Arms.
connected in trade with Europe, from whence A party of Horse Guards.
great quantities of yarn are imported by the way
of Smyrna. At Charing Cross, Norroy, king of arms, read the proclamation aloud; and the procession SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18. moved on in the same order to Temple Bar; the gates of which being íhut, Rouge Dragon pur
Florence, Sept. 30. This day a courier are
rived from Pita, with an account of the Great Tuivant of arms left the procession, and, accom- Dutchess's having been happily delivered last night panied by two trumpeters, preceded by two of a Prince; on which occasion the guns of the Horfe Guards to clear the way, rode up to the fortress were fired, and a gala of three days has gate; and, after the trumpets had founded thrice, been ordered for the nobility. At the departure de knocked with his cane. Being asked by the of the courier, the Great Dutchess and the young city-marshal from within, 'Who comes there?'
Prince were as well as could be expected.
Dublin Castle, 027. 14, 1783. This day, the mediately shut again. The city-marshal, pre
parliamert having met according to appointment, ceded by his officers, conducted him to the lord.
his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant went in state mayor, (who, with the aldermen, recorder, and
to the House of Peers; and being seated on the sheriffs, attended within the gate) to whom he
throne with the usual folemnity, his excellency thewed his Majesty's warant, which his lordship fent for the Commons, and directed them to chule having read, returned, and gave directions to the
a fpeaker; and they baving unanimously elected city-marshal to open the gates; who, attending that office, he was by them presented to his excele
the Right Honourable Edmund Sexten Pery into the pursuivant back, opened them accordingly; lency, and approved of. His excellency then and, on leaving him, said, 'Sir, the gates are *opened.' The trumpets and Horfe Guards being
made the following speech. in waiting, conducted him to his place in the MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, proceffion, which then moved on into the city, " It is with more than ordinary satisfaction, except the officers of Westminster, who filed off, that, in obedience to his Majesty's commands, I and retired, as they came to Temple Bar. At meet you in full possession and enjoyment of those Chancery Lane end, Somerset Herald read the constitutional and commercial advantages which proclamation; and the city officers then falling have been so firmly established in your last par. into the procession immediately after the officers liament. The sacred regard on the part of Great at arms, it moved on to the end of Wood Street, Britain to the adjustment made with Ireland at where the Cross formerly stood in Cheapfide: after that period, has been abundantly teftified by the
the proclamation had been read there by Rich- most unequivocal proofs of fincerity and good ...mond Herald, the procession moved on to the faith.
Royal Exchange, where the proclamation was * It will ever be my wish, as it is my duty, to tead for the last time by Rouge Croix Pursuivant. promote the mutual confidence of both kingdoms,
and the uniting them in sentiments as they are asylum for the distressed Genevans. It well be.. in interest; such an union must produce the most
comes the generosity of the people of Ireland to folid advantages to both, and will add vigour and extend their protection to ingenious and industristrength to the empire.
ous men, who may prove a valuable acquisition to "I fincerely congratulate you on the happy this country, which they have preferred to their completion of his Majesty's anxious endeavours
own. But, in forming this establishment, you to restore the bletsings of peace to his faithful peo- will doubtless confider it as a part of your duty to ple. The establishment of public tranquillity is avoid unnecessary expence, and ultimately to lepeculiariy favourable at this period, and will na- cure the utmost advantages to your country. turally give spirit and effect to your commercial
"I anticipate the greatest national benefits from pursuits. Both kingdoms are now enabled to de
the wisdom and temper of parliament, when I conliberate, with undivided attention, on the surest lider that the general election has afforded you an means of increafing their prosperity, and reaping opportunity of observing the internal circumstanthe certain fruits of reciprocal affection.
ces of the country, and of judging by what regula• I have the highest satisfaction in acquainting tions you may best increase it's industry, encouyou of the increase of his Majesty's domestic hap- rage it's manufactures, and extend it's commerce. piness, by the birth of another Princess.
* In the furtherance of objects so very desirable GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE OF COM. to yourselves, I assure you of every good disposi
tion on my part; sensible that in no manner I can “I HAVE ordered the proper officers to lay the
better fulfil the wishes and commands of our gra. national accounts before you; from them you will cious sovereign, than by contributing to the welbe enabled to judge of the circumstances of the fare and happiness of his loyal subjects. With kingdom; and I rely on your wisdom and loyalty. an honest ambition of meriting your good opinion, to make such provision as shall be fitting for the and with the warmest hope of obtaining it, I have honourable support of his Majesty's government. entered upon my present arduous fituation; and,
with sentiments pure and disinterested towards you, OMY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN,
I claim your advice, and firmly rely upon your • THE miseries of an approaching famine have
support. been averted by the blessing of Divine Providence upon the measures which the privy council ad
[This Gazetre also contains the addreffes of
both Houses of Parliament of Ireland to his Ma. vised; the good effects of which were foon visible in the immediate reduction of the price of grain, Lieutenant; all in the usual style of loyalty and
jesty; with their respective addresses to the Lord and the influx of a valuable and necessary supply tu the market. Any temporary infringement of infringement of congratulation.
] the laws to effect such falutary ends, will, I doubt not, receive a parliamentary fanction.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25. • Among the many important objects which de- St. James's, 08.25. This day being the ane mand your
attention, I recommend to your con- niversary of the king's accession to the throne, sideration, laws for regulating the judicature of when his Majesty entered into the twenty-fourth the Court of Admiralty, and for making a new year of his reign, the guns in the Park and at the eftablishment of the Post Office.
Tower were fired at one o'clock; and in the even* The linen manufacture being the staple of ing there were illuminations, and other demonyour country, it is needless for me to recommend ftrations of joy, in London and Westminster. perseverance in the improvement of that most im- Constantinople, Sept. 25. The plague fill con.
tinues in this capital; and the mortality has rae, « The fishery on your coasts will claim your at- ther increased during the last fifteen days. tention, as a promising source of wealth to this Salonica, Sept. 10.
On the 6th we had two kingdom; and the encouragements granted to it smart shocks of an earthquake. On the 8th, at will 110 doubt be regulated by you in the manner half past eight in the morning, we had a very viomost likely to produce the best effect, and leaft lent one, and in the space of a quarter of an hour, fubject to fraud and impulition.
three others, and eleven more within the twen: * The Protestant Charter Schools, an inftitu- ty-four hours. Part of the city walls, a bagnio, tion founded in wisdom and humanity, are also and some other buildings, were thrown down. eminently entitled to your care. • I recommend likewise to your attention, the
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28. proposals adopted by government for providing an This Gazette does not contain any intelligence,
common crier of this city, attended by some city OCTOBER I.
officers, and was afterwards stuck up in divers HIS day, at one o'clock, the king's pro- parts.
clamation of the Definitive Treaty being The Greenland fishery this year has been figned at Versailles, the 3d of September, be. more successful than for 40 years paft, 54 British tween England, France, and Spain, and of the ships having taken 339 whales. Neither the ratifications being exchanged the 19th, was read Dutch, French, Danes, or any other ships, have at the Royal Exchange gate, by Ms. Bihop, the been re fucçststül, which is attributed to the fu.
perior manner in which our ships are equipped for when it seemed to have arrived at it's meridian of that business, and in particular to the skill of the brightness, and dispensed such a vivid light, as not harpooners.
only totally to obscure the Rars, but the moon apThe Hazard, a misling ship from Greenland, peared of a dult white, as she is seen when under a is arrived at Dunbar with fix filh, the largest cloud. The duration of the light was near two caught this season.
full minutes, when the vapour seemed to descend Orders were sent off from the Admiralty Of- in streams towards the earth till it was wholly fice, for the following thips of war to sail for Gib- diffipated, and the moon and stars immediately raltar and the Mediterranean the first fair wind. fhone with the same lustre as before.
6. During the hurry of proclaiming the Peace, a
person came to the Bank for cash for 14 fiftyGoliah - 74 Capt. Packer
pound notes, which was paid him. The next Ganges 74
day, when the notes came to the accomptant's Diadem - 64 Symonds office to be examined, they proved to be forged, Ardent 64
though the imitation was so nice that it could Latona
fcarce be detected. Phæton
10. Sir Hector Munro, lately arrived from the Camilla
East Indies, had a long conference with his MaRambler 26
jesty before he went to the levee. 4. This morning early the convicts under sen
16. Both Houses of Parliament met, pursuant tence of transportation in Newgate, about 8o in
to their last prorogation, and were farther pronumber, (upwards of 50 of whom had received the rogued till the IIth of November next, then to royal mercy on that condition) were taken from meet for the dispatch of business. The Lords Newgate, and put on board a lighter at Blackfriars Commiffioners, who sat in their robes, were, the Bridge, which proceeded with them to Black- Archbishop of Canterbury, the Earl of Manswall, where they were shipped on board the trans- field, and Lord Amherst. port-vessel provided by Messrs. Campbell. In their
20. This morning, at seven o'clock, Mr.Munro, way from the prison they behaved in a most unru
of the s6th Dragoons, and Mr. Green, with their fy and daring manner; and, when put on board, seconds, met in a field near Battersea Bridge, for began to break the collars by which they were
the purpose of fettling a dispute which took place fastened, which they did with much seeming ease,
a few evenings fince: they took their ground at the declaring for liberty, and exhorting each other to
distance of about fix yards, and fired three pistols resist lawful authority, and threatening destrucó each, the last of which wounded Mr. Green in the tion to all oppofers; on which a sort of engagement fide; upon which the seconds interfered, and asked began, in which three of the ringleaders were
Mr. Green if he was satisfied. He said, No; unIhot, two of whom are fince dead, and the other
less Mr. Munro made him a public apology. wounded dangerously through the neck: the rest
That, Mr. Munro replied, he now would not do. were with difficulty secured under the hatches. Mr. Green replied, One of us, then, must fall." The sheriffs, with some military, attended them They, therefore, again took their ground, and from the gaol to the ship; and, by their care and
fired each two piftols more, when one ball entered circumspection, the public are again rescued from Mr. Munro's knee, and Mr. Green received a the depredations of a lawless banditti.
mortal wound a little above the groin. He was One of the convicts who was foremoft in mak- taken to the Swan at Knightsbridge, where he ing a resistance during their removal to the trans
died next morning. port-vessel, had the audacity to tell Mr. Sheriff The following are the particulars relative to the Skinner, that if he could come at him he would Caisse d'Escompte, at Paris. tan his bide for him,
In the year 1776, thirteen bankers, the most This evening at half past fix o'clock, another eminent in France, funded five and twenty milmeteor, equally beautiful with that which hap- lions, for the establishment of a Caisie d'Escompte, pened on the 18th of August, but not near so or Discounting Bank; the purport of which was, large, was seen in the air, and took almost the to discount bills of exchange, part in cash, and same direction as the former: the air was so ex- part in notes, in imitation of our bank notes, for ceedingly light, whilst it lafted, as almost totally the purpose of facilitating trade, and at the same to obscure the moon.
'time supplying the occasional wants of governThe above meteor was very conspicuous at Bar
This scheme had the desired effect, and net; where a gentleman, who was returning in a answered the public expectation till the 25th of Single-horse chaise from St. Alban's, sawit's whole last month, when an extraordinary and unexpectprogress; which he describes as follows. The ed run of creditors put the directors under the neevening was clearer than for some nights past, there ceffity of stopping payment. The deficiency is being no appearance of fog in the atmosphere; the not yet ascertained, but it must be very conmoon was well up, and hone exceedingly bright. fiderable, as they were hardly able to pay feven About ten minutes before seven, a small cloud, hundred thousand livres. The event being soon much like those small ones which float about the spread abroad, occafioned an universal alarm; upsky in severe weather, seemed to descend, when on which the ministry made use of every politithere broke from it a light as of a star falling, cal measure to prevent any bad consequence. which gradually increased for the space of a minute, Soon after appeared four edicts of the king, which
they had the precaution of antedating five days, name of Jeremiah Sames,quarter-master on board The first forbidding all notaries to protest the the Nemesis, and receiving his prize-money; Jonotes issued from the faid Cajsle d'Escompte, un- seph Scott, for forging a seaman's letter of attor. der the penalty of a mulet, besides corporal pu- ney, in order to receive his prize-money; Matthew nishment; the second stopping all the demands Daniel, for feloniousy uttering and publishing as on the aforesaid bank till the first of January true, a forged letter of attorney, in order to 1784; the third enjoining all persons to receive receive prize-money due to Edward Taylor and the above notes in payment, without any sort of others, late seamen on board the Raisonable; difficulty; and the fourth laying a very heavy duty John Francis, for forging a letter of attorney, on all the specie exported. In the mean time, in order to receive prize-money due to one John orders were dispatched to all the mints through- Francis, a seaman on board the Panther; and out the kiogdom, to enable the bank to continue John Booker, alias Brooker, for robbing Thomas it's payments.
Tildefley on the highway, near Gunnersbury Lane, A new edict of the King of France afterwards of two guineas. appeared, dated the 4th instant, for opening a loan Mary Parry, and Robert Mott, received his of four and twenty millions of livres, for which Majesty's free pardon. his Majesty offers 60,000 tickets of a new lottery, The following are pardoned on condition of price four hundred livres each, which makes in transportation, viz. Thomas Limpus, for life; all the four and twenty millions wanted. The William Maríton Rothwell, for fourteen years; purchasers of the said tiekets have the option of and William Blunt, Joseph Abrahams, John paying half the four hundred livres in notes, is. Bennyman, alias Benyman, Morgan Williams, Pued from the late Caisse d'Escompte. The lot- William Mac Namara, William Sharman, Antery is to be drawn during the space of eight years, drew Ronan, William Glanville, John Barker, and the adventurers are to run no rísque, as the and Peter Williams, each for seven years. holders of blanks will be allowed the principal The following were ordered for hard labour on and interest of their money.
the River Thames: John Wright, John Fuiler, 21. The court-martial appointed to fit on the Robert Steward, and Thomas Sutton. trial of Captain Sutton, late of the Ihs of 50 guns, For hard labour in the house of correction: for the affair of Port Praya, in the Inand of St. Margaret Ann Smith, alias Gibbs, Ann Farmer, Jago, after the squadron had been attacked by De Elizabeth Jones, and Thomas Tanner. Gutfrein's fleet, is to be held on board the Queen, 24. Richard Neave, Esq. governor of the Bank of go guns, Admiral Montagu's ihip, at Portr- of England, and George Peters, Esq. deputy-gomouth. The charge against him by Commodore vernor, waited on the Right Honourable Lord Johnstone was a delay in joining the squadron, as John Cavendish, respecting the state of the funds. appears by the Admiralty dispatches, for which 26. An experiment was tried in the River on a purpose he was suspended, and went prisoner to the coal barge, to work it against the tide, by means Lait Indies; where Sir Edward Hughes gave him of an apparatus fixed to the sides, so contrived that leave to come home, that he might clear up his 'when put in motion, (which was done by a fireconduct.
engine) it rowed three pair of oars, and required This evening a powder-mill at Ewell, near only the assistance of one man to steer. It seems Weybridge, by some misfortune took fire, and rather too complex a business in it's present state; blew up. The explosion was so great, that the but the plan appears very practicable; and should houses within the space of five miles, and even to it succeed, by some judicious alteration, it must the extent of ten, were so fhook, that the people prove of immense advantage to the trade. were terrified with the apprehentions of an earth- 28. This morning, about a quarter paft nine, quake. One man was killed by the explofion, and the eleven following malefactors were brought fome others were Nightly wounded. The shock out of Newgate, to be conveyed to Tyburn, in was felt in many parts of the metropolis.
order to be executed according to their fentence, 22. The report was made to his
Majesty of the viz. John Burton, Thomas Duckfon, John Pilconvicts under sentence of death in Newgate, when kington, and James Neale, alias. Nowlan, in the the following were ordered for execution.
first cart; John Booker, alias Brooker, Thomas William Moore, for feloniously coining and Smith, and John Starkey, in the second cart; counterfeiting the current coin of this realm, call. John Anderfon, Matthew Daniel, and John Franed shillings; John Burton and Thomas Duckson, cis, in the third cart; and William Moore was for burglary in the house of Robert Simmonds, drawn on a sledge. At the end of SwallowStreet Esq. in Charlotte Street, and stealing a quantity the procession was stopped by a messenger, who of plate; John Pilkington, for a burglary in the brought a reprieve for Thomas Duckfon till the house of Richard Hubbard, at Endfield, and steal. 7th of November. He was taken out of the cart; ing a quantity of Silver-plate; Thomas Smith and
and conveyed back to Newgate. John Starkey, for stealing a box containing two 29. A new commission of the peace is now prebank-notes, value 301. about 81. in money, Tome paring to pass the Great Seal for the county of appar:1, &c. the
property of Edward Souch, in the Middlesex, preparatory to some very material al dwelling-house of Sir Peter Burrell, Knt. James terations of the police for the more speedy and Neale, alias Nowlan, for stealing a largequantity certain apprehension of offenders, and also for preof filver-plate, in the dwelling-house of George venting burglaries, footpad-robberies, &c. The Eaton, in Brook Street, Ratcliffe; John Ander- following gentlemen qualified on Tuesday for fon, for feloniously personating and assuming the taking on themselves the offices of justices of the