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be made up.
Lord Thurlow agreed with Lord Mansfield, Ships confideration; but as it was very intricate and was for rejecting the petition at once. He and copious, he thought he should not be able to was very far from meaning to treat the petition- present it till the next
feffion: he hoped, however, ers with disrespect, but did not conceive that their that their lordships, in pity to the poor fufferers, respectability was any argument why their peti- would pass an insolvene act this session, fimilar tion should have particular attention paid to it; to thofe already paffed; and that fomething of for every petitioner had an equal claim to their the kind was expected as a matter of grace on the lord ships interference. The question being now
Prince of Wales's coming of age. put, it was rejected without a division.
Adjourned to Friday.
Passed the bill for quieting patrons, under cer. * Ordered counsel to be heard on the Lambeth tain circumstances, and the Shepherd Shore Poor bill.
Read a first time the bill for regulating the his Majesty, requesting their lordships concurrence
to settle 2000l. per annum on Lord Rodney, and The Duke of Portland moved, that the House his succeffor. Also to grant 1500l. per annum be fummoned for Monday, having a matter of to General Eliott, and his next succeflor. importance to lay before their lordthips.
Paffed the bill forlaying a ftarap-duty on parch.
The order for the second reading of the bill to Passed the Scotch Corn, Mutiny, and Johnby allow the exportation of brass being called for, Inclofure bills.
Lord Wallingham moved, that the reading it be The order of the day for fummoning their postponed for two months; from an apprehenfordships being then called for, the Duke of Port- lion that, if the bill passed, it would be injurious land informed their lordchips, that they had been to our different manufactures. The question for called together for the purpose of receiving a mer. poftponing it was then put, and carried withuut a fage from his Majesty, which he would now lay division. before them. This message was, 'That his Ma-'
JULY 2. refty found it neceffary to form a separate hour Passed the Stamp Duty, St. James's Paving, bold for the Prince of Wales, and to request that and Powis's Eftate, bills. their lordships would aslift in establiżhing the Countel was then heard on the report of the fame. The meslage being read, his Grace said Lambeth Poor bill. he was perfuaded it required but little argument Lord Thurlow animadverted on the nature of to induce their lordships to acquiesce with his Ma the bill, objected to many of it's clauses, and jesty's wishes, and re retted that a business of ro concluded with moving that it might be re-commuch importance had not fallen to fome one more mitted, and receive an amendment. able than himself: however, as it was customary Lord Dudley, as chairman of the committee, to regulate matters of this kind in another place, defended their having gone through it without he should not now enter into particulars, but amendment, and wished it might not be re-comwould content bimself with moving, that an hum. mitted. ble address be prefented to his Majesty, expressive
Lord Mansfield was of the contrary opinion;" of their zeal and readiness to comply with the and the question being put, it was carried for the message.
re.commitment. A long altercation then took place, in which
JULY 3. Lords Abingdon, Temple, and Stormont, bore a Paffed the Justices Gaol bill. confiderable part; after which the question for The bill for the relief of infoluent debtors be. the address being put, it was carried without one ing read a second time, Lord Effingham moved diffenting voice.
for leave to call witnesses to the bar; such a mea. JUNE 25.
fure he thought requisite to fubftantiate several Paffed Sir Thomas Rumbold's Continuing matters of fact relative to the miserable situation and Restraining bills.
of many of those unhappy persons. His lordfhip The bill for regulating and amending the acts entered into a detail of the numbers now either for regulating Gao!s was read a second time, and confined or fled into foreign parts, through an inordered to be committed.
capacity of paying their debts. In the first were Lord Effingham noticed the defects of the se- upwards of 10,000; in the last, more than 13,000. teral laws respecting debtors; he wished some me. It was needless, he said, to inform the House what thod could be adopted for their amendment; and a disadvantage it must be to the community at said he had endeavoured to form a plan for that large to have such a number of uletul members purpose, which he meant to submit to their lord- precluded from rendering service to their cotin
try. To have these circumstances fully and clear. tended by the Duke of Montague and Lord Wil. ly explained, was his reason for making the mo- - loughby De Broke; and having taken his seat, and tion, and for the same reason he hoped their lord the Commons being come, the Speaker addreffed Ships concurrence.
his Majesty in a short speech, in which he alluded Lord Mansfield objected to admitting persons to the various money-bills passed this session, and to the bar as witnesses in this instance; what they hoped that, as peace was now brought about, this were to prove having nothing to do with the bill. country would experience an alleviation of that Upon this principle he could not see any occasion burden occafioned by the expences of the war. for the present motion.
The speaker likewise said, he was ha;py to in. Lord Effingham differed in opinion from the form his Majesty that, by the perseverance and noble lord who spoke laft; and, for several cogent affiduity of his faithful Commons, they had to reasons, wished to call witnesses to their lord
arranged the affairs respecting the East Indies, thips bar.
that there was but little doubt of bringing them Lord Bathurft and Lord Walfingham disap to a final issue at a very early period in the next proved of the motion; but Lord Effingham per- feßion. He then presented the Sinking Fund, lifting therein, it was accordingly put, and nega. Lord Rodney's, and Sir George Auguftus Eliott's, tived without a divifion.
Annuity bills; which having received the royal JULY 4.
assent in the usual form, his Majesty put an end Palled the Quack Medicine, Stage Coach, and to the sefliun by a most gracious speech from the Carriage Duty, bills.
throne*. Went through, in committee, the Ferersham Ordnance, Portsmouth Dock, Malt Compound HOUSE OF COMMONS. ing, and African Trade, bills.
(Continued from Page 216.)
ASSED Bayntun's Divorce bill.
ments, the bill to prevent Bribery at Elections; Lambeth Poor, bills.
which was reported and agreed to. Read a first time the Wheel Duty, and Births Mr. Eftwick disapproved of fome of the claufer and Burials, bills,
which had passed in the Pay Office bill, as apgeare JULY II.
ing to him of the most serious consequences. The royal aflent was given by commiffion to
Mr. Burke desired Mr. Etwick to specify several public and private bills: the commiffion
them. ers were Lord Mansfield, the Archbishop of Can- ,
Mr. Eftwick promised to enter into the subject terbury, and the Lord President.
the next day. A long altercation then took place relative to Mr. William Pitt then brought in the bill for the bill for establishing a free port in the Illand of regulating the different public offices, such as the Dominica, and for regulating the offices there and Admiralty, Navy, &c. at Jamaica; but, on a motion of the Duke of Lord John Cavendith defired to see the bill, as Portland, for adjourning the farther considera- he could not pledge himself to support it; on the tion of it till the next fefsion, it was agreed to contrary, he was of opinion that all the purposes without a division.
of it would be as well answered by judicious reJULY 15
gulations of office as by an act of parliament. The royal afsent was this day given by com
Mr. Montague said, a sufficient number of mission to several bills.
copies ought to be printed. Ordered that the Lords be summoned to at. Mr. Pitt declared he had not the least obje&tion tend his Majesty on the morrow.
to it; and his motion for the bill having passed, Lord Abingdon made a long speech against an
he then moved for accounts of all the fees in the order of council issued in the Gazette of July 5,
different offices; which motion likewise passed for the purpose of confining the trade and com unanimously. merce between the American States and his Ma Mr. Burke moved for an account of the fees jesty's Weft India
islands, to British-built ships, paid for passports at the Treasury, from the zoth owned by British subjects, and navigated accord- of November 1782, to the present time; which ing to law.
motion also passed without opposition. Lord Stormont defended the order, of which he The Lord Advocate remarked, that as Sir owned himself one of the advisers; and called Thomas Rumbold had finished his defence, it Lord Abingdon's speech, as it really was, de was now the duty of the House to take the evi. clamation.
dence both for and against him into confideration; Lord Abingdon expressed himself very happy but, as the season was too far advanced to enter that he had extorted a confeffion from the noble into so arduous an investigation, he would move lord, which had been fo often attempted in vain, to put off the farther confideration of it till the that the definitive treaties were not yet figned. next session, and to bring in a bill to continue the His lordship said a few words more, and the restraint on Sir Thomas Rumbold and his estate; House adjourned.
which motion passed without opposition.
JUNE 3. This day his Majefty came to the House, at Lord Mahon moved, that leave be given to
bring • See Page 68
bring in a bill to prevent Expences at Elections;
JUNE II. which was agreed to.
The sheriffs of the city of London presented a A motion was then made that the Pay Office petition from the mayor, aldermen, and commons, Reform bill should be read a third time; upon of the city, against the taxes on promifiory notes, which an uninteresting conversation took place; bills of exchange, and receipts, praying to be after which the House adjourned.
heard by counsel on the same. JUNE 5.
The Lord Mayor observed, that there never Read a third time, and passed, the bill to pre was a tax fo universally disapproved of in the city vent bribery at elections.
as this; all classes of people condemned it as inMr. Dempster laid before the committee a re- jurious to trade, and partial in the extreme. He port from another committee appointed to con therefore hoped that due attention would be paid fider the crops in Scotland. He observed, that to the prayer of the petition, and that no objection the last harvest in that part of the kingdom had would be raised against a motion be proposed to nearly failed, in confequence of which many had make; which was, that the petition should lie on perised; and moved for leave to bring in a bill to the table, and when the report from the commitenable his Majesty, with the advice of his privy tee should be brought up, that counsel might be council, to allow the Importation of Corn inió heard in it's behalf. North Britain for four months, from the 3d of Sir Grey Cooper opposed the motion, alledging September 1783; which motion passed without that it was contrary to the established usage of the opposition.
House to receive petitions against a tax. The committee having proceeded to the Re The Lord Mayor said, that the granting the ceipt Tax, the Lord Mayor observed, that it was prayer of the petition would not be unprecedented, generally thought burdensome and oppressive; as the city of London had been heard by counsel and that it would fall heaviest on the poor: to against the House Tax. prevent, therefore, as much as possible, the ex Lord North observed, that the case alluded to tension of the burden, he moved an amendment, was not in point, because, with regard to the that in the exemption for all receipts for sums HouseTax, counsel were heard, not directly against under two pounds, the word two be left out, and it, but merely to amend it. But here was a difive substituted in it's stead.
rect attack against the tax before them; confeAfter some altercation, the committee divided quently, the petition could not be listened to on the Lord Mayor's motion; when there appears without a breach of the rules of the House. ed for the original clause, restricting the exemp Sir Grey Cooper then said, that if the worthy tion to receipts for sums under two pounds. magistrate's motion should be agreed to, he would Ayes
move an amendment, which was, that after the Noes
words, 'that the petition lie on the table, the ré. Majority against the amendment -105 - mainder be omitted. It was then moved, and carried, that all
drafts After some farther debate, the House divided on demand, within ten miles of the place where on the amendment proposed by Sir Grey Cooper; drawn, should be exempted from the tax; which when there appeared being agreed to, the blanks were filled up, and
178 the House adjourned.
Majority -163 Ordered in a bill for allowing the Free Importa
JUNE 12. tion of Corn into Scotland for a limited time from Read a first time the Scotch Corn bill. As Great Britain, pursuant to the resolutions of yes- also the bill for Regulating the Exportation and terday; and another for allowing a Drawback on Importation of Corn, a second time. the Duties on Customs on the Exportation of Rice. The bill for imposing taxes on Bills of Ex
Ordered an address to his Majesty relative to the change and Receipts was then read a third time. scarcity of corn in North Britain.
When the clerk came to the first claufe by which Lord Mahun moved the second reading of his the stamp was to be imposed on receipts, Sir Cebill for preventing Expences at Elections; giving cil Wray opposed it, by saying he diliked the tax notice, that when it should be sent to a commit- himself; but what weighed much more with him tee, he would move for the insertion of a clause was, that his constituents diliked it: he moved, to prevent candidates from giving cockades at therefore, that the clause be left out. elections.
Alderman Sawbridge was of the same opinion Mr. Fox objected to the bill; faid the House with Sir Cecil Wray. had already decided upon it, and therefore it did In consequence of the above motion, a tedious not stand in need of any farther discussion: he debate commenced; in the course of which Mr. however moved that the second reading of it be Fox took occasion to observe, that there could deferred till that day three months.
not be a more effectual way to breed disputes, and A short conversation ensued; after which the make them produce disagreeable effects, than to House divided, when Mr. Fox was left in a mi- tell the people they might get tax-laws repealed nority, there appearing
whenever they should think proper to say they For his motion
disliked them: that, had he even foreseen the con. Against it
sequences which followed the passing of the bill in Adjourned till Wednesday,
favour of the Roman Catholics, he should never
theless have voted for it, as it was founded in po the petition do lie upon the table; which was licy, humanity, and justice; and, to the honour agreed to without opposition. of the House, and of the nation, that act still re The House then resolved itself into a commained a law of the land; a monument not andy mittee, and went through the bill for abolishing of the justice, but of the spirit of the country, in fees, and making regulations in the public offices; ttemming the prejudices and illiberality of the and, after much desulçory conversation, adjourned. lower order of the people, and a warning to others. how they attempted to force the legislature to re Passed the Scotch Corn and Rice bills. peal any law!
*Mr. Minchin moved, that a fum, not exceedSeveral other members replied in opposition to ing 4,8781. be granted to his Majesty, to pay the tax; and the House at length divided on the for lands 'purchased for the purpose of raising motion for rejecting the clause, when there ape fortifications for the better defence of the dock at peared
Portsmouth; which motion passed without debate.
The House went into a committee on Lord, The claule was of course agreed to. By a clause Mahon's bill for preventing fraudulent voters from in the bill all receipts in full of all demands arę polling at elections of members to serve in pardeclared to be void, unless given on a four-penny liament. Atamp. The bill then pated without farther ope Lord Mahon moved a clause, that all freeholds position.
should be registered by the parish-clerk, except: JUNE 13
ing such as are acquired by descent or marriage. General Conway delivered a message from his Mr. Byng opposed the bill, as it would subject Majesty, informing the House that the Honour. the electors to great charges. able Major Stanhope, one of their members, hav Mr. George Ondow allodisapproved of the bill. ing been charged with misconduct in his com The committee then divided on the motion, mand in the Inand of Tobago, his Majesty had when there appeared ordered him to be put under an arrest, that he
52 might be brought to trial.
34 Sir Grey Cooper then moved an address to his
JUNI 20. Majesty, to thank him for his gracious message, Lord John Cavendish gave notice, that on and his tender concern for the privileges of the Monday next he should deliver a message to the Commons; which motion passed without oppa House from his Majesty: after which his lordship fition.
moved for leave to bring up a petition from the
American Loyalists; which being read, he then Passed the Vagrants bill.
moved that it should lie upon the table, as he inCounsel were called, and heard, for and against tended making a motion relative to it on Tuesday the St. James's Paving bill; after which it was
next. tead a third time, and passed.
JUNE 23: Persons brewing beer for their own use, and not Ordered, that an account of the money paid for sale, are permitted by act of parliament to to Sir Robert Taylor, for riot-money, be laid bę. compound with the Board of Excise, at so much fore the House, per head, for the real duty on malt they thus con
Lord John Cavendish delivered a written mefsume; which composition freed them from the fage from the king, of which the following is a vifits of the excise-officers: but great frauds hay
copy. ing arisen under this act, Lord John Cavendish
(GEORGE R. moved, that the House în committee take the matter into consideration. Accordingly the House the propriety of making an immediate and sepa
• His Majesty having taken into consideration having gone into a committee, a resolution was
rate eftablishment for his dearly beloved fon the moved by his lordship, that the power of com
Prince of Wales, relies on the experienced zeal pounding cease; which resolution was carried with
and affection of the House for their concurrence out opposition, and a bill was ordered in,
in and fupport of such measures as fhall be most JUNE 17. Ordered the Scotch Corn and Rice bill to be proper to aštift his Majesty in this design, engrossed.
The, Speaker having read the message, Lord Paffed Sir Thomas Rumbold's Continuing bill. John Cavendish moved that it be referred to the
Sir Cecil Wray brought up a petition from the consideration of the committee on Wednesday people called Quakers, in behalf of the unforty next. nate Negroes, the traffic of whose persons, they Mr, Powys called upon the noble lord to ftate prayed, for the sake of humanity, to have abolisha fomething to the House of what he intended to ed; which being read, appeared to be the act of move in the committee of supply; especially as the general meeting of the Quakers assembled an he had formerly assured the House that they would nually at Whitsuntide.
be able to establisha a.fund to support the prince's :. Sir Cecil-faid, he went heart and hand with houshold without any addition ál aid. the petitioners, and wished that something might Lord John Cavendish replied, that it was not be done towards abolishing a traffic which dif- his intention to call upon parliament for a fupply graced humanity; and concluded by moving,lhaç to support the prince's establishment, as the king yos. III.
yguld wie wir
would be enabled, by proper regulations, to do it Lord North moved, that the committee take from the Civil List; and all that was wanted from into consideration a proposition for half-pay to parliament would be a sum to begin with, to de the officers of certain American corps raised to fray the expences which attend the setting on foot serve in America during the late diffentions. His a new establishment.
lordship observed that they had, though comfortaThis answer giving general satisfaction, the bly settled in their respective provinces, chearfully question was put for referring the message to the stood forth, in obedience to his Majesty's proclacommittee of supply, and carried unanimously. mations, tó testify their loyalty to their sovereign, JUNE 24.
leaving their friends, relations, and pofleffionsa Passed the Vellum Stanip Duty bill.
facrificing their fortunes, and risquing their very Lord John Cavendish proceeded to the propo- lives, in our cause. Would that House, thereŞtion relative to the petition from the Loyalists, fore, to which those gallant men now looked up facing the obligation this country was under to as their only hope, abandon them? Would they make provision for them; and moved for leave to suffer the heart-breaking and cruel tidings to be bring in a bill for appointing commissioners to en carried over to America, that they were deserted quire into the circumstances of such as had suf- by England, for whose fake they had relinquished fered by the diffentions in America.
every thing dear to them? He trusted the justice, After a short conversation, the question was the humanity, the gratitude, of this country, were put, and leave given to bring in the bill. too deeply interested in their cause, ever to suffer JUNE 25.
them to turn their backs on such faithful subjects The order of the day for taking the king's and fellow-foldiers." "His lordihip concluded by message into consideration being read, the Speaker saying, that in the committee he should move only left the chair, and the House went into a com for 15,000l. as half-pay to these corps. mittee of supply.
Several of the members then gave their opiLord John Cavendish raid, that the committee nion on the motion; and the queftion being put, must necessarily feel the most lively sentiments of it was carried unanimously, The House afteraffection to his Majesty, for the gracious manner wards went into a committee of fupply; and, hav. in which he had determined to provide for the esta- ing voted the half-pay, adjourned. blishment of his Royal Highness the Prince of
JUNE 30. Wales, without calling upon his people for any Passed the Quack Medicine Duty bill. , additional supply to his Civil Lift. His Majesty Lord John Cavendith delivered two written
had graciously resolved to take upon himself the messages from the king; in one of which his whole of the annual expence, and to allow his Majesty informed the House, that having taken Royal Highness 50,oool. a year; but the com into consideration the great and diftinguished fermittee could not be ignorant of the state of the vices of the Right Honourable George Brydges Civil Lift. About 50;cool. had been set aside to Lord Rodney, his Majesty was of opinion that a wards paying debts, which would keep the Civil penfion of 2000l. a year, net money, should be List down to 850,000l. a year for about fix years settled on him for his own life, and the lives of to comé; and 50,000l. a year more to the prince the two next heirs of his body, to whom the title would leave his Majesty's revenue fo low, that it of Lord Rodney fall descend. The other mefwould be barely sufficient to discharge the diffé- lage stated the eminent services of General Sir rent claims upon it. In such a situation, it was Auguftus Eliott, in his gallant defence of Gibnot furprizing that his Majesty should call upon raltar, and acquainted the House, that his Ma. his faithful Commons for a temporary aid to equip jesty intended to settle 1500l. a year on him for his son at the outset; and, he was persuaded, there his
own life, and the life of his son, Francis Au. was not a person in that House who would not gustus Eliott, Esq. His Majesty not being emfeel a readiness to provide for the ease and con powered by law to grant a penfion for more than
venience of the royal family. The prince's his own life out of the Civil Lift, applied therehouse had not been inhabited for a long time; and fore to parliament for such a power. These mer. a thousand things were wanting to make it con fages were agreed to be referred to a committee venient. The prince was a young man, conse of the whole House to-morrow. quently could not be expected to be a very great The report from the committee of supply be. econoinist; and no one would wish to see him ingthen brought up, was read, and agreed to withs uncomfortable at his first outset in life. His lord out a divifion. ship concluded by moving, that the sum of 60,000l.
JULY 1. be granted to his Majesty towards settling the efta. Read a second time the bill for laying a duty blithment of the Prince of Wales.
on Births and Burials. The queition was then put, and carried nem. con. The king's speech relative to his debts being JUNE 27.
read, resolved that the House will to-morrow go Passed the Carriage Duty and Malt Compound, into a committee to consider of the same.
Rejected the bill for' quieting the minds of The bill from the Lords, to quiet the minds Patrons and Incumbents. : of Patrons and Incumbents, who may have incut The House then went into a committee to take
sed penaltics, &c. in consequence of the late de into consideration the king's message relative to cision in the case of Ffytche and the Bishop of Lord Rodney.' Loridon, was a read a first time.
*** Lord John Cavendish said, it would be superThe order of the day for going into a committee Auous to state the merits of the great officer' who of supply being then read and carried had fo nobly served his country, as they were too