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as will appear from the following ac batteries on the west side were imknowledgment of the Dey on the oc- mediately made. · cafion, published by order of the Ad The Prince Edward, being the best miralty in the fame month.
failer, commenced the attack, and "The Dey of Algiers acknowledges coin modore was able to bring up to his
suffered very confiderably, till the that one of his officers has been guilty station abreast the angles of both the of a very great fault, which tended to embroil him with his chiefest and best Fort, which he effected with so much
West Point battery and St. Francis's friends, who shall therefore no longer judgment, that the enemy could not ferve him by fea or land. He hopes bring a single gun to bear upon him. the king of Great Britain will confider it as the action of a fool or mad.
The fire was, indeed, so terrible, so man, and he will take care that no
near, and so well directed, that the
French soldiers were unable to stand thing of the like kind fhall again hap- to their quarters; and the governor, pen; and hopes that they may, if pos- though a very brave man, found himsible, be better friends than ever.'
self obliged to submit, and the flag After this service, and in the same was accordingly struck. year, his lordship concluded treaties On this, his lord ship ordered a of amity with the states of Tripoli and lieutenant and his secretary to land, Tunis; and, on the rigth of October and wait upon the governor; but that 1752, the latter having been inter- gentleman coming to the beach, berupted, he eftablifhed, on a firm foot- fore they could quit their boat, deing, a new treaty of peace and com- manded on what terms the Honour. merce with the state of Tunis.. able Mr. Keppel proposed that he
Soon after the completion of this hould surrender. bufmefs, he quitted the Mediterra. This question, after the fag had nean, where he had been three years been struck, not a little.furprized fationed, and arrived fafe at Portf- them; and they immediately replied, mouth, with the entire squadron un- that the commodore certainly expectder his command, at the latter end of ed him to surrender at difcretion. 1752:
The governor refusing to comply in the year 1955, his lordship was with this condition, they acquainted appointed commodore of a squadron hin that a gun to be fired near the fent to Virginia, for the protection island hould be the fignal for the reof our American trade; and, on his newal of hoftilities, and returned on return, in 1756, he was remarkably board the Torbay. active in the Channel férvice, where His lordship, being informed of he captured a vaft number of very va- what had paffed, immediately orderInable French prizes.
ed the promised gun to be fired, which The reduction of Goree, on the was followed by his whole broadfide; African coaft, having been conclud- and the governor, perceiving it would ed on in the year 1758, his lordship be in vain to contend, dropped the was selected by the Earl of Chatham, regimental colours near the walls, as a then Mr. Pitt, for the execution of signal that he was willing to surrenthis important fervice.
der at discretion. The squadron on this occasion con Lieutenant Colonel Wage, who fitted of the Torbày, (the common commanded the military on this exdore's fhip) the Prince Èdward, the pedition, immediately sent a party Naftau, the Dunkirk, the Fougeaux, of marines alhore, who took posel. and the Furnace and Firedrake bomb. fion of the island, hoisted British co: vefiels.
lours on Fort St. Michael, and con. After some delays, they reached cluded the ceremony of the conqueft Goree on the 24th of December; and at the foot of the Aag-ftaff, with the difpofitions for the attack of the three huzzas from the battlements,
which were anfwered by the ships part made prisoners. The rest of the crews with the like number of shoutsa army, after repeatedly making the
There were upwards of 300 pri. moft undaunted efforts, finding them foners, with negro-slaves in great selves wholly unable to force the engi numbers, taken in the forts; as well iny's lines, or make good their landa as 95 pieces of cannon, a number of ing, were obliged to retire with very mortars, shells, and thot of different considerable lots. This difatter, which fizes, 100 barrels of gunpowder, a in killed, wounded, and prifoners, great quantity of cannon-cartridges cof us near soo men, was greatly Alled, and three months provisions augmented by the lofs of several of for upwards of 500 men.
the flat-bottomed vessels employed At the memorable defeat of M. in landing the troops, which were de Conflans, in the year 1759, his lord- ftroyed or damaged in a hard gale that Thip's skill and bravery were greatly followed their retreat from the shore. manifefted ; and he sunk, in his old But, though this certainly renderthip the. Torbay, with the fecond ed the prospect of any future attempt broadfide, the Thesée, a French man much less pleasing than at first, neiof war of 74 guns.
ther the commanders, nor their brave At the beginning of the year 1761, men, were difpirited; and, as they his lordship was appointed to the resolved, if poffible, not to return command of a powerful squadron, without effect, they began-diligently consisting of nine ships of the line, to search the whole coait, that they frigates, fire-fhips, and bomb-vessels, might find a place more favourable dettined for the reduction of Belleifle; to renew the attack. with upwards of a hundred tranf The view, indeed, was not very ports, having on board gooo soldiers, inviting, as the island is naturally. and a compleat train of artillery for strong fortification, and art had-abun the conduct of the attack by land, dantly fupplied the very few defe under Major General Hodgson. ciencies which were originally left by
On the 29th of March 1761, this nature. armament failed from Spithead; but, It was near a fortnight after this till the 6th of April, they were un first failure, before the weather would able to feer in with the French coast. permit a second effort to land; his
On the 7th of April they arrived lordship, however, perfifted with the before Belleise: which is one of the utmost steadiness, and a convenient largeft European iflands belonging to fituation was at length found, Not the French king, being about 38 miles that the part of the coast felected for in circumference, and containing one this purpofe was less trong than any little city, called Le Palais, three other; on the contrary, the principal country town's, 103 villages, and hopes of success were founded on the about sooo inhabitants. The next excessive fteepnefs and dificulty of day a landing was agreed to be at- ascending the rocks, which had 'rentempted, on the south-eaft of the dered the enemy fomewhat lefs cire island, in a fandy bay, near Lochma- cumfpect on that quarter. ria Point; where the enemy not only This arduous attempt was accord. poffeffed a small fort, but had also'en- ingly made on a bold rocky fhore, near trenched themselves on an exceflive. Lochmaria Point already mentioned, ly fteep hill, the foot of which was Besides the principal attack, two feint's scarped away to render all approaches were at the fame time judicioufly more difficult. The attempt was, made to divide the attention of the however, made in three places, with enemy, while the men of war directed aftonishing resolution: a few grena- their fire with great judgment and ef diers got on fhore, and formed them. feet on the hills. selves; but as it was impoffible to fup Thefe manquvres gave Brigadier port them, they were for the most General Lambert, with a handful of
men, an opportunity of climbing up of relief, it was obvious that the place a very steep rock without moleftation. muft neceffarily be reduced. This little body having thus prospe The Chevalier de St. Croix, howrously gained the top of the hill, ever, was resolved to sell it as dear as formed themselves in good order, possible: and his garrison accordingwithout delay, and were immediate- ly, with wonderful expedition and ly attacked by 300. French troops: perseverance, continued nightly to againft these, however, they resolute- repair the damages of the preceding ly maintained their advantage, till day, though they saw the breaches the whole corps of Brigadier Lam- made every day more and more conbert ascended in like manner, when fiderable by the well-directed efforts the enemy were quickly repulsed. of their besiegers; till, at length, on
In a short time after, the landing the 7th of June 1761, a pračticable of all the forces was compleatly ef breach having been effe&ed, the gofected, with very inconfiderable loss. vernor found
it expedient to capituThe enemy, in one or two places, late, and he was allowed to march seemed disposed to make a stand; but out with all the honours of war. the light-horse employed on this ex Thus was Belleifle reduced under pedition foon drove them into the the British government, after a fiege town, and laid the whole way quite of two months,at the expence of about open up to the entrenchments before 1500 men killed and wounded. The the citadel.
lofs most regretled was that of Sir The very difficult task of bringing William Peere Williams, a young forward the heavy artillery, which
was gentleman of great talents and exfirst to be dragged up the rocks, and pectations, who had made a diftin. afterwards fix miles farther along a guished figure in parliament, and rugged, broken road, necessarily took had lately entered into the service: up much time, and tended greatly to he was shot by a centinel of the enefatigue the men employed on this la- my, whom he had, in the night, too borious service.
nearly approached; and was the third The lege, however, was opened young man of fashion whom, during with vigour; and the garrison, which this war, the love of enterprize, and was commanded by the Chevalier De of their country, had brought to an St. Croix, a brave and experienced honourable death in these expeditions officer, threatened a long and obfti. on the coast of France. nate defence.
The rejoicings in London, on this The enemy made some sallies, one occafion, were extremely great; the of them with confiderable effect, in city addressed his Majesty, and the which Major General Crawford was land and sea-officers, who with so notaken prifoner: these checks, how.. ble a perseverance had ftruggled with ever, served only to animate the be- and overcome such extraordinary difsiegers, who made a furious attack on ficulties, were the subjects of univere the lines which covered the town, and fal applause. carried them without much lofs, prin In the celebrated expedition against cipally by the uncommon intrepidity the Havannah, in the year 1762, his of a newly-raised corps of marines, lordfhip bore a confiderable part: for, whose spirit and gallantry on this oc- though Admiral Pococke had the cafion had not been exceeded during chief naval command, the three nothe course of that successful war. ble Keppels certainly shared largely
The town being now wholly aban- in the honour of that important condoned, the defence was confined to quest; and the Earl of Albemarle, in the citadel; and, as his lord ship had particular, his lordship's brother, was ftationed the feet so as to prevent commander in chief of the land for every communication with the con, tinent, and of course cut off all hope His lordship, on this memorable
occasion, with a squadron of fix fail be said occasionally to have quitof the line, and several small frigates, ted it, when he joined the opposition covered the landing of the whole ar in a certain allembly, to do what he my, between the Rivers Boca Noa and doubtless thought serving his counCoximar, about two leagues to the try in the best manner he was able. eastward of the Moro, which was in Being now generously called upon deed effected without opposition; but by his sovereign to take the coma body of the enemy's troops appear- mand of the grand feet intended to ing near the shore, his lord ship or attack the force of France, he failed dered the Mercury and Bonetta Roop from Portsmouth with twenty fail of in shore, to fcour the beach and woods; the line in June 1778, and made imme. and a more considerable force after- diately for Brest; where information wards appearing as if they intended being received, that the enemy had to oppose the Earl of Albemarle's in that harbour, thirty-one fail which pafling Coximar River, his lordship would be ready to put to sea in a ordered the Dragon, Captain Hervey, few days, he thought it expedient to to run in and batter the castle, which return for a sufficient augmentation was accordingly foon silenced, and to secure the success of the business the army passed over unmolested. In he was commissioned to execute. short, his lord hip behaved with such His lordship was accordingly repropriety on this famous occasion, inforced with ten thips, and again fail. that Admiral Pococke, in his letter ed in quest of the French fleet; which to the Admiralty,dated July 14, 1762, was at length discovered on the 23d observed, that Commodore Keppel of July, about three in the afterexecuted the duty intrusted to him noon, off Breft, consisting of thirty with an activity, judgment, and di- fail, under the Comte D'Orvilliers. ligence,which no man could furpass.' A general chace was immediately
At the latter end of the same year, ordered; but it was late in the even. his lordship went on a cruize to the ing before the British feet came up West Indies, where he took four with the enemy. During the night, French frigates, and eighteen mer the French had contrived to alter. chantmen, all richly laden with su- their position, and they were next gar, coffee, and indigo, under their morning found to windward : this convoy.
circumstance at once pleased and sur Shortly after this event, his ford. prized our countrymen; who conship was promoted to the rank of cluded that the enemy meant fairly Rear-Admiral, as a reward for his long to try their strength on the occasion, and eminent services; and, in the fince they had unquestionably quitmonths of January and February of ted a position in which they might the succeeding year, he captured fe- have saved themselves from the neveral valuable Spanish prizes, which ceflity of an engagement, by retreathe sent into Jamaica.
ing into port. It was not, however, The peace which was concluded till four days after--the execrated with France and Spain on the roth 27th of July--that the two fleets fairly of the month laft mentioned, put'an end to those exertions, the success of To enter into the disagreeable para which enabled him to enjoy; in ho- ticulars of that day, too deeply rooted nourable affluence, that tranquillity in the memory of every Englishman, which he had so well laboured to re must be as unnecessary to our readers store to his country.
as it would certainly be unpleasing From this period, till the com to us: when we consider that a suca mencement of hoftilities with France, cess at this critical juncture, similar the brave admiral remained under the to that which afterwards followed Made of his laurels ; unless he may the unanimous exertions of our feet
in the West Indies, on the glorious
That the above conduct was the more 12th of April, might have saved fo unaccountable, as the enemy's feet many thoufands of lives, and so many was not then in disorder, nor beaten, millions of treasure, is it poflible for nor flying, but found in a regular us, whose proudest boaft is our coun line of battle on that tack which try's love, not for ever to lament that approached the British feet,all their fo little was on that day effected! motions indicating plainly a design
III would it become us, though to give battle; and they edged down we are conscious of an impartiality and attacked it whilft in disorder. not exceeded by that of any set of
By this unofficer-like conduct, a gemen existing, to offer, as individuals, neral engagement was not brought any opinions which might militate on, but the other-flag officers and against those of persons perhaps bet captains were left to engage,
with ter informed, and of integrity not outorder or regularity, from whence to be disputed: we shall, therefore, great confusion ensued; some of his content ourselves with barely men Ships were prevented getting into tioning, that a court-martial was held action at all, others were not near at Portsmouth, in January 1779, on enough to the enemy, and fome the following charge exhibited by Sir from the confusion fired into others Hugh Palliser against Admiral Kep of the king's fhips, and did them pel; concluding with the sentence confiderable damage; and the Vice which resulted from this enquiry. Admiral of the Blue was left alone
to engage fingly and unfupported.
In these instances, the said Admiral A CHARGE OF MISCONDUCT AND
Keppel negligently performed the DUTY, AGAINST
duty imposed on him. HONOURABLE KEPPEL, ON
TWENTY-EIGHTH THAT, after the van and centre divi. OF JULY 1778, IN
fions of the British fleet passed the STANCES AS UNDER MENTIONED, rear of the enemy, the Admiral did
not immediately tack and double
upon the enemy with those two di. THAT on the morning of the 27th of
vísions, and continue the battle; nor July 1778, having a fleet of thirty
did he collect them together at that
time, and keep so near the enemy, Thips of the line under his command,
as to be in readiness to renew the and being then in the presence of a
battle, as soon as it might be proFrench fleet, of the like number of hips of the line, the said Admiral per; but, on the contrary, he stood Keppel did not make the necessary
away beyond the enemy to a great
distance, before he wore to Itand preparations for fight; did not put his Aeet into a line of battle, or in.
towards them again, leaving the
Vice Admiral of the Blue engaged to any order, proper
either for receiving or attacking an enemy of
with the enemy, and exposed to be
cut off. such force; but, on the contrary, although his feet was already dispersed and in disorder, he, by mak. That, after the Vice Admiral of the ing the signal for several ships of the Blue had passed the last of the eneVice Admiral of the Blue's division my's fhips, and immediately wore to chace to windward, increased the and laid his own ship’s head towards disorder of that part of his fleet, and the enemy again, being then in their
the ships were in consequence more wake, and at a little diftance only, · feattered than they had been before; and expecting the Admiral: to ad. and, whilst in this disorder, he ad. vance with all the fhips to renew vanced to the enemy, and made the the fight, the Admiral did not ad. signal for battle.
vance for that purpose, but short