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THE STATES GENERAL OF THE UNITED
Dutchess of Smolensko, Dutchess of Estonia, of present full power, by the said Prince BariatinLivonia, Carelia, Twer, Ingoria, Germia, Viat- skoy and Sieur Marcoff, as also to cause our rakia, Bulgaria, and other countries; Lady and tifications thereof to be expedited in the time Great Dutchess of Lower Novogorod, of Czer- agreed upon.
In witness whereof, we have niguvia, Resan, Rostow, JaroNow, Belo-Osoria, figned these presents with our own hand, and Udoria, Obdoria, Condinia, Ruler of all the have caused the Great Seal of the empire to be Side of the North, Lady of Iveria, and Heredi- fixed thereto. Given at our residence of St. Petary Princess and Sovereign of the Czars of teriburgh, the twelfth of March, in the year
of Cartalinia and Georgia, as also of Cabardinia, Grace one thousand feven hundred and eightyof the Princes of Circallia, of Gorfki, &c. Being three, and in the twenty-first year of our reigii. intent, during all the course of the late war,
CATHARINE. which had extended over every part of the earth, to testify how much we had it at heart to see the
COUNT JOHN D'OSTERMANN calamities thereof terminated, we were inclined, in conjunction with his Majesty the Emperor of the Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia, to PRELIMINARY ARTICLES OF PEACE, BEemploy our good offices, in order to find means TWEEN HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY AND of conciliation proper for re-establishing peace and good understanding between the belligerent
SIGNED AT PARIS, SEPpowers. We have had the satisfaction to observe TEMBER 2, 1783. that our common endeavours were not fruitless; and the pacisic sentiments, with which the said
In the name of the Most Holy Trinity. powers were happily animated, having ripened The King of Great Britain and the States and strengthened so far that they proceeded to General of the United Provinces, animated with conclude Preliminary Articles, serving as a basis an equal desire to put an end to the calamities of to the Definitive Treaties, they invited us, con- war, have already authorized their respective mijointly with his Majesty' the Emperor of the nifters plenipotentiary to sign mutual declarations Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia, to for a fufpension of arms; and, being willing to recarry our united mediation into full execution, establish union and good understanding between and to interpose our good offices in this falutary the two nations, as necessary for the benefit of huwork, by concurring to consolidate and fully manity in general, as for that of their respective establish the peace, the foundations of which were dominions and subjects, have named for this purlaid by the aforesaid Preliminary Articles, and pose, to wit, on the part of his Britannic Majethus to accomplish the business of pacification ity, the most illustrious and most excelent Lord so happily begun. We, equally induced by the George Duke and Earl of Manchester, Viscount sentiments above exprefled, as by a just acknow- Mandeville, Baron of Kimbolton, &c. his amledgment of those which were manifested to us bassador-extraordinary and plenipotentiary to his on the part of the said powers, did not hesitate, most Christian Majesty; and, on the part of their in concert with his Majesty the Emperor of the High Mightinesses, the said States General, the Romans, to confirm their expectation, and to most excellent Lords Mathew Leitevenon de Ber. charge ourself with the important employment kenroode, and Gerard Brantsen, respectively their which was tendered to us. For this end, we have ambassador and ambassador-extraordinary and made choice of, named and deputed, and by plenipotentiaries: who, after having duly commuthere presents do make choice of, name and nicated their full powers in good form, have agreed depute, our ministers plenipotentiary to his most upon the following Preliminary Articles. Christian Majesty, our beloved and trusty Prince Art. I. As soon as the Preliminaries shall be Iwan Bariatinskoy, lieutenant-general of our signed and ratified, sincere and conftant friendship forces, knight of the order of St. Anne; and shall be re-established between his Britannic Ma. the Sieur Arcadius de Marcoff, our counsellor jesty, his kingdoms, dominions and subjects, and of Chancery; giving them full power, in our their High Mightinesles the States General of the name, and on our behalf, in quality of media. United Provinces, their dominions and subjects, tors, jointly with him or them who shall be named of what quality or condition soever they be, withfor this purpose and likewise furnished with full out exception either of places or persons; so that powers, on the part of his Majesty the Emperor the high contracting parties shall give the greatest of the Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia, attention to the maintaining between themselves, co-mediátor as well as on the part of the other and their faid dominions and subjects, this recipowers interested therein, to act or interpose, and procal friendship and intercourse, without permitafist with our mediation and good offices, in the ting hereafter, on either part, any kind of hostiarrangement and completion of all such treaties, lities to be committed either by fea or by land, conventions, or other instruments, as fhall be for any cause or under any pretence wha:svever: judged necelary for the consolidation and entire and they shall carefully avoid, for the future, every confirmation of the work begun; and also to thing, which might prejudice the union happily fign and deliver,, on their part, such act or acts re-established, endeavouring, on the contrary, to as may be required and deemed conducive to the procure reciprocally, for each other, on every.oc-. attainment of that end: promising, on our faith casion, whatever may contribute to their mutual and imperial word, to approve and faithfully glory, interests, and advantage, without giving perform every thing which shall have been done, any aslistance or protection, directly or indirectly, concluded, promised and signed, in virtue of the to those who would do any injury to either of
the high contracting parties. There shall be a commissaries shall be named on each side, to general oblivion of every thing which may have make suitable arrangements on these points., been done or committed, before or since the com- Art.'VIII. All the countries and territories mencement of the war, which is just ended. which may have been, or which may be con
Art. II. With respect to the honours of the quered in any part of the world whatsoever, by flag, and the salute at sea, by the ships of the Re- the arms of his Britannic Majesty, as well as public towards those of his Britannic Majesty, by those of the States General, which are not the same custom shall be respectively followed, as included in the present treaty, neither under the was practiled before the commencement of the head of ceflions, nor under the head of reftituwar which is just concluded.
tions, ihall be restored without difficulty, and Art. III. All the prisoners taken on either without requiring any compensation. side, as well by land as by sea, and the hostages Art. IX. As it is necessary to appoint a certain carried away or given during the war, and to this period for the restitutions and evacuations to be day, shall be restored, without ransom in fix made, it is agreed, that the King of Great Briweeks at latest, to be computed from the day of tain shall cause Trinquemale to be evacuated, as the exchange of the ratification of these Prelimi- well as all the towns, forts, and territories, which nary Articles; each power respectively discharging have been taken by his arms, and of which he the advances which shall have been made, for the may be in pofleflion, excepting what is ceded to subsistence and maintenance of their prisoners, his Britannic Majesty by these articles, at the by the sovereign of the country'where they shall same periods as the reftitutions and evacuations have been detained, according to the receipts, at- fhall be made between Great Britain and France. tested accounts, and other authentic vouchers, The States General shall restore, at the same which Mall be furnished on each side: and sureties period, the towns and territories which their fall be reciprocally given for the payment of the arms may have taken from the English in the debts which the prisoners may have contracted East Indies. In consequence of which, the necessary in the countries where they may have been de- orders shall be sent by each of the high contracttained until their entire release. And all ships, ing parties, with reciprocal passports for the ships as well men of war as merchant-ships, which may which shall carry them, immediately after the have been taken since the expiration of the terms ratification of these Preliminary Articles. agreed upon for the cessation of hostilities, by sea, Art. X. His Britannic Majesty, and their thall likewise be restored, bonâ fide, with all their High Mightinesses the aforesaid States General, crews and cargoes: and the execution of this ar- promise to observe sincerely, and bonâ fide, ticle shall be proceeded upon immediately after all the articles contained and established in this the exchange of the ratifications of this Prelimi- present Preliminary Treaty; and they will not nary Treaty.
suffer the same to be infringed, directly or indiArt. 1V. The States General of the United rectly, by their respective subjects: and the said Provinces cede and guaranty, in full right, to his high contracting parties guaranty to each other, Britannic Majesty, the town of Negapatnam, with generally and reciprocally, all the ftipulations of the dependencies thereof; but in consideration of the present articles. the importance which the States General of the Art. XI. The ratifications of the present United Provinces annex to the possession of the Preliminary Articles, prepared in good and due aforesaid town, the King of Great Britain, as a form, shall be exchanged in this city of Paris beproof of his good will towards the said States, pro- tween the high contracting parties, in the space mises, notwithstanding this ceffion, to receive and of one month, or fooner if it can be done, to be treat with them for the restitution of the said computed from the day of the signature of the town, in case the Siates should hereafter have an present articles. equivalent to offer him.
In witness whereof, we the under-written, Art. V. The King of Great Britain shall their ambassadors and plenipotentiaries, have restore to the States General of the United Pro- figned with our hands, in their names, and vinces, Trinquemale, as a'so all the other towns, by virtue of our full powers, the present forts, harbours, and settlements, which, in the Preliminary Articles, and have caused the course of the present war, have been conquered, seals of our arms to be affixed thereto. in any part of the world whatever, by the arms Done at Paris, the second day of September, of his Britannic Majesty, or by those of the one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three. English East India Company, and of which he
L. VAN BERKENROODE. might be in poffeffion; the whole in the condi- MANCHESTER. (L. S.) tion in which they shall be found.
BRANTSEN. Art. VI. The States General of the United
(L. S.) Provinces promise and engage not to obstruct the navigation of the British subjects in the eastern
To compleat the pacific intelligence of this seas. Art. VII. Whereas differences have arisen
month, the following treaty of perpetual friendbetween the English African Company and the fhip, between the East India Company and the Dutch West India Company, relative to the na
Marattahs, is just arrived; which we shall like
wise seize this early opportunity of laying before vigation on the coasts of Africa, as also on the subject of Cape Apollonia; for preventing all
our readers, who will readily see the advantages cause of complaint between the subjects of the
which must accrue to our Oriental poffefiions two nations upon those coasts, it is agreed that
from the conclusion of this important alliance.
2 G 2 MARATTAX
HONOURABLE THE GOVERNOR GENERAL
APPOINTED BY THE
TAIN TO DIRECT AND CONTROUL ALL
ING ON THEIR HEIRS
lacks of rupees near Baroach, the English do now, MARATTAH PEACE.
at the request of Madhoo Row Scindia, con 'int TREATY OF PERPETUAL FRIENDSHIP AND
to relinquish their claim to the laid country da ALLIANCE BETWEEN THE HONOURABLE
favour of the Peshwa. EAST INDIA COMPANY AND THE PESHWA
Art. V. The country which Seeajee and Futty MADHOO ROW PUNDIT PURDHAN, SET
Sing Gwickwar gave io the English, and which TLED BY MR. DAVID ANDERSON ON THE
is mentioned in the 7th article of the treaty with PART OF THE HONOURABLE COMPANY,
Colonel Upton, being therein left in a state of IN VIRTUE OF THE POWERS DELEGATED.
fufpense; the English, with a view to obviate all TO HIM FOR THAT PURPOSE, BY THE
future disputes, now agree, that it shall be re
stored; and it is hereby fetiled, that, if the said COUNCIL
country be a part of the established territories of KING AND PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRI
the wickwar, it shall be restored to the Gwickwar; and if it shall be a part of the Peshwa's
territories, it shall be restored to the Peihwa. NOURABLE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COM
Art. VI. The English engage, that having alPANY IN INDIA; AND BY MAHA RAJAH lowed Ragonaut Row a period of four months, MADHOO
SCINDIA, AS from the time when this treaty shall become comPLENIPOTENTIARY ON THE
pleat, to fix on a place of residence, they will not MADHOO
after the expiration of the said period afford him PUR DHAM, BALLAJEE
any support, protection, or assistance, nor supply FURNAVESE, AND THE WHOLE OF THE
him with money for his expences. And the Pesh. OF THE MARAI TAH NATION,
wa on his part engages, that if Ragonaut Row AGREEABLY TO THE FOLLOWING ARTI
will voluntarily, and of his own accord, repair to CLES, WHICH SHALL BE FOR EVER BIND
Maha Rajah Madhoo Row Scindia, and quietly
AND SUCCESSORS, reside with him, the sum of 25,000 rupees per AND THE CONDITIONS OF THEM TO BE
month fhall be paid him for his main enance, and INVARIABLY OBSERVED BY BOTH PAR
no injury whatever shall be offered to him by the
Peshwa or any of his people.
Art. VII. The Honourable English East InIt is stipulated and agreed to, between the dia Company and the Peshwa being desirous that Honourable the English East India Company their respective allies shall be included in this and the Peshwa, through the mediation of peace, it is hereby mutually stipulated, that each Madhoo Row Scindia, that all countries, places, party shall make peace with the allies of the other cities, and forts, including Basseen, &c. which in the manner hereinafter specified. have been taken from the Peshwa, during the Art. VIII. The territory which has long been war that has arisen fince the treaty settled by the established Jagheer of Secajee Guickwar, and Colonel Upton, and have come into the poffef- Fulty Sing Gwickwar, that is to say, whatever fion of the English, shall be delivered up to the territory Futty Sing Gwickwar possessed at the Peshwa. The territories, forts, cities, &c. to commencement of the present war, shall herebe restored, shall be delivered within the space of after for ever remain on the usual focting in his two months from the period when this treaty poffeffion; and the said Futty Sing shall, from shall become compleat, (as hereafter described) to the date of this treaty being compleat, pay for such persons as the Peshwa, or his minister Nana the future to the Peshwa the tribute as usual, preFurnavese, shall appoint.
vious to the present war, and shall perform such Art. 11. It is agreed between the English services, and be subject to such obedience, as have Company and the Peshwa, that Salsette, and long been established and customary. No claims three other islands, viz. Elephanta, Caranja, shall be made on the said Futty Sing, by the and Hog, which are included in the treaty of Peshwa, for the period that is paft. Colonel Upton, shall continue for ever in the Art. IX. The Peshwa engages, that whereas poffeffion of the English. If any other islands the Nabob Hyder Ally Cawn, having concluded have been taken in the course of the present war,
a treaty with him, hath disturbed and taken pofthey shall be delivered up to the Peshwa.
session of territories belonging to the English and Art. III. Whereas it was stipulated in the 4th their allies, he thall be made to relinquish them, Article of the treaty of Colonel Upton, that and they shall be restored to the Company and the Peshwa and all the chiefs of the Marattah the Nabob Mahomed Ally Cawn. All prisoners state do agree to give to the Engļish Campany that have been taker on either side during the for ever all right and tiele to the city of Ba- war, shall be released; and Hyder Ally Cawn roach, as full and compleat as ever they col- shall be made to relinquith all such territories belecie from the Moguls or otherwise, without longing to the English Company and their allies, retaining any claim of Chout, or any other claims whatever; so that the English Company
as he may have taken possession of fince the ninth
of the month Ramzan, in the year 1180, being fhail posless it without participation or claim of the date of his treaty with the Peshwa; and the
This article is accordingly conti- said territories shall be delivered over to the Engnued in full force and effect. Art. IV. The Peshwa having formerly, in the
lish and the Nabob Mahomed Ally Cawn within
fix months after this treaty's being compleat: and Treaty of Colonel Upton, agreed, by way of friend- the English in such case agreed, that so long as prip, to give up to the English a country of three Hyder Ally Cawa shall afterwards abstain from
the laid treaty.
of this treaty.
hoftilities against them and their allies, and so have both requested the said Maha Rajah to be long as he shall continue in friendship with the the mutual guarantee for the perpetual and inPeihwa, that they will in no respect act hostilely variable adherence of boh parties to the conditowards him.
tions of this treaty; and the laid Madhoo Row Art. X, The Peshwa engages, on his own be- Scindia, from a regard to the wolfare of both half, as well as on behalf of the Nabob Nizam itates, hath taken upon himself the mutual guiaAlly Cawn, Ragojec Boufala, Syna Saheb Souba, rantee. If either of the parties thall deviate from and the Nabob Hyder Ally Cawn, that they thall the conditions of this treaty, the said Maha Rajab in every respect maintain peace towards the Eng- will join the other party, and will, to the utmost lith and their allies the Nabob Alophaul Dow- of his power, endeavour to bring the aggreflor to lah Behader, and the Nabob Mahomed Ally Cawn a proper understanding. Behader, and íhull in no reípect whatever give Art. XVII. It is hereby agreed, that whatthem any disturbance. The Englih engage, on
ever territories, forts, or cities, in Guzzerat, were their own behalf, as well as on the behalf of their granted by Kagonaut Row to the English, preallies the Nabob Alophaul Dowlah, and the Na- vicus to the treaty of Colonel Upton, and have bob Mahomed Ally Cawn, that they shall in come into their puhelin, the restitution of every respect maintain peace towards the Pethwa, which was stipulated in the 7th article of the said and his allies the Nabob Nizam Aily Cawn, Ra- treaty, shall be restored agreeably to the terms of gojee Boutala, and Syna Saheb: and the English further engage on their own behalf, as well as on This treaty, confiting of seventeen articles, is the beha f of their allies, that they will maintain settled at Salbey, in the camp of Maha Rajah peace alio towards the Nabəb Hyder Ally Cawn,
Subadah Madhoo Row Scindia, on the 4th of the under the conditions specified in the gih article
month Jemmad ul Suany, in the year 1187
of the liegera, correspunding with the 17th of Art. XI. The Honourable the East India May 1782, of the Chritian æra, by the said Company and the Peshwa mutually agree, that
Maha Rajah, and Mr. David Anderson. A the vessels of each shall offer no disturbance to the copy hereot Mall be sent, by each of the abovenavigation of the vessels of the other: and named persons, to their respective principals at the vessels of each shall be allowed access to the
Fort William, and Poonah; and, on both copies ports of the other, where they shall meet with no
being returned, the one under the seal of the Homolestation, and the fulleit protection fhail be
nourable the East India Company, and signature
of the Honourable Governor General and Counreciprocally afforded. Art. XII. The Peshwa, and the chiefs of the
cil of Fort William, to be delivered to Maha Marattah ftate , hereby agree, That
the English other, under the seal of the Peshwa Madho, Row
Rajah Madhoo Row Scindia Behader; and the shall enjoy the privilege of trade as formerly, in the Marattah territories, and shall meet with no
Pundit Purdhan, and the signature of Bellakind of interruption: and in the same manner,
jee Pundit Nana turnavere, to be delivered to the East India Company agree, that the subjects
Mr. Anderson; this treaty thail be deemed of the Peshwa shall be allowed the privileges of compleat and ratified, and the articles herein trade without interruption in the territories of the
contained înail become binding on both the conEnglish,
tracting parties. Art. XIII. The Peshwa hereby engages, that
(Written in the Marattah character, by Rahe will not luffer any factories of other European
goo Bhow Lewan.) • In all seventeen Articles, nations to be established in his territories, or those
on the 4th of jemmad ul Akher, or the 5th of the chiefs dependent on him, excepting only of Jeyt Adeck, in the Shukul Pattah, in the year
1132.' such as are already etablished by the Portuguese, and he will hold no intercourse of friendship with
Subscribed in the Marattah character, by Ma. any other European nations: and the English on
hajee Sciraia, on the same day. their part agree, that they will not afford aslift- Agreed to what is above written, ance to any nation of Deocan, or Hindoftan, at
D. ANDERSON. Senmity with the Peshwa.
Witnesses, Art. XIV. The English and the Peshwa mu- JAS. ANDERSON. tually agree, that neither will afford any kind of WM. BLAIN. ailistance to the enemies of the other.
A true Translation. Art. XV. The Honourable the Governor
J. ANDERSON, General and Council of Fort William engage,
Afiftant to the Embassy. that they will not permit any of the chiefs, de- · Subscribed in the hand-writing of Nana pendents, or subjects of the English, the gentie. Furnavese.' Done by me Ballajce Inadine, on men of Bombay, Surat, or Madras, to act con- the 15th of Mohurrum, in the year 1183, (Detrary, at any place, to the terms of this treaty: cember 20, 1782) under the small seal of the in the same manner the Peshwa Madhoo Row Peshwa; ratified also by Scindia, the 2 Ist of Raba Pundit Purdhan engages, that none of the chiefs bie ul Owal; counter part subscribed by Mr. Anor subjects of the Marattah state shall act con- derson, the 24th of February 1783. trary to them.
Art. XVI. The Honourable East India Com. pany and the Peshwa Madhoo Row Pundit Purd- But, notwithstanding all these pacific arrange. han, having the fullest confidence in Maha Ra- ments, the three per cent. consolidated stock was, jah Subadar Madhoo Row Scindia Behader, they on the 24th instant, fo low as bol. 155. This cir
cumstance is truly alarming, and demands the this month respecting some new disturbances in immediate attention of government; who ought South America, but we can by no means vouch to penetrate the true caule of lo serious an evil, for it's authenticity. and endeavour to counteract it's ruinous effects. We have no certain intelligence that Russia If an universal confidence in our funds is once and the Porte have as yet commenced hoftilities, loft, tbe fun of Great Britain will indeed set! though news to this effect seems to be hourly ex
The fall of stocks has been charged on the ex- pected by all Europe. France and England, it a portation of the English gold coin, as well as on the is said, are both determined to preserve a perfect new channels of commerce opened by the peace; neutrality; but, though both these laft powers and perhaps it may, in some measure, be fairly have, we believe, had quite enough of war for ascribable to these causes : but, whatever may
be the present, we cannot bring ourselves to expect the cause, melancholy must be the effect of that that they will long remain inactive, should this loss of public credit which we have too much rea- event take place. Indeed, the meditated contest son to dread, if proper measures are not hastily between these powerful empires seems likely to pursued to avert the threatening danger. involve all Europe; and it is from this considera
At the beginning of this month, an alarming tion alone, that we ftill think the Grand Seignior disease among the horned cattle made it's ap- may be prevailed upon, by his European friends, pearance in Nottinghamshire, but it happily to accommodate matters with the Emprefs. In turned out to be merely local.
the mean time, the Emperor of Germany keeps The resolutions of the Dungannon Volunteers, up a most powerful army, and is daily making in Ireland, seem to promise much ferious, but the greate!t exertions poflible for the establishnot unexpected business. If thou art wise, Hi- ment of a respectable navy; the King of Pruffia bernia, be satisfied with what has been conceded, is ready to take the field on the fightest occalest Britannia ihould perceive that she has already fion; Poland is under perpetual alarm; Dengranted too much!
mark and Sweden are indefatigable in itrengthenNothing material from Anierica has this ing their marine; and even the little Republic of month transpired; but we are in daily expectation Venice is likewise increasing her naval power. of important intelligence from that quarter. Nor have France and Spain fo hastily disbande
The attempt of the Spaniards against Algiers ed their armies, or laid up their ships of war, as has by no means been successful; and they have might naturally have been expected, did there returned into port with very little additional ho
not appear at least a strong probability that their A report has been pretty freely circulated assistance would soon be wanted.
Madrid, August 12.
centre of the town, where it continued all the ON Antonio Barcelo informs our court, evening.
D. Joachim Moscoso, commander of the brig constantly met with contrary winds; but on the Fincaiter, who brought these dispatches, adds, 29th of July he arrived before the Bay of Al- that having been sent off in the night of the giers. The swell, and the winds, did not per- zd, he could nut get away till the next day at mit him to begin the attack before the It inftant; eight o'clock; so that he saw the third attack, and, during that interval, he was joined by such which took place in the morning, from half past of the ships of his fquadron as had parted on the fix till three quarters after seven, when the wind passage. That day, the weather becoming calm, freshening, he pursued his course. He thinks though the sea continued very rough, he formed that this atta k has had more success than the his line of battle; the 18 bomb-ketches form
two preceding ones; but could not discover it's ed the front; the 13 gunboats were placed in effects, on account of the smoke produced by the the wings to support them, and the boarding- fire of the Algerine batteries, which was fiercer boats, xebecks, bilarders, and other vessels of than that of the day before. war, ready to act against the enemies fhips, if Smyrna, August 18. The plague is much any attempted to come out.
At half past two abated in our environs; the fogs are diffipated, the firing began, and did not end till fun-set, and we begin to enjoy a pure and serene air. when the bomb-vessels had expended all their Madrid, Aug. 19. The expedition against ammunition. Three hundred and eighty hombs Algiers is at an end. The fleet returned to were thrown that day; and the Algerine bat- Carthagena the 11th inliant: the following are the teries threw 30 bombs, and 1075 bullets, which most interesting particulars that have occurred. patling over the Spanish line, killed only two After the attack of the ift, 2d, and 3d inftant, a men, and wounded two others.
fresh attempt was made by Don Barcelo, on the day, at half past two, a freíh attack was made, 4th, which laited two hours. which lasted two hours, during which twenty- time 558 shells, and 490 bullets, were fired off
, two embarkations with oars came out of Algiers, by which means the town was set on fire at the when the gun-boats obliged them to take thelter
The enemies fallied out with again, The bomb-ketches threw 375 bombs, eleven gallies; but these were so successfully ree which set fire to two places in the east, towards pulled by Serjeant-Major Don Guievechea, that the Moles, where it lasted an hour, and in the several of them were driven on shore along the