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Enriched with the following truly elegant ENGRAVINGS : 1. A most delightful View of the South Front of BLENHEIM, the Seat of his Grace

the Duke of MARLBOROUGH. 2. A most affecting SCENE described by Sir Wila . LIAM HAMILTON, in his Account of the late Earthquake,

CONTENTS

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Modern Biography

Covent Gardeh. : Lord Camden

Mrs. John'fon

212 R. B. Sheridan, Efq.

170
Mr. Bonnor

ibid. Miscellany:

Introductory Address

ibid. Philosophical Survey of the Works of

Mirs Scra'ce

ibid. Nature and Art. No. IX.

174
Mrs. Chalmers

213 Three Original Letters written by King

Mr. Philip Kemble

ibid, Charles the First

177 Haymarket. Philosophical Transactions,

Close of the Season

ibid. Experiments on the Power of Anie

Parliamentary History. mals to produce Cold. Concluded

House of Lords

213 from Page 105. 178 House of Commons

ibid. Sir William Hamilton's Account of the Political Retrospect

216 late Earthquake in Calabria, Sicily, Mr. Fox's Letter to the Lord Mayor ibid. &c. communicated to the Royal So

Definitive Treaty of Peace between his ciety

179 Britannic Majesty and the Most
The Touchstone. No. II.

• 198
Christian King

217 Review and Guardian of Literature.

His Britannic MajtAy's Full Power 222 Hoole's Orlando Furioso: Translated

His Most Christian Majesty's Full
from the Italian óf Ariosto

201
Power

ibid. Poetry:

The Emperor's Full Power

223 Verses occafioned by seeing the Poetical,

The Empress of Russia's Full Power ibid. Productions of Master George Louis Definitive Treaty between his Britannic Lenox

207 Majesty and the King of Spain 224 Verses written in the Character of 'an

His Britannic Majesty's Full Power 228 Unfortunate Lady. By Master Lenox ibid. His Catholic Majesty's Full Power ibid. Verses occafioned by a Friend's recovering

The Emperor's Full Power

229 his Sight, on being couched by Baron

The Emprefs of Russia's Full Power ibid. Wenzel

ibid. Preliminary Articles of Peace between Stanzas on Pindar, addressed to Duke

his Britannic Majesty and the States · Ferdinand of Brunswic

General of the United Provinces

230 Elegy to Neglected Genius ibid. The Marattah Peace

23% Ode to a Friend 209 1 Foreign Intelligence

234 Ode to Tenderness ibid. Gazette

236 Edwin's Farewel Epitle to Delia

Monthly Chronicle

237 The Commissioner ibid. Births

241 Public Amufements.

Marriages

ibid. Opening of the Winter Theatres 211 Deaths

ibid. Drury Lane.

Civil Promotions

24% Mr. Lee Lewes

ibid. Military Promotions
Mirs M. Stageldoir
20 ibid. Ecclefiaftical Preferments

244
Miss, George
ibid. Bankrupts

ibid. Mr. Kemble

ibid.

208

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243

LONDON:
Printed for HARRISON and Co. No. 18, Paternoster-Row; by whom Letters to

the EDITORS are received.

ANSWERS 16 CORRESPONDENT 3.

TH

HE friking Likenesses of the Stadtholder and Emperor of Germany,

obligingly offered us by Mr. R. W. of Rotterdam, will be highly ac. ceptable,

The Biographical Memoirs recommended to our Attention by Sir C. J. will be given in the next or succeeding Number.

The Editors are greatly obliged to the kind Correspondent who favoured them with the Letter figned Ludovicus,

Verses addressed to the Muse, which were obliged to be omitted on Account of the extreme Length of such temporary Articles as cannot again haftily occur, will be inserted in our next. The Poetical Epiftle.from a Non in Portugal to an English Oficer

W-d's Ode to Sensibility and Prince Robert--which have for the same Reason been deferred, with many other valuable Articles intended for the present Number-hall likewise be given in our next.

The Rev. Mr. Gwill be furnifhed with the principal Editor's Address immediately on leaving his own with the Publishers.

We have no Idea of giving our Opinion of new Literary Schemes to Ano. wymous Enquirers.

We are obliged to Suggeftor for his Hints as well as to Hint for his Suggeftions.

We hope our Old Correspondent will compleat the Tale he last Month pro. mifed us, early enough for Infertion in the next Number.

The Adoption of the Plan suggested by Dr. B, is under the serious Confideration of the Editors, who will convey their Determination to the learned and liberal Proposer the Infant they are decided in their opinion,

The Publication mentioned by Lignarius will probably come under our Consideration next Month,

The Young Author,' who wishes us to review his Work, should at least have transmitted a Copy. In his Cafe, indeed, it is indispensably necessary; for, as we have never feen it advertised, we know not where it is to be met with.

The Letter to Solomon Sagebaro, Esq. fignedA Barrister, cannot pafs the Great Touchstone, or Seal of Öffice. The Verses to the Cambrian Bard are inadmissible.

The strange Story of an Apparition at Rotterdam, communicated by Mri Plettenberg of the Hague, is noi sufficiently interesting for our Miscellany,

The Idea in the Epigram ugned p. iş by no means original. : Several other Letters have been received,

which we have not yet had Lei, Sure to examine

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THE

BRITISH MAGAZINE AND REVIEW;

OR,

UNIVERSAL MISCELLANY.

SEPTEMBER 1783.

MODERN BIOGRAPHY.

livered the Great Seal to his Lord thip, LORD CAMD'EN.

as Lord High Chancellor of Great of Sir John Pratt, (who in May moved in the year 1770, 1718 was appointed Lord Chief Jur At the great change of administra: fice of the King's Benth) by Lady tion, in the beginning of last year, he Elizabeth Wilson, his second wife. was appointed Lord President of his

His lordship, after a learned edu. Majesty's Privy Council; in which cation, applied himself to the study of office he was succeeded, on the retreat the law, and soon became one of the of Lord Shelburne, by David Lord moff eminent and successful pleaders Viscount Stormont. at the bar.

Lord Camden (then Sir Charles He was chosen a member of par. Prart) presided in the Court of Com liament for Downton, in Wiltaire, mon Pleas when Mr. Wilkes was on a vacancy for that place, foon af- feized and committed to the Tower ter the general election in 1754. upon an illegal general warrant; and,

In 1759, he was chosen recorder of having granted an Habeas Corpus to Bath; and, in the same year, was ap- bring him before the court, discharged pointed his Majesty's attorney-ge- that gentleman from his confinement, neral.

on the 6th of May 1763, after stating In December 1761, he received the the case in a speech which procured honour of knighthood, on being

con- kim great popularity. Itituted Lord Chief Justice of the His remarkable behaviour on this Court of Common Pleas; and he was occasion, and in the consequent judi. called to the degree of Serjcant at Law cial proceedings between the printers in the year 1762.

of the North Briton, and the king's On the 16th of July 1765, he was messengers and others concerned in advanced to the dignity of a peer of that businefs, was fo acceptable to the Great Britain, by the tile and title public, that the Lord Mayor, Alderof Lord Camden, Baron of Camden meny and Common Council of the in the county of Kent; and, July 30, City of London, presented him with 1766, on the refignation of Robert the freedom of their corporation in a Earl of Northington, his Majesty de- gold-box, and requested him to fit for

his picture, which was put up in the I beg you will be pleased to return Guildhall, with the following inscrip. my most respectful thanks, and to intion at the bottom of the frame form the Chamber, that I feel an ung

common.pleasure in this testimony of Hanc Iconem CAROLI PBATT, Esq. Summi Judicis C. B. in Honorem tanti Viri Anglicæ good-will from the city of Exeter, as Libertatis Lege Affertoris Fidi. S.P.Q.L. in it is the capital of that

county where Curia Municipali poni jufferunt nono Kal. my father, and all his ancestors, took Mart. A.D. 1764. Gulielmo Bridgen, Arm. their birth, and where I myself herePræ. Urbo

tofore received an encouragement in The Guild of Merchants of the city my practice far beyond my merits. of Dublin voted him the freedom of If I have deserved, in any part of their Guild in a gold box; the cor, my conduct, the approbation of my poration of Barber Surgeons of that countrymen, as an honest and imparcity voted him his freedom of their tial judge, i thall not be ashamed to company; and the Sheriffs and Com- ' confess, that I take a pride in that mons of Dublin presented him their applause that flows from an opinion thanks for the distinguihed zeal and of my integrity, leaving the praise of loyalty which he had thewn in assert- capacity to others whom God has ening and maintaining the rights and dued with more thining parts, and liberties of the subject in the high fta. Tuperior abilities. tion which he then filled with remark I can make no other return (and able dignity, and for his particular I know the Chamber of Exeter expect services to that kingdom in the office no other) for this valuable-compliof Attorney General.'

ment, than a promise to persevere in On the 27th of February 1764, aţ an upright and impartial execution a Chamber held in the city of Exe. of my office; and I hope this promise ter, it was resolved by the Mayor, Al, will obtain some degree of credit, dermen, and Common Council, that when it is considered, that by dethe Right Honourable Sir Charles vịating from this path, I shall not only Pratt, Lord Chief Justice of the Court forfeit' the esteem of your city, which of Common Pleas, should be presented I am now so honourably pofleffed of, with the freedom of that city in a gold but I shall likewise disgrace my royal þox; as an expresion of that corpora- master's nomination, ånd break my tion's profound veneration for his con- oath. fummate abilities, and as a testimony • I am, Sir, with all due respect to of that gratitude which he had me yourself, as well as the Chamber, your rited at the hands of every English. most obedient, faithful servant, man, by the unhaken courage and in- Lincoln's Ins FIELDS, flexible integrity which he so signally MARCH !, 1764.

*C. PRATT.! displayed in the public administration of jutice, and in maintaining and

- The Common Council of the city. vindicating the private liberty and

of Norwich also presented the frees property of the subject, which make dom of their corporation to his lordfo efiential a part of the legal and con- thip in a gold box : and, on the

26th of October 1764, the Corporaftitutional rights of a free people.

The answer which his lordship seni tion of Bath, of which city his lord : to the town-clerk, on receiving a copy acknowledgments for his upright

fhip was Recorder, voted him their of these resolutions, may not be un, and steady conduct; requesting him to acceptable to our readers.

fit for his picture, as a perpetual meSIR,

morial of what ought never to be forI RÉCÉ ived the favour of yours got by them or their pofterity, whilft this post, importing the 'unanimous the spirit of law and liberty remains in resolation of the Chamber of Exeter any part of this free kingdom.'. to present me with the freedan of that • But, notwithitanding these diftina ancientand respectable city; for which guished marks of general approbation

from

from a great number of respectable time privately intimated to the count, fellow-citizens, his lordship has been he would probably quit the country if charged with having risen into notice guilty; but, if innocent, he would on the wings of faction; and, from a undoubtedly be entitled to bring his knowledge of the pufillanimity of ad- action should the warrant be served, ministratiop, with endeavouring to and the secretary muft answer for his fake the fabric of that state which he temerity. The issue of this affair was, ought to have protected, by abetting that the moment the count received riots and tumults, ' at the time of information of the intended arrelt, he. Wilkes's popularity, from which withdrew himself as expeditiously as many are yet disposed to trace the ori: poffible, and prevented any farther gin of every subsequent humiliation difficulty. which this country has experienced. This being the true state of the bu

He has likewise been accused of finess, we belive no man in his senses frenuously vindicating, in one in- will think of throwing the slightest fance, under the plea of ftate necef- imputation of blame on his lord ship: fitý, an arbitrary exertion of prero- nor even upon the worthy Secretary. gative, in issuing general warrants; of State, who was certainly the prinwhich, in another, he most violently cipal in this transaction. condemned.

Another stretch of authority has The case in which he disapproved likewise been charged upon Lord of this exertion, is well known to have Camden, as well as upon Lord Chatbeen that which respected Mr.Wilkes: ham, and with no better foundation it will be fair to state how far the other than the former. case alluded to met with his fanction. During the mayoralty of Alderman

A gentleman, who called himfelf Nelson, there was a great scarcity of the Comte de St. Germain, came from corn, the price of which was indeed France, during the war before laft, fo high, that many of the poor, in pretending to have had a quarrel with different part of the kingdom, were the minister of that country, and to absolutely reduced to the necessity of have always entertained a great par- feeding on grains. The lord-mayor, tiality for England. Being a perfect at that time the greatest cornfactor in master of the European languages, a

Great Britain, in this dilemma, ap-' fine musician, and an entertaining prized administration that an univercompanion, he found easy access to sal famine muft inevitably ensue if the the tables and parties of the nobility. exportation of corn was not immeLord Chatham, then Mr. Secretary diately put a stop to. Accordingly, Pitt, had his eye upon this gentle- though the parliament was neither man; and he was soon satisfied, in his fitting nor summoned, their lordships own mind, that the count's quarrel joined in advising his majesty to stop with the French court was a mere the exportation, and to lay an instant pretence, and that he was in fact no embargo on the ships already laden. better than a spy: but, being unable This measure Lord Camden warmly to procure evidence to convict him' supported when the parliament met, legally, he consulted Lord Camden, on the ground that the public good then attorney-general, on the pro- fuperseded every other confideration; priety of issuing a warrant to seize and some of the gentlemen out of of him; deeming it absolutely necessary fice calling it an act of tyranny, his to secure fo dangerous a person, or at lord ship replied, that if it was an act least to drive him out of the kingdom. of tyranny, it was only tyranny for His lordship gave his opinion, that forty days, as the parliament was callthough the execution of such a war ed in that time, and fully approved of rant would be illegal, it might ne- the act. vertheless be made out; and, intelli We are, ourselves, fo far from obgence of the preparation to seize his jecting to such necessary extenfions of person and papers being in the mean prerogative, that we think Lord Chat

ham

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