ess of

vagant Resolutions; viz. That whoever should 4.D. 1637 lend Money, by way of Advance, on any

32 Car. II. Branch of the King's Revenue, should be judged a Hinderer of the Sitting of Parlia. Theythrea: ments, and be responsible for the same in ten chose

who should Parliament; and that whoever should accept lend the or buy any Tally, or Anticipation, on any King MoPart of the King's Revenue, or should pay ney. such Tally, should be adjudged to hinder the Sitting of Parliaments, and be responsible therefore in Parliament : And indeed the Faction seemed determined to throw all things inco Confusion, rather than not carry the Point of the Exclusion; nor did they leave any Stone unturned to effect it; they even offered They bribe the Dutchess of Portsmouth six hundred thou- the Dutchsand Pounds, to influence the King to consent

Porifto che Bill, if we may credit fome Writers ; mouth, and and procured a Memorial from the States of procure

Memorials Holland, to represent to his Majesty the ill

from Consequences of such a Refusal in relation to abroad. his Allies, and the Protestant Religion abroad.

These Proceedings exasperated his Majesty The King to a very great degree, and made him look resolves to upon his Condition to be almost parallel to the Parlia. that of his Father in the Year 1641, only he ment. had that great Satisfaction, That this Parliament was not like that, perpetual: To put an End therefore to their Importunity for the Exclusion, he resolved to prorogue them on the tenth of January; of which the Commons having Notice, met early that Morning, and refolved, That whoever advised the King to their exprorogue the Parliament, was a Betrayer of travagant the King, the Protestant Religion, a Promo- thereupon, ter of the French Interest, and a Pensioner to France ; That the Aas made against Popish Recufants, ought not to be extended to Pro




'A.D.1682 testant Disfenters; and that the prosecuting Dif

senters upon the penal Laws, was grievous to the 32 Car. II.

Subje&, a Weakening of the Protestant InterThey take eft, an Encouragement to Popery, and danupon them gerous to the Peace of the Kingdom : Which to suspend Resolves were scarce finished, when the King the Laws.

sent for them up to the House of Lords; An A& for and having paffed an Ad for burying in Woolburying in Woollen.

len, and one or two more, the King proro

gued the Parliament to the 20th inftant: The Lord The Lord Mayor, Sir Patierce Ward, and Mayor, the Common-Council of London, two or three doc. petition for the Days after, petitioned his Majesty, Thar the Sitting of Parliament might fit again on the Day they the Parlia- stood prorogued to; which the King so little

regarded, that he immediately issued a ProThey are clamation for dissolving the present Parlia


ment, and calling another to meet at Oxford
the 21st of March, believing he should find
the Members in better Temper when they
were farther removed from the Fa&tion that
prevailed at this Time in London,

Soon after the Diffolution of the Parlia-
ment, the King, to thew his Refentment
against those who had promoted the Exclusion

Bill, made several Alterations in his Mini-
Sunderland ftry: 'The Earl of Sunderland was removed from
turned out. the Office of Secretary of State, and succeed-
Other RC ed by Edward Earl of Corway; the Earls of

Elex and Salisbury were dismissed from the
Council-Board, and the Earls of Oxford, Che-
sterfield, Aylesbury, and Craven, fworn of the

. His Majesty seemed at this
time to have been convinced of the Mischiefs
attending a mingled Ministry, where the Par-
ties drew different Ways, and studied the De-
struction of each other, more than the Sup-
port of the Government; and he soon found



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his Account, in having his Council all of A.D.168.: loyal Principles, and the Republicans exclu

33 Car. II. ded, who constantly drove at the Extirpation of his Family, and even of Monarchy itself. He no sooner put on a Resolution becoming fo

great a Monarch, and took the Reins of Government into his Hands, but the Malecontents dwindled away, or renounced their rebellious Principles; and an uncommon Tranquillity spread itself over the Face of the whole Kingdom. But we are not yet arrived at these happy Times; it will be necessary, before I enter upon that pleasing Scene, to mention the Tempest that preceded the Expiration of Whiggism.

The Party finding, by the Removes that A new had been made at Court, that the King was

chosen. no longer to be wheedled or terrified into a Compliance with their Republican Schemes, muftered their whole Pole, and, by their usual Arts of Mobbing and Lying, procured almost the same Members to be ele&ted again that served in the last Parliament; and, not content with this, gave their respe&ive Representatives lustruâions how they should behave in Instructithe ensuing Sessions. The City of London be- ons given gan this Project of Tutoring their Members, delivering them a Paper at the Common-Hall, in which they thanked them for their unwearied Endeavours in the laft Parliament to dircover the Plot, and secure the frequent Meet, ing of Parliaments; to assere their undoubted Rights of petitioning, and punish those who betrayed them; to repeal the Corporation AG, and other penal Laws against Diflenters; and more especially for their afliduous Endeavours in promoting the Bill of Exclusion : And as they were well assured they would never conXXIII.


to tne

33 Car. II.

A,D.168; sent to grant the King any Money, till they

were effe&tually secured against Popery and Arbitrary Power; they resolved, by God's Assistance, to stand by their Members with their Lives and Fortunes : By which they designed to let the King know, that if he would not consent to the Particulars recited in thele Instructions, they would compel him to it by Force of Arms: And that they might have their Sovereign the more at their Mercy, the Duke of Monmouth, the Earls of Esex and Shaftsbury, and twelve or thirteen Lords of that Party, signed a Petition to the King, to assemble the Parliament at Westminster ; which his Majesty did not think fit to comply with, being very well apprized with what View they desired it.

When the Fa&tion found this Stratagem did not take, they had Recourse to their old Pra&ice of Libelling; and in these, as well as their Petition, suggested, That the Parliament could not act with Freedom at Oxford, because they would be in the Power of the

King's Guards and Soldiers, who were most The City of them Papists. Under Pretence therefore of London of securing themselves against the King's of Horse Guards, the City of London armed a Body of with their Horse, and sent down with their Members, Members distinguishing them by Ribbands or Cockades to Oxfordo

in their Hats, with the Motto, No POPERY,

NO SLAVERY ; as if the King was about to Other

introduce both. The Meinbers from other Members bring arm.Parts of the Kingdom also came attended by ed Men great Numbers of armed Men; infomach with them that this Assembly of the Parliament at Ox

ford resembled (says one) the Rendezvous of an Army, rather than the Meeting of the Great Council of the Nation.


During the Interval between the Dissolu- A.D.168 tion of the last Parliament and the Meeting

33 Car. H. of this, another Plot was brought to Light under the Name of Fitz Harris's Plot; but Firzhar. whether contrived by the Papists or Presbyte- ris's Plot. rians, the Whigs are pleased to doubt. This Fitzbarris was the Son of Sir Edward Fitzhar. ris, of the Kingdom of Ireland: He was deteated by Everard, one of his Accomplices, of having framed a treasonable Libel, where- His trea

sonable Liin he charges the King, as well as the Duke, with being a Papift, and confederating with the Pope and the French King, to introduce Popery and Arbitrary Power; and advises the English to rise as one Man in their Defence; and Aing off those intolerable Riders: That they should blow the Trumpet, stand to their Guard, and withstand the Royal Brothers, as Bears or Tygers; that they should trust to their Swords, in Defence of their Lives, Liberties, Properties, Religion, and Laws : And then enumerates all such Transactions in this Reign as the Whigs esteemed most liable to Censure; as the Dutch War, the favouring Popery, the King's keeping Mistresses, 6c. which surely must come out of the Whig Forge, since they had suggested the fame things in forty other Libels: It can never be ascribed to the Papists, much less to the Dutchess of Portsmouth, who was the most obnoxious of those Mistrelles; as the Fa&tion infinuated, because the had once been a Benefactor to Fitzharris: But whoever fet this The Whigs poor Gentleman to work, certain it is, Bethel tamper

with bim and Cornish, the Whig. Sheriffs, and several

in Newgate. others of their Party, endeavoured to make him an Evidence of the Popish Plot when he lay in Newgate, promising to procure his ParO 2


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