wherein he tells them, That the King was 4.D.167. ready to pass any further Laws against Pope- 31 Car. II. ry which should be desired, provided they did not extend to the Diminution of his own Prerogative, nor alter the Descent of the Crown in the right Line, nor defeat the Succeflion.

But the very first Transaction in this Par. Mr. Edw. liament had a very ill Aspect, and seemed to


chosen foretel the Confulions that followed; for the Speaker, Commons being directed to choose a Speaker, and rejectmade choice of Mr. Edward Seymour, the very

ed by the Man who had so violently profecuted the Earl

King. of Danby : Whereupon the King, expe&ing this House of Commons would begin where the other left off, rejected Mr. Seymour, and ordered them to choose another ; but they refused, and insisted, That the presenting their Speaker for the King's Approbation, was but a Thing of Course, and his Majesty had no Power to reject him: Which Resolution they adhered to, till his Majesty found there was no other Way of ending the Difpute, but by proroguing them for two or three Days. And the Parliament meeting again on the 15th of March, made choice of Mr. Serjeant Gregory for their Speaker; whom his Majesty approved. But the Change of the Speaker made no The Prose

cution of Alteration in the Measures of the Commons:

the Popish They no sooner returned to their Houle, but Plot, and they appointed a Secret Committee, to pre- of the Earl pare the Evidence, and draw up Articles of Danby,

revived. againft the five Popish Lords in the Tower, and to take further Examinations concerning the Plot, and Godfrey's Murder : They sent a Message also to the Lords, to desire the Earl of Danby might be committed to safe Cuftody, F 2


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4.1.167 and referred it to the Committee of Secrecy
31 Car. II. to draw up further Articles against him: And

on the 21st of March, Oates and Tongue were
sent for by the Commons, to give in their
Narratives and Informations of the Plot;
when Oates did not only accuse the Earl of
Danby, as a Conspirator, but Sir John Robin-
fon, Colonel Edward Sackville, and Captain
Edward Goring, all of them Protestants, and
Members of the House of Commons; and the
House was so well fatisfied with Bedloe's De-

positions on these Heads, that they addressed
500l. paid his Majesty, That the Five hundred Pounds
Bedloe for
his Evi

Reward might be paid him, as the first Dirdence. coverer of Godfrey's Murder; and that the

Twenty Pounds Reward might be paid to
every one that discovered a Popish Priest ;
and that Care might be taken of Bedloe's Safe-
ty: Which his Majesty answered, should be
done, and said he had hitherto taken all the

Care he could of Mr. Bedloe, knowing how con-
A new

fiderable his Evidence was: Much about the Wirness

Tame time arose another Evidence of the Plot; arises.

viz. one Edmond Everard, a Scotchman, who
had been four Years a Prisoner in the lower :
This Man also was directed to put his Disco-
veries in Writing, by way of Narrative, ac-
cording to the Precedent Oates had set him :
And the Commons having considered the se-
veral Narratives, and other Evidence pro-

duced before them, came to a Resolution, Resolution That there then was, and for divers Tears had ing the

been, 'a horrid and treasonable Plot and Conspiracy Plot carried on by Papists, for murdering his Majesty,

subverting the Protestant Religion, and the an

cient Government of this Kingdom. In which Addrels Resolution they had the Concurrence of the for a Faft. Lords; as also in an Address for a Faft, co



inplore Almighty God to infatuate and de- 4.D.167... feat the wicked Counsels of their Enemies;

31 Car. II. and accordingly the irth of April was appointed for a Publick Faft.

The Commons hearing about the same time, Enquiries that the Earl of Danby had procured his Ma- into the jesty's Pardon, ordered a Committee to search

Danby's the Offices for it, and to enquire of the Lord Pardon. Chancellor how it was obtained: To which the Chancellor answered, That the Pardon was passed with the utmost Privacy, at the Desire of the Earl, who gave this Reason for it, That he did not intend to make use of it, but to stand upon his Innocence, unless false Witnefles Ihould be produced against him; that his Majesty also resolved, it should pass with Privacy, and soon after commanded the Lord Chancellor to bring the Seal to White

which he did, and the King commanded the Seal to be taken out of the Bag; which his Lordship was obliged to submit to, it not being in his power to hinder it; and the King having written his Name on the Top of the Parchment, dire&ed it to be sealed : Whereupon the Purse-Bearer fixed the Seal to it : The Chancellor adding, That at the Time of affixing the Seal, he did not look upon himself to have the Custody of the Seal: Whereupon Mr. Powle and others made very severe Speeches against the Earl; and the Commons sent to the Lords, to demand Justice against him, and that he be immediately requestered from Parliament, and committed to safe Cuftudy : They resolved also on an Address against the Irregularity and Illegalicy of the Pardon, and represented the dangerous Consequences of granting Pardons to Persons impeached by the Commons.



31 Car. II.

A.D.1679. The Earl of Shaftsbury, to inflame the

Commons Atill more, made a Speech on the

25th of March, wherein he enumerated AbunThe Earl dance of Grievances he pretended the Scots of Shafts- lay under; suggesting, that they were intolebury ar

rably oppressed and governed by arbitrary tempts to unite the Councils; and that the Case would soon be Factions the same in England, as the Ministry was the of each Kingdom

same; by which he aimed at the bringing about an Union between the Malecontents of both Kingdoms, and spiriting up another Civil War: And this Speech being sene down to Scotland, and dispersed in that Kingdom, had in some measure the Effe& he designed it Thould ; for the Disaffe&ted there became very insolent, expeding to be countenanced in their intended Rebellion by the Parliament of England, as their Forefathers had been in theirs. But to return to the Earl of Danby, who thinking it proper to keep out of the Way at this time, the Lords sent a Message to the Commons, to acquaint them, That they had ordered the Black Rod to apprehend the Earl,

but that he could not be found : Whereupon A Bill for the Commons ordered a Bill to be brought in the At

for the Attainder of the Earl, if he did not tainder of the Earl of surrender himself at a certain Day; and a Danby. Bill was brought in accordingly. Bedloe about

the same time deposed, That the Earl would have corrupted him, and endeavoured to prevail on him to alter his Evidence : Oates also deposed, That the Earl reflected on him, and said, as he passed by, There goes one of the Saviours of the Nation : He deposed also, That Colonel Sackville faid, They were Sons of Whores who said there was a Plot : Whereupon: the Colonel was sent to the Tower, and expelled the House; And indeed every Man was in


Danger of the Refentment of the Commons, A.D.1679. who seem'd to make any Doubt of the Plot, 31 Car. II. or Godfrey's Murder.

There were several Conferences between the Lords and Commons, on the Bill for the Artainder of the Earl of Danby, which the Lords thought too severe, and would have mitigated Matters; but the Commons insisting that it should pass as they had drawn it, the Peers, at length, agreed with them : Whereupon, the Earl surrender'd himself, on the He furaift of April, in order to his Trial, rather renders, than incur the Pains and Penalties in the Act; and being brought the next Day to the Bar of the House of Peers, they allow'd him Time, 'till the Sitting after Easter, to give in his Answer to the Articles, and order'd him Council, with the Use of the Records, and Process, to bring in his Witnesses; after which, he was committed to the Tower, being And is

committed attended thither by vast Multitudes of People, not to honour, but insult him, as a principal Tower. Conspirator in the Popilh Plot, as 'twas callid by one Side, though the Papifts denominate it a Protestant Plot, to ruin them, and look upon the Earl as one of the Contrivers of it.

Upon the Earl's going to the Tower, Sir The King Wiliam Temple relates, that his Majesty' told complains him, He had not now one Minister left, to tion to whom he could speak with Confidence, unless Sir William the Treasurer's Friend (Sir William) ; and Temple. lamented the ill Situation of his Affairs, occasion’d by the Practices of designing, ambitious Men, who made use of the Apprehenfions the People were under, on account of Is advised this Plot, to promote their own dark Designs, to take and throw all Things inco Confusion : Anders into his that Sir William thereupon advised his Ma- Council.


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