to elect

pur in


A.D.1687.obey them : And the King being fully ap3. Fac. II. prized of Farmer's vicious Life, fent another

Mandate to Magdalen College, commanding Another them to elect Doctor Parker, Bishop of Oxford, Mandate

their President; on which I shall enlarge herethe Bishop after, and proceed, at present, to give an of Oxford. Account of fome Transactions that happen'd

in the mean Time.

The King still proceeded to Closet the Of

ficers of his Court, and the Members of ParMore Proteftanis

liament; and besides his Brothers-in-Law, turn'd out, the Earls of Clarendon and Rochester, the Earl and Papilts of Shrewsbury was now turn'd out of Com

mission, on his refusing to be reconciled to rooms.

the Church of Rome, of which he had once been a Member. The Protestant Lord Lieutenants, Deputy-Lieutenants, and Justices of Peace, were many of them removed also to make room for Catholicks ; only the Earl of Sunderland, who was pleased to profess himself of the King's Religion, preserved his Poft and Interest at Court; and whether he did not play the Hypocrite with his Master, and push him upon chose desperate and arbitrary Councils, that proved his Ruin, is much question'd. Certain it is, no Man had that Influence over King James that Sunderland had, and no Man appear’d more in the Interest of

his Enemies afterwards. The noble

But whatever Progress his Majesty made in Siand

the Conversion of his Officers and Ministers made by the Mem. of Scare, and bringing them over to his Meabers of fures, he found, after near two Years CloferParlia

ting, that neither Threats nor Promises could aneni.

induce the Commons to berray their Country, and fall into his Measures. No Gentlemen ever shew'd greater Loyalty and Affe&tion for their Prince, fo long as he kept within any


Who are,

Bounds; but when they found that he struck A.D.1687. at the whole Constitution in Church and State,

3fac. II. and that nothing less would satisfy him, than the Subversion of their Religion and Liberties, they discover'd a true English Spirit, and refused to come into his Measures : And

yet surely no Gentlemen were ever so abused and however,

traduced traduced, as this House of Commons, both by Bishop as to their being elected, and their Conduct Burnet. in the House, by that Protestant Prelate, Bishop Burnet, who, in his Pofthumous History, has the Assurance to affirm, That in all Parts of England, such Injustice and Violence was used to procure Persons to be elected, who were in the Interest of the Court, as had never been known before ; when the Truth is, there never was, since the Time that Parliaments began, a freer and more unanimous Ele&ion, as Hundreds that are now living can testify: And tho’ he has the Assurance to tell us, they were all Beggars and Blockheads, not one of the Five Hundred excepted, I shall take the Liberty of reciting a Paragraph out of Mr. Echard, which sufficiently confutes both these Calumnies, and must make our Author's Friends blush for him, if they are not, like him, Proof against all Shame or Convi&ion. The Passage is in Mr. Echard's History of England, Page 1056, where he says, The Elections were

generally carried on and compleated with the moft uncommon Coolness, Discretion, and Unanimity; and notwithstanding the unjustifiable modelling so many Corporations since the last Parliament, there never was a House of Commons more able and

more industrious in preserving the Happi“ness of the King, the Nation, and the


[ocr errors]

A.D.1687.“ establish'd Religion : It consisted for the 3 Jac. II, “ of the richest and wifeft Men of the King

most part, of the late prevailing Party, but

dom, among whom there were Fifty Five “ of Noble Families, Ninety Five Baroners, " and Ninety Six Knights, and the reft were

commonly Gentlemen of the best Interest, Credit, and Knowledge in their Countries; especially those that were elected for Coun

ties : Those for the City of London, and " the two Universities, were all of the same

Party; the former were Sir John Moor, Sir

William Pritchard, Sir Samuel Dashwood, and “ Sir Peter Rich; the Cantabrigians were Sir

Thomas Exton, and Dr. Robert Brady ; the
Oxonians were Sir Leoline Jenkins, and Dr.

Charles Perrot, Kr. And further to satisfy “ the Reader's Curiosity, I shall name Forty

or Fifty, who seem to have had the greatest
Influence in the House, without considering
any Party at all, as Sir Richard Temple,
Sir William Edgerton, Mr. Hampden, Sir
Levinus Bennet, Sir John Cotton, Sir Robert
Southwell, Mr. Sidney Godolphin, Mr. Edmund
Waller, Sir William Trumball, Lord Preston,
Sir John Lowther, Sir Christopher Musgrave,
Sir Edward Seymour, Serjeant Maynard, Sir
Winston Churchill, Mr. Ralph Freeman, the
Honourable Fohn Verney, Sir Thomas Meers,
Lord Castleton, Sir Henry Munson, the Ho-
nourable Charles Bertie, Sir Jacob Ashley,
Sir Nevil Catiline, Sir William Cook, Sir
Nicholas L'Estrange, Sir John Feirwick, Sir

Roger L'Estrange, Sir William Blacket, Mr. Theophilus Oglet horp, Sir Robert Holmes, Sir “ Thomas Clarges, Mr. Henry Wallop, Sir John

Trevor, Mr. Thomas Glenham, Lord Hunting" ton, Sir Henry Beddingfield, Sir John Bruce,

S the


[ocr errors]

" the Honourable Heneage Finch, Sir Thomas A.D.1687 Bludworth, Mr. Wiliam Garraway, Sir Ro

2 Jac. II. ger Cave, the Honourable Thomas Coventry, Sir Stephen Fox, Lord Cornbury, Sir John

Packington, Sir John Talbot, Sir Willoughby Hickman, Sir Thomas Jenour, Mr. William Williams, Sir Christopher Wren, Mr. Robert

Foley, Sir Michael Wentworth, Sir Thomas
Barnardiston, Sir John Nicholas, &c.

These are some of the Gentlemen the ingenuous Dr. Burhet represents as having neither Sense or Substance; but shall such a Body of Men, of the greatest Quality and Figure among the Commons of England, be chus vilely aspersed, without raising a suitable Indignacion in every Man that reads him?

Must not the Credit of this Writer sink, and his Authority be for ever blasted, who has related such notorious Falsehoods, and attempted to destroy the Characters of Five Hundred Gentlemen at once, so well known to the present Generation ? It is observable also, that he calls them The Face and Name of a Parliament ; whereas if they were no Parliament, they were an illegal Assembly, and all their Aas, publick and

private, void ; and yet we do not find one of them declared so by any Act since the Revolution. What mad Work would he make, if his Infinuations were attended to? Whenever any Ele&ions are not suitable to our Humours, we are, according to him, to look upon ourselves as under no manner of Obligation to submit to che Parliament, or obey any Laws they shall make.

But methinks, the Addresses that came from all Parts of the Kingdom, congratulating the King's Acceslion, and that extravagant Loyalty and Zeal, which this Writer tells us, all


4. D.1687. People express'd towards his Majesty, at the 37ac. II. Beginning of his Reign, must render all indi

rect Pradices, in che Elecrion of Members, perfeâly needless; and indeed, according to his accustom’d Method, he chuses to keep in Generals, and does not vouchfafe to give us one Instance of that Violence and Injustice, which he so loudly exclaims against, or fo much as suggests there was any Bribery prac

tised. The Con

Even the Continuers of Rapin, who appear tinuers of

to have such an uncommon Veneration for Rapin contradict Bishop Burnet, on other Occasions, are comDoctor pell’d, by the Force of Truth, to contradict Burnet's him in this Particular : Their Words are of this

par. these; “ When one compares the Firmness of liament. “the Members of this Parliament, when

they believed the Interests of Religion were at Stake, with their extream Zeal for the King, in the Beginning of their Session, it must be inferr'd, that their Condescendence was owing purely to their mistaken good Opinion of him; and that their Firmness now was owing to their Recovery from that Mistake: It is therefore without Foundation, that they are charged with a Design of sacrificing to the King the Interest of Religion, and their Country. The contrary manifestly ap

pear'd in the Resistance made by them to " the Temptations which the King laid be

fore them, and this even in his Presence,

and Face to Face. This, in my Opinion, " is the highest Degree to which Refolution

can be carried : They were all, or the far greatest Number of them, Members of the Church of England ; nay, for the most part, High-Church Men. I have before given the Reason of their exceflive Zeal for, and


[ocr errors]
« ElőzőTovább »