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it : But as he found a powerful Fa&tion con- A.D.1684 ftantly endeavouring to dethrone him, and a
36 Car. II. Conspiracy actually on foot for that End; the Whigs may look upon themselves as the Au- The Whigs thors of those Measures they compelled the were the
Occalion King to take for his own Preservation.
But to proceed: This Year the Hamborough Char ers Company, to testify their Loyalty and Affec-being tion for his Majesty, ere&ed his Statue in the feized. Middle of the Area of the Royal Exchange, causing the following Inscription to be engraven on the Pedestal; viz.
CAROLO II. Cæsari Britannico, Patriæ A Statue Patri, Regum optimo, clementissimo, augustissimo, of King,
Charles II generis humani Deliciis, utriusque fortuna Victori, pacis Europæ Arbitro, maris Domino Vindici, Societatis Mercatorum Adventur. Anglix, que per 400 jam prope annos Regia Benignitate floret, Fidei intemeratæ, Gratitudinis æternæ, hoc Ieftimonium venerabunda posuit, Anno Salutis humanæ 1684.
And now Sir William Pritchard, late Lord Pritchard Mayor of London, in order to recover Satis-recovers faction for the Insults he suffered in the Days Damages of Whiggism, brought his Adion against Mr. againië Papillon and Mr. Dubuis, for maliciousy cauf- Papillon
and Dubois. ing him to be arrested during his Mayoralty: And the Cause being tried in Michaelmas Term, this Year, at Guildhall, the Jury gave Sir Wil. liam Ten thousand Pounds Damages. There were about the same time fome Persons convicted of feditious Words and Libels against the Government, and fined; but the Trial Rosewell's that made most Noise was that of Thomas
treasonable Rosewell, a diffenting Teacher, for treasonable Words in Words uttered in his Sermon on the 14th of his Sermon September: Some of which were these ; viz. We have had two wicked Kings together,
10 000 l.
A.D.1684" who have permitted Popery to enter in
“ under their Noses; whom we can resemble 36 Car. II.
to no other Person but the most wicked
Jeroboam : But if they would stand to their “ Principles, he did not fear but they should
overcome their Enemies, as in former
Times with Rams-horns, broken Platters, " and a Stone in a Sling." Of which the Prisoner was convided; but the King was pleased to pardon him.
Sir Scroop How, one of the late Knights of How par- the Shire for the County of Nottingham, also his Sub." pleading guilty, to an Indiament preferred million against him for fcandalous Words spoken
of his Majesty and the Duke of York, upon
and endowing an Hospital for the Relief of
his Letters to the Archbishop of Canterbury;
and his Father, in order to resist that Torfor old rent of Rebellion, which at last overturnSoldiers.
ed the Monarchy and the Church, were,
37 Car. II.
solved to found and ere& at Chelsea a per- 4.D.168%.
petual Hospital, in which more than four
be lodged and supplied with the Necessaries
their Dioceses to contribute liberally to
His Majesty about the same time published His Majea Declaration, testifying his Satisfaction in the fty's De
claration. Loyalty and Affection of his Subje&s; where- of the Loyin he observes, That though some had swerved alry of his from their Duty, far che greater and better Subjects. Part of them had stood by him in his feverest Trials ; particularly the main Body of the Nobility and Gentry, the whole found and honest Part of the Commonalty, the great Fountains of Knowledge and Civility, the two Universities, the wifest and most learned in the Laws, the whole Clergy, and all the genuine Sons of the Church of England: He also expressed his entire Satisfa&ion in the Readiness the Corporations had shewn to surrender their Charters into his Hands; and faid, he thought himself more than ordinarily obliged to continue as he had begun, to shew the greatest Moderation and Benignity, in the Exercise of fo great a Truft ; resolving, upon this Occasion, to convince the highest Pretenders to the Commion Weal, That as the Crown was the Original, so it was till the surest Guardian of the People's Rights and Privileges.
But when a general Tranquillity reigned in The King's the Nation, and the King and People thought laft Illness.
37 Car. II.
A.D.1684 themselves happy in each other, a dangerous
Illness seized his Majesty, and threw the Kingdom again into che utmost consternation: He was surprized with a Fit of an Apoplexy on Monday the second of February, and his Recovery looked upon as desperate; and though upon Bleeding he was brought to his Senses again, yet having another Fie fout Days after, it carried him off, to the unspeakable Grief of his Subje&s.
While the King lay on his Death-Bed, he was attended three whole Days and Nights by Bishop Kenn, who was more in his Favour, 'tis said, than any other Prelate. The good Man took all Opportunities in that Interval to fit and prepare the King for his approaching Dissolution ; and when the Dutchefs of Portsmouth, the favourite Mistress, came into the Rooni, prevailed on his Majesty to command her Absence, and to send for the Queen, and ask her Pardon for the Violation of her Bed; which was accordingly done ; and the Bishop apprehending his Majesty to be fincerely penitent, proposed his receiving the Blefied Sacrament; which the Duke of York being apprized of, and finding the King not likely to live many Hours, that the RomanCatholicks might have the Honour of his dying in their Communion, brought in Facher Hud
dleston, a Benedictine Monk, when his Majesty The Popish was scarce sensible, and the three Popish SaSacraments cramenrs of Penance, Extreme Unction, and the administred
Eucharift, were administred; none daring to to him.
oppose a Prince who was so suddenly expected
to mount the Throne, and become their SoHe dies. vereign: And his Majesty expired the next
Day, being the sixth of February, 168, in the fifty fifth Year of his Age, and the thirty
feventh seventh of his Reign, if we reckon from the Death of the King; twenty four years, and something above eight Months, after his Restoration.
It is suggested by some, but without any Various Shadow of Proof that ever I could meet with, Reports of That if the King had lived a little longer, he
Intentions. would have sent away the Duke of York again, discarded all Papifts, and those who had the Reputation of being popishly affected; have recalled the Duke of Monmouth, and thrown himself into the Hands of the Whigs : Which the same Set of Writers feem to confute, by suggesting, That King Charles died very opportunely for England; for if he had lived a little longer, they tell us, he would probably have established Popery and Arbitrary Power: So consistent are some Men with themselves ! The Person and Character of this Prince are admirably described by Dr. Charlton and Sir William Temple ; who both personally conversed with him, and are far from being partial to his Errors.
Dr. Charlton obferves, That" his Majesty His Person at the Restoration was just chirty Years of and ChaAge; somewhat taller than the middle Dr. Chari
Stature of Englishmen; so exa&tly formed, ton. " that the most curious Eye could find no “ Error in his Shape ; his Countenance was
rather grave than severe, but much soft“ ened whenever he spoke; his Complexion
somewhat dark, but highly enlightened by his quick and sparkling Eyes; the Figure of his Face was very lovely till near twenty years of Age; but after that growing leaner, the Majesty of his Looks happily fupplied the Lines of Beauty, which was very much fet off by plentiful Ornaments of Vol. XXIII. Еe