the Number of Men the Pinnace of a AD.1682. fifth Rate Man of War, might be suppos'd to carry : For he says, That the Duke might 34 Car. II. easily have taken in fourscore more than he did: And if we suppose, which is the least we can, that he had twenty with him before; these added to the fourfcore he would have had him taken in, will amount to an hundred : And if he can find any Pinnace in the Navy, that belongs to a fifth Rate, that will carry half that Number, fome Credit may be given to those improbable Fa&s he has given in upon Oath in his History. Indeed it is observable, that our Author has turned the Pinnace into a Long-Boat: But though this be a Mistake that I shall not much insist on, his Friends will be troubled to find either a Pinnace or a Long-Boat in the Navy, that belongs to a fifth Rate, which will carry an hundred 'Men. Besides, ic appears that the Duke was awakened out of his Sleep; and that they were all in a greac Confternation, and had very little Time to deliberate. It is apparent also, that they did expect, that the Boats from the other Ships would have come time enough to their Ar. Gstance, by the Captain's remaining on Board, who escaped into one of them : And it was purely an Accident, that the Ship funk so suddenly, and no more of the Men were saved. Bat this will remain as a Specimen, how glad Doctor Burnet was of an Opportunity of venting his Spleen against the Royal Family, and how little the Facts he relates, are to be depended on


2.D.1682. And if any thing is to be gathered from the

Bilhop's Reflexion at last, it is this; That his 34 Car. II.

Malice and Prejudice to the Duke of York sonjetimes deprived him of his Reason so far, as to put him upon affirming Faốs upon Oath, that it is impossible for any Man to believe, unless the poor, credulous Tindal: For if it could be supposed, that the Duke was more concerned for his Priests (if they were such) than for his Relations and Friends that he carried with him on this Occasion; will any Man believe that he preferred his Dogs to them too, as the Bishop suggests? It is well they did not make another Plot of it, and give out, that the Duke carried down his Protestant Friends and Relations along with him, on purpose to drown them. But to

proceed in our History. The Duke The Duke, continuing his Voyage to Scotand his Family re

land, arrived at Edinburgh the seventh of turn from May ; and having taken his Leave of the Scotland. Council there, returned with the Dutchess,

the Princess Anne (afterwards Queen) and a great Train of the Nobility of both Sexes, by Sea to England, arriving in the Thames the 26th of the same Month: Soon after which, he was congratulated by the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, on his happy Escape and Return; and the People teftified their Joy as usual, by their

Bells and Bonfires. ulian, The Fa&ion, however, were not so much Fohnson's discouraged, but they continued to libel the Libel.

Government as much as ever; and, among other Whig-Scribblers, Samuel Johnson, a Chaplain or Dependant in the Earl of Bedford's Family, took upon him to write a Treatise, which he stiled Julian the Apostate ; endeavouring to draw a Parallel between the Em


peror Julian and the Duke of York : He also A.D.168.: vindicated the Bill of Exclusion, and laughed

34 Car. II. at Passive Obedience, as a Mahometan Doctrine.

In the mean time the Earl of Shaftsbury Shaftsbury brought an Adion of Scandalum magnatum brings Acagainst one Cradock, a Mercer in London, forcions ; saying he was a Traytor, or to that Effe&t ; Ênemies, and the A&ion being laid in London, Cradock's and drops Council alledged, there was no Probability of them, a fair Trial there, the Earl had such an Influence on the Sheriffs and Citizens; and muved, that the Jury might be of some neighbouring County: Whereupon the Court of King's-Bench gave the Earl his Choice of a Jury out of any other County of England; but the Earl chose not to try the Cause at all, rather than not have it tried by a London Jury.

The Court also made the like Rule in a Cause between the Earl and Mr. Grabam, whom he sued for being Solicitor in the Indictment against him: Whereupon the Earl thought fit also to drop that Suit. And in deed as the Judges have a Power of directing the Jury to be summoned out of a foreign County, where any Partiality is expe&ed, they could never execute it at a more proper Time, when the King or his Friends could expect no Justice in the City. However, the Tories ex- Loyal Shea

riffs electo erted themselves at the Ele&ion of Sheriffs the

ed; next Midsummer-Day; and after a very great Struggle (the Whigs mobbing and knocking down the loyal Lord Mayor) they procured Mr. Dudley North and Mr. Peter Rich, more indifferent Sheriffs, to be sworn into that Office; and Juries were no longer packed in

and a loyal Favour of the Whigs. The Tories also car. Lord ried the Election of a Lord Mayor oh Michael- Mayor, Vol. XXIII T


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A.D.1682 mas-Day ; Sir Wiliam Pritchard having the
34 Car.II. Majority on a Scrutiny, whom his Majesty

approved : However, the Fađion moved the
Court of King's-Bench for a Mandamus to Sir
John Moor, the present Lord Mayor, to swear
Mr. Gould or Mr. Cornish into that Office ;
one of whom they pretended was duly ele&-
ed: To whom the Court answered, Thac
such a Mandamus in the Disjun&ive was ne-

ver heard of; and dismissed their Motion.
Lord The Lord Shaftsbury, finding the Chief
Shaftsbury Magiftrates of the City changed, and that
Helland: there was no longer any Prote&tion to be ex-

pe&ted from IGNORAMUS Juries, began to
think of retiring beyond Sea; but before he
went, laid the Foundation of a Plot for the
Subversion of the Government, which was
discovered the next Year: He embarked for
the Low-Countries in November, and landing
in Holland a Day or two afcer, took him a
House at Amsterdam, designing to live there
under the Protection of a State he would
have destroyed when he was in Power; as
appears by that Passage in one of his Speeches,
the Dutch received him with great Kindness,
being very well satisfied of his Conversion,
and that he was now at the Head of the Fac-

tion that espoused their Interest in England. Dies at But the Earl died within two Months after Amfter his Arrival at Amsterdam, being then in the

fixty second Year of his Age. This was the
Man who led the Court into all the impoli-
tick Schemes and Errors taken notice of in
the middle of King Charles's Reign, and af-
terwards betraying his Master's Secrets to the
Fanaticks, aggravated and multiplied the
Miscarriages of the Court, till he worked up




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the People into a Fury that fell very little 4.D.1682: short of a Rebellion ; it being observed of

34 Car. II. him, That when he was in Power, he was the greatest Tyrant, and when out of the Administration, the boldest and most artful Incendiary, that ever England bred.

Notwithstanding the Fa&ion had now loft The Whigs their great Leader, and their Whig Magi

to raise ftrates; yet, as they were conscious they had their Mobs, still the Multitude on their Side, they raised and insule their Mobs as usual, and on every rejoicing the GoDay, when they had any Pretence for asseni- but are bling, insulted the Government ; particularly suppressed. on the Fifth of November; when they made Bonfires, and cried out, A Monmouth, A Monmouth; and those who would not join in the common Cry, were knocked down and abused: Whereupon the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs found themselves obliged to assemble Part of the Trained-Bands to keep the Peace; and having dispersed the Mob, they apprehended some of the principal Rioters, and committed them to Prison : They also suppressed their Clubs and Conventicles, where they daily fat brooding Rebellion : And a Proclamation was issued to suppress all seditious Papers and Pamphlets that were published under the Titles of News, or Weekly Incelligence. It was ordered also, That no Bonfires or Fireworks should be made in the City without Leave of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen ; in pursuance whereof a Stop was put to their Proceffion on the 17th of November, Q. Elizabeth's Birth-Day; when they used to burn the Pope, che Devil, and such of the King's Servants in their Company as they did not approve, and carry the image of the niurdered Justice Godfrey abouc the Streets : And thus the City

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