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25. A diocesan synod convened by the Bishop of Exeter is held in the cathedral of Exeter, and adopts resolutions affirming the doctrine of baptismal regeneration; declaring adherence to the Church of England; and condemning the appointment of a bishopric of Plymouth by the Pope.--Advices of this date from Bombay announce that the state allowance to the temple of Juggernauth had been suspended.
28. At the official declaration of the Greenwich election Mr. Alderman Salomons was returned by 2,165 votes against 1,278 polled for Alderman Wire.
30. Death of the Earl of Derby at Knowsley Park; he was born April 21, 1775.
July 2. An abstract of the Irish Census returns published this day in the Dublin papers gives the total population of Ireland, on the 31st of March, 1851, 6,515,794. It was 8,175,124 in 1841; 7,767,401 in 1831; and 6,801,827 in 1821. The emigration from Ireland to the United States of America was for some months during this summer and autumn considerably above 1,000 a day.
4. At a dinner given to the factory girls at Lowel in the United States, the “ladies'' all turned out in Bloomer costume.
8. An 8-wheeled engine with a heavily laden train attached ascends the Semmering Mountain, an elevation of 6,000 feet in length, with a gradient of 1 foot in 40 and curves of 900 feet radius, at a speed of 17 miles an hour. The Semmering crosses the great line of railway between Vienna and Trieste.
9. Grand entertainment at the Guildhall, London, in celebration of the Great Exhibition. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert honoured the city of London with their presence on the occasion. The line of her Majesty's approach from the Palace to Guildball was brilliantly illuminated.
12. To the protest of France and England against the incorporation of Posen with Prussia and against the incorporation of all the Austrian states with the Germanic confederation, it is replied by Prussia that she desires the separation of Posen from Prussia; but declares that this question, as well as the incorporation of the Austrian non-German states, is a matter for the consideration of Germany alone, and that no foreign power has a right to interfere.
14. An aggregate meeting nf the Irish Tenant League beld on the site of the battle of the Boyne.-Procession of Orangemen in Liverpool, and fatal riot.
17. The Germanic Diet at Frankfort resolves unanimously on the subject of the French and English protest against Austrian annexation, that "this is exclusively a German question, and that none of the nonGerman governments should be permitted to influence its decision."
19. The debate in the French Legislative Assembly on the question of the revision of the constitution terminates in a division of 446 for and 278 against revision. Nevertheless the majority (446) not being threefourths of the whole number of representatives as required by the constitution, the proposition for revision was pronounced rejected.-Mr. G. F. Young returned to the House of Commons as member for Scarborough by 314 votes against 281 polled for Lord Mulgrave.-Austrian Lombardy declared in a state of siege, and the communes made responsible for assassinations.--Mr. Gladstone's letters to the Earl of Aberdeen on the administration of criminal law in Naples noticed in most of the papers about this time.
20. General Urquiza at the head of the united forces of Entrerios and
Corrientes passes the Uruguay, and aided by General Garzon commences operations with the view of driving the adherents of Oribe and Rosas from the Banda Oriental. On the 29th the head-quarters of the liberating army was at Los Toros on the Rio-Negro.
21. The Prince of Anhalt-Dessau issues a proclamation setting aside the constitution granted in 1848.
22. The Peace Congress for 1851 commences its sittings in Exeter Hall, London.
27. Dr. Brown and Dr. Burgess, the Roman Catholic bishops of Clifton and Shrewsbury, consecrated in St. George's cathedral, Southwarki
Aug. 1. The Austro-Bavarian army of occupation commence to evacuate Hesse-Caszel.—The Lord Mayor of London, the Commissioners of the Great Exhibition of Industry, and numerous other distinguished persons, arrive by invitation in Paris, where they were fêted by the municipality of that capital for several days.—The Earl of Arundel and Surrey returned to Parliament for the city of Limerick, having been obliged by his father, the Duke of Norfolk, to resign his seat for the family borough of Arundel. Soon after this the Duke of Norfolk became Protestant.-The Midland Great Western Railway between Dublin and Galway opened. The troops under General Moreno in the service of Oribe massacre the inhabitants of Colonia, a town in the Banda Oriental, for manifesting their joy at the departure of the garrison and the advance of the liberating army under Generals Urquiza and Garzon.
5. Great eruption of Mont Pelée, in the island of Martinique.
8. Public dinner to Mr. G. F. Young, M.P., in North Shields, by the friends of Protection.
10. Prorogation of the French legislative assembly till Nov. 4.
12. General Lopez, at the head of 487 buccaneers from New Orleans, lands at Murillo, in Cuba, with the intention of wresting the island from Spain. Leaving Colonel Crittenden with a force in charge of the boats and stores, he pushes ,on to Las-Pozas, which was deserted by the inhabitants at his approach. Here the Spanish troops attack him next day, but are forced to retire ; whereupon the expedition starts for Pinardel-Rio in order to reach the mountains, but are led by a guide to the coffee estate of Frias, where they have another brush with the royal troops, which reduces their number to a little over 200. From Frias they marched or ran to Brujo, and next to El Sitio de la Candelaria, where in the 21st they were pounced upon whilst at breakfast by the royal troops and dispersed. The scattered parties, without discipline and withcut arms (for they had thrown them away), subsisted as they could for some days after this in the woods, and then surrendered to the Spanish authorities. Lopez, and six of his men, were taken on the 30th by some peasants at Los-Pinos-de-Rangel. In the meantime the party under Crittenden attempting to escape by the boats were taken on the 15th by the Spanish steamer Habanero and brought to Havana, where the prisoners, fifty in all, were shot next morning.
14. Severe shocks of earthquake in South Italy. The towns of Melfi and Venosa were almost completely destroyed.
19. A Brazilian army crosses the frontier into the Banda Oriental and marches for the Rio Negro, in order to act against Rosas and Oribe.-Great aggregate meeting of Roman Catholics held in the Dublin Rotunda, to establish the Catholic Defence Association.
22. At the Cowes Regatta, in the match round the Isle of Wight for a cup worth 1001., open to all nations, an American yacht (the America)
schooner-built of 170 tons started last and came in first by nearly eight miles.
23. A decree of the Emperor of Austria dissolves all the National Guards of the empire and re-establishes the Burgher-Guards as previous to 1848.- The King of Prussia receives the homage of his new subjects in Hohenzollern.
26. The emperor of Austria issues decrees making the imperial cabinet responsible exclusively to the sovereign. Advices from San Francisco, dated July 14, reach London this day. The interval includes a delay of four days at New York, and another of four days on the Isthmus, the time actually spent in crossing which was only a little over thirtyfour hours from San-Juan del Sud to San Juan-de-Nicaragua. This despatch, by which San Francisco is brought within a bare month of London, is the result of the enterprise of a private American company, which has won the honour of navigating the river San Juan and the lake of Nicaragua for the first time by steamers,
27. A grand banquet given at Bangor in honour of Mr. R. Stephenson, M.P., the eminent engineer, on the completion of the Britannia Tubular Bridge.
28. Queen Victoria travels from Osborne on Doncaster on her way to Balmoral.— The challenge match between the United States yacht America and Mr. R. Stephenson's schooner Titania came off this day. The race of forty miles out to sea from Cowes and back was gained by a long distance by the America.
Sept. 1. Advices from Cuba announce that all the men who formed the expedition against Cuba under Lopez had been either killed or taken. Lopez himself was executed by the garotte on this day. Above a hundred of his deluded followers were sent prisoners to Spain.-Kossuth, the revolutionary governor of Hungary, liberated from confinement at Kutaiba; he embarked on the 7th inst. aboard the American steamer Mississippi for England and the United States.
4. At a meeting of several boards of guardians held in the court-house of Castlebar, the Earl of Lucan in the chair, strong resolutions against the justice of the government demand for the repayment of the Famine Loans were passed.- Despatch of Sublime Porte to the viceroy of Egypt refusing to allow a railroad to be made from Alexandria to Cairo, and declaring all the proceedings null and void that had been taken without its assent.
6. Skefiah Khan, Persian ambassador to the court of London, arrives at Southampton.
9. The King of Sardinia orders a levy of 10,000 men.
11. Ratification of a treaty between Prussia and Hanover for the amalgamation of the Steuer-verein and the Zoll-verein after Jan. 1, 1854.
12. The emperor of Austria leaves Vienna for a progress through Trieste, Venice, and the chief towns of Lombardy. The Austro-Italian army was to be reviewed in the neighbourhood of Verona.
13. During the week ended this day females made their appearance in the western parts of London dressed in the Bloomer costume, the adoption of which was also recommended in popular lectures by American ladies soon after this date.—The French department of Ardèche placed under martial law. The statue of Joan of Arc, the work of the Princess Marie, daughter of Louis Philippe, inaugurated at Orleans without any ceremony or even a speech.
15. Mr. Abbot Lawrence, the American minister at the court of Lon. don, visits Galway.
16. Prince Metternich leaves Johannisberg for Vienna, where he arrived on the 23rd inst. --Advices of this date from Rio Janeiro announce the defeat of Oribe by General Garzon near the Rio Negro, in the Banda Oriental. Admiral Grenfell had entered the Parana at the head of a Bra. zilian fleet, and put a stop to all trading operations in that river.
18. Lord Elgin, Governor. General of Canada, meets the President of the United States at Boston on the occasion of the grand railway jubilee in that city.
19. Camargo taken by the “patriots" under Carvajal, who heads the insurgents of Tamaulipas, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon, against the Mexican government. The patriots were assisted by a body of Texan sympathisers.
20. Advices from Rio Janeiro record the passing of a law, by 79 against 15 in the Brazilian House of Representatives, for placing the coast trade of Brazil under the protection of the flag of some more powerful nation, in order to protect the Brazilian coasting vessels from the violence of British cruisers.
21. Don Miguel, the Portuguese pretender, married to the Princess of Löwenstein-Rosenberg at Klein-Heubach, near Wertheim.
24. The Archbishop of Canterbury's explanation, in reply to the Rev. W. Palmer, respecting his declaration that episcopal ordination is not essential to the validity of orders, made in his grace's correspondence with Mr. Gawthorne, is published in the papers of this date.
25. Submersion of the Great Cable Telegraph effected in the strait of Dover to within about two'miles of the French shore. At this point it was discovered that the cable was too short by about a quarter of a mile. The communication with the French coast was, however, soon completed, and on the 27th messages were sent to and fro across the channel. The address of the Catholic Defence Association appears in the Dublin papers. A summary of the proceedings of the Encumbered Estates Court, from the commencement of its sittings (Nov. 25, 1849,) to Sept. 23, 1851, appears in the Freeman's Journal of this day, and states that the total number of petitions presented to the court amounted to 1,945, involving a total amount of incumbrances, as stated in the schedules of the said petitions, of 22,458,5761. 7s., to pay which the amount of an annual rental sought to be sold was 1,141,0901. 10s. 8d. The total number of estates sold was 440, producing a total of 3,654,5001. 12s. Of titled persons, for the sale of whose estates petitions had been presented, there were-one marquess, thirteen earls, three viscounts, four barons, 1 lord, five honourables, twenty baronets, five knights, seren M.P.s, and five ex.M.P.s.-A great Reform meeting held in the Free Trade, Hall, Manchester, Sir J. Walmsley in the chair.-Kossuth lands at Marseilles, but is refused permission to cross France to England.
27. The Spectator of this date publishes a scheme proposed by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and sanctioned by the Queen, for fixing the yearly income of archbishops and bishops of the Established Church at the exact sums named in the law regulating their incomes “and no more." -The island of Ambergris, at the mouth of Espiritu Santo Bay, seized by the authorities of Yucatan, who haul down the British ensign and hoist the Mexican flag on the fort.
Oct. 1. Sir J. Graham presented with the freedom of Aberdeen. The Emperor of Austria leaves Milan for Vienna where he arrives on the morrow
3. The Germanic Diet at Frankfort decides unanimously that the provinces of Old Prussia and Posen should no longer form part of the Germanic Confederation, to which they had been “ illegally" annexed in 1848.
4. Death of Don Manuel Godoy," the Prince of the Peace,” in Paris, aged 87.
7. Lord Campbell has an interview with Pope Pius IX. in the Vatican.
8. The Queen of England arrives at Croxteth Hall, the seat of the Earl of Sefton, near Liverpool. Next day her Majesty visited Liverpool, and proceeded to Worsley Hall on her way to Manchester, where she was received with great demonstrations of loyal attachment on the 10th.
9. A large Consultative meeting of the Clergy of the Midland Counties and other parts of England” held in the Athenäum Rooms, Derby, to promote the Revival of Convocation.
10. The Emperor of Austria leaves Vienna on a progress to Lemberg, in Galizia,
11. The Great Industrial Exhibition of all Nations is closed to the public.
12. An imperial decree issued from Cracow for the reduction of the Austrian army.
13. The Florence gazette, Il Monitore Toscano, contains decrees issued by the Grand Duke of Tuscany, putting the entire control of the mili. tary resources of the Grand Duchy into the hands of Austria.
14. Resignation of the French ministry. A great meeting of the members of the Munster boards of guardians held about this date, in Limerick, to remonstrate against the ministerial demand for the immediate repayment of the Famine Loans.
17. The Catholic Defence Association holds its first public meeting in the hall of the Dublin Mechanics' Institution.
19. Death of the Duchess of Angoulème, daughter of Marie An. toinette, at Frohsdorf.
20. The boats of the British war steamer Janus beaten back by the Moorish pirates at the Riff, near Gibraltar. The Moors of the Riff committed several piracies about this time.
21. The French departments of Cher and Nièvre declared in a state of siege.
22. The American President issues a proclamation against the sympathisers with the revolutionary movements in Mexico.
23. Kossuth arrives at Southampton.-Advices from Alexandria' an. nounce the amicable arrangement of the differences between Turkey and Egypt respecting the construction of the railway, which is now authorised by the Sultan.
26. An equestrian statue of Williama the Conqueror, erected in Falaise, his native town, in Normandy. M. Guizot delivers the inaugura speech.
27. A correspondence between the Neapolitan minister at the court of London and Lord Palmerston on the subject of Mr. Gladstone's letters respecting the criminal administration of the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, appears in the papers of this date. A numerous meeting held in Faneuil Hall, Boston, for the purpose of petitioning the American President to