Assembly, on the formation of a cabinet composed of non-parliamentary members. The Austrian cavalry and ordnance cross the Elbe by a pontoon bridge near Artlenburg.

27. In a despatch of this date from Earl Grey to the Governor of Canada the Clergy Reserves are abandoned to the absolute disposal of the provincial legislature.-A large public meeting held in the Dublin Rotunda under the presidency of the Lord Mayor of Dublin to protest against the abolition of the Vice-royalty.

28. Date of the French protest against the entrance of Austria with all her states into the Germanic Confederation. The English protest to the same effect is dated Feb. 2.

29. An Austrian force of 4,800 men occupies Hamburg.-A public meeting of the Dublin Protestants held in the Rotunda, to address the Queen on the subject of the Roman Catholic Hierarchy.-Turkish Croatia in a state of rebellion and anarchy.

31. The Zollverein Congress commences its sittings in Wiesbaden.→ The general average price of wheat for all France on this day was, according to an official paper, 13.78 francs per hectolitre (2.7512 imperial bushels), or 32 shillings a quarter, being the lowest price since the general averages commenced to be taken in 1797.

Feb. 2. The Infante Don Henrique authorised to return to Spain, and to reside at Valladolid.-The Right Rev. Dr. Keane consecrated bishop of Ross, a new Irish see created by the Pope.

4. Lubeck occupied by the Austrians troops; soon after this date the Danish troops occupy Frederichsort and the citadel of Rensburg; the towns of Rensburg and Altona were garrisoned by Austrian and Prussian troops.

6. Advices from Alexandria state that the Porte had demanded the following reforms, amongst others, to be carried out in Egypt-1. the reduction of the land tax to a third of its present amount; 2. a reduction of the standing army to 20,000 men; and 3. a total disarming of the fleet. The Viceroy Abbas Pacha refused to obey, and had ordered a levy of 25,000 men for the augmentation of the army, and 15,000 for the navy.A deputation from several parishes in London wait upon the Chancellor of the Exchequer to urge the repeal of the Window-tax.

8. The committee of the French Legislative Assembly appointed to report on the ministerial bill for granting an extraordinary credit of 1,800,000 francs to President Bonaparte reject the measure by 13 to 2. 9. The Madrid-Aranjcz railway opened.-The Bosnian insurgents defeated by the Sultan's troops under Omar Pacha, at Mostar.

10. The French Legislative Assembly throws out the President's Dotation Bill by 396 to 294.

12. A monster meeting of the inhabitants of Westminster held in Drury Lane Theatre, London, to take steps for the unconditional repeal of the Window-tax.

13. Enthronement of the Right Rev. Dr. Briggs as Bishop of Beverley, in St. George's Chapel, York.

14. The island of Samos, which had been in a state of insurrection, surrenders to the Sultan's authority.

15. A riot at Boston, in the United States. A mob broke into the court-house and liberated a slave who had been seized under the Fugitive Slave Act of last Congress.-At a very numerous meeting of seamen and masters held in Sunderland under the presidency of the Mayor, an amendment was carried pledging the seamen to continue the strike which had now lasted some weeks.

16. General Narvaez arrives in Paris.-The prime ministers of Austria and Prussia have an interview in Dresden.

17. A Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the state of the Dublin University.

18. The trial at the instance of the Board of Customs against the London Docks Company on a charge of defrauding the revenue of the duties on 250 cwt. of sugar and 8,000 lbs. of coffee terminates, after occupying the Court of Exchequer eleven days, in a virtual acquittal of the defendants.

19. A large meeting held in the Hall of Commerce, London, to promote the establishment of Tribunals of Commerce.

20. A meeting held in the Dublin Rotunda to petition against the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill. The Earl of Milltown, a Protestant nobleman,

attended the meeting and spoke in favour of its object.

22. Resignation of the Russell ministry (see Chronicle of the Session of Parliament).-The sailors' strike on the Tyne and Wear terminates, the Board of Trade having engaged to suspend the operation of the obnoxious clauses of the Mercantile Marine Act of last session.

23. Serious riots at Yarmouth arising out of disputes between the shipowners and sailors.

25. At a conference of the Roman Catholic prelates of Ireland held in Dublin it was unanimously resolved to present a memorial to the Queen, to address the Catholics of Ireland, and to petition parliament on the subject of the Anti-Titles Bill.

26. Mr. Macready takes his farewell of the stage in the character of Macbeth, at Drury Lane Theatre, London.

28. The governor-general of the Philippines at the head of a Spanish naval and military force attacks, takes by assault, and completely destroys the fortified forts and defences of the piratical Sooloos on the island of Sooloo, in the Sooloo Archipelago.

March 1. Mr. Macready entertained at dinner in the Hall of Commerce, London, on his retirement from the stage.

3. The Russell ministry resume their places in the councils of the Queen.

4. The Repeal Association, which since the agitation on the subject of the Roman Catholic hierarchy commenced had taken the name of the Catholic and Repeal Association, adjourns its meetings sine die.

5. The acting committee of the National Association for the Protection of British Industry and Capital has interviews with Lord Stanley and Mr. D'Israeli to express the thanks of the Protectionists to these leaders.

10. Public meeting of English Catholics held in Freemasons' Hall, London, to petition against the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill.

13. Opening of Owen's College in Manchester. This institution owes its existence to the late Mr. John Owen, who bequeathed 100,0001. for its foundation; students are admitted without any religious test what


16. Serious communist riots at Drontheim, in Norway. - Revolt in Sennaar against the Pacha of Egypt, whose troops were massacred. 19. Advices from Constantinople received this day announce that the Annezeh Arabs, who migrate yearly from Aleppo to Bagdad, had defeated the troops of the Pacha of Bagdad because he refused the usual purses to the sheiks of the tribe, The Annezeh encamped near the city, and laid siege to it, plundering the country round about.-Sir C, Napier arrives in London on his return from India.

22. The case of Doyle v. Wright, concerning the personal custody of Miss Augusta Talbot, a Roman Catholic ward of the court, opened before the Lord Chancellor.

25. Lord Langdale resigns the Mastership of the Rolls. He was succeeded by Sir J. Romilly.

27. The Emperor of Austria visits Venice and issues a decree restoring to that city her privileges as a free port.

April 1. Sir G. Grey, by the Queen's commands, transmits to the Archbishop of Canterbury an address presented to her Majesty signed by 230,000 members of the Established Church, with a letter recommending his grace to take measures for discouraging and preventing innovations in the form of public worship.

2. An earthquake destroys above 400 houses in Valparaiso. — An address issued by a majority of the bishops of the Established Church to their clergy respecting rubrical observances appears in the Times of this day. Lord Stanley entertained at a public banquet in Merchant Tailors' Hall, London, by the conservative peers and commoners of his party.

10. Advices from Lisbon announce that a military insurrection, headed by the Duke of Saldanha, had broken out against the government of the Count de Thomar. Saldanha not being joined by as many adherents as he expected, and being outstripped in his march on Santarem by the King of Portugal, fled northwards.

16. A very numerous meeting held in the Free Trade Hall, Manchester, to hear Messrs. M. Gibson and J. Bright give an account of their parliamentary conduct. A vote of approval was unanimously carried, and the meeting pledged itself to the return of the honourable members at the next election.

19. The Bishop of Exeter issues a pastoral letter to his clergy in lieu of the usual triennial charge. The letter charges the Archbishop of Canterbury with holding heterodox opinions, and concludes with the convocation of a diocesan synod.

21. Blockade of San-Salvador by the British fleet raised after an amicable settlement of differences.

22. A numerous meeting of the citizens of Dublin held in Conciliation Hall to form a " Catholic Defence Association for the protection of religious rights threatened by the ministerial legislation."-Great Protectionist demonstration in the shape of a public dinner in the Music Hall, Edinburgh, the Earl of Eglintoun in the chair.

24. The garrison of Oporto declares for Saldanha and the insurrection. Saldanha, who had left the city for Vigo in order to embark for England, was summoned back by the insurgents.

25. The President of the United States issues a proclamation against the promoters of an expedition against Cuba. The Cleopatra, freighted with military stores, was seized by the United States' Marshal, and several arrests were made.

27. The Conde de Thomar, prime minister of Portugal, resigns and flees on board a British ship to Vigo in order to embark for England. 29. The Duke de Saldanha makes a " triumphal" entry into Oporto ; the troops in the other parts of Portugal fraternise with the insurgents.Death of Lord Cottenham, ex-chancellor of England, at Pietra Santa, in the Duchy of Lucca, in his seventy-first year.-The Prince of Prussia and his family arrive in London for the opening of the Great Exhibition of all Nations.-The National Association for the Protection of British


Industry and Capital holds its second anniversary meeting in Drury Lane Theatre, London, under the Presidency of the Duke of Richmond. supplementary meeting was held in St. Martin's Hall, Long Acre, the theatre not being large enough to accommodate the multitude of Protectionists. There was a Protectionist dinner in the evening at Freemasons' Tavern, Great Queen Street, Mr. G. F. Young in the chair.

30. Great aggregate meeting of the Roman Catholics of Ireland held in the Dublin Rotunda for the purpose of petitioning Parliament against the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill and the Religious Houses Bill.

May 1. The Great Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations opened by the Queen.

3. Destruction of a piratical squadron by an armament of Spanish gun-boats off the island of Paragua (Palawan).

4. A fire in San-Francisco (the fifth within twelve months) destroys a great part of the city.

5. The canons and decrees of the synod of Thurles ratified by the Pope. When this news reached Ireland, active steps were taken for the establishment of a Catholic university, and large sums of money were subscribed for that purpose.

7. A general meeting of National Public School Association held in the King's Head, Poultry, London.

11. Between this date and the 20th inst. several deadly skirmishes took place between the French troops in Algeria and the Kabyles. Djijelli, round which the Kabyles had established a kind of blockade, was relieved on the 19th, and the native tribes soon after sent in their submission.

15. The Duke of Saldanha, with 3,000 troops "of the regenerating army," arrives, by sea, in Lisbon, from Oporto, and meets with an enthusiastic reception.-King Otho returns to Athens from Germany.The Dresden Conferences terminate, and the German Diet recommences its sittings in Frankfurt-am-Main.

16. The Conde de Thomar, late prime minister in Portugal, arrives in England.

18. The King of Prussia visits the Emperor of Russia in Warsaw. 20. A banquet given to the foreign Commissioners of the Great Exhibition by the Chairmen of the Metropolitan Local Committees at the Castle Hotel, Richmond, Lord Ashburton in the chair.-Lord Campbell, sitting in appeal in the Court of Exchequer Chamber, pronounces judgment in the case of Boosey v. Jeffreys, reversing the copyright law laid down by the superior courts in the leading case of Boosey v. Purday, and establishing the right of an alien author to acquire a British copyright by first publishing his work in England.

21. The Oxford Convocation resolves, by 249 against 105, to petition the Queen to recal the Royal Commission of Inquiry into the state of the Universities; and in the event of this application failing, to request permission to be heard by counsel against it before her Majesty in Council.

22. The Governor of New South Wales issues a proclamation at Sydney claiming the precious metals in the newly discovered auriferous district in the county of Bathurst, and threatening with punishment all who should “search or dig for gold in and upon such territory" without a licence of 30s. a month. There were above 20,000 persons at the "diggings" by the beginning of June. The gold was found abundantly in the beds of streams and in veins of quartz in grains, in scales, and in lumps of various weights.

25. Death of the Right Hon. Richard Lalor Sheil at Florence; he was born in 1793.

26. A protest against the Bishop of Exeter's proposal to hold a diocesan synod appears in the Times of this day signed by several clergymen of the diocese of Exeter.

27. The King of Prussia and the Czar leave Warsaw for Olmütz to have an interview with the Emperor of Austria.

28. Serious riot at Tamworth between the Free-traders and the Protectionists. A meeting held in Freemasons' Tavern, Great Queen Street, London, to establish a metropolitan association for the temperate but efficient reform of the Established Church.

29. A ministerial decree published in Berlin for the revival of the old Provincial Diets.

31. Inauguration of Rauch's statue of Frederick the Great at Berlin. June 1. President Bonaparte visits Tonnerre and Dijon. In a speech at Dijon the President said that "he had never lacked the concurrence of the Legislative Assembly as often as repressive laws were to be passed; but the instant that his government came forward with bills for popular ameliorations, the support of the legislative power completely failed him." In the official report this sentence, which caused a great commotion at the time, was omitted.

4. Death of Yar Mohammed Khan, Prince of Herat.-At the annual meeting of the National School Society, held in the Broad Sanctuary, Westminster, under the presidency of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Rev. G. A. Denison's resolution against the interference, direct or indirect, on the part of the Board of Education with the doctrine or discipline of the church in church schools receiving State assistance, was negatived by a large majority.

5. Great rejoicings at Hanover, the King having completed his 80th year. The King of Prussia was present on the occasion.-Terence Bellew M'Manus, transported for his share in the Irish disturbances of 1848, having escaped from Australia, arrives in San Francisco, where he is entertained at a public banquet attended by the mayor, the senators, representatives, and others of the state of California.

8. Affray between the Austrian garrison of Altona and the holiday folks of Hamburg and Altona assembled in the suburb of St. Pauli; eight of the people were killed and eighteen wounded.

11. The Senate of Hamburg protests against the occupation of the St.Pauli suburb by the Austrian troops.

16. The population of Great Britain and the adjacent islands, exclusive of Ireland, was, according to an epitome of the Census returns, on the 31st of March, 1851, 20,919,531. The United States Census of last year, the results of which have been recently published, gives the population of that republic at 23,347,884.

18. The Times of this day gives an account of the defeat of the King of Dahomey and his army of Amazons by the Egbas of Abbeokuta, against whom he had advanced for the purpose of taking slaves.

21. A piece of plate presented to the Duke of Richmond by the officers who obtained the decoration of "the War Medal" by the exertions of his grace. The subscribers to the testimonial entertained his grace to dinner at Willis's Rooms.

22. Another (the sixth) great fire in San Francisco.

23. Hong Kong papers of this date state that the disturbances in the southern provinces of China had assumed a magnitude and political complexion which greatly alarmed the Imperial court.

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