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£. S. d. Knees, 5 inches and under 8 inches square, the 120.

0 12 0 Lathwood, the fathom of 216 cubic feet......

0 12 0 Oars, the 120

2 5 0 Spars or poles, under 22 feet in length, and under 4 inches in diameter, the 120

0 6 0 22 feet in length and upwards, and under 4 inches in diameter, the 120

0 12 0 of all lengths, 4 inches and under 6 inches in diameter, the 120 ..

1 4 0 Wood planed, or otherwise dressed or prepared for use and

not particularly enumerated or otherwise charged with į duty, per foot of cubic contents

0 0 And further for every 1001. value.

10 0 The importer to have the option in respect of planks, deals, battens, &c., of entering the same by tale or a computation of their contents according to the scale given in the Act.

0

METROPOLITAN SEWERS. [14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 75.-August 7, 1851.] An Act to amend and continue the Metropolitan Sewers Act. This Act chiefly relates to the constitution of the commissioners, one of whom is to be appointed chairman by the crown,

with a salary of 10001. a year, and another deputy-chairman, one of whom must always be present to form a board ; in ordinary cases two commissioners (one being the chairman or deputy-chairman) may form a quorum, but no district or special sewers rate is to be imposed, nor money borrowed on mortgage or by annuity, by less than six commissioners; and no rate is to be made exceeding 3d. in the pound.

NEW FOREST DEER REMOVAL, &c.

[14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 76.--August 7, 1851.] An Act to extinguish the Right of the Crown to Deer in the New Forest,

and to give Compensation in lieu thereof; and for other purposes relating to the said Forest.

The deer are to be removed within two years, the right to keep them is to cease, and in lieu of such right her Majesty is empowered to enclose, sever, and improve, and plant with trees of any kind, out of the lands of the said forest, any quantity not exceeding 10,000 acres (in addition to the 6,000 acres already enclosed), such enclosures to remain in severalty freed from all rights of commonage, &c., remaining so enclosed for the growth and preservation of timber and trees, until the same or any part be laid open, and shall be made and reputed a nursery or nurseries for timber or trees only. Whenever the wood and trees which shall be growing in such enclosures shall be deemed past danger from the browsing of cattle or other prejudice, the commissioners may throw open any part thereof, and enclose an equal quantity out of any other part of the residue of the said forest, to be holden as aforesaid. The expenses of the enclosures to be derayed by the sale of decayed or other trees not being ship-timber. The commissioners may grant leases of certain parts of the New

Forest (such as the keepers' lodges, &c. now not required), but not of parts reserved for the growth of timber. Roads and paths are to be made through the enclosures where necessary. The Commissioners of Woods and Forests are empowered to carry this Act into effect, and there are many provisions for the granting of compensation to the verderers, and for other forestal and common rights.

BATTERSEA PARK. [14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 77.-August 7, 1851.] An Act to alter and extend the Powers of an Act the 9 and 10 Victorie,

cap. 38, intituled, An Act to empower the Commissioners of her Majesty's Woods to form a Royal Park in Battersea Fields, in the County of Surrey.

The object of this Act is chiefly to extend the time for compulsory purchases of property for two years from the passing of this Act; to appoint a separate commission, incorporated as the “* Battersea Park Commissioners,” for the management thereof; to give the commissioners power to sell, demise, or lease lands not required for the Park, for dwelling-houses or ornamental buildings; with various other matters of detail.

STEAM NAVIGATION. [14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 79.--August 7, 1851.] An Act to consolidate and amend the Laws relating to the regulation of

Steam Navigation, and to the Boats and Lights to be carried by Sea. going Vessels. This Act comes into operation on Jan. 1, 1852. It contains 51 clauses, of which we give those of the most general interest. By 1 and 2 the execution is entrusted to the Committee of Privy Council for Trade, with the assistance of the naval department of the Board of Trade. §§ 3 to 9 : the owner of every steam-vessel for passengers shall cause it to be surveyed at least twice a year (in April and October where possible) by persons appointed by the committee, who are to make a declaration of the sufficiency and good condition of the vessel ; of the number of passengers it is constructed to carry; whether constructed for sea-service or for lake and river service; if for sea-service, whether the compasses are properly adjusted, if for river-service the local limits within which it is adapted for plying; such declaration to be transmitted to the committee, who will thereupon grant certificates, in which where they think it necessary there shall be inserted the number of passengers to be carried, and will transmit lists of such vessels as have received certificates, to be put up in some conspicuous place in the custom house of each port; fresh declarations may be required by the committee where they have occasion to believe the vessel has received any injury or is otherwise insufficient, and the certificate may be cancelled : the certificates otherwise are to continue in force for six months, except where vessels are absent abroad at the expiration of such period, in which case the certificate is to continue in force until twenty-one days after its return. A copy of the certificate ($ 10) is to be placed in some conspicuous part of the vessel, under penalty for the omission of a sum not exceeding 101. No steam-vessel (s 11) to proceed to sea with passengers without a certificate, and no officer of the customs is to clear out any steam-vessel with passengers on board but upon production of such certificate, which certificate, or a copy, must be also conspicuously placed in the vessel, a breach of which regulation subjects the owner to a penalty not exceeding 1001., and the master to a penalty not exceeding 201. The owner or master of any steam-vessel carrying a greater number of passengers than the number specified in the certificate, subjects himself by $ 12 to a penalty not exceeding 201., and 5s. for every passenger above the number specified; and any person ($ 13) attempting to force his way on board when the vessel is full, or refusing to leave the same on having the full amount of his fare tendered, if he had previously paid the same, shall forfeit or pay to the owner a sum not exceeding 21. ; any person also (§ 14) who shall refuse to pay his fare, or having paid his fare for a certain distance shall fraudulently go beyond it, or refuses to quit the vessel at the point to which he has paid his fare, shall for every such offence forfeit or pay to the owner a sum not exceeding 5s, in addition to the fare; and any person ($ 15) who, having committed any of the above-named offences, shall refuse to give his name and address, or shall give a false name or address, shall forfeit to the owner a sum not exceeding 201. $§ 16 to 19 relate to the duties of the surveyors. By $ 20 all iron steamers (except steam tugs) exceeding 100 tons built since August, 1846, and iron steamers not exceeding 100 tons built after the passing of this Act, must be divided by transverse water-tight partitions, separating the engine-room from the fore and aft parts of the vessel, and the officers of customs are not to grant certificates to any vessel unless so divided; proceeding to sea without such certificate subjects the owner to a penalty not exceeding 1001. After March, 1852, (§ 21) no steam-vessel is to go to sea or to ply upon the rivers of the United Kụngdom without having a safety valve upon each boiler free from the care and out of the control and interference of the engineer. By § 22 no decked vessel (except steam tugs) shall proceed to sea without being provided with properly appointed boats of a size and number specified in a table; all vessels carrying more than ten passengers to be provided with a life-boat in addition, and with two life-buoys kept ready for immediate use; and no steamer († 23) to proceed to sea without being provided with hose capable of being connected with the engines for the purpose of extinguishing fire, and with blue lights, one cannon, &c., for the purpose of making signals of distress ; neglect of compliance with these regulations (§ 24) subjects the master to a penalty not exceeding 501., or the owner to a penalty not exceeding 1001.; and the officers of customs ($25) are to clear out no vessels which have not complied with: these provisions. $$ 26 to 30 contain rules regarding the display of lights and other provisions against accidents arising from collision ; accidents are to be reported to the Board of Trade, as is also the apprehended loss of any steam vessel. The remainder of the Act relates to the power of inspectors, the mode of procedure for the recovery of penalties, &c., &c. The short title is declared to be · The Steain Navigation Act, 1851.'

COURT OF CHANCERY AND JUDICIAL COMMITTEE.

(14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 83.- August 7, 1851.] An Act to improve the Administration of Justice in the Court of Chancery,

and in the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. In § 1 power is given to her Majesty to appoint, from time to time, two persons (barristers of rot less than fifteen years' standing) to be

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Judges of the Court of Appeal in Chancery, who with the Lord Chancellor shall form the Court of Appeal in Chancery; and ($2) to direct that each judge shall have a secretary, usher, train-bearer, and other requisite officers. The said julges ($ 3) to be styled Lords Justices of the Court of Appeal in Chancery, and to have rank after the Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. § 4 contains the oath to be taken by the said judges. By $§ 5 and 6 from Oct. 1, 1851, the power now exercised by the Lord Chancellor in the Court of Chancery is to be exercised by the Court of Appeal; and by $ 7 the jurisdiction of the ViceChancellor in Bankruptcy is also transferred to the same Court. One judge sitting with the Lord Chancellor ($ 11), or the two judges sitting together, form a Court of Appeal; but the Lord Chancellor, sitting alone, has a co-ordinate jurisdiction with the Court of Appeal. All decisions, decrees, &c. (§ 10) may be appealed from to the House of Lords. From Oct. 11, 1851, (§ 17) the yearly salary of the Lord Chancellor is to be 10,0001. clear of all deductions; that of the Master of the Rolls (§ 18) is to be 6,0001. ; and (§ 19) the two Lords Justices of Appeal are also to receive 6,0001. yearly, with a retiring annuity ($ 20) of 3,7501. The other clauses provide for an additional registrar, the requisite officers of the court, and other matters of detail. There are 24 clauses.

ATTORNEYS AND SOLICITORS.

[14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 88.--August 7, 1851.] An Act for amending the several Acts for the Regulation of Attorneys

and Solicitors. This Act is to extend the privileges enjoyed by graduates of the Universities of England and of Dublin to the graduates of the newly established Queen's Colleges of Belfast, Cork, and Galway, and to the Queen's University of Ireland, in respect to their admission as solicitors or attorneys.

INTERMENT ACT. [14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 89.-August 7, 1851.] An Act to amend the Metropolitan Interment Act, 1850, and to authorise

the Advance of Public Money to a limited Amount for the Purposes of the said Act.

By § 1 the Treasury are empowered, upon the application of the Board of Health, to advance out of the consolidated fund, such sum or sums, not exceeding 137,0001., as may be necessary to carry into effect the purposes of the Act of 1850 (that is, to enable the Board of Health to purchase or provide a cemetery or cemeteries] ; which money (§ 2), with interest at the rate of 4 per cent., is to be secured by mortgage of the fees and payments to be received, to be made to such persons as trustees as the commissioners of the Treasury shall appoint. By $ 3 the body of any parishioner or inhabitant of any parish in which interment is ordered to be discontinued is not to be buried within the metropolitan burial district, except in a cemetery mentioned in the schedule of the previous Act, or in a burial ground belonging to the parish, not situate therein, in which interment has not been ordered to be discontinued: these provisions are not to apply to the burials of Jews cr Quakers.

CROWN ESTATES PAVING ACT, 1851.

(14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 95.—August 7, 1851.] An Act for transferring the Duties of paving, lighting, watering, and

cleansing parts of the Crown Estate in the district of the Regent's Park and certain streets and places in Westminster from the Commissioners acting under several Acts of their late Majesties King George the Fourth and King William the Fourth to the Parishes ; and for transferring the Jurisdiction of the said Commissioners over certain other places in Westminster to the Commissioners of her Majesty's Works and Public Buildings; and for other purposes.

This act merely transfers the powers of the former commissioners of the Crown estates in Westminster and Marylebone to the common jurisdiction of the parochial and district boards for paving, lighting, &c., in which the various streets and buildings are situated ; and the Regent's Park, with the buildings immediately surrounding it, Westminster Mews, Old and New Palace Yards, &c., to the Commissioners of Woods and Forests. The only new power given to the parochial commissioners is, that, in " any house, building, or walls, within the provisions of the same Acts,” (namely, those Acts relating to Regent Street,) they may cause the outside stucco and stone-work to be cleansed or painted with oil colours, and they are empowered to levy an extra rate on the houses in Regent Street for any extra expense in paving, lighting, watering, and cleansing the same.

MERCANTILE MARINE ACT AMENDMENT.

[14 and 15 Victoriæ, cap. 96.--August 7, 1851.] :

An Act to amend the Mercantile Marine Act, 1850. ? The greater part of the Act consists of matters of detail respecting certificates, shipping agreements and discharges, binding of apprentices, power of the naval courts under the previous Act, &c., &c. The other chief clauses are, that advance notes to the seamen may be given at the time of signing the agreement (under the former Act they were not to be given until four hours after signing), and whenever discounted, a receipt to be indorsed thereon, stating the exact sum actually received ; ten days after the final departure of the ship the note may be sued upon against the responsible parties. Limejuice, sugar and vinegar may be dispensed with in the dietary, and Other like articles, such as citric acid, &c., substituted by consent of the Board of Trade. The penalty for harbouring deserters is extended to the harbouring or secreting of any seaman or apprentice who wilfully neglects or refuses to join his ship. "Any pilot in charge of any ship who, hy wilful breach of duty or by neglect of duty, or by reason of drunkenness, does any act tending to the immediate loss, destruction, or serious damage of such ship, or tending immediately to endanger the life or limb of any person on board of such ship, or who by wilful breach of duty or neglect of duty, or by reason of drunkenness, refuses or omits to do any lawful act proper and requisite to be done by him for preserving such ship from loss, destruction, or serious damage, or for preserving any person belonging to or on board of such ship from danger to life or limb, shall for each such offence be deemed guilty of a misdemeanour.” In case of wreck or abandonment a naval court may be summoned, constituted in the same manner as courts constituted under the 82nd section of the Mercantile

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