opinion quite generally prevails that only compositions of a particular character, selected from public speeches, are suitable for declamation. Reading and speaking are identical. Therefore, whatever is suitable for the one, is equally so for the other. The student who only practices in declaiming poetical and oratorical compositions, can never become properly a Speaker. He will be wanting in practice in other styles of composition, as narrative, descriptive, didactic, and the like, which he may be called upon to speak. Besides, the use of poetry and speeches exclusively for declamation, creates a scholastic and pompous manner of speaking, which is as exceptionable as it is ridiculous.

Preceding those lessons, which contain classical, historical, or other aljusions which the reader might not understand, Notes are presented, giving the necessary explanations, and, in some instances, the definitions of technical terms. These notes, it is believed, constitute a valuable feature of the work, as affording the requisite instruction to enable the student to understand what he reads. It is impossible that any one should read intelligently that which is not fully comprehended; and in alınost every composition of any considerable length, allusions often occur, which, without some knowledge as to the facts referred to, may render the entire passage obscure. These notes acquaint the reader as to the import of such allusions, and at the same time inform him relative to important facts, which will greatly tend to cultivate a taste for the study of history.

Besides the Explanatory Notes, DIRECTIONS with regard to the Elocution of the lessons, are sometimes presented when deemed necessary. In some few instances, also, a NOTATION is used, directing as to the proper modulation of the voice, in passages peculiarly illustrative of some rhetorical principle. The frequent use of a notation, however good it may be, is extremely pernicious, tending to form mechanical modes of reading, so universally deprecated.

The Authors are indebted to those professional teachers who have kindly proffered many valuable suggestions with reference to the work, and if it should prove acceptable to them in affording those facilities which they require in teaching one of the most pleasing and useful sciences,—the first accomplishment of an education,—the Authors will feel that they have not labored in vain, and that the favors of their friends have been reciprocated.

NEW YORK, April, 1848.

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14. The Votary of Pleasure,

Charles H. Lyon, 99

Vanity of Pleasure,

. Burns, 101

" Real Pleasure,

Young, 101

15. The Gladiator, .


16. The Song of the Simoom,.

.James Stillman, 104

17. The Present Age, .

Story, 105

18. The Present Age, --continued,

Channing, 110

19. The Magnetic Telegraph,

Mrs. E. L. Schermerhorn, 112

20. Slander,

Milford Bard, 113

21. The Proper Direction of the Intellectual and Moral

Powers, ..

Styles, 114

" Dignity of Man,

Young, 115

22. Antidote to Despondency,.

Carlos Wilcox, 117

23. What is Patriotism ?.

Fisher Ames, 118

“ Sequel to the Same,

. Sidney Smith, 119

« Patriotism,

Waller Scott, 119

24. Creation,

Thomas Foc, 121

25. The Days of Creation, From the German of Krummacher, 124

Let there be Light!”

Darwin, 125

26. The Educational Policy of New York, Horace Mann, 126

27. Excelsior, or the Youthful Aspirant,.. ..H. W. Longfellow, 128

Aspirations of the Heaven-Born Spirit, ..... Mrs. Hemans, 129

28. The Union of the States,

Edmund Randolph, 130

• The Constitution, ..

. Bryant, 131

29. Liberty and Union, One and Inseparable,

Webster, 131

30. Damon and Pythias; or, True Friendship,.. William Peter, 133

31. Character and Condition of the Western Indians,...G. Callin, 137

32. Description of the Ruins at Balbec,. French of Lamartine, 140

33. The Effects of Time,

Selleck Osborne, 143

34. Time's Soliloquy,..


“ Time, the Signal of Dispatch,.

Young, 145

35. The Just Retribution,.

.Dimond, 146

36. Search after Wisdom,


37. The Value of Wisdom,

Bible, 151

38. The Voice of Wisdom,.

. Pollok, 153

39. American History,..

Gulian C. Verplanck, 151

40. American Independence,

A. B. Street, 157

41. Contemplation of the Starry Heavens,. Thomas Dick, 157

Sequel to the Same, .

Mrs. Welby, 159

42. Contemplation of the Starry Heavens,-continued, Thos. Dick, 159

Vastness of the Universe,


43. God,

From the Russian of Derzhaven, 162

44. Majesty and Supremacy of the Scriptures Confessed by a

Skeptic, .

Rousseau, 165


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45. Estimation of the Bible by the Wisest Philosophers and


Phillips, 167

46. Condition of the World without the Bible, .

Melville, 168

47. Happy Freedom of the Man whom Grace makes Free,. Cowper, 169

48. Mount Tabor, .

.J. T. Headley, 172

49. Mount Tabor,-continued,.

do. 175

50. The Battle-Field, .....

Mrs. Hemans, 177

51. Hymn of Praise to the Creator, .

Thomas Chatterton, 179

52. Influence of Education on the Human Intellect,. Melville, 180

Dignity of the Laborer,

R. S. Andros, 180

53. Honor due to all Men,

Chalmers, 181

« Heaven's Munificence to Man,


54. The Last man,..

Campbell, 185

55. The Jungfrau Alp, and its Avalanches, G. B. Cheerer, 186

56. The Mountain Hymn,

Coleridge, 189

57. Tell on the Alps,


« Freedom of Switzerland,

. Knowles, 193

58. The Evils of War, ...

H. Clay, 194

59. 'Peace, the Policy of a Nation,

..J. C. Calhoun, 196

60. The True Honor of a Nation,

W. R. Prince, 198

61. The Warrior and the Poet, ..

Wn. H. Prescotl, 199

62. The Angel of Peace, and the Angel of Mercy,. .J. C. Prince, 200

63. The Universal Reign of Peace, .

Cowper, 202

64. Art of Oratory,


65. Restoration of the Works of Art to Italy, Mrs. Hemans, 208

66. Indian Eloquence, ..


67. Speech of Black Hawk,


68. The Indian Hunter,

Eliza Cook, 219

69. The Dying Archer,

R. C. Waterston, 219

Brevity of Life,..


70. Speech of Black Thunder, .


71. The Aged Indian's Lament,

Mrs. Hemans, 222

72. A Visit to Mount Vernon,.

.H. Greeley, 224

“ The Tomb of Washington...

..M. S. Pike, 227

73. Epitaph to Washington,

74. Washington, ....

Eliza Cook, 228

75. Despondency, or Cicero and Philiscus,


76. Look Aloft. .

.J. Lawrence, 234

77. Monuments of Human Grandeur Perish,.

Collyer, 234

78. The Glory of Man Passeth Away,.....

Watson, 237

79. The Eternity of God,.

Bille, 233

80. Omnipresence of God,.


81. Influence of American Liberty,

Webster, 240

82. Responsibility of our Country,

. Madison, 242

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