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opinion quite generally prevails that only compositions of a particular character, selected from public speeches, are suitable for declamation. Reading and speaking are identical. Therefore, whatever is suitable for the one, is equally so for the other. The student who only practices in declaiming poetical and oratorical compositions, can never become properly a Speaker. He will be wanting in practice in other styles of composition, as narrative, descriptive, didactic, and the like, which he may be called upon to speak. Besides, the use of poetry and speeches exclusively for declamation, creates a scholastic and pompous manner of speaking, which is as exceptionable as it is ridiculous.
Preceding those lessons, which contain classical, historical, or other aljusions which the reader might not understand, Notes are presented, giving the necessary explanations, and, in some instances, the definitions of technical terms. These notes, it is believed, constitute a valuable feature of the work, as affording the requisite instruction to enable the student to understand what he reads. It is impossible that any one should read intelligently that which is not fully comprehended; and in alınost every composition of any considerable length, allusions often occur, which, without some knowledge as to the facts referred to, may render the entire passage obscure. These notes acquaint the reader as to the import of such allusions, and at the same time inform him relative to important facts, which will greatly tend to cultivate a taste for the study of history.
Besides the Explanatory Notes, DIRECTIONS with regard to the Elocution of the lessons, are sometimes presented when deemed necessary. In some few instances, also, a NOTATION is used, directing as to the proper modulation of the voice, in passages peculiarly illustrative of some rhetorical principle. The frequent use of a notation, however good it may be, is extremely pernicious, tending to form mechanical modes of reading, so universally deprecated.
The Authors are indebted to those professional teachers who have kindly proffered many valuable suggestions with reference to the work, and if it should prove acceptable to them in affording those facilities which they require in teaching one of the most pleasing and useful sciences,—the first accomplishment of an education,—the Authors will feel that they have not labored in vain, and that the favors of their friends have been reciprocated.
NEW YORK, April, 1848.
1. ARTICULATION,-Nature of the Elemental Sounds.
Divisions of Elemental Sounds, .
2. ARTICULATION, -Directions for Expressing Elemental Sounds, 17
Table of Elemental Vowel Sounds, ..
Table of Elemental Consonant Sounds, .
Table of Vocal and Aspirate Consonants, Correlatives, &c... 18
The Organs used in Uitering Consonant So nds,
3. ARTICULATION, -Syllables, Words, and Sentences,
Difficult Combinations of Consonant Sounds, .
Accent, Primary and Secondary, ..
Examples for Exercises in Articulation,.
Degrees of Emphasis,
Absolute and Antithetic Emphasis,
Logical and Passionate Emphasis,
Cumulative Emphasis, ....
5. INFLECTIONS OF THE VOICE,
Rising Inflection, .......
Intensity of Inflection,
6. GENERAL RULES FOR THE USE OF INFLECTIONS,... 32
RULE I.- Direct Questions.
II.- Indirect Questions,
III.--Antithetic Terms, .
IV.-Pause of Suspension, .
V.-Expressions of Tender Emotion,.
VI.—Penultimate Pause, .
RULE VII.Expressions of Strong Emotion,.
VIII.—Emphatic Succession of Particulars,
IX.-Circumflex-Rule for its use,.
X.-Monotone-Rule for its use..
Pitch of Voice,-illustrated by Musical Scale,...
Notation in Modulation..
Various Exercises in Modulation,
10. RHETORICAL PAUSE,.
11. POETICAL ELOCUTION,
Rhyme and Blank Verse,
Accented Syllables, ..
Trochee, Anapest, Dactyl,
Cesural Pause, the Final Pause,
1. The Intelligence of the People, the Security of the Na-
. Edward Everett, 71
2. The Inquiry,
Charles Mackay, 74
3. Moral Sublimity, .
“ Sequel to the Same, .
4. Imaginary and Real Endowments, .
5. Aspirations after the Infinite,
. Akenside, 79
6. The Vanity of Earthly Glory,
7. The Memory of the Just, ..
8. The Pen and the Press,
9. Liberty and Greatness,
10. The Indian's Revenge,
Mrs. Hemans, 87
11. Forgive and Forget, ..
Charles Swain, 93
12. Description of the Pyramids,.
...E. D. Clarke, 94
13. The Ravages of Time, ...
14. The Votary of Pleasure,
Charles H. Lyon, 99
Vanity of Pleasure,
. Burns, 101
" Real Pleasure,
15. The Gladiator, .
16. The Song of the Simoom,.
.James Stillman, 104
17. The Present Age, .
18. The Present Age, --continued,
19. The Magnetic Telegraph,
Mrs. E. L. Schermerhorn, 112
Milford Bard, 113
21. The Proper Direction of the Intellectual and Moral
" Dignity of Man,
22. Antidote to Despondency,.
Carlos Wilcox, 117
23. What is Patriotism ?.
Fisher Ames, 118
“ Sequel to the Same,
. Sidney Smith, 119
Waller Scott, 119
Thomas Foc, 121
25. The Days of Creation, From the German of Krummacher, 124
Let there be Light!”
26. The Educational Policy of New York, Horace Mann, 126
27. Excelsior, or the Youthful Aspirant,.. ..H. W. Longfellow, 128
Aspirations of the Heaven-Born Spirit, ..... Mrs. Hemans, 129
28. The Union of the States,
Edmund Randolph, 130
• The Constitution, ..
. Bryant, 131
29. Liberty and Union, One and Inseparable,
30. Damon and Pythias; or, True Friendship,.. William Peter, 133
31. Character and Condition of the Western Indians,...G. Callin, 137
32. Description of the Ruins at Balbec,. French of Lamartine, 140
33. The Effects of Time,
Selleck Osborne, 143
34. Time's Soliloquy,..
“ Time, the Signal of Dispatch,.
35. The Just Retribution,.
36. Search after Wisdom,
37. The Value of Wisdom,
38. The Voice of Wisdom,.
. Pollok, 153
39. American History,..
Gulian C. Verplanck, 151
40. American Independence,
A. B. Street, 157
41. Contemplation of the Starry Heavens,. Thomas Dick, 157
Sequel to the Same, .
Mrs. Welby, 159
42. Contemplation of the Starry Heavens,-continued, Thos. Dick, 159
Vastness of the Universe,
From the Russian of Derzhaven, 162
44. Majesty and Supremacy of the Scriptures Confessed by a
45. Estimation of the Bible by the Wisest Philosophers and
46. Condition of the World without the Bible, .
47. Happy Freedom of the Man whom Grace makes Free,. Cowper, 169
48. Mount Tabor, .
.J. T. Headley, 172
49. Mount Tabor,-continued,.
50. The Battle-Field, .....
Mrs. Hemans, 177
51. Hymn of Praise to the Creator, .
Thomas Chatterton, 179
52. Influence of Education on the Human Intellect,. Melville, 180
Dignity of the Laborer,
R. S. Andros, 180
53. Honor due to all Men,
« Heaven's Munificence to Man,
54. The Last man,..
55. The Jungfrau Alp, and its Avalanches, G. B. Cheerer, 186
56. The Mountain Hymn,
57. Tell on the Alps,
« Freedom of Switzerland,
. Knowles, 193
58. The Evils of War, ...
H. Clay, 194
59. 'Peace, the Policy of a Nation,
..J. C. Calhoun, 196
60. The True Honor of a Nation,
W. R. Prince, 198
61. The Warrior and the Poet, ..
Wn. H. Prescotl, 199
62. The Angel of Peace, and the Angel of Mercy,. .J. C. Prince, 200
63. The Universal Reign of Peace, .
64. Art of Oratory,
65. Restoration of the Works of Art to Italy, Mrs. Hemans, 208
66. Indian Eloquence, ..
67. Speech of Black Hawk,
68. The Indian Hunter,
Eliza Cook, 219
69. The Dying Archer,
R. C. Waterston, 219
Brevity of Life,..
70. Speech of Black Thunder, .
71. The Aged Indian's Lament,
Mrs. Hemans, 222
72. A Visit to Mount Vernon,.
.H. Greeley, 224
“ The Tomb of Washington...
..M. S. Pike, 227
73. Epitaph to Washington,
74. Washington, ....
Eliza Cook, 228
75. Despondency, or Cicero and Philiscus,
76. Look Aloft. .
.J. Lawrence, 234
77. Monuments of Human Grandeur Perish,.
78. The Glory of Man Passeth Away,.....
79. The Eternity of God,.
80. Omnipresence of God,.
81. Influence of American Liberty,
82. Responsibility of our Country,
. Madison, 242