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THE

VOCABULARY OF PHILOSOPHY.

" 'ApXt this Faldcvocws h tūv dvopátwv éxleksyes.”—Epictetue.
"Nomina si descis, perit et cognitio rerum.”

“ Ile has been at a great feast of languages, and stolen the scraps.
0! they have lived long in the alms-basket of words."

Love's Labour's Lost, Act v., Sc. 1. “If we knew the original of all the words we meet with, we should thereby be very much helped to know the ideas they were first applied to, and made to stand for."Locke.

“In a language like ours, so many words of which are derived from other languages, there are few modes of instruction more useful or more amusing than that of accustoming young people to seek the etymology or primary meaning of the w There are cases in which more knowledge, of more value, may be conveyed by the bistory of a word than by the history of a campaign."-Coleridge's Aids to Reflection, Aphor. 12.

"In words contemplated singly, there are boundless stores of moral and historio truth."--Trench on Study of Words, 12mo., Lond., 1853.

“ Jock Ashler, the stane-mason that ca's himsel' an arkiteck--there's nae living for new words in this new warld neither, and that's anither vex to auld folks such as me." --Quoth Meg Dods (St. Ronan's Well, chap. 2).

"A good dictionary is the best metaphysical treatise."

" Etymology, in a moderate degree, is not only useful, as assisting the memory, but bigbly instructive and pleasing. But if pushed so far as to refer all words to a few primary clements, it loses all its value. It is like pursuing heraldry up to the first pair of mankind."--Copleston's Remains, p. 101.

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THE

VOCABULARY OF PHILOSOPHY,

MENTAL, MORAL, AND METAPHYSICAL;

WITI

QUOTATIONS AND REFERENCES;

FOR THE USE OF STUDENTS.

BY

WILLIAM FLEMING, D. D.,

PROFESSOR OP MORAL PHILOSOPHY IN THE UNIVERSITT OP GLASGOW.

FROM THE

SECOND, REVISED AND ENLARGED, LONDON EDITIOX.

WITH AN
INTRODUCTION, CHRONOLOGY OF THE HISTORY OF PIIILOSOPHY
BROUGHT DOWN TO 1860, BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INDEX,

SYNTHETICAL TABLES, AND OTHER ADDITIONS,

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PHILADELPHIA:
SMITH, ENGLISH & Co.,

No. 23 NORTH SIXTH ST.
NEW YORK : SHELDON «co. BOSTON: GOULD & LINCOLN.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1860, by

SMITH, ENGLISI & co., in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District

of Pennsylvania.

INTRODUCTION

BY THE EDITOR.

It will, we think, be conceded by all who are familiar with philosophical writings, that there has never been gathered in our language in that department a fund of thought and of information which within as small a compass presents more that is valuable than we find in the Vocabulary of Philosophy by Professor Fleming. Jean Paul tells us that he never took up a book, the title of which excited extraordinary anticipation, without finding that he was destined to disappointment. It may safely be affirmed, on the other band, that where the modesty of a title is unfeigned, the book, if it disappoint us at all, disappoints us agreeably. Of this class is the Vocabulary of Philosophy. It is much more than the title promises, for it illustrates the matter of philosophy as well as its terms. It gives incidentally a great deal of the history of philosophy, and notices its literature on the leading subjects. It is to a large extent made up of the very words of the most distinguished philosophical writers, and thus becomes a guide to their opinions and to the most important portions of their works. Professor Fleming has not laboured single-handed, but has in this way drawn into his service, as co-workers, many of the greatest

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